Airports And Airline Operations Engineering Essay

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Abu Dhabi International Airport IATA: AUH, ICAO: OMAA is an airport in Abu Dhabi, the capital of the United Arab Emirates. The airport is one of the fastest growing airports in the world in terms of passengers (+34% in Q1:2008), new airline operators, and infrastructural development. The airport is now undergoing a AED 25 billion (US$6.8 billion) expansion. As of January 2012, 53 airlines offered service to 85 destinations in 49 countries.

The airport is the second largest in the UAE, serving over 10 million passengers in 2010. It has three operational passenger terminals - Terminal 1 (396,000 m2 or 4,260,000 sq ft), Terminal 2 (576,000 m2 or 6,200,000 sq ft), and Terminal 3 (657,000 m2 or 7,070,000 sq ft) spread over an operational area of 9,900 acres (4,000 ha). Its terminal spaces are dominated by Etihad Airways, which is the United Arab Emirates' second largest air carrier after Emirates.

The new Terminal 3, an AED 1 billion (US$270 million) interim facility, was designed to allow for the airport's passenger growth before the planned opening of the new Midfield Terminal in 2014. Used predominantly by Etihad Airways, the terminal boosted the airport's seven million passenger per year capacity to 12 million. It also added 30 new gates, twelve of which are Airbus A380 compatible.

Development work has started on a new passenger terminal, the main building and centre-piece of the new airport, to be situated between the two runways and known as the Midfield Terminal. Upon completion in 2017, the Midfield Terminal will increase the airport's passenger capacity to more than 20 million per year, with options for this to double in capacity to 40 million. An additional facility is also under consideration that would take the capacity to 50 million.

The expansion master plan projects also include a second 4,100 m parallel runway, 2 km from the existing runway (already operational as of 2009), a new 110 metre tower between the two runways with the new Air Traffic Control centre, enhanced cargo and maintenance facilities, and other commercial developments on the land immediately adjacent to and north of the existing airport.

The project will provide a home base for the UAE's national carrier, Etihad Airways, which will be a major user of new cargo facilities with an ultimate handling capacity of around two million tonnes of freight a year. Close to the new cargo facilities, land has been allocated for commercial activities, business parks, and property developments. Aircraft maintenance facilities will continue to be concentrated on the south side of the existing airport. The plan also sets aside land for the growth of other operators such as Royal Jet and Abu Dhabi Aviation.

In 2011, ADAC continued its dynamic growth with Abu Dhabi International Airport. ADIA registered 13.9% growth with approximately 12,400,000 passengers passing through the airport throughout the year.

The positive passenger development during 2011 was also reflected in the aircraft movement numbers that reached 114,785 aircraft, Levels of air cargo demonstrated a dynamic growth of 10% in 2011, registering 481,548 tons of cargo handled at Abu Dhabi International Airport.

The airport growth was apparent in its retail division, as ADAC registered AED 654 million revenue in 2011, a 12.4% increase compared to 2010

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The Airport also provides multi-modular connectivity by land, air and sea with shorter towing times and faster clearance, as well as one of the lowest cargo tariffs in the region. The current cargo terminals of ADCC now feature 36,000sqm of storage, one of the UAE's largest container x-ray units and 24/7 end-to-end cargo support - from customs and police services to food control and on-call veterinary doctors. Part of the storage facilities include a fully-equipped perishable centre, munitions stores, temperature-controlled rooms with varying temperatures, pallet-screening, vulnerable cargo stores and state-of-the-art CCTV for valuable cargo. As well as the ongoing management of our dedicated cargo terminals, ADCC is now focusing on the development of the East Midfield Cargo Terminal which will boast a world-class fully-automated cargo facility capable of handling 1.5 million tonnes of goods annually.

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Runways

Abu Dhabi Airport has two runways, 13R/31L with a length of 4,410 m (14,470 ft) and 13L/31R with a length of 4,770 m (15,650 ft) and width of 72 m (236 ft), the runway is equipped to operate any type of aircraft in commercial service and it is equipped with the CAT III-B instrument landing system. The runways are segregated mode, both runways they used STAR ( Standard Instruments Arrival ) and SID ( Standard Instruments Departure ), the advantages is :-

1. Graphic portrayal of departure route,

2. Reduse time delays and radio communications required to issue clearances,

3. provides approved ATC departure route clearance in the event of radio failure.

The weather in Abu Dhabi airport its foggy during end of December until mid of January and windy during may until first of June, the airport is not effected by strong cross wind that's because of the runway design, the runways equip with standard instrument landing system for low visibility CAT IIIB which the pilot can land the airplane without looking outside, the comment problem facing the airport is during the low visibly the airport get congested its because they used single runway operation,

a high speed exit (or RET) as 'a taxiway connected at an acute angle and designed to allow a landing airplane to turn off at higher speeds than are achieved on other exit taxiways'.

