Cigarette

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CIGARETTE

Preface and the meaning of cigarette

The definition of cigarette is tobaco processed, inclusing cidar wrap and other forms resulting from Nicotina Tabacum plants, Nicotina Rustic, and other species tat containe nicotine or tar or with no adiitional (Minister Regulations about The Security of Cigarette for Healthy). Cigeratte is not something taboo for teenager and also many society to use it, cigeratte can be use for lifesyle for teenager and also for media to remove their stress. Many peoples is addiction by cigarette even teenager or adult. If in the past only boys who are smoking, nowadays many girls also smoking. This is not something weird anymore for the society. Although all people in this world already know that people under 18 years old cannot smoke, the package of cigarette. But nowadays, even student who still in Junior High School already smoke and make it become a habit. We can see that announcement in the Ministry already established or make UUD 1945 about smoking ban, but still many people do not pay attention for that regulation. Actually, he minister in Indonesia already know that the regulations cannot make smokers in Indonesia stop smoking but at least the government hope they know whether they can smoking or not. For example, in past we can see so many people smoke in the mall which can disturb other people whi do not smoke, but now the government already make a regulation that every mall has to provide special place or room to smoke. Now we see that regulation is running quiet good and success.

Actually many people start smoking because they only want to try but in frequently they feel comfort with cigarette and then it is become a habit for them. Now cigarette is part of their life, we can see that from their behaviour. They aways bring cigarette wherever they go. Actually, cigarette is very dangerous for our healthy and the worst part is that the smoker already know and aware about that, but t does not make them afraid or worry. They still smoking and smoking. Many diseases caused because of cigarette, even it is directly or not. Fr girls, if they are smoking it can make their uterus become dry and then they will hard or difficult to have child. The other diseases for boys and girls are they lung become wet and then they hard to breathe. Cigarette can make them have a bad cough which is can make them TBC (Tuberculosis). From that example we can understand how dangerous cigarette for our life.

Smoking is an activity which is not only adverse the smoker but also the people around the smoker. Cigarette smoke is pollution to humans and the environment surrounding. Can you imagine how about if half people in this world are smoker and one people can smoke more than five cigarettes in one day. So, how about our environment. From that statement we can know that cigarettes have a big influence for this world. This is a very simple example if there is a smoker who smoke near other people. when they smoking near with other people, smoke from that cigarette can make other people become smelly. Maybe for the smoker that smell it not a big deal, but for them who do not smoke, that smell is very bad.

Cigarette not only has a bad aspect or influence our healthy but cigarette also influence our economic. In the country with development industry, there is propensity to quit from smoking but in the development country, especially in Indonesia, tend to occurs increased smoking habit. If the customers of cigarette are increase means that the companies of cigarette also increase their profit. If the company has much profit, the government also will accept or get more tax. That tax will be use for state development and maybe also to help poor people. maybe we can say that this a positive part from cigarette from economic aspect. We can deny that cigarette is one of the biggest company in this world especially in Indonesia. So, cigarette has a big influence for economic in one country.

Through a resolution in 1983, World Health Organization (WHO) has set a date for May 31 as World Tobacco Free Day every year. The purpose is to established the environment free from pollution and to build beautiful environment. Report from World Health Organization said that the total or smokers are increase 2.1 percent every year in the development country with development industry decrease for 1.1 percents every year. The research in Jakarta shows that 64.8 percent male and 9.8 percents female in the age above 13 years old are smokers even group of teenagers, 49 percents male students and 8.8 percent female student in Jakarta already smoke.

Types of cigarette:

There a few ways to misleading selling the product of cigarette as light, mild, ultra, low or the other. We can say that this is misleading because actually there is no increasing of dangerous which is mean by increasing the levels of tar and nicotine with this way. If we analyze, the effect of smoking non-mild cigarette is the same with someone who fall from 30th floor, but if we smoke cigarette with mild type so the effect is like someone fall from 20th floor, both of that have the same effect which is chaos. This misleading give a meaning like that is “secure” so the smokers are feeling that it is no problem to smoke. This is does not impossible if smokers will consume more cigarette because they feel that the smoke from that cigarette is low. Cigarette is spread become some types. This differences use the basic of the material for cigarette wrap, the main material for cigarette, the process of cigarette production and the usage of filter in the cigarette.

