How Science Is Used In Organisations Engineering Essay

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* They are used in industrial and automotive applicators since they are heat retardant than latex-based and alkyd-based products.

Solvent Based Coatings

SYNERGEN is a range of coatings that have protected OCTG around the world since 1976.

* SYNERGEN 501 provides a heavy-duty coating to protect external surfaces for in excess of 2 years outdoors. Pigment free facilitating easy inspection, self-healing under mechanical damage and suitable for all climates.

* SYNERGEN 718 is a lighter coating for internal surfaces, which provides long-term protection. It possesses de-watering properties, which chase moisture from the surface. It works via a thin film protection, no slumping of blocking, is compatible and non-contaminant with produced hydrocarbons so no removal required from surface prior to use.

* SYNERGEN 325 is a non-drying corrosion preventative and dewatering compound providing medium term protection with no volatile solvents in standard humidity test is offers 500 times the protection than medium viscosity oil.

Water borne coatings

* Waterborne coatings are water based as it is the primary solvent

* Ever environmentally conscious AGMA have developed their VINCIT range as an alternative to the SYNERGEN range. These protective coatings are water borne and so minimize the emissions of organic substances and compounds).

* VINCIT 409 is an alternative to SYNERGEN 501. It forms a tough self-healing protective coating for ferrous and non ferrous materials. The product is translucent so that information can be seen through it easily

* VINCIT 120 AGMA s alternative to our SYNERGEN 718 is a thin film corrosion preventative compound. The dried coating is water-shedding, gas impermeable, acid repellent and resistant to thermal 'sag'.

* VINCIT 362 is a removable coating which combines the very best of traditional wax based technology with the latest in emulsion chemistry. This ductile self healing barrier coating is suitable for use over all common metals and alloys and will protect many paint finishes in outdoor storage. Ideal for the storage and transit protection of capital plant, vehicles and consumer durables. Of particular sue when transportation dictates deck cargo given the harsh environment this imposes. Full removal of VINCIT 362 is achieved with the use of PDI 19, which has been specifically designed for this purpose.

* VINCIT 640 and VINCIT 640/50are stable aqueous emulsions, which contain advanced co-polymers and specialized corrosion inhibitors. They dry to form a tough film, which is resistant to mechanical damage. Ideal for the preservation of ferrous metals and finished surfaces without affecting their appearance.

* VINCIT 640/50 provides a light coating for applications, which only require short-term protection. VINCIT 640 produces a much heavier coating to offer medium term protection against marine atmospheres and strong UVB radiation and is perfect for outdoor storage.

* OCTG Protection

In 1968, AGMA became closely involved with the oil drilling industry, working closely with those who went on to discover the North Sea's, Brent and Forties fields.

The challenges represented by deep water drilling in fierce and unpredictable weather lead to demand for reliable supplies and large inventories of well prepared and protected tubular goods. This lead to Agma creating what is now the current leading lightweight and deformable weatherproof coatings which they called the synergen. This range has been formulated to be environmentally friendly.

Given the increasing cost associated with having oil rig down AGMA's coatings is an incredibly cost effective corrosion solution to prevent any need for a rig to be under repair. Additionally they are designed to dissolve in the hydrocarbon stream so their removal prior to the OCTG placement is unnecessary.


* The most commonly used alcohol is ethanol, C2H5OH, with the ethane backbone.

Rotatable disinfectants

* A system for cleaning and disinfecting medical parts which include a drum rotatable about a horizontal axis where the drum includes an interior enclosable chamber for receiving small parts and circumferential retaining members for receiving and retaining tubular members about the horizontal axis. A timing device sequentially controls the operation upon filling by washing, draining, rinsing and drying in sequence and structure is provided to accomplish these functions.


* Sporicides are a very necessary weapon in the disinfectant armoury. Resistant spore infection can ruin the best of rotational disinfectant schemes by allowing reinfection. They produce chemicals to a wide range of things from cleaning transport to protecting the marine life by making chemicals that stop corrosion but are still environmentally friendly

The processes used that are based on applying current scientific knowledge

Most of the processes will be carried out by chemists making the chemicals and testing the to see whether they are environmentally friendly and are still effective against corrosion. They also have microbiologists who work in formulation of the chemicals to make sure that it is all environmentally friendly.

The scientists there have to use analytical methods to test the quality control of their products to make sure that they are fit to be sold.

The roles and responsibilities of the scientifically qualified staff

The roles and responsibilities would be if they have to choose a certain chemical they must take the responsibilities if anything happens like chemicals go missing or too much is used.

