A Buyers Guide To Carpets English Language Essay

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Carpet is a luxurious piece of art, which brings patterns at the floor and colors to one's life. The décor of a home plays a vital role in the life of the dwellers, where a carpet can be the focal point for a room or a dwelling too. While planning to own a carpet one tends to get hands on the most enticing and eye-catchy piece that fit well in the budget. The deal at times emphasizes on budget, looks and size following the assurance given by the dealer.

For most of us a beautiful and cost-effective floor covering signifies its best value. Whereas, the value of a carpet depends on its performance, which can be measured by the years it serves.

Furthermore, a high-traffic area may ruin shag, but a low cut pile performs well. This section will enlighten the elements of the floor coverings that should be considered at the time of purchase. Understanding of colors and their effect on your day-to-day-life, mood, work efficiency and room dimensions can help make the best deal.

Difference of colours:

Colors answer feeling in a man; shapes answer thought; and motion answers will.

John Sterling

Stepping up a store, one may feel attracted to a number of floor coverings; all look extremely beautiful. However, when visualized to be placed at your place, most of them fail. Moreover, the selection of a floor covering should be made considering its functional and aesthetical values, both. As this is considerably an investment, taking a big chunk of our income. One solution to all carpet buying problems is trying a sample, which can help make the best deal. Manufacturers provide swatches of the desired floor covering, on demand.

Nevertheless, colours play a vital role in home décor and create a strong impact on human psychology. The impact of colors may result in making you feel relaxed, excited, restless or comfortable. Carpets and wall colors are in focus in a room and are mainly focused. For instance, for study room people prefer choosing white, blues or grey. Whereas, a place with prominent red color people may feel energized and excited. Hence, colors make a huge difference in our lives and while selecting one should be aware of its impact too. The significance of colour solely and in a group is mentioned:


Yellow color is associated with intellect, and it can stimulate the brain. This color can be soothing for some, but can also be daunting for others. A shade ranging from yellow to orange tones, symbolising sunlight can be used to uplift the energies. It is also said that yellow color helps build self confidence and is a good reflector of light. The best description of this color is- intellectual, cheerful, joyous and uplifting.


Orange directly attacks on emotions and can be stimulating. It is also beneficial for digestive system. A close relative of red color, yet not on an aggressive side, this color can be applied in a tremendous amount. It gives a warm feeling and can also be used to attract prosperity and success. The best description of this color is- energetic, friendly, warm and appetizing.


Red is associated with energy and power, it may raise the temperature, boost and stimulate aggression too. Its positive aspects are that it enhances appetite, and adds a sense of intimacy to the ambiance. Due to extra dose of energies, it is found that people work faster in influence of red, increasing chances of errors. A modest usage of this color family can balance the dullness in the atmosphere. The best description to the color red is- excitement, courageous, dynamic and aggressive. The color is suitable for the places like restaurants.


Green is known as the most restful color, symbolising prosperity, money and fertility. It is advisable to use this color to bring harmony in relationships. Green color can also give a huge amount of relaxation to the eyes. A blend of shades like blue and yellow can easily be discovered with green. The best description of this color is- fresh, restful, rejuvenating. Moreover, blue-greens are calming color combinations and yellow-greens are stimulating ones.

Plums and Purples:

Purple is a very soothing and calming color with loads of femininity and attraction. It directly affects the mind and is used to cure mental disorders. Presence of this color also affects spiritual side of personality. Various shades of purple can be used to give an inspiring hue, such as, lilac, plum, lavender, orchid, amethyst, etc. This best description of this color is inspirational, beauty, soothing, spiritual and creative.


This is the coolest color of all, color of the sky, twilight and ocean…. The tonality variant of blue is amazingly appreciated for health, happiness and communication. The cool vibration of this color is often discovered in artistic creations to show perspective. Where lighter and muted shade of blue are calming and soothing, dark ones are known for truth and moderation. The best description of this color is- mental control, clarity, calming, wisdom, harmony and contentment.

Colour groups:

Neutral Colours: Shades of black, brown and white help create a hue of neutral shades, which are rather more subtle than blues, reds and greens. Shades like grey, off white, ivory, taupe, silver, beige, light brown help showcase other colors, without overpowering them. While planning to sell your home, people often refurbish the floor, for such cases neutral colors prove to the best options.

Muted shades: Various warm shades are muted to lessen their intensity, for instance, yellow and orange blended with white.

Electrifying shade: Electrifying hues of purple, blue, red and fuchsia, are extremely inspirational and bring a touch of whimsy to the space.

