Nowadays, since the Smart School system website initiative was launched in July 1997 as one of the seven flagship of the Multimedia Science Corridor (MSC) Malaysia, much has been achieved but one of the most critical includes the established of the "88 Smart Schools" as a consequence of the pilot project by the Ministry of Education (MoE). Education plays an important role in determining the progress of a country.
Development of ICT has helped in efforts to increase the effectiveness of the education system. This led to the existence of imbalance and gaps in various aspects such as knowledge in the field of ICT, computer ownership, Internet access and online communication (Sharifah Noor 2002, Steyaert 2002, Selwyn 2000).
This study is elucidates the smart school system of education system in Malaysia and to improve the learning and teaching in education system. Based on the smart school system website, the aims of
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this study is the transformation knowledge information to student by IT technology support and can be used to integrate the ICT as a platform to enhance the education system in Malaysia. This study provided the background, objective and problem statement, literature review, research methodology, finding, discussion and recommendation and conclusion.
Malaysia has embarked the smart schools system website and establishes the needs and context for the smart school. The smart school can be defined that is a learning institution which has been systematically reinvented in
term of teaching-learning practices and school management in order to teaching knowledge to students. This smart school need develop profession staff, built educational resources, and administrative capabilities. The aims of smart school are transformation knowledge information to students by IT technology support (Tek, 2006).
Malaysia needs to change the systems of educational to support the nation's drive to fulfill Vision 2020. This Vision wills provide the productivity-driven growth, which will be achievable only with a technologically literate, critically thinking work force prepared to participate fully in the global economy of the 21st century
The Smart School Integrated Solution which have been conducted by Multimedia Development Corporation, Malaysia and Ministry of Education Malaysia, they have highlight Smart School Integrated Solution which have 9 component (Frost & Sullivan).
The smart school system is the web base application smart school and stimulating educational environment which provides access to Internet, innovative and engaging materials, a management system and other basic ICT facilities that are handled by the professionally trained teachers and administrator for effective and productive teaching and learning and school administrator purpose. The system is teaching and learning can be implementation with IT support. The teachers can upload the knowledge information and the students can download it. The teachers also can upload useful article in order to support plentiful knowledge for students. The students view the website and obtain the usefulness information. They can get new knowledge or information very fast and convenience. The multimedia application should design in this system such as 3D and flash etc. The IT technology was very useful for smart school.
The smart school must update IT technology frequently which is science teaching and student learning can be made more efficient and enabling with the use of new technology. Beside, more parents' involvement in educational process to keep parents fully informed on the course of the learning process, activities, and other effective partnerships that they receive their children. In addition, smart school aims to create a platform in order to improve communication with the whole smart school website members such as (teachers, student, and parents).
The main objective of this study is to
transformation knowledge information to student, parent, and teacher by IT technology support. In order to achieve the objective, the system must support student interaction and collaboration. The collaboration forum need to be applied in e-learning so that it will support teamwork, increasing student motivation and progress while simultaneously producing satisfactory level educational material (Ioannis Giannoukos, et.al).
Another objective of developing this system is from commercial potentiality Smart school website is to provide users high minute information about establishment school. Smart school website provides modern education tools, courses, school life and ongoing school events and achievements. In developing smart school website, the smart school web site aims to create a platform for improved communication with the whole school community.
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The last objective is to enhance the attractiveness, easiness and completeness of the system. Therefore, aplenty of features has been applied over the smart school website, such as plagiarism, download, photo and video.
The smart school system website was created to make the teaching and lesson processes for users especially between teachers and students more easy and convenience. The teaching material such as notes, assignment, announcement and other related material can be distributed and shared between users through smart school system website. Although smart school system website can provide the easy way of teaching's communication process between these two users, there are issues in term of web application's usage that will be faces by user especially teachers who using the smart school system web application for teaching purpose. The issues occurred not because of the functions in smart school system web application (the smart school system website is a user friendly web application), but it causes by other factors that faced by teachers.
The teachers did not use IT Technology as an electronic information resource as a teaching and lesson medium because they facing problems such as like heavy teaching workload and many commitments to co-curriculum activities and lack of computer knowledge besides the ICT competency's level of them are in medium level for operating software application and programming languages (Mahani & Kiran).
For smart school system website, the difficulty occur when the demand in the market is able to convert the scientific and technological in the area of the educational and serves to meet all the market demands which is not many school in Malaysia want to use the smart school system website.