Cigarette which is define by material of cigarette wrap:

- Klobot: cigarette with the material of cigarette wrap is corn sleeves.

- Kawung: cigarette with the material of cigarette wrap is aren sleeves.

- Sigaret: ciagarette with the material of cigarette is paper.

- Cerutu: cigarette with the material of cigarette is tobacco sleeves.

Cigarette which is define by the main material:

- White cigarette: cigarette which is the main material is only tobacco sleeves which are given with sauce to get the effect of the taste and special smell.

- Kretek cigarette: cigarette which is the main material is tobacco sleeves and cengkeh which is given by sauce to get the effect of the taste and special smell.

- Klembak cigarette: cigarette which is the main material is tobacco sleeves, cengkeh, dan menyan which is given by sauce to get the effect of the taste and special smell.

- Different between cigarette and cigar.

- Cigars are rolls of tobacco leaves intact the dried and fermented, which - like a cigarette - one end was burned and the smoke inhaled by mouth through the other end. Tobacco for cigars mainly cultivated in countries such as Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, and the United States with a cigar from Cuba is considered an icon for cigars.
Cigarettes are paper-sized cylinder of length between 70 to 120 mm (varies depending on the country) with a diameter of about 10 mm containing tobacco leaves that have been shredded. Cigarettes were burned at one end and allowed to burn so that the smoke can be inhaled through the mouth at the other end.

Cigarettes are usually sold in a package or box-shaped paper packaging that can be easily inserted into the bag. Since the last few years, these packages are also generally accompanied by health messages that warn smokers about the dangers of health that may result from smoking, such as lung cancer or heart attack (even if in fact it was only a decoration, seldom observed).

- no data is actually valid to conclude when the actual start was made and cigars smoked one. However, it's said that a cigar and smoke a cigar culture began when Christopher Columbus first landed in the Caribbean in 1482. At that time he witnessed the ritual of Native American tribes smoke inhalation from a pile of leaves by using a pipe.

Short and Columbus sent his men to find out particulars of a pile of leaves tobacco. But name later revealed whether it detects the beginning of a cigar?
According to Gunarwan Tenardi, general manager of Churchill Cigars House, people in Quelta Abajo, Cuba, in the 1800s began to get used to make cigarettes from tobacco leaves rolled up and traded. Maybe this is the origin of cigars today many popular metropolitan communities.

Cuban cigars are king. After Cuba, the country considered producing good-quality cigars are Dominican, Brazil, Mexico, Ecuador, Jamaica, the Canary Islands, the Philippines and the United States.

Indonesia is actually one tobacco producer who is also quite calculated. Tobacco from Jember example, many are exported to foreign countries. So it is with a lot of Deli Tobacco exported to foreign countries for use as a cigar wrapper.

However, this is 'great' people of Indonesia. Although a good quality tobacco, for we are not able to process them. So, we just export to be a valuable commodity, and then go back to Indonesia with exorbitant prices.

While the local tobacco processed into production cigar Djarum, Sampoerna Wismilak or, quite frankly can not be enjoyed by the true cigar enthusiasts in Indonesia. To determine whether the poor quality of the cigar, it will depend on the shrewdness of making cigars peraciknya consisting of filler, binder and wrapper. Aroma and taste of cigars is very influenced by the ingenuity peracik make each piece cigar.

As the cigar went into a cafe, bar or lounge luxury hotel, the management may have to maintain the quality of the cigar with nicely kept in a special box and put in a room equipped with instructions humidity (higrometer) and optional equipment that moisturizers distilled water (humidifier). This merely for the sake of customer satisfaction.Often, a cigar is not well maintained, led to many lice are less obvious in the visible. Taste may still be delicious, but exploiters cigars may not be touching the cigars that have been 'lousy'. Quality cigars must remain guarded.

- We if see from the level of economic, we can determne that every level of economic fro the lowest until the highest can use cigarette because the price is relative cheap. But, if see for cigar, only from the middle level of economic until the higher level who can use it because the price is very expenssive. If someone use cigar, it does not mean that he or she also smoke. There are so many opion about cigarette and cigar. Some people said that cigarette is better than cigar because of te taste. Some people said that there is no differences between cigarette and cigar for the taste. Some people also said that cigar is better than cigarette and cigar is not has bad influence for our body. Now we will discuss about the behaviour for using cigarette and cigar. Maybe sometimes we see people in Indonesia smoke a cigarette with a glass of coffee or a glass of tea, but it is totally different for cigar. Usually we will see people use cigar and a glass of wine. Now, we know why many people said that cigar is very exclusive. First from the price of cigar is very expensive, now from the complement which is wine, the price also very expensive.

