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"Hey, let's gather and do our assignments tomorrow!" says the leader to his group member. "Ok! Hopefully we can finish as soon as possible." A group member replied the leader. "See you guys tomorrow at 1, same place ok?" said the leader. It is a typical conversation in college. Except this one had a distinctly 2010 twist. It was conducted on Facebook, the "Ok" was just "k" and "as soon as possible" was typed as "asap".
College students used to meet up to discuss assignments. Those hours spent in the freezing library trying to complete assignments vanished long ago .Nowadays, even chatting on phones or via e-mail is already ancient history. Today, teenagers and preteens, conversations and discussions seem to be conducted increasingly via mobile phone texting, instant messenger (MSN), or through the very famous Facebook.
Today's society is based around technology. Everything we do are related to the Internet. Technology has given us with an opportunity to meet people in a much easier way. Nowadays, with a few strokes of the keyboard and a few clicks of the mouse, you're connected. Technology has made emails and phone calls articles of the past. Technology is slowly taking over people's lives and also their personal relationships.
But how are the two networks related? Do your online networks complement your real-life networks? Is the impact a positive one or a negative one? Every coins has two sides, optimists say that social networking via the Internet aids us to strengthen and form new bonds, On the other hand, pessimists say that online social networks keep us away from other people's. [source: Rainie].
Statement of the problem
We live in a technological era, where communicating can be easily done on the internet. New social networking sites are popping up every day and people are taking advantage on them. With Internet sources and social networking sites become part of our life, it has become more than definite that society has officially began to depend too much on the Internet and technology. This has led us to our hypothesis: If college students are heavy users of social networking sites then will it have a negative impact on their personal relationships? With this, we will discuss the effects of social networking sites such as MySpace and Facebook are having on college students.
In this study, the main focus of the researchers is to discover how much time students spend on cyber networking as compared to socializing face to face. Furthermore, the study seek to gain an understanding of the effects of the growing of cyber networking influences student in a positive way and what is the most effective factors that influence their preference between socializing through the cyber network and socializing face-to-face. The research team understands that cyber networking do really affects students' social life in reality. Moreover, they could explore the relationship between college students' cyber networking habit and how they social with other students face-to-face. Besides that, the research team's aim is to ascertain the links between active in cyber networking and social life.
Significance of study
Communication plays an important role in our daily life. Therefore, communication skills will affect us in long term situation. For example, one could be very sporting when communicating in cyber network, but a very shy person in real life. The researchers think that this phenomenon will possibly affect people to have difficulty in socializing face-to-face in future, especially when we have to go for interview and to apply for jobs. They may not be very fluent when speaking to others just because they are used to keep quiet when they are chatting with others on the cyber network. More and more social network platform emerged, nowadays college students tend to spend more time on Facebook, Twitter, MySpace etc., these platforms provide them a place to express themselves and release tension.
1.5 Research Questions
1. Is there a significant relationship between the increasing cyber networking among students and how they socialize in real life?
2. Is lack of confidence when they are socializing face-to-face a major impact due to the dependence of students to the cyber network? / Is the dependence of students towards the cyber network causing the lack of confidence in socializing face-to-face?
3. Will students benefit from socializing in cyber network?
Chapter 2 http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/02/fashion/02BEST.html?_r=2&pagewanted=all
2.1 Previous research on the area/topic
Based on Pew Research Center, the Internet Research Company, half of American teenagers, who study as ages 12 through 17, send fifty or more text messages a day and that one third of them send more than a hundred in a day. Life Project said they were more likely to use their cell phones to text their friend than to call them. Only thirty-three percent of them talk to their friends face-to-face on a daily basis. (2010)
Kaveri Subrahmanyam and Patricia M. Greenfield, psychologists at California State University, Los Angeles, and U.C.L.A. respectively, noted: "Initial qualitative evidence is that the ease of electronic communication may be making teens less interested in face-to-face communication with their friends. More research is needed to see how widespread this phenomenon is and what it does to the emotional quality of a relationship."
In the aspect of theory, Morrison and McMillan (2006) introduced the theory of dualities; old\young, work\play, and utopian\dystopian. Social networking sites and communities help to grow, manufacture, and manage offline relationships, and online relationships often migrate to offline settings.
2.2 Definition of terms
In this study, there several terms the research team wants to clarify. The terms are the following:
Cyber- (combining form): Relating to information technology, the Internet, and virtual reality.
Network (verb): i) Connect as or operate with a network
ii) Broadcast on a network
iii) Interact with others to exchange information and develop contacts
Socialize (verb): i) mix socially with others
ii) Make (someone) behave in a way that is acceptable to society
Communicate: i) verb- Share or exchange information or ideas
ii) noun- A letter or message
Reference from Compact Oxford English Dictionary
3.1 Restate purpose and research questions
The research team would like to know how students spend their time on cyber networking than socializing through this study. Besides that, they would like to know that their preference between communicating through the cyber network and socializing in real life. The research team also wanted to investigate the reasons behind.
Does the increasing cyber networking among students result in students less active in socializing in real life? Do students tend to be more active in cyber networking or in real life? Which aspects of socializing in real world had been substitute with cyber networking? These are the research questions that the research team formed.
3.2 Population and sampling
The population of the study is the college students in Taylor's University in Lakeside Campus, Subang Jaya. Due to the constraints of times and resources, it is proposed to select a sample of 30 out of the total population of our targeted group, the Foundation in Computing program. The reason of the research team chose this group is because the participation of FIC students on the cyber network are higher compared to the other groups.
The sampling method which the research team used is a stratified sampling method. The respondents selected are based on age and gender. This sample comprised both male and female, and the respondents are aged at least 17.
The two research methods that the research team used are interview and questionnaire. There is certain reason caused the research team doesn't want to choose an observation method. The most considered factor is the effect of networking too often cannot be observed easily and the research team couldn't determine it by just observing them. Due to these reasons, the research team needs an "ask-and-answer" method to provide several related guides and options to get more accurate answers.
In this study, the research team used a paper-based questionnaire and interview session to collect the primary source of data. A 9-questions questionnaire was designed to collect the relevant and useful data from the respondents. For interview, the researchers questioned the respondents on questions similar to the questions in the questionnaire. From these 2 sources, we assume that all data collected are true. Besides that, the secondary sources data are collected through the internet and reference from the existing survey on this study. The research team could achieve the objectives of this study based on the data collected and the secondary sources.
3.4 Procedure and time frame
Firstly, the researchers will collect the primary resources by giving out questionnaires and interviewing the focused sample. Meanwhile, secondary resources will be collected by research through the Internet and books. After that, data collected will be organized and highlights the important information. Data will be interpreted in form of table, graph and paragraphs. Next, conclusion will be made based on the data collected.
The research team will need around one week to do preparation before the data collection. Data collection and analysis will need around one week. Finally, we will finish the report within one week.
3.5 Analysis Plan
3.6 Scope and limitations
The problem of this study is the effect of cyber networking is not concrete and cannot be seen easily. Besides this, information from the books is usually more of the positive side (advantage) of this study than the negative side. General information or knowledge of this study is hard to get because it is a broad subject.