Pastels: Soft light shades of pink, purple, green are often mistaken as muted ones, but these are lighter shades of bright, warm and cool colors. These are again in fashion, and people can opt to choose them, making a unique personalized space.

Warm colours: Red, yellow and orange are the stimulating colors and they bring in energy, raising the blood pressure in some cases too. Warmth of these shades can be toned down accompanying some lighter cool shades. Shades of a volcano are best applicable to bring in enthusiasm and also to boost the mood.

Calming colours: Fresh, cooling and soothing effect is welcomed by application of shades like blues, teals and greens. Watery effect helps make the ambiance more enliven.

Buyer's Guide

Main page- how to pick your carpet

Carpet by colours

Carpet by yarns

Carpet by weave type

Carpet by pile

Carpet by size (difference rug and carpet)

Carpet by texture

Carpet by cost (consider the cost per year)

Carpet by traffic / Carpet by room

Carpet by design & style (back of the carpet, the clear look of the design says it all)

Residential Carpets

Commercial Carpets

Carpet cushion

Customized carpets

Buying tips for online transaction

Carpet by pile

Carpets are loved for their lush texture underfoot, which comes from the fiber implied, type of weave and pile. What is pile?

The upper surface of the carpet made up of wool, silk, etc.

Carpet is made up on a cotton foundation, where yarn is rolled over a loom (a weaving device). This foundation is called the warp. Horizontally woven yarn that forms the upper layer (pile) of the floor covering is called weft.

Various kinds of pile type are formed to give the floor covering a different texture and look. Below mentioned are the pile types:

Cut pile: Loops are cut to provide a textured appearance. Cut pile is further classified under two categories- high-cut-pile and low-cut-pile. The length of the pile makes a huge difference in appearance and texture of a floor covering. In addition, a low-cut-pile is suggestible for high traffic areas. Footmarks are even less visible. Saxony and Frieze are examples of a cut pile. The yarn used in a Frieze carpet is twisted and is best suitable to be placed in high traffic areas, as it can keep dust and grime hidden underneath the twists.

Loop/ Berber or Uncut pile: Loops are kept uncut and help provide a uniform texture. At times, multi-level loops are kept in a floor covering to give it a unique surface.

Cut & Loop pile: A combination of both cut and uncut pile is made to help camouflage wear and soiling. Same length of this combination of different pile types is used for a textured effect.

Multi-level loop: The uniformity in a level loop pile is broken down with various loops at diverse heights. The texture with high and low length has a propensity to hide dust and debris.

Saxony: Density of cut pile texture in enhanced with usage of longer and closely woven tufts. Such floor coverings are preferably for living rooms to bestow a luxuriant and plush texture underfoot.

Frieze: Frieze is known for its twisted yarn type. This creation is advisable to be placed in a high traffic zone to hide the dust particles under the twists. A small mat at the doorstep also helps to grab most of the debris and dirt from foot wears.

Shag: Shag is a type of carpet, not a type of pile. However, it is equally essential to understand. The pile in Shag is mainly known for its flokati or fluffed up appeal. The pile length in Shag may vary on the demand of the design. Moreover, one may not feel astounded on discovering uncut or loop pile in Shags.

Carpet by texture

A floor covering at first sight captures eyes by its coloration and attracts by its texture. Most of all, it's the texture that is appreciated underfoot. Probably, this must be one reason why people prefer silk over wool. The sheen and appeal of silk arrests a buyer and compels to flood thousands of extra dollars. It is also the texture which differentiates a carpet to be placed at different places. For instance, a looped carpet is preferably suggested for a high traffic area due to its texture.

The texture of a carpet mainly depends on the type of construction, pile height and yarn. While buying, a carpet is judged by its texture, whereas its usage is not limited to the type of texture. At times, a course and roughly textured carpet is placed at outdoors, where a few types of yarns are unsuitable for such a kind of exposure. For better understanding various types of textures you may study fibers, constructions and pile types.

Carpet by yarns

In erstwhile era, there were a few types of natural yarns being used in making floor coverings. Today, a plethora of yarns is available, including man-made and natural fibers both. Silk, wool and cotton are the familiar ones; the quality is though difficult to be judged. Other prevalent materials are nylon, jute, hemp, leather, sisal, polyester, sea grass, viscose, rayon, etc. Moreover, to make the floor covering cost-effective, silk these days is being replaced by viscose (man-made fiber, also known as art silk).

Moreover, prior getting your hands on a floor covering, the quality of the fiber should be examined. The endurance of a carpet is completely reliant on the quality of the fiber. A quality yarn can serve for years, bearing wear and tear for long.

