A Look At What Plagiarism Is English Language Essay

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1. Introduction

International students, whom are very new to Foreign academic culture, should clearly understand the importance of avoiding plagiarism and other unfair practises such as collusion as these are the new concept and a new way of using source material and constructing text for academic reports and conference papers. In this paper I explore the idea of Problems faced by the International students due to the plagiarism and other unfair practises such as collusion etc. I have also explained some of the complexities faced by the International students when they entering into 'a high context culture' and also to add support, explained some examples of these unfair practices. Finally, I suggest some of the useful steps that helps to avoid Plagarism and other unfair practises.

2. Plagiarism

Plagiarism can be explained as copying of someone else's work such as words and ideas without any form of acknowledgement even if it is theirs own work without representing the source it is to be recognized as Plagiarism. Plagiarism can be considered generally as "taking over the ideas, methods, or written words of another, without acknowledgment and with the intention that they be taken as the work of the deceiver." As defined by American Association of University Professors (September/October, 1989) (reference). On basically plagiarism is an unacceptable practice on particularly it is a literary theft, that is stealing someone's idea which belongs to their academic property and violates its copyrights.

Other forms of plagiarism

It is to be noted that plagiarism can occur not only in use of text but also in Complementary areas such as illustrations, figures, maps and tables. Students have to be make sure that the captions used in these areas is fully referenced and properly acknowledged about the materials and ideas that has been taken from a source that is not of their own. Students must remember that plagiarism is not only for the written reports, but also need to take steps to avoid plagiarism in oral presentations. They must ensure whether they had made appropriate acknowledgements to the authors they quote, either in the oral presentation or in the slides or other illustrative material that has been used.

3. Examples of plagiarism

In order to explain the plagiarism on practically with some examples there are two paragraphs along with its sources is been explained with two cases.

Possiblities of plagiarism.

After parapharasing, No plagiarism.


"Modern communication technology is driving workers in the corporate world to distraction. They feel buried under the large number of messages they receive daily. In addition to telephone calls, office workers receive dozens of emails and voice mail messages daily. In one company, in fact, managers receive an average of 100 messages a day. Because they do not have enough time to respond to these messages during office hours, it is common for them to do so in the evenings or at weekends at home. Source: University of Portsmouth, 2008, Academic Writing Skills, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth - p.18.

Possibilities of Plagarism:

"Technology in modern communication is making workers to distraction than the corporate world. They receive more messages daily so they feel buried. The office workers receive more number of emails and voice messages in addition to the telephone calls. It has been shown that one company's manager receives 1000 messages as an average every day. They don't have an enough time to respond to these messages so it is common that they are replying in evenings and weekends."

The paragraph above has clearly been plagiarised. Although the wording has been changed slightly, and also it is referenced but it has not been fully paraphrased hence it has a chances of plagiarism.

After Paraphrasing:

This can be paraphrased such as

"Communication technology in modern days is motivating the workers more for the distraction than the corporate world. The workers feel suppressed by the dozens of received messages. Office workers are usually loaded with telephone calls, but nowadays emails and voice messages are added to it. As reported by a company, as an average the manager of the company receives 100 messages every day. As they have an inefficient time to respond to these messages in office hours, they make it regular to respond these messages at evenings and weekends at their home"

Though it has used the same sources, but has provided a much more sophisticated analysis, and, it has been build on the work of sources, has taken the ideas and own discussion forward to explain the case. It also has been properly paraphrased. Hence it has no chances of plagiarism.


"Mobile phones undoubtedly make it easier for people to work wherever they choose. (An American advertisement features a man with a golf bag talking on his mobile phone, telling his boss that he is working from home) They are a great help for people on the move, and they make it easier for people to get in touch with each other whenever they need to. They are quintessentially personal devices. Japanese teenagers used to have to phone each other at home, with the attendant risk that the phone would be answered by a grown-up; now

Source: The Economist, 1999 in Slaght, J. 2004, English for Academic Study: Writing Source Book, Garnet Education, Reading - p. 14

Possibilities of Plagarism:

"Mobile phones made people easy to work and wherever they chose to work. They help in people on move and easier to get touch with each other and wherever they want to. It is an undoubtedly an personal device. Teenagers in Japan call each other at home with the help of attendant as they afraid that it would be answered by a grown up."

The paragraph above has clearly been plagiarised. Although the wording has been changed slightly, and also it is referenced but it has not been fully paraphrased hence it has a chances of plagiarism.