Abu Dhabi airport Runways have enough RET for each Runway in all directions except runway 13R some aircraft laning with higher weight and its need some meter to slow down so they can have low speed to vacate the runways but the only problem facing airport operation when using runway 13R that the after vacating E12 the airplane cant turn to taxiway E, the ATC advice the pilot to vacate via taxiway E13 and that slow up the other traffic to land ( refer to the chat above ), the type of airplane using RET ( all the types of Airbus and Boeing types )

They are many airport using better RETs to suited there air traffic controls examples (Madrid, Vienna, Munich, Frankfurt, Manchester ) the example below showing about Frankfurt airport ( EDDF ),

It have the best RETs which make the life easy for the airport operation and the ATC easy to vacate the runway and taxi in to the terminal.

Abu Dhabi airport ( OMAA ) have all direction taxiways parallel, if you are using runway 31L the distance is not closer for the passengers planes but for the cargo is closer and if when runway 13R in operation the distance is closer, parallel taxiways is advantage it will help reduce runway occupancy time and provide more safety. Operations will be smoothened and departure and arrival of aircraft will be more efficient.

Abu Dhabi International Airport have liner and satellite stands, the airplane can manoeuver easily, current in our days there is not enough stands to accept new airline company terminal 1and 3 have bridge stand, only 1 remote stands APRON 4 in a Pier concept they are about 19 stands and they accept only the small fleet while the other terminals can accept bigger fleet.

Terminal 1 and 2 APRON 4

My opinion and the cheapest is the Pier Concept stands, in the pier concept, aircraft are parked in a line at either side of a connecting corridor or concourse attached to the main terminal Piers have the advantage of keeping all the gates under one roof, allowing direct contact with the central processing area and a relatively simple navigating task for transferring passengers and the most convenient way of providing a greater number of contact stands and to increase the capacity of the airport while providing weather protection for the passengers, also generally involve the aircraft having to taxi into cul-de-sacs to get to the stands, and In the confined space, the effects of noise and exhaust fumes create poor working conditions for the staff.

Abu Dhabi International airport is located 30km from the city its surrounded by low obstacles, No High terrain, and view on the sea, its easy to access by road and the Rail way will improve the capacity by reducing the car traffic around the airport, the advantage for building the airport away from the city is to :-

Noise of aircraft

noise of aircraft in the vicinity of the airport

tests of aircraft engines

supersonic boom

noise of aircraft en- route

Air pollution in the vicinity of airports

emissions of aircraft engines

emissions from the operation of vehicles on the airport

emissions from transportation to and from the airport

emissions from other sources on the airport (e.g. heating plant)

Factors with a global impact

long distance transfer of air pollution (e.g. acid rains)

greenhouse effect - contribution to global warming due to deposition of carbon dioxide

in or near the tropopause

depletion of ozone layer

contrails global 'darkening'

Airport construction

excavation of soil

soil erosion

interference with ground water channels and rivers

impact on flora and fauna

visual intrusion

Contamination of waters and soil in the vicinity of airports

imperfect treatment of waste waters

leaks of oil products

de-icing of airport pavements and aircraft

Waste management

storing and disposal of dangerous substances used in maintenance and repairs of aircraft

waste from the airport operations and from arriving aircraft

Aircraft operation including the accidents or incidents

wake vortices and their impact on the neighbouring dwellings

blue-ice phenomenon (it is created when toilet tanks or drain tubes on an aircraft leak)

accidents or incidents of aircraft with hazardous cargo

emergency procedures connected with aircraft de-fuelling

other negative effects to the environment connected with an aircraft accident (e.g. fuel

leakage, leakage of extinguishing substances, aircraft safety of the communities around

airports)

Abu Dhabi airport have a Liner, Satellite terminal and midfield which under contraction the capacity is 15milion , Midfield Terminal. The new terminal, which will be able to handle 20 million passengers a year, is expected to open in the year 2017. other Airlines and Etihad National Carrie using terminal 1 and 2, Terminal 3 only for Etihad Airways, and it have limit to support the transfer traffic because of lake space and stands

Midfield Terminal Complex

Abu Dhabi Airports Company is tasked with ensuring that the airport is able to provide world-class services that meet this demand over the coming years. This is part of the Government's Plan Abu Dhabi 2030, an Emirate-wide strategy to cater for Abu Dhabi's business and tourism growth.

The centrepiece of ADAC's multibillion-dollar investment programme is the Midfield Terminal Complex (MTC), which will provide a full terminal building, passenger and cargo facilities, and duty-free shops and restaurants for a total capacity of 27-40 million people a year.