In recent times, blending of yarns is also done to enhance the appearance and endurance. One may look for authenticity of yarns through various testing techniques, which can easily be done on a small strand. Most common testing techniques are burning tests-when genuine wool is burned it smells like a hair burn. Whereas, silk strand simply ball up after burning and turns to ash, smelling like a hair burn. Art-silk is a man-made, semi-synthetic fiber, a replacement of silk and when burning odor is like paper burn. The technique can also help to identify, if the silk is authentic. In addition, if one is trying a sample, washing test can prove the quality of dyes used, as coloration is the most important element. While washing, the color will wash off or fade out proving a poor quality.

Carpet by weave type

There is something magical about floor coverings. The creation is appreciated for its designs, colors and texture. The texture underfoot is completely reliant on the weaving technique and the type of yarn. Not only the appearance, but quality also enhance, where a densely woven floor piece can serve for years. On the other hand, a lower grade of construction will led to open knots, untidy surface and loose strands on top. Following are the construction types in a carpet:

Hand-knotted: Each knot is made by hands on a cotton foundation. There are majorly two knot types- Turkish and Persian. Persian (Asymmetrical or Senneh) is the one mostly used, and results in a much finer carpet. Hand-knotted is the most expensive and labor intensive weave types. It takes months of effort by more than three artisans to weave one piece. Most of the antique carpets still in use are more often hand-knotted ones, and they survive due to their quality. A nicely woven hand-knotted floor covering can serve for more than 20 years and can be a family heirloom.

Hand tufted: A tufting gun is manually operated to create tufts on a cotton foundation. This technique results in a faster production and cost-effective floor covering. A hand tufted floor covering lacks knot and is backed with latex covering to hold the loops. The estimated shelf life of a hand-tufted carpet is around ten years.

Flat weave: A flat weave floor covering is made surrounding the yarn over and under the foundation. The weaving technique leads to a flat texture which is pile less. Durries and Sumac are the examples of flat weave.

Handloom: A wooden horizontal loom setup is used to weave a floor covering. A piece woven on such loom may or may not have pile, depending on the demand. The technique involves surrounding of yarn over and under. The pile comes from a specially designed yarn. Besides a hand-knotted, all other weaving techniques yield an art piece that serves for a few years, depending on the quality.

Tibetan: A rod is used to create loops over the cotton foundation. Once the rod is covered with the loops, the rod is slit out, which results in a fine pile. This technique comes from Tibet and is also popular as Indo-Tibetan. This again is one of the expensive and labor intensive techniques, which results in a uniform texture.

Shag: Shag is a modern art piece, which can be made with either of the techniques. Its specialty is its texture, extra lengthy, soft and lush. The pile length on shag may vary long, medium and mini. The flokati texture adds a dramatic look to the home setting ranging from ultra-modern to semi-traditional.

Carpet by size (difference rug and carpet)

While searching for a new floor covering, one needs to provide the size input too. In carpet industry size do matters, price rises with the increase in size. It is also important to decide if a wall-to-wall carpet is required or a rug will do.

What is the difference between a rug and a carpet? The major difference is of size. Any floor covering larger than 40 square feet is a carpet. Whereas, a rug is a cut piece of a carpet, it sizes less than 40 square feet and is not installed on the floor.

In case of extremely large sized floor covering, one can also opt for carpet tiles, which are easy to install and maintain. Small sized floor pieces or walk-off mats hold equal importance, as these help bestows a longer life to the master piece. These mats can be kept at doorsteps to grab the dirt and debris.

Carpet by cost (consider the cost per year)

The cost of a carpet is evaluated in per square inch. The cost per square inch differs in various companies, depending on the quality of the floor covering. In case of customization, the cost may vary depending on the size, design and type of yarn. To fit the product into the budget, one may choose to opt for cost-effective yarns, for instance silk can be substituted with viscose (art silk).

Furthermore, it is advisable to avoid buying floor coverings considering its cheaper cost. When installed all floor coverings look beautiful, but they may not serve well for years. Judge the cost of a carpet by service per year, as it takes a big chunk of income, and is purchased once-in-a-while. It will rather be a lot expensive to replace a low quality carpet than buying a quality carpet at first.

In addition, the cost should also include the cost of carpet cushion/ pad and installation charges, if applicable.

Carpet by room/ traffic

In this section, the factors affecting the longevity of a floor covering will be undertaken. Traffic is the most important and considerable factor, more crucial than coloration. A floor covering not only bears dirt and grime, but a quality piece also will bears comparatively more wear.

