Effects Of Changes On Technology And Relationship English Language Essay

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In this assignment I will be started by explaining The importance of communication, and then I discussed about the importance of communication through verbally and nonverbally in sharing information and experiences, build vision, create learning environment and collaborative work culture. Typically, the article then seeks explanation of both verbal and nonverbal communication. Besides, it flowed the critical discussion on the functions of both communication skills. Finally, the work brought some of the suggestions on the factors that contribute to the effectiveness of verbal and nonverbal communications.

1. The importance of Communication

It is fundamental that everyone is skilled of reading, writing, and communicating. Obviously, many people lack the important skills needed for effective communication. There are lots of educated people in this current age but many of them have poor communication skills. Clear and planned manner of smooth language is also a most imperative and functional utility, it is the medium to express information. Besides, well organized and effective communication is always found as a success of a person such as personal relationships, between members of different ideas and cultures, and in one's personal and professional life. Hence, effective communication is the most important key that we use to transmit information.

Communication takes place all the times, and unexpectedly. Moreover, it happens either verbally or non-verbally. This can be seen in various activities. For example; listening, talking, watching movies, thinking, watching television programs, discussions, or mediating. Even though, a very silent person who may be communicating within himself as he is thinking of something. According to Hamzah, M. & Yusof, A. (2011), stated that the communication can be seen in several characteristics such as our personal lives, carrier advancement, Ethics in communication, adapting in a multi-culture society, and changes in technology and relationships.

2. Explanation of Verbal and Non-verbal Communication

2.1 Communication in Personal Life

Additionally, communication is the foundation of interaction between two or more people in personal life. Similarly, according to Murphy, P. (2007), when dealing with the arising issues in one's personal life, good and effective communication is vital. likewise, if we have any relationship with someone, communication is what sustain the affiliation jovial. In essence, instead of agreeing on everything, showing respect and talking with reality are more crucial. Since, the relationship becomes deeper and develops, appears a good example.

2.2 Communication in Career improvement

According to Malhotra, V. ( 2012) , stated that the effective communication plays a centre role of the usage of the words such as words, modulation, pronounciation, voice variation, pitch, and body language. He added that the correct tool to communicate the right messages at the most appropriate time can pick up a crises and encourage people to work toward success. As truly said by Dr.Zimmerman, (2009) communication works for those who work at it. This means communication takes place in all the times but it is imperfect.

In the globalization world, the first criteria of the job selection is not to be a first class degree but the effective communication skills. For example, as illustrated in the form of Maldives Civil Cervice Commision, the highest weightage is given to the interview section, which represents a set of communication skills. This is because the effective communication is a very essential component to make the organization and one's career success, which can be intra or external group. Therefore, taking intitative and accountability help to encourage and sustain the career, and also support the functions of the organization runs smoothly.

2.3 Ethics in Communication

Apparently, an effective communicator has a high morality and humanity when dealing others. Meantime, the communicator prove that the words he/she articulates is attained positively or negatively. Hence, positive language is a powerful weapon and it can help to win hearts of others. In short, ethical matters in communication are associated to the integrity and reliability of responsibilities and respect of the persons communication.

2.4 Adaptation in Multi-cultural Society

According to Hamzah, M. & Yusof, A. (2011), assured that the effective communication ability is to be adabted in to various cultures and contexts, which bring harmonious and sustainable environment in the work place.

2.5 Effects of Changes on Technology and relationship

Moreover, technology revolution is the most whirlwind effect in the globalization world. Technology helps the delivery, sharing and receiving messages quickly. As it is a virtual communication, it has a broad impact to personal relationships and societies. Therefore, effective communication helps to change one's attitude and also to mould as an valuable person.

3 Types of Verbal and non-verbal Communication

Generally, verbal and nonverbal communication border the meaning of conversations and both are used during face-to-face negotiations. As Lee, B. (2011) explained, that the nonverbal signals are uniformly significant as the words and the voice modulation. Wherefore, verbal and nonverbal signals equally send a message and describe the relationship with others.

3.1 Organizational Communication

Obviously, organizational communication is observed in establishing an ideal organization. Besides, the communication focuses on formal and informal information that arises in the context of the organization. Besides, both formal and informal communication are found as downward, upward, horizontal, cross-channel, and grapevine communication. Apparently, each of these types has a different role with considered to suitability of the organization. According to Hamzah, M. & Yusof, A. (2011), also explicated that there are eight types of Communication found in the working environment. These are included as Interpersonal, intrapersonal, group, organizational, public, mass, intercultural, and online communication. In this assgnment, i will be elucidating organizational, interpersonal, and group communication.

