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Communism is supposedly to be a worldwide society in which all class struggle should be abolished; however, while implementing communist rules in Russia and because the corruption that was found in the government this was impossible to achieve. Economic struggle emerged during this kind of regimes that lead hard social living conditions that in turn changed into hatred against the communist government and in order to keep communism running force had to be used that later became terror over their own people that reached the fall of communism.
Communism is a political regime which began with Karl Marx in Germany. His ideas were made to make people all equal economically, and socially. According to Karl Marx every person would work according to his or her need. From this point Russia entered the communist countries club. Nikolai Lenin was the first leader of communist regimes in Russia. Before that people living under the regime of Czar Nicolas II workers in Russia were underpaid and most of the agricultural lands were owned by the bourjouise.
In 1917 the Bolshevik revolution successfully came to life under the leadership of Lenin. Leon Trotsky, a man who believed in using terrorism, and Stalin a strong ruthless man. In 1926 Lenin past away and a struggle rose up between Trotsky and Stalin. Stalin had the upper hand and gained power. Trotsky was sent to Mexico where he was assassinated.
Marx communist idea was turned into a terror regime in Russia. Under the rule of Stalin communism became the military arm of socialism, and no more worried about the rights of people; but was thinking about its own benefits and imposing its power on the people. Because of this change of ideology, and the shift from protecting people rights to protecting their own interests, communist regime in Russia should be abolished.
After seizing power communism started facing problems and according to Richard Ketchum their popularity was drastically fading in order to remain in power communists used terrorism in order to impose their power over the country. Stalin according to Ketchum was only controlling 1/4 of the citizens, in a small area, outside this geographical land communists were tasting defeat from the people they were supposed to protect from Czar II. In the desperate attempts to seize Stalin spread his secret police in the section and that was the spark of life for terror as never seen before in Russia. According to Dewhirst, M. ( ) "in October 24 …. Liberal newspapers were confiscated and burned by secret police while some where used for the purpose of publication of Bolshevik newspapers…"(p,21)
Stalin's actions turned into a brutal civil war, millions of Russians were killed," liquidated" in the communist phrase. "Stalin's government became an armed occupation, conducting a war of internal conquest which has continued to the present time" Ketchum, R.(1963). The liquidation in Russia had started against journalists bombs and guns became the main part of censorship against journalists. Many of them were victims of censorship in Russia, for example Dmitri Kholodov an important figure in the Russian media and part of the Moskous Komsomoletes was assassinated because he was writing excessively about corruption in the Russian military. According to Zagalsky, l. (1995) claimed that seven journalists were killed, 10 shocked and 14 hitten.
Economical conditions in communist Russia where really harsh, according to Miller, S. M. the Russian currency was cheaper than the paper it's printed on because of the inflation rates. In 1923 there were 178quadrillion roubes in circulation that rendered the task of the Russian currency; however, this excess in printing led to complete collapse in the currency peasants refused to exchange their goods in exchange for paper money and this action was followed workmen how refused to take their wages . In 15 Feb. 1924 a decree stopped all printing actions of Russian roubes and exchanged them with bank notes, gold, silver, copper coinage and treasure bills.
All the industries where under the control of the state where they called the output, regulated prices, met loses, and claimed profit; inaddition, forced engagement in arms race forced Russian governments to invest 70% of its gross income on military production.
Eastern European countries were receiving Russian oil at prices lower than their real market value made thing worse for the economy, intelligence agencies where aware of that drain of Russian economy and with the present inflation rates they argued that Russian banks are on the edge of bankruptcy because they were losing approximately 30 to 50 million dollars a years.
While terrorism floating around against politicians, and people against the regime the social conditions in Russia were collapsing quickly. In 1917 people had out of date farming methods, and that was a disaster on a country that had half of its income and people depend on agriculture. With the change of government inflation and hunger got worse because of the low production of goods and unemployment rates were increasing.
In 1918 with the rise of Bolshevik revolution land was taken from the hands of bourjouise and put in the hands of the workers in order to produce their daily live needs and every family was given some cattle to produce his dairy products and greens he needed to use in order to come through his day. New laws were passed issuing the labor working hours a 8 for every worker, but a civil war started, people died because of the shortage of food and the spread of diseases.
In 1918 the government launched a campaign to teach everyone how to read but on the other hand they banned religion and killed the priests and destroyed church and religious symbols.
And in 1924 Lenin handed back small factories to the people, and allowed them to set up private businesses. And peasants to sell their surplus; however, they were forced to pay high taxes. The last stage in the social reforms in the USSR started in the 1928 under the rule of the terrifying Stalin, peasants where thrown away of their lands, and the animals slaughtered on the hands of the secret police.
Stalin announced a five year plan that established social centers and gave the right to women to work, unemployment rates declined to its lowest rates ever but food production was lower than 1914. The biggest concentration was on the heavy industry at the expense of consumer goods. Labor camps were established workers were treated as slaves and there were poor working conditions in the mines because of the dehumanization of worker because they had to work day and night shifts with no medical support for elderly and children.
Oppressed people shall revolt against the oppressor. After all the terrorism, and harsh social conditions implemented by the government on the citizens of Russia. A universal law states that for every action a reaction from here the normal reaction for the people was to over throw the communist government. The regime was condemn due to the lack of supporting nations, and high rates of corruptions in the leaders of the communist government.
March 1985 marked a surprising twist in communist rule, Gorbachev was elevated to the position of general secretary, while he was fully aware of what is needed in order to keep communism alive in Russia. But in 1991 the Russian economy collapsed in front of his eyes and he was not able to do anything. And eventually communism completely destroyed the USSR
Being a Russian citizen meant that you would live in a security that you will not be exploited. Since the factories, farms, and machines where under the rule of communism that is that every one owns everything even they can't exploit themselves; however, there are a lot of misconceptions about the Russian ownership law, because the law of 1948 declares that the USSR citizens may own the house they live in, on one condition that it's not higher than 2 floors nor contains more than 5 rooms but the land on which it is built is still the property of the government.