Location

The MTC will be located between the airport's two runways, which also gives the terminal its name. This location allows for the quickest possible journey from runway to stand, resulting in a smoother experience for the Terminal's passengers.

Terminal buildings

The MTC's terminal building will be the largest in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, and one of the region's most architecturally impressive structures. It will be between 630,000 and 702,369sqm in size, and visible from more than 1.5km away. The central space of the terminal building could hold three full-sized football pitches and features a ceiling 52m tall at its highest point.

The complex will include 20,000-25,000sqm of retail and F&B outlets, roughly equivalent to the current size of Marina Mall in Abu Dhabi. These are set around an 8,400sqm indoor park, another first for the region, which will host Mediterranean plants and features at its centre, and desert landscapes at its edge.

Associated support buildings take up an additional 800,000sqm, and will include access to 16-20 aircraft parking stands dedicated to cargo.

Development

Developing the MTC is an international multicultural team, which includes experts that have played critical roles in some of the most important airport developments of recent years, such as Heathrow's Terminal 5.

Sustainable designs requirements have played an important part in making the MTC an environmentally friendly building, taking into account the Urban Planning Council's Estidama approach towards sustainable design. The Terminal is designed to minimise its impact on the environment, making use of design elements such as high performance and angled glass facades to avoid heat from entering the building, making air conditioning more efficient while providing day lighting for interior spaces. Solid cladding has also been integrated in the design, further reducing the impact of the sun.

Environmental design initiatives that are being pursued also include water conservation using waste water for irrigation of outdoor plants. The MTC team is working closely with Masdar, whose zero-carbon city is being developed adjacent to the airport. Such collaboration ensures that ideas and techniques are shared across these two developments in Abu Dhabi and the UAE.

Abu Dhabi Airports Company (ADAC) and the joint venture (JV) of TAV, CCC, and Arabtec have signed an AED 10.8 billion contract in June 2012 for the construction of the Midfield Terminal Building (MTB) at Abu Dhabi International Airport, with opening planned in 2017. Construction of the 700,000m2 terminal building, one of the world-class infrastructure projects being undertaken in the capital, will commence in the third quarter of this year.

The project will include two key phases: the 4 year construction phase, followed by the Operational Readiness Assessment phase (ORAT), where during a 9 month period thorough tests of all aspects of the terminal will take place to ensure operational and efficiency readiness from the first day of operation.

The MTB is designed to achieve a minimum Two Pearl Rating, following the Urban Planning Council's Estidama approach towards sustainable design. The project will minimize its impact on the environment, making use of innovative and cutting edge design elements, such as high performance angled glass to reduce heat and increase air-conditioning efficiencies.

Passenger facilities and duty-free retail will include high-end commercial offerings across more than 18,000 square meters, including internationally renowned luxury goods and designer outlets, and almost 10,000 square meters of international restaurants and cafes, offering a wide range of styles and cuisines. Passenger facilities will also include over 27,500 square meters of airline hospitality lounges, a transit hotel and a heritage and culture museum.

Operational highlights include:

Piers will accommodate up to 65 aircraft, including the Airbus A-380

Check-in is capable of handling around 8,500 passengers per hour

Check-in will provide 165 conventional counters and 48 self-service kiosks

Baggage system is designed to process over 19,000 bags per hour with over 22 kilometers of conveying lines and 10 reclaim carousels

136 security screening lanes for passengers, with a further 25 for staff

The building will be constructed using approximately 69,000 tons of steel, more than 680,000 cubic meters of concrete, and nearly 500,000 square meters of steel and glass cladding, 135,000 tons of rebar, 360,000 square meters of suspended ceilings and 325,000 square meters of natural stone flooring

Abu Dhabi Cargo Company manages the handling of world class cargo facilities, provides import and export services and develops comprehensive delivery processes for airlines, freight forwards and other stakeholders a large increase in cargo volume and frequency have taken place in recent years they extended cargo facilities and added 10.000 square meters of warehouse space and another 10,000 square meters of cold storage to ensure a seamless flow operations, the facilities are offered by Abu Dhabi airport :-

supervising and control offices

airline offices

freight forwarder offices

customs inspection area and offices

agricultural inspection area and offices

security

operations offices

administration and support areas

customer service

battery charge area

maintenance and spare parts

plant room

computer suite

staff support

Cold Room

Freezer room

Storage Rooms

Dip mail Export

Photo store

Cosmetic store

Dangerous goods area

There is few airline using the Cargo terminal in Abu Dhabi airport but not included it Airbus A380 :-

Etihad Airways

Air china

DHL

Egypt Air

KLM

Referances :-

http://www.abudhabiairport.ae

http://www.adac.ae

AIRPORT DESIGN AND OPERATION SECOND EDITION

AERODROME DESIGN MANUAL ( ICAO )

ADCC cargo Voice Newsletter

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