A soft fragile carpet placed in a high-traffic-zone will get ruined in no time. In addition, a coarse textured floor piece will not be liked underfoot in a living area or bed room. Hence, while renovating the house or while setting up a new dwelling place, you can make the best of this opportunity.

Carpet by room/traffic helps you to pick the best floor covering according to the amount of traffic. Let's comprehend it according to each section of the house:

Hall and Stairs: A densely woven carpet with medium toned hues or busy patterns is best suitable to bear the wear and hide the footmarks and dirt on the surface. A crush resistance carpet will last long and will be easy to maintain.

Living room: A floor covering with plush texture and high performance capacity will do wonders. Colors also play a major role, while choosing, avoid bright shades. They may irritate a few eyes. Subtle and muted tones are at first preference nowadays.

Dining room: The carpet under the dining table is highly pressurized with furnishings. Thus, a high performance carpet which is stain resistant properties is appropriate. The carpet under furniture had to be rotated occasionally.

Family room: A quality product, with a busy pattern and dense texture will definitely observe some additional joyous moments. Low-cut-pile is even better as footmarks are not easily visible.

Bed rooms: These low traffic zones allow freedom to pick your favorite colors and texture. Modern art pieces or Shags can do wonders, its fluffy underfoot comfort to start the day is just pleasurable.

Kids' rooms: Playful colors, busy patterns, high-performance floor covering which is easy to clean and can hide the dirt at the foundation is preferably a better option.

Kitchen: Slip resistance and fatigue art piece than can easily be cleaned and can hide the stain, oil and spill marks will ease the pain to maintain.

Outdoors: Outdoor section of the house is equally appreciated to be adorned. Play of colors can be magical outside. One can opt for natural fibers such as jute, hemp, etc. If in case the flooring has to bear water, one may avoid picking natural fibers. Fast coloration is commonly found feature now-a-days. Such floor coverings have a tendency to fade out when exposed to direct sunlight and is best to avoid. In addition, walk-off mats can be placed in the exteriors or at the door step to enhance the life of the master piece.

Carpet by design & Style (back of the carpet, the clear look of the design says it all)

Gone are the days when the scope of coloration and designing was limited in floor coverings. Today, sky's the limit and there is unlimited scope for designing in a carpet. Design techniques and colors in a carpet vary when boundaries change, state-by-state. One may discover traditional hunting, floral and nomadic motifs accompanying geometrical ones. An overwhelming feel fills the heart to discover a piece that spell-bounds with its finesse and curves.

A myriad of choices fills art lovers with contentment, including abstract and various other art forms. Nevertheless, a nicely woven floor piece will showcase clear and crisp design at the back. Hence, when selecting a piece one may refer to the back of the product for quality and finesse.

Generally, carpets are often mistaken for their styles, where most of the people decide on considering its allure, size and price. Whereas, a style of a carpet varies from traditional to contemporary, style elements that work are patterns, coloration and symmetry. Furthermore, to get familiar with carpet styles one may refer to below mentioned categories:

Traditional: Oriental carpets known from centuries with limited hues and symmetrically set motifs are traditional carpets. A traditional floor covering gives a formal look to the room and is best to be placed in classic commercial setups, accompanying traditional furniture and décor.

Transitional: The transition between modern and traditional is captured in transitional carpets. Such floor art boasts essence of both the design techniques. And can fit to place ranging from traditional to modern. These may or may not have borders and fringes.

Modern: The term modern, refers to the school of design-modernism, as opposed to the trends currently prevalent, fitting in the time frame. In contradiction to traditional, modern floor coverings are very experimental and boast flamboyant color palettes and asymmetrically set unique patterns. These are designed to the most recent style trends and for the people who like to make a mark in their vicinity. One may pick a modern floor covering to adorn an ultra-modern, chic-style room, embellished with high-tech gadgets and latest furnishings.

Contemporary: The term modern and contemporary are interchangeably used and seems same, but aren't. The term modern, opposed the current time frame in which a product was designed. Whereas, contemporary means a product designed for the day, following today's fashion trends. The designs may refer as contemporary of a specific era. Contemporary carpets give a fresh, new look, with simple geometric patterns and gorgeous shades.

Buying tips for residential (home with pets, home with aging people)

There's a saying, 'a house is made of bricks and breams, and a home is made with love and dreams'. Well! While buying décor for a dwelling we tend to be very cautious about its shape, size, color, cost, etc. Although it's a onetime investment to buy floor coverings, still at times people buy cheap available carpets. Moreover, a quality carpet satisfactorily serves for years and therefore, its cost must be judged by the years it serves. In addition, one must buy the floor covering from a reliable vendor, ensuring its quality and after authentication of yarn. The buyer's section is equipped with all the required information that one may seek before reaching a store. Adding up with the topics mentioned below to educate the readers with know-how of rugs and carpets.

