The need for legalizing and passing the DREAM Act has become more paramount now than ever before. The Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act could perhaps be one of the most important pieces of legislation that has the potential to affect U.S. legal system. For decades, alien immigrants have been battling constant pressure from the regulatory efforts of the United States government in reducing the population of illegal entrants. Most alien minors who enter the United States, accompanied by their families without legal immigration processes, are adversely affected by the regulation owing to the rules of immigration. The regulation poses a greater threat of deportation and security on these minors than on adults where, in most cases, minors are usually separated from their respective families. A major perspective behind the formation of the legislature was to provide undocumented students in high schools with a chance to put in quality effort into reaping the rewards of years of education in the form of a college degrees and better employments.
A growing concern regarding the involuntary deportation of minors has surged across the nation and has been a burning question. Its impact on most illegal immigrants is dire and requires a possible solution on an urgent basis. The Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act proved to be an applicable solution for the issue. The DREAM Act constituted the legalization of granting illegal minor immigrants American citizenship upon the completion of particular educational degrees within the probationary period. The DREAM Act legislation ensures the best alternative for alien minors offering them a chance to obtain proper education and a legal citizenship simultaneously (UCLA Center for Labor Research and Education, pp 4).
Important Aspects of Legislation
The two most important aspects of the legislature are the formalization of desired education and the attainment of an American citizenship. In the American education system, a large number of student graduate on a yearly basis from U.S. high schools and within this number is a large segment of those students who are registered under the title of undocumented immigrants. These students are inhibited from graduating from U.S. high schools in the case of absent legal documentation asserting their citizenship.
The purpose of the DREAM Act as laid out in the current legislature introduced on March 26, 2009, by Senator Richard Durbin and Representative Howard Berman is to provide this segment of the undocumented students with a chance to graduate from high schools and be eligible for college admissions or military enlistments. The DREAM Act provides alien minors with the opportunity of being granted an American citizenship given a set of requirements entailing that the alien entrants must indeed be minors at the state of the migration. The bill is believed to be beneficial not only for alien minors but also for the United Sates as a whole. It gives them a chance to contribute their effort and services to the development of the nation itself. Supporters of the bill assert that the DREAM Act would allow alien minors to contribute back to the country that has provided them with an opportunity of quality education with a trade off for utilizing that education and their talents to instill quality within the infrastructure of the country (Padrón, pp 49-52). Unfortunately, in October 2007, opposition from White House resulted in the deferment of the bill becoming a law.
Proposed Benefits of the Act
Increasing deficiency of military enrollment
The increasing deficiency of military enrollment has proven to be a driving force aiding the promotion of the bill (Espinoza, pp 7). The DREAM Act would ensure that the number of graduating students increases and as a result the deficiencies of labor services required throughout the nation are met. Immigrants have been known to form a significant part of the US military and there are as much as 60,000 immigrants registered for active duty in the US military. It is estimated that one out of every ten soldiers killed in Iraq is a foreign born resident of US. In addition, the Bill would enable the armed forces to recruit quality people. Through this Act, thousands of well qualified recruits would be available for selection in the military service and, thus, the shortage of manpower in the military can be overcome.
Increasing population and the subsequent recessions
The increasing population and the subsequent recessions have sketched a grim future for the DREAM Act. The Majority of the Senate and the House of Representatives voted against the implementation of the bill. Previous efforts of legalizing the DREAM Act failed due to unpromising repercussions and biased beliefs regarding the inclusion of illegal immigrants within the country's system. The distribution of funds and resources among its citizens offered as aides were considered to be in jeopardy with the legalizing of the bill.
However, the population promoting the legislature proved to bring about a constant positive change with the passing of the law. The increase in workforce and college graduates within the country was thought to paint a brighter picture. With more graduates and educated citizens, the country estimated a rapid creation of jobs representing prosperity within the country. The increased and emerging workforce of the alien minors would be able to host their families and would provide a viable source of income.
The recent scenario of immigration and deportation within the United States has intensified owing to the country's security issues. These regulatory actions are impeding most previous illegal inhabitants from attaining basic resources within the country. Employment and government services are harder to attain. Amongst this situation, the ones greatly affected are the alien minors. The legalization of their citizenship proves to be essential after the age of 16. The DREAM Act ensures the protection of these minors and their rights to stay in the country and attain formal education. The legislation ensures that these minors are least penalized owing to their involuntary attempt to enter and live in the United States. It compliments the security measures adopted by the United States regarding illegal immigrants.
The DREAM Act legislation precisely and accurately defines the criteria of effective and eligible alien minors, who can successfully contribute to the country in the near future. It formulates and documents the presence of all alien minors and assesses their eligibility for continuing their education and granting citizenship. The U.S. legal system can be aided more efficiently when illegal minor immigrants are given the alternative to legalize their presence in the country and be given a deliberate chance to continue their education (Lee, pp 341). This bill in effect would protect and benefit the interest of alien minors allowing them to attain a citizenship.
The requirements of the bill also provide an incentive for illegal immigrants to avoid criminal activities in order to graduate high school, attain further education and acquire an American citizenship.
The factors promoting the DREAM Act are innumerable. Quality education and citizenship for alien minors, decreased deficiencies in labor services, a thriving economy and better national security measures are only few of the benefits discussed that would emerge with the legalization of the bill. The bill will compliment the general interest of all the citizens of United States offering them the best alternatives in order to lead better lives. It will primarily allow alien minors to continue their education while living in America, opt for a further education and contribute to prosperity of the country through their education and skills without dreading the idea of deportation.
Espinoza, Jean Pierre. "Overview and analysis of the development, relief, and education for Alien Minors Act (Dream Act): 'What was not but could be'." The Journal of Migration and Refugee Issues 5.1 (2009): 1+. Academic OneFile. Web. 30 Nov. 2009. <http://0-find.galegroup.com.lib.grcc.edu/gtx/start.do?prodId=AONE&userGroupName=lom_grandrapidcc>.
Lee, Joanne. Fly Bird, Fly! Harvard Educational Review; Summer2009, Vol. 79 Issue 2, p341-342
Padrón, Eduardo J. The DREAM Act, Deferred. Harvard Journal of Hispanic Policy; 2008/2009, Vol. 20, p49-52,
UCLA Center for Labor Research and Education. Undocumented Students. (2007). Accessed on December 5, 2009 from <http://www.labor.ucla.edu/publications/reports/Undocumented-Students.pdf>