They must also be their own quality control managers to keep everything under order and correct and strict to the health and safety laws

Each member of staff that works as a scientist there has to have a degree or higher, a levels, high-level gcse s in chemistry and a PHD is preferred

What you need to get a job in agma s general facilities you need to have a high level understanding of chemistry and biology. You need the following to be able to qualify for a job:

* High grade in GCSE in science

* A level in science, chemistry or biology.

* Degree in either chemistry or biology

* A PHD in either is preferred

The scientifically related skills used

The scientific related skills that are used will be mostly the knowledge of mixing chemicals and what their effect is when they are mixed. There will also be environmental biologists that will have to take their knowledge of what chemicals have what effect on the environment and the surrounding areas

For Example if you are a chemical engineer you will be applying not only chemistry but physics also mechanical and electrical engineering to complete the work that needs to be done. Most scientific skills are based in the labs trying to produce new better yielding products that are more economically viable and are harder wearing than the current products in circulation .


Chemical engineer

A chemical engineers job is to produce chemicals and many other products that require chemical processing. They use their knowledge of the laws of chemistry and the theory s to try and develop new processes and also they use this to try and produce a new way of producing chemicals so that they get a higher more concentrated yield from the process. They usually build on the finding of other research done with small amounts of materials in there laboratories.

Chemical engineers work with the industrial processes and produce a wide variety of products and they are often assisted by chemical technicians

Chemical engineers not only have to have very good understanding of chemistry and physics but also a good understanding of mechanical and electrical engineering. They mostly need to be specialised in one of the following oxidisation, pollution control and the production of plastics.

Chemical engineers work in many industries, including those that produce chemicals, petroleum, and electronic products. In some cases these products are sold to other industries that use them to make other products ranging from fine textiles to automobile tires. Chemicals are used in the processing and treatment of many of the foods we eat, much of the water we drink, and many of the clothes we wear. Chemical engineers develop the processes and design the factories that make it possible to bring such products to consumers.

Corrosion Management

* Main Roles and Responsibilities:

- Conducts inspection

* corrosion monitoring

* corrosion control for

o the plant equipment,

o storage tanks

o and pipelines

o Ensure integrity and reliability of the Refinery equipment.

* Prepares periodic corrosion reports and maintains updated inspection management system to make sure that anyone needing the information can have access to it whenever they want

* Reviews the cathodic protection system they currently have in place to highlight problems and suggest what improvements they could make to ensure the best protection they can offer to the equipment in the refinery.

* Reviews the inspection and corrosion observations and analyses the same after in a larger group of information to see if there is any faults from the figures. Identifies causes of corrosion and failure and makes necessary recommendations.

* -Reviews the existing corrosion monitoring tools and advises upgrading as required to ensure that they re system is working correctly.

* -Reviews the corrosion control policies / procedures and upgrades the same as required to ensure effective corrosion control.

* -Reviews the metallurgy for the modification and major projects. Updates procedures and specifications related to corrosion management & inspection activities and recommends repairs/operating parameters to extend the life of equipment and piping.

* -Carries out on-site metallographic

* Monitor microstructures; evaluates microstructure condition and issues reports.

* -Carries out thorough and detailed review of all Refinery units to define the corrosion loops and carries out detailed study to meet the requirements of Risk- Based Inspections.

Specific capabilities include:

* Structural integrity assessment.

* Evaluation of the significance of weld flaws.

* Failure mechanism determination.

* Risk based inspection.

* Corrosion management, including sour service.

* Life extension of ageing structures.

* Residual stress measurement and reduction of distortion.

* Numerical modelling of structures, joints, welding processes and NDT technologies.

* Provision of expert advice on weldability, avoiding fabrication cracking, materials selection and fabrication approaches.

* Assessment of high and low temperature performance.

* Specialist technical workshops.

Extensive mechanical, fatigue, fracture, sulphide stress cracking, corrosion, and stress corrosion testing facilities, with the ability to develop bespoke tests to address customer-specific problems.

Requirements for the post

* This is a position for a well qualified metallurgist, materials scientist or corrosion engineer with a clear

required interest in the areas above. It would be advantageous if he/she had some prior experience of similar work in the offshore

oil & gas industry. Some training will be provided, both on the job and externally.

How IT is use the organisation or business

IT will be used in the organisation as they will have to log the use of all of their chemicals and how they used it and also they may use a specific program to try and predict what will happen if they mix certain chemicals.

