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Yes I have thought many times before, how did I come to know English or Afrikaans? I learned English mostly thru school and communicating with people that speak English or by watching television is also a great source to listen to and to expand your vocabulary and knowledge of that language. I speak Afrikaans the best because it's my mother tongue and I obviously learned it formally and I'm using it formally trying to cut out the most slang word but not to sound too formal. I learned English informally but I'm using it to my best abilities to sound formal and not too much informal.
Strengths: I try my best to communicate in other languages other than my mother tongue but Weaknesses is I'm not talking enough time to study and learn the other languages.
Times change and so does people. Our great grand elders learned only one language and it was their mother tongue so wherever they had gone they spoke in their language, but now times has changed most people must communicate with each other in an languages that everybody understands and mostly people speak English, but even with English not everybody can speak it for instance elders or people that never got the opportunity to learn English and now they are forced to know it. I think it's undemocratic, because what about the non English speakers they don't have a change to understand it and now everything needs to be translated so everybody can understand it in their first language. This causes a lot of hassles and uncertainty for citizens.
1.2 Task 1 page 17
Dietary or eating habits
Eats Mopani worms and pap with mkimazi milk
Eats vegetables and fruit and lots of protein
Birth or babies
Normal birth of three children at the hospital.
Normal birth with two Childs
Normal birth and one child
It's a long process. The groom should pay Labola in the form of an animal usually a cow or goat or with money, to the bride's father. The guests all give money and all help with the preparation and the food.
Usually a normal wedding in front of a priest and witnesses and he family at a church. And a small ceremony after that. Bride's parents pay for everything and the guest only gives wedding gifts to the newlyweds.
Normal wedding at a church and a ceremonial after that at a venue. Both parties' parents help paying the wedding and guests gives wedding presents and money at the ceremonial.
Death or bereavement
If a person dies on a Saturday, the whole family and friends gather from Sunday until the day of memorial at the one who died home and eat. And at the day of memorial they buries a person and for one year the widow should take of her husband's clothes and pack it away in their cupboard, before she can give it away. This is usually an expensive process.
Normal burial services where you go you church first and then to the cemetery too bury the past away one. And after that you can have snacks at the church again to pay respect for the lost ones family.
Normal burial service. Usually insurance covers parts of the funeral. The family and friends attends church where a priest or reverend will give a short message then everybody goes to the cemetery. The will drive after one another in one long row, until they reached the cemetery. They will bury the person and all move to the church for refreshments and time to pay respect to the family of the one who died.
Clothing or adornment
For occasions they wear linen draped around and over their shoulders in many bright colours.
Older clothes and a lot of conservative clothing.
Normal working clothes blouse and pants.
2. A visitor from another country will be welcomed to South Africa first by our climate. I think we have the best climate, in the winter its cold and in the summer hot. This is a good thing. But I think one thing that they will definitely see is the use of diversity in the work place and everywhere in South Africa. I think the way we have manners and values would be strange to them, manners and values is not in every country a big deal, but in SA we try to behave and be proudly South African. We have friendly people who greet people they don't know just to be friendly and some countries the people are more serious and less friendly
1.3 Task 1 page 173
1. I use a dictionary to help me with the spelling of words, defining new words and to see the use of it in sentences to understand how it is used by people.
2. I have an Oxford English school dictionary and Pharos bilingual dictionary. You get monolingual and bilingual dictionaries. Also electronic available. Different dictionaries such as Collins English Dictionary, Oxford, Pharos, Thesaurus etc.
3. How to spell words.
How to use phonetic script.
How to use the words in context.
Examples of synonyms and antonyms of a word
To see what is the basic ground form of a word, the verb, nouns and adjective form of a word.
For abbreviation reasons
To see examples of how to write letters and applications
4. For spelling and definitions of words and new words.
5. This will help them to spell correctly and too see how new words are used in the context. By studying dictionaries they will expand their vocabulary and start using new improved words and so be better at academic writing and start to communicate in more formal and academic words.
6. * Definitions
* How to write letters
*the correct use of the word in a sentence
*the pronunciation of a word
*the verb, adjective, synonyms, antonyms, prefixes and suffixes of words
Task 3 page 182
Because lemma means word and it's the lexicographer's register of tone and terms to use when working in their field.
Definition gives you a short meaning of what something is and a translation is when you take a text and translate it into a different language.
4a. i) a dictionary is an authorised book contain the meanings of word used in everyday life.
iii) I use a dictionary when I write an academic essay, to ensure my spelling and grammar is correctly use.
b) Dictionary (noun) plural dictionaries
A book that contains words in alphabetical order so that you can found out how to spell them and what they mean (from Latin dictio= saying, word)
(Oxford School Dictionary second edition 2004)
5a) I) a flat surface to put something on or to write on or eat on
iii) I study at the table
b) Table feminine English noun
Tableau masculine French
JKL 251 for second years, teach you about the diversity of people in the classroom and helps you to understand each culture and how important it is for everybody to understand. I have learned a lot of new things and ways to portray diversity and will reflect about my findings in my essay.
Dumela reader. Dumela [i] means good day in North Sotho, a term I learned while running the JKL 251 course. One term I would definitely use in my classroom one day when I have a diversity of cultures in my class. Classroom literacies gives you the opportunity to form a relationship with each child in your class, to let every child feel that they belong in your class and fit in. It does not matter what colour, ethnity or race they are. It's important that every child is classroom ready to start school of on the right foot. They need to know what is going on in the classroom. How to manage in class and stay on track and not fall behind. They should know what is expected of them in the class and how the teacher will manage them and work with them. It's necessary for the teacher to know her children and their cultures and semi backgrounds to make sure she don't discriminate against anyone and to use suitable language that everybody can understand. I think it is important to know general word of more than one language. So that when a certain child of that culture is in your class you can tell them something in their own language showing them that you are making an effort to understand their language and by that it is easy for them to understand you as a teacher.
