The mission of educational curriculum

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The foremost mission of any sort of educational curriculum is to come up with the guide line and tools to enable students to learn efficiently and beneficially. This is in order to attain appropriate reasoning skills so that they can carry out their academic and problem solving tasks in an organized manner. Student's attitude regarding sciences plays as an eminent role in the future accomplishment and persistence in science field. UNESCO acknowledges that:

On the eve of the new century, there is an unprecedented demand for and a great diversification in… education, and for building the future, for which the younger generations will need to be equipped with new skills, knowledge, and ideals (UNESCO 1998).

There has been great diversification in higher educational system which enables to induce changes in our modern progressive society. There is an ample proof of its viability at present situation. This abundance of knowledge and information has intensified the numerical values of issues and scientific inquiries that pupil need to execute within their internal and external boundaries. Knowledge explosion also demands foresightedness and perspicacity for students who are to choose more pertinent and unswerving data. This initially requires logical thinking approach which will enable them to filter the relevant data from the irrelevant. And reasoning skills involve providing arguments, influences, premises, justifications and evidence to claim or positions.

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However, the assimilation of reasoning skills takes the students to the prosperity in their academic careers. Along with this, it is also essential that students must have a constructive approach towards study habits as well as contextual influences. It is quite obvious that grasping new concepts doesn't occur in vacuity. Dynamic learning process happens due to an assortment of alternate influences.

Therefore, this study paper gives a conscious emphasis on the inculcation of scientific attitudes and noble values beside the acquisition of technological acquaintance and its practical application to the natural phenomena and students daily experience. Thus, a significant focus is being given on students regarding their attitude towards learning sciences and their study habits and how these influence their academic achievements.

Student's attitude towards learning sciences and their reasoning skills

When we discuss powerful learning experience it includes a presentation of arguments for conflicting views or positions on any specified research.(Paul & Elder 2006) provides us a valuable checklist for persuading probe, which initially accentuate giving "inferences by which we draw conclusions and give meaning to data"(p.7). They have also heighten that reckoning "has implications and consequences"(ibid)

In addition to this, "engaging students in inquiry can provide a powerful learning experience where students not only learn about science content but also gain reasoning and research skills. Students come to understand the nature of problem solving as the pursuit of meaningful through the use procedures that are thoughtfully generated and evaluated. (Magnusson & Palincsar 1995)

. (Moore and Bruder 1996 ) also accentuate the significance of reasoning aptitudes in learning:(Reasoning) skill helps students think clearly and logically, as answers to issues and problems usually entail making careful distinction and as to solutions to these issues also require logical and critical thinking (p.88).

Study habits and attitude towards learning science

Classical literature written about the teachings of Socrates and even the writings of Aristotle and Plato and other medieval thinkers has noted the worth of reasoning skills. A research carried out on the subject of learning interprets that the foremost contextual stimuli include the student's milieu, their backgrounds, their foresightedness and perspicacity. Ortinero (2006) particularly highlights the prominence of the part of familiars and ambiance in pupils procures of rational and judicial capacities.

"It has been significantly confirmed that family upbringing, neighborhood, culture, school experience, and the national milieu positively or adversely effect the shaping of rational capacities" (p.56)

It is observed through foreign and local literature that there has been a significant relationship amongst students' attitude towards sciences and their habitual study approach. In other words we can say that time management; learning skills and analytical skills are independent variables whereas a study habit is a dependent variable. Therefore, deficit in planning, time managerial issues, lack of concentration and logical strategies give an outlook to a healthy study attitude.

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An affirmative mannerism and self interest in learning and extra effort to delve into the issue and their appropriate claims can be helpful in building good ratiocination. Various researches done on what constitutes good study habits point to the following common elements:

Being organized in terms of notes, lessons and materials

Having a regular time and space for lessons ,and making decision about priorities concerning time and goal (Landsberger 2007)

Good parental models, early and consistent parental supervision and learning conducive home culture and envoirment (Charnely 2006) and

Personal responsibility over what one does and does not do ( Zolten &Long 1997).

Usually students have three sorts of methodologies headed for learning deep which comprise surface tactic that is to memorize all the content and be examined on textbooks only. The second slant is complex activity approach, which includes a combination of study skills and practicality of issue and last, nevertheless the most fruitful tactic, that is when student himself is engrossed in the techniques or substance to master the skills.