• Home with pets

• Home with aging people

Customized carpets

At times, you may find it difficult to pick even one floor covering. The one you like is quite expensive and over budgeted or, the one that suits your budget is not worth spending that much. Customization of products made it very simple for people peculiar with their collectibles. An entire range of carpets and rugs have come to end, and you were not able to select one. What must be the reason?

The trouble must be unmatched coloration, size, pattern, cost, texture or shape. By customizing a carpet one can bestow a personalized touch to it. The manufacturers do charge a little extra, but the satisfaction is unmatched. Besides, changing color, size or pattern, it also gives the opportunity to pick type of fiber and weave type.

OPTIONAL: One solution to all the carpet buying difficulties is www.jaipurrugsco.com. The company is renowned all over the globe as leading manufacturer and exporter of the widest and most exquisite range of handmade carpets. Jaipur Rugs offers an unmatched service for custom made rugs and carpets.


One solution to all the carpet related difficulties is www.mycustommaderug.com. The company offers an unmatched service for customising rugs and carpets.

Commercial carpets

Floor coverings being used in commercial setups are not at all different from the ones being used in residences. The major shift is in usage and satisfactory performance. Where floor coverings are treasured for luxuriant texture underfoot, they also add a touch of glamour. Many people add a floor piece for its aesthetic value, on the other hand, many like carpets for its functional value.

Nevertheless, while buying carpet for a commercial setup one needs to pick one according to the traffic. The major elements contributing in the performance of a floor covering are elaborated earlier. Still, for curious minds below mentioned are points to be kept in mind before buying carpets for a commercial purpose:

A low cut pile helps hide the footmarks and dust.

A busy pattern will help hide the dirt, stains, and marks for longer time span, comparatively.

Yarn possessing stain resistance and dirt repelling characteristics is suggestible for high traffic zones and commercial setups. Best suitable yarn types for heavy traffic are synthetic fibers, such as, nylon and polyester.

Long nap is helpful in hiding grime and debris, but it needs regular care as the footmarks and crush-marks are easily visible.

In addition, the color of the floor covering is also an important element to be considered. One should keep in mind that dark shades will reflect marks and lint more clearly, but will camouflage stains.

Light shades show soil and dirt, but hides footmarks.

Considering durability of a floor covering, a hand knotted one serves for more than 20years. Tufted or machine made carpets serve for nearly 10 years.

It is also advisable to avoid fast colors as they may fade when exposed to direct sunlight.

In case of extremely large areas one may choose to buy carpet tiles, as they are easy to install and maintain.

Carpets under furniture should be sturdy enough to bear the pressure and should rotate occasionally.

Carpet cushion

A carpet cushion is an additional layer placed underneath a floor covering to add on the plushness and comfort. Accompanying numerous varieties of carpets and rugs, there are a number of cushions available. This underlay not only adds to the feel, but it also adds a few extra years to the carpet. Earlier, these used to use due to the poor quality of carpets and were made using fibers such as jute. Nowadays these are made using materials like rubber and foam. However, carpet pads do not help to insulate the place, but these absorb noise and aids in slipperiness. There are three basic types of carpets pads, foam, fiber and rubber, which are further classified into two or three categories, each having its own qualities. Moreover, a cushion with a thickness of 7/16 inch maximum (minimum FHA density) is suggestible for loop pile, cut and loop and cut pile carpet. For other carpets such Berber and low-cut pile carpets a thin and dense cushion with a thickness of 3/8 inch (maximum) is advisable.


Foam carpet cushion pad is made combining two liquid ingredients and are largely used in mattresses, automobile seats and furniture. It is made in large mass; sheets are sliced and cut as per the requirement. Small pieces of foam combined into one piece are also used and are termed as Bonded urethane foam. Foam carpet pad is further classified into three categories mentioned below:

Prime urethane foam

Bonded urethane foam

Mechanically frothed urethane foam


Natural and synthetic both type of fibers are used to make a carpet cushion. These days a third type of fiber is being used i.e. recycled fiber. Fiber carpet pads are used to limit the movement.

Natural fibers

Synthetic fibers

Sponge Rubber

A blend of natural and synthetic rubber creates a ripple like surface. This type of cushion is preferably placed in residences and gives a thick, lush texture underfoot. In addition, a less dense and comparatively flat surface of rubber is created to be used under flat or looped floor coverings.

Waffled sponge rubber

Flat sponge rubber