The purpose of this module is to teach you more about different cultures and how to communicate with them using the everyday terms such as hello and how are you?
Being able to communicate in different languages to different people show respect for their culture and language. The aim is to learn small words so that you can communicate with a class with a different language as first language. The other reason for this module is to understand the variety of culture, because not everyone is the same and has the same values and norms. By this they show how important each language in its own is and to respect that. It is important to get along with each other although each one of us comes from a different background and our everyday habits are different from one another's. This module also tells you and shows you how important and valuable a language is. Language is not just a thing that is spoken it has a history and must be looked after otherwise it may get instinct soon. It is thoughtful to treat every language the same and saving it's value. This course also wanted to emphisize the linguistic diversity in the classroom. During this module they tried to teach us how to use dictionaries effectively, so that we can understand different words and be familiar where to look up definitions of words and to expand our vocabulary.
The diversity of linguistics in the classroom in South Africa refers to the different cultures and languages of the people in the classroom. The way they speak it and use it in the context. In South Africa we cater for school monolingual and bilingual. Monolingual school mostly are Afrikaans schools. The bilingual school are schools, mostly English and Afrikaans of African languages combined with English. All the children attending these schools grew up with their own mother tongue and speak one language at home and maybe a different one at school. But not everybody is fortunate enough to be in a school that is their mother tongue. Most African school combine their languages for example Sepedi, Twana, Zulu or south Sotho etc. The children need to speak and communicate in the classroom so they use the language that they know and in the end the school has a diversity of languages. Most of the school use one language to communicate overall for example Sepedi, but there are still learners that will have difficulty to understand, because they are Zulu of some other indidignous language. This often creates a problem for the teacher. It's slows down progress, because extra help needs to be provided to those of other languages. Our teachers know only a limited language and are not fully capable to know every language there is and every kid that talks another language in the classroom. English is the most leading language in the world and almost everybody speak it. That is why in most bilingual schools they tend to speak English. It's difficult to have a diversity of languages in your classroom and in South Africa it is an opportunity for the child to live his culture and by get to be themselves, because they can speak their language. But that is not always the case we can't have 4 or 5 different languages in the classroom it would be chaos and how will the teacher teach in every language. That is why we use one main language usually English in the everyday life in the classroom. We need to remember teachers are mostly educated to teach in English so the most probable language to be taught in would be English.
The world is big and not everybody is the same. Each of us has different hair colours, eye colours and body shapes. Each characteristic is different and unique. This is because we are all from different parts of the world and speak different languages and have different cultures, values and norms. This situation has a big influence in the classroom of different schools. Every teacher should be aware of the different cultures in her class, not everybody is the same. Some differ in race, some in language other in cultures and she needs to recognise this thing to make sure she includes each individual in the class. This is to make sure effective learning takes place. The teacher has a responsibility towards the children so that they understand what linguistic diversity is and to be familiar with it so that they won't discriminate against one another or each other's languages. The role of the educator is a big accountability that rests on her. If she can't teach them the proper way to understand linguistic diversity, it may cause some problems for her in the classroom. It is her duty to tell then why is like this. The teacher needs to know the cultures and the linguistic diversity to be well informed about it and to teach the children about it and to make her classroom culture friendly. A teacher needs to recognize each child linguistic manner and be familiarized with it so that she can get a way to work with those kids. She needs to know what is the overall language that the children not necessarily speak, but understand. By this method she can use one language and try to explain to everyone in the classroom in the same manner. Extra care should be looked at concerning the writing, listening and speaking of the language that is being used in the classroom. The teacher should help and support the children. The main focus should be on the children. They need to understand what the educator is teaching them. They can't attend a class where they don't understand anything, because of the language that is being used. When doing work in class, the teacher should be careful not to give work that is racist or that discriminate against another culture. The teacher should give attention to multicultural stories and such, while planning the module for the kids in the classrooms. When each individual sees that the teacher is paying special attention to their culture they would be more excited and eager to participate in the class work and activities.
I think that this module offers both benefits and disadvantages. For in the classroom one can use some of the greeting words and everyday shorts words to communicate with the children, but in my internship the most difficult language the children spoke was English. I interned at a bilingual school this year and every grade had an Afrikaans class and an English class. And some English students first languages were Zulu and Sepedi, but at school they spoke fluently English and completed their work in English and attended class in English. I will think that this module benefits more students visiting schools in the rural areas, where not everybody can speak English or don't understand English so well. It is more of an advantage to use teachers that can speak an African language fluently to attend schools that don't use English as their schooling language. For my future career I will definitely use some of the words to speak to the children or to use on them to show them that I can talk and communicate certain words in their language. But it is not really beneficial for me or the class, if they are being taught in Afrikaans or English. In this module we learned basic words and phrases. Usually when communicating and interacting with a child the teacher use long sentences and long arguments. So what is the use to communicate only with basic words? That does not mean we can talk in another language, because we know basic words, which it is. We cannot explain to them exactly what to do in their first language if we know only few basic classroom words. I will recommend the module as an alternative subject not a compulsory one. I will recommend to them to create a module on its own for each language so that if you want to start talking or start learning another language you have the option to do it as a whole module for 3 years or so. This is better than only learning a few words that you may or may not use. One part of the module that is indeed helpful for us is the use of the dictionary and why it is important to consult this resource. This module teaches you to look at your own language and other cultures languages with a different perspective and to learn the diversity of linguistics in general and how to include everybody in the classroom despite their different backgrounds and cultures.