3.2 Interpersonal Communication

Furthermore, interpersonal communication is highly interacted with each other. Most often, it involves emotions. For example, humanity and empathy are vital in realizing the feeling of others. Interpersonal communication is also known as very unique because it is direct, personal, informal, and spontaneous information.

3.3 Group Communication

Moreover, Hamzah, M. & Yusof, A. (2011), also clarified that group communication is gradually arises the interactions between people until it shapes an entity. Group communication normally happens to solve problems, to form new ideas, and to get new experience. In general, it can define exchanging and recieving information between group members.

4. Types of verbal communication.

According to Saylor, S. (n.d), mentioned that there are two main types of human verbal communication, speech and writing. In view of that, having more practice of speaking and writing makes one,s own effective communication skills excellent. Ever since, verbal skills go beyond in a wide variety of situations and styles, which consists both essential and advernced forms of personal interaction. Additionally, there are diverse types of communication. According to Hamzah, M. & Yusof, A. (2011), approved that these various types of communication have different charactoristics and functions. Besides, communication process does not happen by chance, but it comprises a choice of situation and has exact reasons.

4.1 Written Communication

Evidently, written communication happens technically nonverbal, commonly uses ideas to convey words. For example, books, letters, email, texts, memos, magazines, newspapers and personal journals are used to express messages as written communication.

Another form of verbal communication requires no speech. Written communication, while technically nonverbal, commonly falls under the umbrella of verbal communication for the use of words to convey ideas. Books, letters, email, texts, memos, magazines, newspapers and personal journals are all examples of verbal communication.

4.2 Electronic Communication

In a fast developing world, electronic communication influences in a wide range. It is a speedy type of verbal communication. However, electronic communication involves its own set of rules. Likewise, using capital letters can be interpreted as blaring or not happy at the receiver. For a moment, it can arises misunderstandings and problems in the workplace. Spelling rules are not much concerned, they are often set aside. For example, allocating figures like "u" instead of "you" and "2" instead of "too", etc are very common. consequently, the effectiveness of the words and flow through of the sentence structures are in threat. Definitely, it effects to the current situation and up coming generations.

4.3 Spoken communication

According to Mosel, S. (2010), confirmed that both speech and oral communication are spreading information, ideas, attitudes, from one person to another. Affirming to this, an effective communication needs to have a clear vooice, good pronounciation, and the most sufficient meaning to convey the mesaages. Besides, an effective spoken communicator can also show some of the non-verbal communication skills. Likewise, posture and body language play a very important role in spoken communication.

5 Types of Non-verbal Communication

Generally, non-verbal communication is known as body language and facial expression. It is also used to support verbal communication. For example, a teacher asking to put the book on the table in verbal communication by pointing to the table. In many cases, we communicate information in nonverbal ways using groups of behaviors. For example, we might combine a frown with crossed arms and unblinking eye gaze to indicate disapproval. The following are some types of non-verbal communication.

5. 1 Facial Expression

Markedly, facial expressions are accountable for a huge part of nonverbal communication. Consider how much information can be conveyed with a smile or a frown. While nonverbal communication and behavior can vary dramatically between cultures, the facial expressions for happiness, sadness, anger and fear are similar throughout the world.

5. 2 Gestures

Noticeably, deliberate movements and signals are an imperative way to communicate meaning without words. Hence, common gestures contain waving, pointing, and using fingers to indicate numeric amounts. Other gestures are arbitrary and related to culture.

5. 3 Eye Gaze

Furthermore, looking, staring and blinking can also be important nonverbal behaviors. Think of how many relationships start with a man and woman making eye contact across a crowded area. Clearly, a playful wink tends to be more effective. whilst people come upon people or things that they like, the rate of blinking increases and pupils open. Looking at another person can indicate a range of emotions, including hostility, interest and attraction. adding to this, just as a bright smile when we say congratulations reinforces the sincerity of our words.

6. Discussion on Functions of verbal and Non-verbal Communication

 As mentioned before, communication is sharing thoughts, ideas and opinions through combined symbols and phrases. Definitely, good readers are good listeners and good listeners are better communicators. Good communication skills help us to go forward with specific set of goals with clarity. As a result, people need to initiate in pursuit of such goals, and need to devote the available relevant resources. In addition, when people have realized the target, they may share the aims with other people or use them in their work places.