Different between cigarette and cigar.

Cigars are rolls of tobacco leaves intact the dried and fermented, which - like a cigarette - one end was burned and the smoke inhaled by mouth through the other end. Tobacco for cigars mainly cultivated in countries such as Brazil, Cameroon, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Honduras, Indonesia, Mexico, Nicaragua, and the United States with a cigar from Cuba is considered an icon for cigars.
Cigarettes are paper-sized cylinder of length between 70 to 120 mm (varies depending on the country) with a diameter of about 10 mm containing tobacco leaves that have been shredded. Cigarettes were burned at one end and allowed to burn so that the smoke can be inhaled through the mouth at the other end.

Cigarettes are usually sold in a package or box-shaped paper packaging that can be easily inserted into the bag. Since the last few years, these packages are also generally accompanied by health messages that warn smokers about the dangers of health that may result from smoking, such as lung cancer or heart attack (even if in fact it was only a decoration, seldom observed).

no data is actually valid to conclude when the actual start was made and cigars smoked one. However, it's said that a cigar and smoke a cigar culture began when Christopher Columbus first landed in the Caribbean in 1482. At that time he witnessed the ritual of Native American tribes smoke inhalation from a pile of leaves by using a pipe.

Short and Columbus sent his men to find out particulars of a pile of leaves tobacco. But name later revealed whether it detects the beginning of a cigar?

According to Gunarwan Tenardi, general manager of Churchill Cigars House, people in Quelta Abajo, Cuba, in the 1800s began to get used to make cigarettes from tobacco leaves rolled up and traded. Maybe this is the origin of cigars today many popular metropolitan communities.

Cuban cigars are king. After Cuba, the country considered producing good-quality cigars are Dominican, Brazil, Mexico, Ecuador, Jamaica, the Canary Islands, the Philippines and the United States.

Indonesia is actually one tobacco producer who is also quite calculated. Tobacco from Jember example, many are exported to foreign countries. So it is with a lot of Deli Tobacco exported to foreign countries for use as a cigar wrapper. However, this is 'great' people of Indonesia. Although a good quality tobacco, for we are not able to process them. So, we just export to be a valuable commodity, and then go back to Indonesia with exorbitant prices. While the local tobacco processed into production cigar Djarum, Sampoerna Wismilak or, quite frankly can not be enjoyed by the true cigar enthusiasts in Indonesia.

To determine whether the poor quality of the cigar, it will depend on the shrewdness of making cigars peraciknya consisting of filler, binder and wrapper. Aroma and taste of cigars is very influenced by the ingenuity peracik make each piece cigar. As the cigar went into a cafe, bar or lounge luxury hotel, the management may have to maintain the quality of the cigar with nicely kept in a special box and put in a room equipped with instructions humidity (higrometer) and optional equipment that moisturizers distilled water (humidifier). This merely for the sake of customer satisfaction.
Often, a cigar is not well maintained, led to many lice are less obvious in the visible. Taste may still be delicious, but exploiters cigars may not be touching the cigars that have been 'lousy'. Quality cigars must remain guarded.

We if see from the level of economic, we can determne that every level of economic fro the lowest until the highest can use cigarette because the price is relative cheap. But, if see for cigar, only from the middle level of economic until the higher level who can use it because the price is very expenssive. If someone use cigar, it does not mean that he or she also smoke. There are so many opion about cigarette and cigar. Some people said that cigarette is better than cigar because of te taste. Some people said that there is no differences between cigarette and cigar for the taste. Some people also said that cigar is better than cigarette and cigar is not has bad influence for our body. Now we will discuss about the behaviour for using cigarette and cigar. Maybe sometimes we see people in Indonesia smoke a cigarette with a glass of coffee or a glass of tea, but it is totally different for cigar. Usually we will see people use cigar and a glass of wine. Now, we know why many people said that cigar is very exclusive. First from the price of cigar is very expensive, now from the complement which is wine, the price also very expensive.

