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Mary McAleese is the president of Ireland. She is the Irish Head of State. She was born Mary Lenaghan in June 1951 in Northern Ireland. She is the first president to come from Northern Ireland and she is the second female president. She studied law in Queen's University and became the first female pro-vice Chancellor at Queen's University in 1994. She was appointed professor of law at Trinity College in Dublin in 1975. She married Martin McAleese in 1976 and has three children. In 1979 she left Trinity College to do journalism and broadcasting. In 1987 she went back to law and was appointed Director of the Institute of Professional Legal Studies. On the 11th November1997 Mary McAleese became the 8th president of Ireland.
Throughout this essay we will evaluate her role, purpose and function as a President. The office of the president of Ireland was established by the Constitution of Ireland in 1937. The President's official residence is ÂÂµras an Uachtaran in the Phoenix Park, Dublin. The people of Ireland elect the president. The president has to be 35 years old or over and has to be nominated by either a minimum of 20 Dail or Seanad members or by at least 4 local authorities (article 12.4.2). The president takes an oath at her inaugural ceremony held in St Patrick's Hall in Dublin Castle. The president's term of office is two years. President McAleese is in her second term of office since the 11th November, 2004. The president cannot hold another job and her salary cannot become smaller.
If the president Mary McAleese is absent, becomes incapacitated, resigns, is removed from office or fails to perform her functions, the Presidential Commission steps in to perform the functions of the President. The Presidential Commission consists of the Chief Justice, The Ceann Comhairle, who is the chairperson of the Dail and the Cathaoirleach the chairperson of the Seanad. Any two members of the Presidential Commission can perform the functions of the president. The Presidential Commission frequently act instead of the president, when she is abroad. There are two reasons when the president can be removed from her office. If five Supreme Court Judges or more decide that the president has become "permanently incapacitated", her term will come to an end. She can also be removed by either House of the Oireachtas for "stated misbehaviour", this might include a criminal offence or a misuse of the president's powers.