Assessing And Managing Risk On Roads English Language Essay

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The highway transportation system has different parts which is motor vehicles, streets and highways, drivers, cyclists, and pedestrians. There are more than 180 million licensed drivers on the road. The federal, state, and local governments work as a group to watch the highway transportation system. Specific guidelines for state motor vehicle safety programs were established by the National Highway Safety Act. There are risks of driving. One is the chance of injuring yourself or others. Another one is the chance of damage to vehicles and property. Driving responsibly means assessing the risk and doing all you can to reduce or control it. Visibility refers to what you can see from behind the wheel and how you see it. Safe drivers have a margin of space between them and the next vehicle. The SIPDE process is short for search, identify, predict, decide, and execute. This is a five step process. The Smith System is a series of principles designed to help you drive safely and defensively. Being aware of your surroundings is very important. If the weather is bad for example, it snowed make sure you check to see that your exhaust pipe is not clogged. You can also put chains on your tires for better traction.

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Knowing Yourself

Your emotions affect your driving. A lack of concentration is not a good thing to have when you are driving. When you are driving you need to maintain a responsible attitude. You also need to avoid triggering aggressive driving. Before you go out driving identify troublesome situations. Your vision needs to be clear because you can't be on the road with bad eye sight. You shouldn't drive when you are depressed. Also don't let your friends peer pressure you into bad things when you are driving. If you have night blindness you shouldn't be driving at night. Contrast sensitivity helps you see details in the driving environment. You should know how the weather is before you go out to drive. If there is snow or ice drive slow and cautiously. Using your cell phone on the road can put you in danger.

Signs, Signals, Markings

Good drivers have good communication. They know what all the signs and markings mean and they follow them. There are regulatory signs that control the movement of traffic. An example, of that is a stop sign. They tell traffic to stop. Regulatory signs are red, white, black, green on white, or white on black. A yield sign tells you to slow down. There are also warning signs that alert you to changes in the condition or use of the road ahead. When you approach a school you will notice a school zone sign which means slow down and proceed with caution. A guide sign gives information about roadways and routes. Route markers are an example of guide signs. An international sign is one that you can understand without knowing a language. Those signs are well known pictures that all drivers should know. There are also traffic signals, pedestrian signals, and traffic officer's signals. A double yellow line means no passing.

Rules, of the Road

For the roadway to run safely every driver needs to follow the road. To be a legal driver you need to have a driver's license. If you get pulled over and get a ticket you also get points onto your license. If you get so many points you get your license taken. When you have a vehicle you need a certificate of title, vehicle registration, and insurance. If you have a yield sign you need to slow down and give the right of way to pedestrians or other drivers. Speed limits are set to reduce risk. Speed limit signs show the maximum speed you can go. If you are driving to fast and the car in front of you comes to a quick stop you are more liking to hit them because you're going at such a fast speed. If you get in an accident you should do several things. You should stop immediately, warn others if possible, give aid to the injured, try to get medical help, call the police, exchange information, get names and addresses of witnesses, stay at the scene, make accident reports, and see a doctor. All those things should be done in order. Being in an accident is a serious thing.

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Special Notes:

The most frequently stolen cars are 8 or 9 years old. Most car thieves are professionals. A vehicle is stolen every 30 seconds. Each day 70 cars are carjacked. File the car title at your home or office. Carry registration in wallet. Keep car keys and house keys separate. Consider equipping your vehicle with cellular phone, CB radio, or anti - theft deterrent. Enroll with reliable emergency road service. Leave get away space at stop lights or signs. Keep all valuables hidden. Purse, wallet, briefcase etc. Make a mental note of fire and police stations. Check mirrors continuously for cars following. If approached by strangers, drive off, never roll down window, lean on horn to attract attention. If you are a victim of a car jacking do not reach for a purse etc. They can be replaced you can't. Just get away!

Educational Materials:

Student Materials: notebook, 2- 3.5" Floppy Diskettes,

1-CD, pencil & pen, calculator, assigned textbook, and any other teacher provided materials.

Videos: Titles & Dates:

Video: Stops (11/2/09)

Video: Car Jacking (11/5/09)

Projects: 1,2,3,4,&5

Review: Chapters - 1,3,5, & 6

Crashes happen because of a lack of awareness. 30% of people think they will never be in a crash. Driving has a lot of risks. About 50% crashes are just with one car. Some crashes happen because take sharp turns or hit fixed objects. Young drivers crashes happen mostly at night and older drivers have crashes during the day. The risks of driving can be altered. If you have a tail gaiter the best thing is try to get them to pass. People who are stressed tend to take it out on the road. Anyone can be an angry driving. When people are crazy on the road it is called road rage. If you have to get somewhere at a certain time you might find yourself speeding. People get mad if you don't use your turn signal. Emotions affect the way you drive. Vision also affects the way you drive. You should be well rested before you are behind the wheel. Having someone to rotate drivers with you helps a lot when you are out driving and getting tired. Someone in the back seat is more rested than someone in the front seat. Your driving is also effected by drugs. Signs, signals, and markings help drivers to know what is going on. They also set boundaries and rules. You should always know the rules of the road and be caution.