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HOW OLD IS OUR EARTH?
Researchers' have been studying the earth and its age for many years, by studying countless types of fossils, skeletons and other artifacts. Present in this essay are facts from some of the research that's been gathered, and it will show that the earth is more than 6013 years old.
I do believe in God and I want everyone to understand that fact. But many believe that there are many discrepancies, in the only history of our earth that was written, by one's voice, being God, for many years. In the beginning there were Adam and Eve, or was there? Not since Charles Darwin landed in the Galapagos has there been another way of thinking. For centuries the bible was the only account of the world's history. When it comes to the age of earth, with the technology that's available today and the discoveries of fossils, carbon dating, radiometric dating and DNA advances, all evidence points to a much older Earth, than what the bible suggests.
Using the bible, the estimated age of the earth would be around 6013 years old. Archbishop James Ussher (1581-1656), used specific passages in the bible to calculate the age of earth. Genesis 1 says that the earth was created on the first day of creation (Genesis 1:1-5). Ussher used this date for day one. Then Adam was created on the 6th day. Using the dates from Adam to Abraham, in Genesis 5 and 11 added, it would come up with around 2000 years. So 2000 years BC would be 4000 years ago. Add the two you get 6000. Archbishop James Ussher (1581-1656) was able to come up with the date of the 23rd of October, 4004 BC., in which God created the universe. Ussher used the Masoretic text of the bible to come up with fairly precise dates, for the people and events mentioned in the Bible (Ussher, 2007).
The worksheet (table 1), was used by Wayne Reynolds, a Pastor whom wrote a book called; “6000 Year Old Earth”. Reynolds used this timeline of dates, to help him calculate the age of earth. Reynolds also came up with a beginning date of earth at 4004 BC. His beliefs today are that, God has created earth. Which with using this year's date the earth would be 6013 years old (Reynolds, 2006 pg.8).
Table 1 Worksheet: Adam to Jacob
Age At Death
Earth A/M Birth
Earth A/M Death
Age At Birth Of Son
Scientists are still trying to figure out the actual age of the earth. They may never know the actual age but they do know that our earth is older than 6013 years. Here are some of the known facts. The first forms of life on earth were primitive, single-celled organisms that appeared about 3 billion years ago. Then two billion years later those single-celled organisms began to evolve to multi-cellular organisms. That's when our seas and oceans and eventually land started to fill with many different forms of life, all that are now extinct (Extreme Science, 2008).
The earth has gone through several ice ages, but here are some facts about the “Great Ice Age”. This particular ice age ended approximately 11,500 years ago, which is called; the Holocene period, which marks the end of the last ice age. Many fossils have been found that date back to the last ice age. One fossil that's been found is this claw. It's the first fossil found of a Megalonyx in North Dakota. It lived in North Dakota during the last ice age about 12,000 years ago and became extinct at the end of the Ice Age. Another fossil that has been found in North Dakota is a tooth of the woolly mammoth, dated back about 11,000 years old (www.dmr.nd.gov, 2006).
It's hard to argue this fact. In May of last year, there was a frozen baby mammoth found in Siberia. The baby mammoth was estimated to have lived between 30 to 40 thousand years ago and died when she was about 4 months old (Casselman, 2008).
Let's look at the "Magdalenian Girl," an almost complete skeleton of a woman, around the age of 25 to 35, discovered in the year of 1911 in France, and was found to be 13,000 to 15,000 years old. This was a modern human skeleton (Field Museum, 2006).
Take for instance the nine Neanderthals that were found between 1953 and 1960 in a cave in northeastern Iraq's Zagros Mountains. They were estimated to have lived some 50,000 to 75,000 years ago. These species lived as far back as 230,000 years ago and disappeared more than 20,000 years ago (Bryner, 2009).
Then they found Lucy. She was found in Hadar, Ethiopia in 1974 and is estimated to be 3.2 million years old. Her fossil was about 40% intact unlike other fossils. Lucy was a big find, which forced anthropologists to re-write much of the known science of evolution and how humans evolved. Lucy's species are known as Australopithecus afarensis, and lived on earth from 3.9 to 2.9 million years ago. Lucy is crucial in researchers' ongoing search to understand where, when and how humans got here (Paulson, 2008).
The find of “Ardi” in 1994 ended up being the oldest human linked bones found to date was also found in Ethiopia. This too was an important discovery for the study of human evolution. By using the volcanic layers above and below the fossil, a Geologist determined the age of Ardi, to be 4.4 million years old. Ardi was not found to be, as human like as Lucy (Schmid, 2009).
There are many other ways that scientists can prove the earth is older than 6013 years. Like the discovery of spruce tree in Dalama, Sweden proved to be 9550 years old. Carbon-dating done on wood pieces, found near this tree, dating back 9550 years, have the same genetic material. Scientists have found 20 spruces, from the north to the south, in the Swedish mountains that are over 8000 years old (Umeå University, 2008).
With all the enormous amount of knowledge that the scientist's have today, and scientific proof, it's hard to dismiss the facts that humans lived on this earth long before 4,004 BC. There are many things they may never know about the planet, and the bible may only be mans interpretation of the word of god. Perhaps man got it wrong, perhaps they are wrong today. One thing is for sure; whoever or whatever created our planet, with scientific evidence as it's understood, the earth was created many millions of years before the bible leads us to believe. One would have to believe that, with the use of carbon-dating and DNA, the studies that were done on these fossils have to be closer to the truth of the earth's age. It's hard to refute the scientific studies. No matter what theory is used, the evidence leads to the earth's beginning being over billions of years ago.
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Retrieved (2009, December 2) from http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/10/1027_041027_homo_floresiensis.html
Paulson, T. (2008, September 28). Lucy, the 3.2 million-year-old fossil, is a key piece in
evolution's puzzle. Retrieved from http://www.seattlepi.com/ae/380502_lucy30.html
Reynolds, W. (2006). 6000 year old earth [pp. 7-11]. Retrieved from http://www.independencebaptist.org/Online%20Books/The%206,000%20Year%20Old%20Earth.pdf
Schmid, R.E. (2009, October 01). World's oldest human-linked skeleton found. Retrieved from http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/33110809/ns/technology_and_science-science/
Umeå University (2008, April 16). World's Oldest Living Tree -- 9550 years old -- Discovered In
Sweden. Science Daily. Retrieved December 7, 2009, from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/04/080416104320.htm
www.dmr.nd.gov (2006). THE GREAT ICE AGE. North Dakota geological survey.
Retrieved (2009, December 2) from https://www.dmr.nd.gov/ndfossil/Poster/PDF/Megalonyx%20jeffersonii.pdf
Ussher, James. (2007). The Annals of the world. New Leaf Publishing Group.