According to, Hamzah, M. & Yusof, A. (2011), stated that comparatively both verbal and non-verbal communications are vital in ways of persuading or shifting person's view towards something what is needed. Hence, they take part in our everyday context. As non-verbal communication process wordless messages, they are known through gestures, body language, posture, facial expression, and eye contact. According to Saran, S. (Dec 22, 2009), explicated that once we communicate verbally, subsist it in a presentation or discussion, .Thus, our aim of the target will be achieving and the message will be clarifying to understand. Since, the receiver is an individual or a group of people, instead of written document the message is just a speech in front of them. So, our choice of communicational words should be critical. According to Warren & Windle, (2010), clarified that Verbal messages convey through variation, modulation and tempo of our voices. They also eplained that the weightage of these are carried 38% of what we communicate. As a resulut some of us use to raise the tone of voice in astonishment.

Convincingly, it is realized that non-verbal communication takes place in many ways of day to day communication, through style, attire, codes or even in our daily manner. Similarly, Warren & Windle, (2010), illuminated gesturing on the othe hand is non-verbal bodily movement which may also include affectionate and familiarity or negative response, and express using parts of the body like, arms, hands and may also comprise nodding and gazing of one's eyes. For example, teachers often raise hands to action others to silence when they wanted to speak.

According to Cherry, K. (n.d), confirmed that non-verbal communication has a significant portion in our everyday context, either verbal communication or non-verbal communication. He also mentioned that non-verbal cues and behaviors such as postures, facial expression, eye gaze, gestures, and voice variations are used in our everyday life.

Additionally, Jadwick01 (2009), elucidated that any type of communication should have a clear aim. He also stated that in the repid developing organizations, we need to have different types of communications that influence connections no matter how big or small the organization may be. Robbins, S. (2006) assumed that an organization is a constant, while it has a formal and social structure that receives capitals from the environment and practices them to create production. Stoner, J. (1989), stated that the suitably mangement must be flourishing in achieving its goals. Since then effective method of coordination is to be maintained, so that the plans are accomplished efficiently and effectively with and through other people. He aslo affirmed that there are two main reasons why communication is important in the management. Firstly it is the main process of leading, controling , organizing and planning are boomed. Secondly, the management is actively dedicated to overwelming time of their time. Relatively, communication can be completed in various ways. According to Mehrabian, A. (2006), found that both verbal and non-verbal communication are included the main three elements, which are established that words we express are 7% valuable, variation of the vioce are 38% effective, and non-verbal signs are 55% successful. In such situations he proved by conducting a wide range of research and said that both communication skills play a vital role in our everyday life.

Furthermore, according to Lee, B. (2011), stated that verbal communication serves as a vehicle for expressing desires, ideas and concepts and is vital to the process of learning and teaching in combination with nonverbal forms of communication. In general, verbal communication is the orally expressed word and comprises real words, designed and inferred meanings, pitch and voice variation. For example, by asking permission from the teacher to go to the library. The communication that happen here is a very clear verbal communication. According to Hughes, C. (2010), convinced that the basis of communication is the interaction between people. Coupled with, some of the key components of verbal communication are sound, words, speaking, and language. Hence, verbal communication operates as the primary tool for expression between two or more people.

7. Factors found to the Effectiveness of Verbal and Non-verbal Communication .

Manifestly, a person communicating by verbal and non-verbal ways should also be aware of several factors such as style religious , cultural practices , beliefs and values . Often , personal and professional success varies depending on the ability to communicate. It is very important to be articulate and fluent in the way or mode of speech in front of audience, because language we express is like a sharp weapon and it influences amazingly to the communication process. According to Hamzah, M. & Yusof, A. (2011), stated that the open and hidden meaning of the message is crucial with relating to the real life situations. Further, they explained that the message we intend is to be easily understand and then the reciever can critically interpret.. Evidently, the schorlarly evidences and other real life situations are more applicable to convince and firm on our speech.

Moreover, Cal, W. & Allyson, A. (nd), stated that in any organization, humanity is also a very important quality to apply in any situations. Since, effective communication is earnestly depended regardless of the organizational hierarchy. For this purpose, according to Goldhaber (1986), cited with Hamzah, M. & Yusof, A. (2011), acknowlodged that communication in organization takes place in a whole system and influences by internally and externally. Also, communication involves messages and its flow, purpose, direction and media. As well as, it involves people, attitude, feeling, and the skill they possess.

Meanwhile, Wood, J.T. (nd), explained that communication has a powerful influence when people are together. Such as, we cannot avoid communicating, because they understand what we do as well as what we do not do. Even if we choose to be silent, we are communicating. Since, our challenge is to become more expert communicators. Likewise, work together to get credibility of effectiveness.

