I have never been a leader on professional level but I am very much aware of the fact that I possess good leadership skills , since I was chosen the captain of our school cricket team. As a captain I thought I had all the characteristics of a good leader, but after one incidence my view completely changed. I somehow realized that one major aspect of leadership was missing in me , that was teamwork.
It was three years back , when I was in my first year of graduation, leading our college cricket team for the most prestigious cricket cup of our city. Our team was playing superbly well from the word go, until we reached the semifinals.In that match I won the toss and elected to bat, unfortunately one of our opening batsman got hit on his ribs because of a sharp bouncer, he was urgently taken back for the check up. Making the things worse, we lost 3 more wickets in quick time, we definitely needed our injured player to come back and save our team. Surprisingly he returned back to field though he was in severe pain, but he required a runner to support his diligent effort.Now I was the fastest runner in the team, but didn't want myself to run for a player , as it would bring down my self esteem as a captain. So I sent other player to do the job ,although he was comparatively slower than me .Our team did very well , but we still lost the match by 10 runs. Our coach was very dejected with me. He knew that our team could have won only if, I would have taken the responsibility to be the runner of that player, keeping aside my ego and self esteem. He always taught me that a true leader should always be a team player to be successful, no one person can do it all. That's why a team, comprised of others with different skill sets, is essential, So a leader must know how to build and nurture such a team.This teaching can be linked with GINNETT'S TEAM LEADERSHIP MODEL page 457-458 ,LEADERSHIP ENHANCING THE LESSONS OF EXPERIENCE by RICHARD L.HUGHES, ROBERT C .GINNET, GORDON J.CURPHY ,which explains that we should not think about leadership as a function of leader but as a function of the team. Another teaching from this experience was that, a leader should fulfill different roles in different phases to achieve success, this is mentioned by HAUCHILDT and KIRCHMANN page 134 in THE PRACTICE OF LEADERSHIP: DEVELOPING THE NEXT GENERATION OF LEADERS BY Jay Alden Conger, Ronald E. Riggio.
Now i follow integrative theory of leadership, to achieve the 100 percent results, as mentioned in a comparison of different types of leadership styles in INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT LEADERSHIP: THE PRIMARY COMPETETIVE ADVANTAGE BY Raimo Nurmi, John R. Darling. As described in INTEGRATIVE LEADERSHIP: BULIDING A FOUNDATION FOR PERSONAL INTERPERSONAL AND ORGANISATIONAL SUCCESS (2005) by LILLAS M HATALA,M.C.E.D ,CHRP, integrative leadership is a holistic, reflective and responsive approach to leading oneself, leading others and leading in the organization. My first priority is to be a true team player. Following this approach I have tasted triumph in most of the group assignments and projects held in my college and I am very much sure that this would help me in future.
MULTICULTURAL AWARENSS AND FLEXIBILITY
In our school ,multicultural awareness was given high importance. The students in our school were made to do many activities and programs , which helped us in being flexible in our approach and develop multicultural awareness in us. Our school had a strong belief that to serve diverse population of students it is crucial to describe the invisible and implicit characteristics of such variables as race ,class , gender etc. The main ideology behind this approach is to bring equality among students who are members of diverse ethnic ,racial, language and cultural groups. This was a movement against any type of racism, sexism and discrimination against the students. Our school followed few rules to make this event successful ,like" content integration ,prejudice reduction ,the knowledge construction process, an equity pedagogy" , these are the same points as mentioned in MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION : ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES by James A. Banks, Cherry A. McGee Banks.
The most exciting and learning experience was the event called EXCHANGE PROGRAM. In this event students from different universities and countries took part. The sole motive to organize this event was to familiarize us to different culture and teach us how to be flexible in dealing with people of different cultural background. We were made to take part in big conferences, debates , quizzes, contests ,questionnaires, etc. Our cultural philosophies were tested though different methods , like answering typical questions and accordingly we were rated, this is the same exercise as mentioned in MULTICULTURAL BEHAVIOUR AND GLOBAL BUSINESS ENVIORNMENTS by KAMAL DEAN PARHIZGAR. Apart from all this we would visit different countries , staying with the students of that place. The stay would normally be for a week or so, But we came to know many aspects of their culture and country. My last visit was in Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, and here me with other students visited National Museum, Royal Selangor, Nationl Art Gallery of Malaysia and Kuala Lumpur City Centre. This experience helped me to understand roots of Malaysian history in detail and how different is the perception of Malaysian people for different things. The biggest merit of this event was that it taught us how to get along and deal with people from different nationalities . There is a vast contrast in viewpoints of people with different cultural background, so with this event we learned how to change our approach with different people , hence we learned to be flexible.