After Paraphrasing:

This can be paraphrased such as

"Peoples can work easily and wherever as they like, uncertainly by the use of Mobile phones. It is more helpful for the people while they travel. The use of the mobile phone is very well depicted by an American advertisement, it portrays that man with an golf bag reports his boss in an mobile phone that he is working in his home, this add clearly shows that people can use it anywhere and wherever but it is also an cause to the other user who cannot predict exactly where he stays. It also helps people to be in contact with each other at any time. It is a typical personal device. It has been reported that teens in Japan will call each others with the help of assistants as they scare that there might be a chance of grownups can attend the phone."

Though it has used the same sources, but has provided a much more sophisticated analysis, and, it has been build on the work of sources, has taken the ideas and own discussion forward to explain the case. It also has been properly paraphrased. Hence it has no chances of plagiarism.

4. Collusion and poor work habits

Collusion can be explained as an identical work such as written report from two different students when it is an individual assignment. It also includes copying other work without the knowledge of that individual who has done the work and Working with another student help even it is not clearly stated as a group assignment, or accepting too much assistance from another person in writing up an assignment. Even the given work is assigned as a group work the written work should be done by the each individual of the group. If the students interested in proof reading the work they have to make sure that the

Proof reader is not making substantial changes to the text.

5. Poor note-taking

Poor note-taking is also included in the unfair practices that international student faces. If the student's dont keep a careful record when they are taking notes, they may forget the nature of their thoughts and from which are the notes taken from the reading material. This may result in plagiarism when the notes have been reproduced from the original source exactly or else by paraphrasing. If it is correctly acknowledged by the sources and with accurate references and mark quotations with quotation marks, it is not been considered as an plagiarism. If the assignment consists mostly of quotation and paraphrase from other people's work which have not included much of their own analysis and comment, then the assignment cannot be said to represent one's own work, and will be awarded a low grade.

6. Steps to avoid Plagarism and other unfair practises

Here are some steps below which helps to avoid plagiarism.

Fully reference and acknowledge the work of others

International students must understand the key concepts as how to use and appropriately acknowledge the others work published in the journals and other resources. The main essential step is that they have to learn what is plagiarism and how to avoid it.Acknowledge every material such as notes that have been taken or on any photocopies while reading or researching for any written work or presentation, with the full reference details of each source that to be used.

Use your own words and develop your own writing style

Every student has their own style of presenting their work. Some of the students find some difficulty when they first start writing, and some may also find it difficult to develop their own writing style. In order to avoid plagiarism and other unfair practices every students should develop to use their own words and take notes to summarise that they reading, and include their own ideas and comments on each and every text that they read mainly for reading and researching for a piece of written work. As the continuous practise this may help an individual in establish their own writing style, and will help them to be confident about expressing their own thoughts and ideas in their own way.

Language Barrier

As we know most of the international student's first language is not English, and they have some difficulty in expressing their ideas in English so they are much tempted to borrow or copy from a well expressed sentence or even a paragraph from another writer this may results in plagiarism. Even the work which has an imperfect, style, and imperfect English will be rewarded only low grade but the comments help them to improve in future.

Organise and structure your work in your own way

An academic report is considered as a well written report, only when it is well organised and relevantly structured. When an report is assigned, the student must learn its background of the relevant subject, Taking notes that to be paraphrased and put into one's own words, expressing the views and opinions of several authors comparing their views its advantages and disadvantages is the stages of the research work that has to be undertaken for any piece of written works and conference papers. Thus the given subject has to be analysed in each point of view and well structured. These are some useful ways that helps in avoiding plagiarism.

Don't be afraid to express your own views

Student should always note that the work that is published and printed in books and learned journals is not a necessary that it has to be always right, it depends on the views of the author. An academic assessment is given to a student to test his knowledge on the given subject. Many students are hesitant about expressing their own opinions, particularly if they have some contradictory views which differ from the 'experts'. It is because they completely rely on the published work. Students must present the clear information, clearly expressed their own ideas and knowledge of the relevant facts from the resources.

7. Conclusion

This paper has discussed a number of issues regarding plagiarism and other unfair practises. It is clearly evident that proper acknowledgment to a source helps to prevent plagiarism. It has also shows that the international students is unknown about when, how, why they should acknowledge. The detailed report and given examples is structured to a guidance to the plagiarism issue.