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Child abuse is a very important but sad issue that has been going on for many years. There are four types of child abuse: sexual abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse. And neglect. Although physical abuse often occurs more than the others, each of these types will eventually have a negative impact on our children who will one day become the leaders of tomorrow. How can a child function correctly in anything that he or she does if they are physically or emotionally scarred or damaged? Unfortunately not all cases of child abuse are reported but should be if there is reason to. Help is needed! As a result of unreported child abuse, children often run away from home and become homeless, are placed in psyche wards, will or may abuse their children when they become parents, or either is killed. Not all abused children are abused solely by the children's parents, but by other relatives as well including uncles, aunts, and even grandparents. Not only will relatives abuse a child but babysitters as well. Unfortunately every case of child abuse is not reported. Can u imagine what the statistics would look like?
"child abuse." Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia. 12 Sep. 2005. eLibrary. Web. 20 Mar. 2010.
The author explains that due to child abuse, a child often experiences feelings of guilt, humiliation, withdrawal, inability to concentrate, lack of sleep, emotional outbursts, and weight loss. They may experience “delays in physical growth, impaired language and learning abilities, problems in personality development, and behavioral disorders.” Not only growth can b delayed but emotional development as well, which holds the child back from establishing usual personal and sexual relationships when finding friends or a spouse. Parents or guardians who have been abused during their childhood have a high risk of mistreating their own children. Abused children are often taken away from home and placed in a hospital or in foster care. There are ways of preventing child abuse. Such methods include sending offenders to prison, background checks of those who are employed in some type of child care, taking the child or children away from the care of the offenders, and a well thought out and planned idea by parents about whom they let their child is around. This source simply gives information about the affects child abuse has on those of who are or have been abused and those who abuse. He or she goes into detail and mildly explains how children will react physically and socially among others after being abused. Not only that, but they also provide helpful information about how child abuse is and can be prevented.
Mulryan, Kathleen; Cathers, Patricia; Fagin, Alane. "How to recognize and respond to child abuse." Nursing 10(2004):52. eLibrary. Web. 07 Mar. 2010.
The author of this article talks about physical abuse. Physical abuse occurs when the child is involved in a non-accidental injury from a parent or guardian. Such abuse may often include the child being beat by the guardian or with a prop, strangled, burned or scalded, and even bit. Someone who has been physically abuse will most likely have injuries on their body such as scars, bruises, broken bones, fractures, welts, swelling or even serious internal injuries such as bleeding. According to law an abused child is under the age of eighteen whose parent or legal guardian taking care of them purposely hurts or willingly allows the child to be hurt by physical injury if it is not an accident and it causes or creates a great risk of death or deformity, diminishment of their physical health, or loss or harm of the use of the child's limbs or organs. For these are not the only causes of physical abuse. It is also physical abuse if the parent or guardian creates or permits situations for the child where he or she is expected to be in jeopardy of the dangers listed above. For example if a parent took their child to a relative's house to be mistreated and harmed, it will be considered physical abuse. The author of this article goes into great detail explicitly explaining what physical abuse is about. As she goes into detail about what is actually physical abuse she keeps a very mild tone. Mulryan also describes a child's behavior after they have been physically mistreated. She says that a young child may often be inclined towards adults that they may not even know or become angry when another baby starts crying. An adolescent or teenager may often be afraid when around their parents or other adults. At times they may also be very antisocial and have thoughts running away from home, theft, or doing drugs. They may turn to a life of crime and possibly end up either behind bars or dead.
Johnson, Charles Felzen. "Child sexual abuse." Lancet 9432(2004):462. eLibrary. Web. 10 Mar. 2010.
The author states that sexual abuse is not talked about as much as physical abuse is. Sexual abuse is any action with a child before the age of consent that is for the sexual play or intercourse by an older child or person or an adult. Such activities include: oral sex, sexual intercourse, anal sex, playing with the genitals or anus, or the groping of private parts. Exposing a child to sex and “showing pornography to a child or using a child in the production of pornography” (Johnson) is also a form of sexual abuse. The numbers of children who are sexually abused are unlikely ever to be known. There are many reasons why most cases of sexual abuse are not recognized and reported. Some cases often occur to handicapped children who may not be able to tell someone that they are being abuse or may not know they are even being abused. “The numbers of children who are sexually abused are unlikely ever to be known.” It is harder for a person to detect sexual abuse than to detect physical abuse. The main person who could really detect it is a doctor or a physician. Johnson explains that sexual abuse may lead to psychological and physical damage of a child that could follow them into adulthood. Physical injuries include damaged tissue that may be stretched, scratched, or torn. Pregnancy and STD's often result in permanent effects. Some of may be critical. Victims have tried suicide attempts developed symptoms such as post-traumatic stress disorder. Suspects who are most likely expected to participate in sexual abuse are parents, relatives, babysitters, and even daycare employees. Johnson says that many sexually abused children do not to tell that they are abused because they are threatened that the perpetrator will commit suicide, hurt them, or tell child that they will be taken away and sent elsewhere.
"Behavior; Early neglect predicts aggressive behavior in children." Science Letter. 22 Apr. 2008: 4. eLibrary. Web. 21 Mar. 2010.
Research has shown that neglecting a child at an early age will bring about aggressive behavior a child. Such behavior includes arguing, bullying, damaging property, defiance, threatening others, and fighting. Children who have been neglected at an age earlier than two years old portray higher levels of hostile conduct than those that are between ages four and eight. According to the Science Letter, childhood neglect makes up for almost two-thirds of all child abuse cases that are recorded every year in the United States. Jon Hussey, a research assistant professor of maternal and child health states that "The lack of attention devoted to the problem of neglect -- the so-called ' neglect of neglect ' -- is a long-standing concern in the child welfare field…". A child can be identified as neglected if his or her parents or caretakers do not provide enough care or did not meet the child's basic needs for items such as food to eat, clothes to wear and a safe place to stay. Surprisingly the author of this article did not consider neglect as a form of abuse. He or she felt that abuse could only be physical of sexual. Neglect could also be a form of emotional abuse under the circumstances of rejecting a child. Other forms of emotional abuse consist of constant blaming or embarrassing a child. Affected children may experience learning disabilities and the development of nervous habits such as biting finger nails or sucking their thumb.