Now I knew what is the importance of thinking across cultures . I always see myself working for multinational company and I know this event will play a very vital role for me to be successful if I get a chance to work for any such company. People who follow across cultural thinking have many advantages over people following mono cultural thought process, like improved understanding of people ,greater tolerance and patience ,high level of flexibility, more assertiveness and independence as mentioned in BREAKING THROUGH CULTURAL SHOCK by ELISABETH MARX. As I have chosen marketing management as my stream , I am pretty sure that being flexible and at the same time adopting across culture thinking would bring me lots of benefits during and after the course. I already feel that this experience is helping me a lot, as when we are given group assignments , we have to deal with students of mixed cultural backgrounds. And I have no problems in getting along with them , in fact I have learned lot of things from them . As a result my performance is very good and I convey my message to them with ease and without any wastage of time.
Motivation and goal setting
For me motivation propels life , it plays a vital role in nearly everything we do . Without motivation we would not care about success, failure, outcome, accomplishment , employment , education etc. Now the question is what is the only thing that motivates you? The answer is simple, 'goals'. Goal setting is applied everywhere in life ,and according to me our basic learning on interrelationship between goals and definition of motivation is in school.
I also learned the importance of motivation and goal setting in my school days. In 10th standard every student was in immense pressure to get good grades in boards examination, and same was the case with me. Right from the beginning of session, every student in our class was very tensed, as every single teacher wanted us to do well in their subjects. So they were relentless in their approach, gave us lots of homework and assignments and a class test was a common event. Every teacher was only concerned about the outcome, so without thinking much they went on putting pressure on us. As a result we lost all the interest in knowing things, there was no curiosity left in us. The sole motive of all of us was to clear 10th standard board examination ,and to somehow get over with this depressive phase.
Then there was a entry of new teacher in our school, and he was appointed as our class teacher. He taught us English and commerce. This teacher brought a whole new dimensions in the way of teaching .Not only did he taught us with inventive methods ,but he also motivated us in setting up goals. He managed to foster both confidence and high achievement in us, this is the same practice as told by CONVINGTON AND BEERY page 117 , mentioned in HANDBOOK OF PSYCHOLOGY : EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY By Irving B. Weiner, William M. Reynolds, John A. Schinka, Gloria E. Miller.
I was very much influenced by this teacher, because now I realized the value of having intent ,aspirations and goals in life. When you have goals in life, you in response motivate yourself to develop plans and strategies to reach them. He left no chances of praising and rewarding students effectively, which definitely was a great incentive for us to work diligently. This way of treating can be called as EXTRINSIC MOTIVATION. In the same way his innovative and practical methods made us love the subjects which he taught to us. As a result we did our tasks and assignments with ease and were motivated to reach our goal which was freely chosen with no pressure on us , this can be linked with SELF- DETERMINATION THEORY of EDWARD DECI and RICHARD RYAN ( 1985 , 2002)page 9 , mentioned in MOTIVATING STUDENTS TO LEARN By Jere Brophy, PH.D., Jere E. Brophy. Other very important thing which I learned was to set small term goals . Many people do not have the patience and self discipline to work long and hard without seeing results. So setting short term goals is rather a practical way to be aware of the feedback. If the feedback is positive we are motivated to carry on the good work and if there is a negative feedback, we can change our approach then and there. So the goal accomplishment gets measured more frequently. This point is mentioned in ESSENTIALS OF MANAGEMENT by Â Andrew J. DuBrin.
With no surprises all the students got excellent grades in commerce and English . This experience was enough for me to learn a lesson from my teacher. I realized that motivation and goal setting is the essence of successful life. Whenever I face challenges and difficult task I use the same method , which is to motivate myself and attain the desired goal.
GINNETT'S TEAM LEADERSHIP MODEL page 457-458 ,LEADERSHIP ENHANCING THE LESSONS OF EXPERIENCE by RICHARD L.HUGHES, ROBERT C .GINNET, GORDON J.CURPHY
by HAUCHILDT and KIRCHMANN page 134 in THE PRACTICE OF LEADERSHIP: DEVELOPING THE NEXT GENERATION OF LEADERS BY Jay Alden Conger, Ronald E. Riggio
INTERNATIONAL MANAGEMENT LEADERSHIP: THE PRIMARY COMPETETIVE ADVANTAGE BY Raimo Nurmi, John R. Darling.
INTEGRATIVE LEADERSHIP: BULIDING A FOUNDATION FOR PERSONAL INTERPERSONAL AND ORGANISATIONAL SUCCESS (2005) by LILLAS M HATALA,M.C.E.D ,CHRP
MULTICULTURAL EDUCATION : ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES by James A. Banks, Cherry A. McGee Banks
MULTICULTURAL BEHAVIOUR AND GLOBAL BUSINESS ENVIORNMENTS by KAMAL DEAN PARHIZGAR
BREAKING THROUGH CULTURAL SHOCK by ELISABETH MARX
CONVINGTON AND BEERY page 117
HANDBOOK OF PSYCHOLOGY : EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY By Irving B. Weiner, William M. Reynolds, John A. Schinka, Gloria E. Miller
SELF- DETERMINATION THEORY of EDWARD DECI and RICHARD RYAN ( 1985 , 2002)page 9 , mentioned in MOTIVATING STUDENTS TO LEARN By Jere Brophy, PH.D., Jere E. Brophy.
in ESSENTIALS OF MANAGEMENT by Â Andrew J. DuBrin