Furthermore, using language and settled in a verbal communication, both in speech and written, means deciding the language for the most appropriated particular uses, needs and situations. Besides, selection of language and verbal communication styles has close connection with the reciever's awareness of the person. Hence, the verbal communicator must be sensitive to the selection and use of language, which generate an effective communication.

Markedly, most people at child birth have voiced, which create sounds.  Gradually, as a child grows, he/she learns how to form these sounds into words.  Some words may be imitative of natural sounds, but others may come from expressions of emotion, such as laughter or crying. However, words alone have no sense, just people can bring meaning into terminologies. Including both words and meaning mixed together, which direct to the maturity of communication. Particularly, language plays a creative role in verbal communication, which helps to direct a person to the right path using its causes and effects.

Additionally, Verbal tone in communication is more than just the words we use. It also play a vital role to understand the pitch of the speaker. If someone screams to control, then he develops hostility, while a person's suggestion brought in a normal speaking voice is much less harsh and usually more effective way to communicate the same thing. For example, if someone says, "give me a book," he might not earn too well. But he might get better outcome if he asks, "Could you hand me a book."

Non-verbal communication sends or receives messages without the use of spoken language . It includes gestures , facial expressions , eye contact proximity , humor , paralinguistic , touching and non-linguistic gestures. Though, verbal communication is a process of sending or receiving messages through spoken languages.

Similarly, non-verbal communication is convened the messages to the receiver. It can also supplement verbal communication. However there are higher chances of non-verbal communication being misinterpreted by the receivers than verbal communication. Misunderstandings are more likely to occur across people belonging to different cultural backgrounds. Individuals communicating by nonverbal means should be aware of the different meaning that different individuals may perceive from his/her communication, especially when individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds are the receivers of the information.

Correspondingly, body language plays a major role to provide non-verbal communication. Prominently, being responsive of our own body language as well as another person's can make communication more effective. For example, crossed arms indicate that someone is distant and possibly unfriendly, and slouching in a chair can be interpreted as not listening as well.

Studies have shown that people closer to each other tend to communicate more through nonverbal means compared to people not so close to each other . Nonverbal communication often develops in relationships . Often in a relationship , more weight is given to nonverbal portion of the communication compared to the verbal portion , and in case of a conflict the nonverbal portion tends to prevail over verbal communication . It took time during the relationship to understand one another better and develop a more effective means of communication

Conflict Management

As in all aspects of human interaction, conflict is inevitable between group members. Whether it is simply discussion regarding roles within the group, or a more substantial argument regarding group choices, the style of conflict management is important to group communication. Open verbal communication increases the chance of conflict being recognized within the group, as well as the ultimate source of the issue. Once identified, the style of communication climate plays a role in the type of management employed. More defensive climates increase the likelihood of competitive management styles focused on defeating each other, while supportive climates will foster management focused around working together toward a common solution.

Decision Making

The decision-making methods employed by a group can affect both the process of reaching the group's goal and the member interactions during that process. Groups that employ open brainstorming, featuring verbal messages encouraging a variety of ideas, are more likely to develop a final decision that all members support. Once the thought process has been completed, the ultimate decision-making process reflects the climate of the group and the norms established between members. If the group has established a supportive climate, the chances of a group consensus are more likely. In other cases, the group may require decision by majority vote, leader choice or outside arbitration.

Conclusion

In conclusion, effective communication have good communication skills through verbal and nonverbal methods, one should be capable and ready to identify the combination of communication functions which may bring out success in the communication strategy or plane to be implemented. Coupled with in consideration of both verbal and non-verbal communications, they interrelate to convey meaning. Occasionally, nonverbal communication appear before verbal, but it has not been productively discussed out which of the two ways is more efficient. Therefore, both ways of communications relate in replicating, harmonizing, replacing, articulating and regulating and ensuring of the message communicated.

Read more: Group Effectiveness in Verbal and Nonverbal Communication | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/info_8636570_group-effectiveness-verbal-nonverbal-communication.html#ixzz2AcWIGb5R

Cultural Differences in Verbal & Nonverbal Communication

By Rachel Levy Sarfin, eHow Contributor

Volume of Voice

In Canada and Japan, people generally do not raise their voices in normal conversation. However, in Latin America, you may frequently hear people talking loudly and it is not because they are angry.