Therefore, an optimistic approach towards learning and grasping innovative conceptual theories can enhance your futuristic hypothetical achievements. A dedication and interest of a student also empowers brains graft better and satisfactory. And as result of this students can definitely have a bright future and their academic performances.

Methodology

Design

This study paper contains base line data of the student's attitude towards learning science, their study habits and their academic accomplishments. Hence, it primarily to describe the prevailing actualities, the correlation between apprentices cabilities of reasoning skills, the consequence of positive and negative attitude for customary studies and finally the outcome of the exertions of students.

Reasoning dexterity check list:

1. State your argument/position/conclusion on the dilemma/issue in clear and simple terms/and support each position/conclusion by providing at least three (3) but not more than (5) premises.

2. Evaluation of arguments /positions:

Identify strong and weak premises and arguments.

Identify errors in reasoning (fallacies).

Questionnaire of students study habits:

The duration of period allocate in scrutiny issues.

Malleability to several varieties of atmosphere.

Student's attitude towards learning sciences:

Estimate the value and worth of the reasoning skill.

Concern of the student in acquiring reasoning skill.

Ability of sense making with the scientific content.

Data collection and analysis

The focus on key questions and theme related to the need and purpose of study opened a cornucopia of information for expertise. As through this they are able to classify the poor and worthy study habits of students, their negative and positive attitude towards grasping new didactic line of reasoning and the sway of their contribution to education.

An inter rating of class 150 students enabled the research panel to classify the students into below average (33.3%), average (middle 33.3%) and above average (upper 33.3%). Thus, this data collection and interview guide was used to uncluttered a fresher acumen for the conversational setting.

Results and discussion

Baseline data on students' attitude towards sciences, their study habits and academic achievements:

The base line data and students reasoning skills info was obtained through content analysis of their paper on a certain scientific issue. The scores and the percentages from the evaluation of a research unit using the questionnaire and skills check list are entailed by the table below. The following table 1 show the percentages of students unassailable view points and the numerical value of satisfactory achievements.it can be observed through analysis that very limited had nts in understanding of the activity whereas many of them had inadequate familiarity of procedures and fallacies involved in argumentation. (TABLE 1):

CATEGORY

FREQUENCY COUNT

PERCANTAGE

BELOW AVERAGE

38

25.33

AVERAGE

110

75.33

ABOVE AVERAGE

2

1.33

Above table 1 shows that only 2 students motivational and an esteem degree of discipline and caution in deciphering and vindicating the claims. Another table below with portray the ratio of study habits of students. (TABLE 2)

STUDY HABITS

FREQUENCY COUNT

PERCENTAGE

POOR

65

43.33

GOOD

85

66.67

It is shown by this table (2) that study habits have a remarkable gap of poor and good approach en route for planning. Along with this another table (3) illustrates the base line data of students attitude towards learning scientific techniques and reckoning abilities.

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ATTITUDETOWARDS LEARNING

FREQUENCY COUNT

PERCENTAGE

NEGATIVE

48

32

POSITIVE

102

68

Conclusion and pedagogical implications

This study graft has shown moderate, progressive and significant collations among learning skills and study habits. Although students have three sort of approach in learning deep and strategic which includes surface approach, complex exploration and a combination of practical and content studying. Such research is needed to monitor the impact of learning communities and mentoring programs that are helpful in building a healthy and persisted motivation among science students.

Hence, the learning organizations need direct attention to the formation and implementation of strategies and supplementary simultaneous activities that would aid students to develop good study habits and appreciative impudence towards learning sciences which will result in a successful future of science field.

Through different searches it is also observed that if we initially constitute the elementary schools students to hands-on curricula, this can engage students in exploration and can give a strong foundation to the reasoning skills of science students. May be there isn't any direct effect on academic achievements of pupil but it can indirectly allied in longitudinal data and that is the interest of students in sciences and this further is interconnected to future enrollment in science courses and pursuit of science related careers.

As UNESCO (1998) states {14} (a) Promote better co-ordination among intergovernmental, supranational, and non-governmental organizations, agencies, foundations that sponsor existing programs and projects for international co-operation in higher education.

To sum up, a good and effective study necessitates flexibility in study promptness, vibrant perception and memory retention. Therefore, a conscious emphasis has been given on acquisition of scientific and evaluative skills.