These are some techniques to decrease our smoke habit. http://riyogarta.com/2008/02/29/tips-mengurangi-kebiasaan-rokok/

Do not bring matches

To smoke, we need matches to lit our cigarette. If we try to familiarize ourselves not to bring mathes wherever we go, it will help us to reduce our smoking habit because usually people are lazy or shame to borrow matches from other people.

If we really want to smoke or we cannot deny our desire to smoke, we can borrom matches from other people who also smoking. There are positive side from this habit:

We cannot smoke freely or at any time because we will be shame if we always borrow matches from other people. For example if we smoke 8 cigarettes per day, you will shy to borrow matches for eight times.

We can new friends or maybe that people have a good project and he ask us to involve in that project.

But this habit can make other people feel uncomfortable with because they feel disturbed when we borrow their matches. But maybe this can help us to think twice when we would like to borrow

Remove all matches in our home and our office.

When we are at home and we nothing to do, usually we will directly find cigarette to fulfill our leisure. But, if there is no cigarette, we cannot lit our cigarette, so our desire to smoke will go.

Eliminate all matches or lighters which we borrow
This way I can guarantee there will be no one who knows you will lend matches or a lighter And you'll be cured if doing this to people you do not know, especially if you borrow lighters are brand Zippo lighters

Spend and do not be thrown away!

That is, if you've bought a pack of cigarettes and had not been for running tips number 1, 2 and 3. Then the taste of cigarettes has tamarind as a cold, you will be responsible to keep spending it! This will make your math and thinking to do tip number 7.

Buying cigarettes bars

My advice, buy ranging from half a pack and then dropped to the buy one or two bars. These have to do with a strong commitment. So you have to keep doing this even if you're holding the money in pieces big enough to buy one or two cigarettes.

Positive side of what you'll get:

o You will be embarrassed if you buy one or two cigarettes with your hands pieces of money large enough. In the end you may be better of to buy cigarettes. In other words, you are only going to buy cigarettes if you have coins.
o You may also have a sense of pride to come into the shop just to buy one or two cigarettes. It's okay, this prestige actually positive impact on your desire to reduce smoking.
o Well, if you're already committed to this then you also can not buy cigarettes in supermarkets right? Where there is a minimarket supermarkets or bars that sell tobacco.

Herbal cigarettes are cigarettes made of dozens of herbs processed into tobacco compound that option to be able to neutralize Cigarette tar and nicotine content.

Potion that also serves as a herbal medicine health therapy is a traditional herbs and spices that serves circulation, clearing toxins in the body, especially the respiratory tract, throat, and lungs.Herbal Cigarettes taste in general is a typical sense of cigarettes ever made and enjoyed by the Kings and the Majapahit kingdom spread all over the world in his time. Of course in accordance with the taste characteristics smokers Archipelago.

Having conducted research in the laboratory, Herbal Cigarettes showed that levels of "Cigarette Nicotine Herbal" very low, even given close to 0%
Some of the material contained in tens of Herbal Cigarettes ingredients that can nourish them are:

- Sirih leave
- Wood Siwak or miswak which has anti-bacterial substances and enzymes that can reduce the number of bacteria in the mouth so the teeth are healthy and prevent cavities.
- Honey is well known as a "special food" for fitness and treatment of diseases.

Efficacy and reaction Herbal Cigarettes smoked http://www.rokokherbalcommunity.com/home.php
For current smokers the first sucking Herbal Cigarettes, are likely to directly feel the ecstasy, the body feels refreshed both in everyday activities or after waking up, meaning the rest of toxins in the body of low-yield.

Some people will feel bitter, throat itching, burning, pain, nausea and stomach, etc., indicate the active ingredients work to destroy cigarettes and reduce high levels of toxins in the blood and the lungs and the smoker's body.

For non-smokers or passive smokers who try to suck Herbal Cigarettes may also feel things like the above.
Herbal Cigarettes working with the principle of the body's blood circulation so many Khasiatnya. Prove by consumers among others:

1. Low nicotine, smokers are relatively safe from illness and heart disease.
2. Tar potion, smokers are relatively safe from the pain Lung and respiratory tract.
3. Neutralize the harmful substances contained in tobacco.
4. Diabetes cure, Liver, Stomach, digestion, kidneys, impotence.
5. Smoke which is inhaled to counteract the poisons contained in the blood and organs.
6. Normalize blood pressure, cure drug addiction, Ganja, Liquor.
7. Pressing cholesterol, uric acid, and Blood Sugar smokers.
8. Help alleviate and cure diseases Herbalusitis and polyps.
9. As GURAH (toxic leak found in lungs and blood) through the mouth, nose and ears.
10. Cure disease and relieve asthma, and others.