IT is used in AGMA as they have a central hub where everyone can access data that they need this main hub also controls the tracking of products, there email system and the quality control system. They also use specific software to record the results from the test they have to do when testing their products these will all be logged by some recording system.

The constraints within which the organisation or business operate

The constraints in which the organisation will be that they will have to choose who they are selling their products to and why they are selling them in case they will be used in a bad way.

They will also have to adhere to health and safety about the chemicals they use whether they are safe to use and what machinery they can legally operate

AGMA also have to follow strict rules when operating as they have to be compliant to the COSHH (Control of Substances Hazardous to Health) when using material data sheets and handling their products

They also have to have risk assessments but it s mostly for the actual plant work

Agma employ a specialist service that take away all of their waste and dispose of it in the correct manner and to the health and safty regulations this stops any of the waste contaminating the sourrounding area or the local environment. This also gives local companys the opportunity to have alot of business so they will be able to employ more people to cope with the large amount of waste produced











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S Substitution I Isolation E Engineering A Administration (T Training, SOP Standard Operating procedure) P PPE





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Floor drains Odors

Hazardous Waste Other

* use detergent instead of chlorinated solvent for cleaning

* use water-based chemicals instead of solvent-based

* use chemicals where compatible

Safer form or process

* paint with a brush instead of spraying

* purchase a substance in a safer form

or barriers

* isolate the process to one room with restricted access or use appropriate barriers/screens to separate substances

* distance workers from substances/processes through the use of remote controls

* distance property, incompatible chemicals and ignition sources (e.g. flames, sparks) from goods

* fully or partially enclose the process with exhaust extraction

* use local exhaust or natural ventilation systems (e.g. air ducts, open doors/windows)

* design buildings that are: compatible with the intended goods; made of non-combustible construction as far as is practicable; designed to reduce contamination

* use bunding to contain spillage

* install drains, tanks or sumps to cope with spilled material

* install automatic fire protection and chemical suppression systems

* reduce the duration and/or frequency of exposure e.g. through job rotation

* reduce the amount of goods/products stored and used

* ensure safe interim storage of wastes/products (e.g. labeled properly in suitable containers stored away from people, the environment, incompatible chemicals, ignition sources etc)

* vacuum or wet sweep to suppress dust being generated

* cover containers and make sure lids are attached

* clean up spills immediately (includes provision of suitable aids, equipment and isolate floor and stromwater drains)

* ensure no eating, drinking or smoking in areas where substances are used

* provide suitable washing facilities

* provide First Aid facilities

* instruct employees on how to use substances safely

* footwear (enclosed shoes, safety boots)

* gloves

* chemical resistant glasses (safety glasses)

* Face shields/masks, respirators. full/partial

* head protection

Agma do not have any kite marks however the products they use will like the hardhats for the plant will have to be complaisant to some sort of kite mark or standard to make sure they can withstand a certain amount of force if it is exerted on it, most of their safety equipment will have to have some sort of standard that comes with it to make sure that the product is fit for the purpose. Agma will also have to have special product safety measures for the chemicals they use as they may need the drivers that deliver for them to have a Hazchem licence to transport specific chemicals for the company. They will also have to include a warning to the people buying the product to say what safety risks are when using the products

This is the mark that Agma have on their website which means they either use products that have kite mark associated with them or that they produce products that have to meet a certain standard but do not need a kite mark

Things they consider when they are selling the products for health and safety

They also have a certificate to show that they have passed recommended health and safety checks to be awarded the manufacturers of cleaning and hygiene products logo on their site

Things that they have to consider before selling to the public and businesses

* Catalogues and Advertisements,

* Alterations and Modification,

* Quotations and Delivery Dates

* Prices

* Packaging

* Payment and Default by Buyer

* Non-Delivery, Damage in Transit and Discrepancies

* Risk

* Property in the Goods

* Property in Mixed / New Goods

* Proceeds of Sale

* Exclusion of Liability

* Seller s Indemnity

* General Lien

* Force Majeure

* Notice to Third Parties

* Governing Law

AGMA manage their energy consumption and keep it to a minimum as they have very efficient in how they produce their products and they also use very efficient machinery. They also manage their own transport as they have their own van which they can use for local deliveries they also use outside carriers to take products around the country as it s not economically viable to travel that far with their own vehicles as they may need them back for local deliveries.

They help the local economy by providing about 50 or more jobs to the local community and also it gives the self employed couriers a very reliable source of income as they have contracts with them like UPS and parcel force shows what jobs needed for Agma

Adam Ferrol