Power of Words

Children often say, "Sticks and stones will break my bones, but words will never hurt me." Words not only hurt, but they can destroy relationships and damage communication efforts. Your message might get lost in translation. Sometimes, an idea or concept does not exist in another language and a translator might not know how to express the idea. Also, some cultures place enormous importance on titles. If you do not address someone correctly, you risk offending that person.

Body Language

Humans have other communication tools aside from words. Body language has been around for far longer than verbal communication. Because it has existed for so long, certain nonverbal cues have different meanings in different societies. What might be acceptable in one culture can be considered rude and improper in another.

Gestures and Eye Contact

Gestures and eye contact are two examples of nonverbal communication that vary widely across cultures. In the United States, for example, making a circle with your thumb and forefinger and holding up your remaining three fingers means that you are fine. However, in most other parts of the world, that symbol is considered vulgar. The level of eye contact made during conversation also differs around the globe. American culture encourages eye contact. On the other hand, the Japanese consider eye contact disrespectful.

Read more: Cultural Differences in Verbal & Nonverbal Communication | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/list_6945684_cultural-verbal-_amp_-nonverbal-communication.html#ixzz2AcYfouCF

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Types of Nonverbal Communication

8 Major Nonverbal Behaviors

By Kendra Cherry, About.com Guide

http://www.psychology.about.com/od/nonverbalcommunication/a/nonverbalty

https://www.rpi.edu/dept/advising/american_culture/social.htm

www.wisegeek.com/what-is-nonverbal-communication.htm - Sep 13, 2012 ... What is Nonverbal communicatio

By Kimberly A. Laux, eHow Contributor

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Cal W, D. &. (n.d.). Organizational Communication. Retrieved 2012, from http://www.books.google.mv/books?isbn=1462506607

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Dr.Zimmerman. (2009, 8 15). Communication works For Those Who Work At It. Retrieved from http://www.drzimmerman.com/communication-works.php

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Hamzah, M. Y. (2011). Importance of Communication. In P. D. Fadzil, & E. U. Malaysia (Ed.), CBFC1103-Introduction To Communication (P. (. Bhd., Trans., Second Edition ed., p. 7). Meteor Doc. Sdn.Bhd. Lot 47-48 Jalan SR, 1/9, Seksyen 9, Jalan Serdang Raya, 43300 Seri Kembangan, Selangor Darul Ehsan: Centre for Instructional Design and Technology/ Open Univercity Malaysia.

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Jadwick01. (2009, May). Fators That Affect Nonverbal Communication. Three Fators That Affect Nonverbal Communication. Retrieved May 2009, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Three-Factors-That-Affect-Non-Verbal-204660.html

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Mosel., S. (2010, June 18). Ways to Improve Oral Communication. Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/152756-ways-to-improve-oral-communication/#ixzz2AaUlxA6V

Murphy., P. (2007., 10. 7.). The Importance of Communication Skills in a Successful Life. The Importance of Communication Skills. Retrieved from http://ezinearticles.com/?The-Importance-of-Communication-Skills-in-a-Successful-Life&id=780306

Robbins, S. (2002). Oganizational Theory: Concepts and Cases.... In Organizational Theory. Retrieved from www.rmit.edu.vn/upload/files/hn_Reserve.html

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Warren & Windle. (2010). Communication Skills. Office of Special Education Programs. Retrieved from http://www.directionservice.org/cadre/section4.cfm

Why Is Communication So Important? (1999, 10). Retrieved from Sudymode.com: www.studymode.com/essays/Why-Communication-So-Important-14918.html

Wood, J. T. (n.d.). Interpersonal Communication. In Everyday Encounters. Canada, Nelson Education Ltd: Moncika Ekman. Retrieved from http://www.cengage.com

www.csc.gov.mv/2012/05/3343. (2012, 5 1). Retrieved from www.csc,gov.mv: http://www.csc.gov.mv/2012/05/3343

http://www.livestrong.com/article/160676-forms-of-verbal-communication/#ixzz2AaAJ7fa6

Forms of Verbal Communication

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Jul 1, 2010 | By Linda Chechar

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Jun 18, 2010 ... Nonverbal communication skills, such as posture and body language, also play an important role in effective oral communication.

http://www.livestrong.com/article/152756-ways-to-improve-oral-communication/

http://www.livestrong.com/search/?mode=standard&search=Communication+Oral+Skills&utm_source=relatedsearchtop#ixzz2AaU3Cels

Read more: Four Types of Communication | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/about_4761336_four-types-communication.html#ixzz2AXofm881

Verbal and Nonverbal Communication

By Pingone, Nov 2008 | 3 Pages (745 Words) | 4297 Views

: Nonverbal and Verbal Communication

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