The influence of smoking on Dental and Oral Health-google- http://www.gizi.net/cgi-bin/berita/fullnews.cgi?newsid1080707834,43437,

Smoking is already a common thing we find everywhere in the world. This habit is so widespread in the environment is well educated and less educated. Smoking has become a complex problem concerning the psychological aspects and social phenomena.

Many studies carried out and instead realize that smoking interfere with the body's health. But to stop this activity very difficult.

Smoking can cause, especially cardiovascular disease and cancer, both lung cancer, esophagus, laryng, and oral cavity.
Cancer in the oral cavity usually begins with the irritation of cigarette products to be smoked. These irritants cause white lesions that are not sick.
Also smoking can also cause abnormalities in the oral cavity such as the tongue, gums, mouth mucosa, teeth and palate in the form of Nicotine stomatitis and fungal infections.

Cigarette smoke contains components and substances harmful to the body. The number of components depending on the type of tobacco, combustion temperatures, long cigarette, paper porosity, tobacco flavor and presence or absence of filters. While substances dangerous form of gases and particles. We smoke suction 90% contain a variety of gases such as N2, O2, CO2, 10% contain certain particles such as tar, nicotine and others. Particles in cigarette smoke can cause cancer (carcinogenic) is too.

INFLUENCE OF SMOKING ON TONGUE

In heavy smokers, smoking causes stimulation in the papilafiliformis (bulge / hanging at the top of the tongue) to become longer (hipertropi). Here the results of the cigarette burning brownish-black that easily deposited, so that the smoker is difficult to feel a sense of bitter, salty, and sweet, because damage to the tip of the tentacle sensory (tastebuds).

INFLUENCE OF SMOKING ON GUMS

Number of tartar in smokers are more prone than non-smokers. Coral teeth are not cleaned can cause a variety of complaints such as gingivitis or bleeding gums. Besides, the burning cigarette can cause circulation of blood circulation to the gums so easy to contract the disease. The tobacco industry comprises those persons and companies engaged in the growth, preparation for sale, shipment, advertisement, and distribution of tobacco and tobacco-related products. It is a global industry; tobacco can grow in any warm, moist environment, which means it can be farmed on all continents except Antarctica. The tobacco industry is particularly significant for those seeking to understand modern public relations techniques and the operations of specific companies for two reasons. Firstly, as a global industry that came under sustained criticism from the mid-twentieth century onwards, it pioneered many big-budget campaigns that fueled the growth and evolution of the public relations industry. Secondly, as a result of legal actions against the major tobacco companies, there are now over 40 million pages of internal company documents publicly available on searchable websites that provide a fascinating insight into the inner workings of past and still running campaigns.

Tobacco, one of the most widely used addictive substances in the world, is a plant native to the Americas and historically one of the half-dozen most important crops grown by American farmers. From 1617 to 1793 tobacco was the most valuable staple export from the English American mainland colonies and the United States. Until the 1960s, the United States not only grew but also manufactured and exported more tobacco than any other country. Since 1964 conclusive epidemiological evidence of the deadly effects of tobacco consumption has led to a sharp decline in official support for producers and manufacturers of tobacco, in spite of its indisputably large contribution to the agricultural, fiscal, manufacturing, and exporting sectors of the economy. Tobacco is a commodity product similar in economic terms to foodstuffs in that the price is set by the fact that crop yields vary depending on local weather conditions. The price varies by specific species grown, the total quantity on the market ready for sale, the area where it was grown, the health of the plants, and other characteristics individual to product quality. Laws around the world now often have some restrictions on smoking, but 5.5 trillion cigarettes are still smoked each year. Taxes are often heavily imposed on tobacco. The leaves of these plants, dried and processed chiefly for use in cigarettes, cigars, or snuff or for smoking in pipes. Any of various plants of the genus Nicotiana, (especially N. tabacum) native to tropical America and widely cultivated for their leaves, which are used primarily for smoking.

