Great articulation of words and speech

Published: Last Edited:

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

The Free Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary defined language as a systematic means of communicating ideas or feelings, by the use of conventionalized signs, sounds, gestures, or marks having understood meanings. It also states that language is a spoken word that is innate to us and is defined as existing in, belonging to, or determined by factors present in an individual from birth. For something to be innate simple mean that it is inborn. Language is creative; we can speak and understand sentences which we have never heard before as an innate trait.

Humans are born with natural abilities which are combined to form a unique pattern in that individual. Whether they are called abilities or traits, they are innate qualities that are instilled in each of us at birth. The abilities are distinct forms of skills which are function-driven capacities that are acquired over time through practice and experience encountered in our daily lives. People may develop the skills to practice law for example, but if an individual does not have the inborn talents, which make the practice of law easy and satisfying, he or she will become frustrated and find their work unrewarding. When we apply our natural abilities to our study or work, we find our tasks less frustrating and more rewarding, thus enabling us to do our tasks better. The ability to use language is an important part of human cognition; in fact, it is this ability that distinguishes us from other species of animals.

The innatist theory of language claims that all human beings are born with the ability and the instinct to learn to speak. Instincts believe that these are behaviours which are not learnt but instead apparently imprinted in our biology for example, a baby who knows how to suck from the moment he is born.

As soon as a baby is born, they are equipped with an amazing talent, the ability to recognize the rhythms and tempo of their native tongue. They are born with an inherent ability from birth that enables them to form words and sentences. This allows them to imitate and understand the language of their parents from their birth. Shortly after birth, infants begin to imitate their parents by babbling. During this period they imitate the basic sounds which they hear spoken around them, as well as phonemes not present in their native tongue; this is a unique pattern in that individual. Natural abilities are a combination of unique patterns that every individual is born with. It is important to note that babies will try and form words. So if they see their mother they would say ma-ma or da-da for their father. As they grow older they will start saying more words for things that they need. Sometimes they are misunderstood as the carer does not understand what they are saying. However, if you should listen keenly to a baby when he or she tries to talk, they will be saying a full sentence in which only a few words the carer will understand.

Children who are born to deaf parents are exposed to sign language from birth. They begin babbling in sign language at the same stages at which children normally begin babbling with their voice. As language is innate, children born to deaf parents realized from birth that their parents cannot talk and as a result their interaction is not changed. They communicate with their parents as normal children would.

It can also be noticed that children who are born in Jamaica whose dominant language is English automatically speaks the dialect patois spoken by their parents. Children who are born in America whose dominant language is English have an American English accent as soon as they start talking. American born children with Jamaican born parents, tend to speak English as well as the Jamaican dialect that their parents speak, once it is heard in the household. This also happen for children who are born in different cultures.

Linguists, Noam Chomsky suggests that humans are born with an innate knowledge of language, and he calls this knowledge the "language faculty." He invisions this "language faculty" as a biologically autonomous system in the brain that "has an initial state which is genetically determined, like the kidney, and the circulatory system" (Chomsky, 1977)

According to Noam Chomsky, the mechanism of language acquisition formulates from innate processes. This theory is evidenced by children who live in the same linguistic community without a plethora of different experiences who arrive at comparable grammars. Chomsky thus proposes that "all children share the same internal constraints which characterize narrowly the grammar they are going to construct." (Chomsky, 1977, p.98) Since we live in a biological world, "there is no reason for supposing the mental world to be an exception." (Chomsky, 1977, p.94)

Chomsky concluded that children must have an inborn faculty for language acquisition. According to this theory, the process is biologically determined - the human species has evolved a brain whose neural circuits contain linguistic information at birth. The child's natural predisposition to learn language is triggered by hearing speech and the child's brain is able to interpret what they hear according to the underlying principles or structures it already contains. This natural faculty has become known as the Language Acquisition Device (LAD). Chomsky did not suggest that an English child is born knowing anything specific about English, of course. He stated that all human languages share common principles. (For example, they all have words for things and actions - nouns and verbs.) It is the child's task to establish how the specific language they hear expressed through these underlying principles. (Chomsky, 1975)

In concluding, I strongly believe that language is innate as we were created with the biological functions to understand what people say to us and also to create our own words. Humans are born with the ability to speak and understand language. Whether a person can speak or is deaf, they communicate without being taught how to do so.