The tobacco industry in the United States has suffered greatly since the mid-1990s, when it was successfully sued by several U.S. states. The suits claimed that tobacco causes cancer, that companies in the industry knew this, and that they deliberately understated the significance of their findings, contributing to the illness and death of many citizens in those states.

The industry was found to have decades of internal memos confirming in detail that tobacco (which contains nicotine) is both addictive and carcinogenic (cancer-causing).

The suit resulted in a large cash settlement being paid by a group of tobacco companies to the states that sued. Further, since the suit was settled, other individuals have come forth, in class action lawsuits, claiming individual damages. New suits of this nature will probably continue for a long time. Since the settlement is a heavy tax on the profits of the tobacco industry in the US, and further settlements being made only add to the financial burden of these companies, it is debatable if the industry has a money-producing long term outlook.

The tobacco industry has been largely successful in this litigation process, with the majority of cases being won by the industry. During the first 42 years of tobacco litigation (between 1954 and 1996) the industry maintained a clean record in litigation thanks to tactics described in a R J Reynolds Tobacco Company internal memo as "the way we won these cases, to paraphrase Gen. Patton, is not by spending all of Reynolds' money, but by making the other son of a bitch spend all of his Between 1995 and 2005 59% of cases were won by the tobacco industry either outright or on appeal in the US but the continued success of the industry's efforts to win these cases is questionable.

Lawsuits against the tobacco industry are primarily restricted to the United States due to differences in legal systems in other countries. Many businesses class ongoing lawsuits as a cost of doing business in the US and feel their revenue will be only marginally affected by the activities

There are two entrenched interests that have opinions about the tobacco industry: (a) participants in the industry, and (b) people affected by the deaths attributable to tobacco use. These interests conflict as they involve large amounts of money, long-held (historically) belief systems, and the premature deaths of loved family members.

Participants in the industry argue that commercial tobacco production is a vital part of the American and world economy. They state that thousands of farmers in the United States, alone, make their living from raising tobacco leaves for use by the industry. They cite the fact that the tobacco industry contributes billions of dollars in tax revenue to the state and federal government every year.

People affected by or sympathetic to the large death rate attributable to active and/or passive tobacco use cite the fact that half of all tobacco users die from tobacco-related causes worldwide. According to the World Health Organization, that means that about 650 million current smokers will die from a preventable cause. They also indicate that smoking-related health problems contribute to rising health care costs traditionally, the primary function of a package was to simply contain and protect the product. however, factors such as increased competition and clutter on the retail store shelf have meant that for most products, packaging must perform many sales tasks, such as attracting attention, describing the product, and helping to make the sale. the often cited ‘four Ps' of marketing - price, promotion, product, and placement- are concepts that summarise the domains of marketing strategy. as a crucial part of the both the product and promotion, packaging assists consumers to select among other relatively homogenous products. cigarette packaging is no exception. in the case of cigarettes, however, packaging is even more critical for several reasons. firstly, unlike many other products where the packaging is discarded after opening, smokers generally retain the cigarette pack until the cigarettes are used and keep the pack close by or on their person. thus, cigarette packs are constantly being taken out and opened, as well as being left on public display during use. this high degree of social visibility leads cigarettes to be known as ‘badge products'. a cigarette package designer, john digianni, states: ‘a cigarette package is part of a smoker's clothing, and when he saunters into a bar and plunks it down, he makes a statement about himself.' when a user displays a badge product, this is witnessed by others, providing a living testimonial endorsement of the user on behalf of that brand and product. cigarette brands enjoy the highest brand loyalty of all consumer products, with less than 10% changing brands annually. brand choices are usually made early during the life of a smoker, with a high concordance between the brand first smoked and the brand eventually selected as a usual brand. thus, once a consumer embraces a cigarette brand, it is quite unlikely that they will change. when there is less opportunity to establish brand imagery through traditional methods of advertising, as is increasingly becoming the case as advertising restrictions come into force, packaging plays a more important role in establishing and driving brand image. the primary job of the package is to create a desire to purchase and try. to do this, it must look new and different enough to attract the attention of the consumer. what roles do colour, pack size, and pack construction, for example, play in influencing potential consumers - especially starter smokers, but also other subgroups of consumers - to select one brand over another? what role does packaging play to maintain brand choice
against increasing concerns about smoking health risks?

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