Another element is the multimedia are not absorbed in order to make the website looks more graphically and creatively. This was causes by lack of expertise in using multimedia software whereby all of members group are not from multimedia background and did not have any basic of multimedia application. Time constraint also can considered as the barrier to using multimedia as an interactive element in website whereby it takes a long time to mastery the applications of multimedia software in order to create any kind of graphics creatively. Due to these barriers, smart school system website was created with simple presentation but the application that provide in this website is user friendly and it is easy to use by users.
Collaboration between knowledge and technology in Malaysia of education became more effective and the use of the ICT today's will reflect the existence of teaching information sources. Beside that it will improve the development of teaching and learning from manually to standardize system.
Nowadays knowledge has come to be the most worthy and come to be the most important and demanded assets owing to the fast enlargement of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), that allows information to be retrieved, practiced and used in problem solving, and the establishment of new knowledge (Hoffman, 1995). Previous study found that the technology consists of the technology that involves the solicitation of information, source materials, devices and skills in manipulative, constructing and using products, their physical arrangements and systems expanding human abilities to manage and transform the natural and human-made environments (Raizen, S et al., 1995).
Smart school website with smart tools is one of the most important issues to be investigated, in order to pay education process and make student more creativity and innovation by deal with modern tools such as chatting smart events and other internet tools. The most important thing in make student deal with smart school tools, to make student more awareness with this modern tool. Moreover, integrate parents with the process of education to make them informed enough about how the education process and activities involved with their children. Furthermore, to be as participants by proved school suggestion and advice to make the education and learning more efficient for their children.
Teachers are expected to be technology competent and ICT literate so as to be able to create technology-rich and academically sound teaching and learning environment. Teachers need training not only in computer literacy but also in the pedagogical application of those skills to improve teaching and learning (Koay, 1999; Robiah and Nor Sakinah, 2004). They need to learn further how to integrate ICTs into their classroom activities and school structure.
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In generally, the methodology of this research is preliminary research that is based on ICT. It uses to giving teachers an opportunity to work with ICT from the outset so that they are aware of all the problems involved when they attempt to impart the skills to their students.
The Smart School systems for Malaysia education are still at the initial stage, although as identified several phase to assist students in learning and life. Furthermore, to facilitate the study and knowledge about the effectiveness of this system in accordance with the requirements of the Malaysian government to expand broadband to rural areas, including rural areas students will be able to find information related with learning and are exposed on the ICT world. To make this system successfully, the method to develop this system are also important. The System Life Cycle has been chosen as a guide and its have several phase that suitable to complete this system. The systems development life cycle (SDLC) is a conceptual model used in project management that describes the stages involved in an information system development project, from an initial feasibility study through maintenance of the completed application
Figure 1: System Development Life Cycle
The Requirement analysis phase need to identify the system requirement and because of this system are not familiar in this country, we have to search and find it in the country like South Africa, which is this system have been used (Haris, 2001).
The Design development phase, after all requirement and analysis has done. The system will be started to design and develop by the developer. The establishment of these smart school system website will be enhanced by sharing exemplars of what is considered to be effective teaching.
For the Quality Assurance & testing phase, this system will be tested to get the feedback from the user either all requirement have been done or not. Furthermore, to make sure this system will help the Malaysian education become more effective and efficiency.
The last but not least, the Implementation & deployment phase. Part of the Software development Life Cycle (SDLC) after the system has been tested during the Quality Assurance & testing and accepted by the user, the system is installed and made operational in a production environment, in accordance with the requirements.
The last is the maintenance & support phase involves making changes to hardware, software, and documentation to support its operational effectiveness. It includes making changes to improve a system's performance, correct problems, enhance security, or address user requirements.
Smart school system website is very important to education in Malaysia in order to achieving the government aims to capitalize on the presence of leading-edge technologies and the rapid development of the MSC's infrastructure to jump start deployment of enabling technology to schools. Thus, the aim of smart school system website of education in Malaysia is to transformation knowledge information to student, parent and teacher by IT technology support. Thus, the smart school system website is to manage all the resources and processes efficiently and effectively support by the teaching-learning functions. By using smart school system website, the learning and teaching session will not only conducted but face to face meeting or group meeting, it also can be conducted through online web base system at anytime and anywhere that can facilitate student, parent and teacher to sharing information and at the same time, the student will be wide open with the technology.
Discussion And Recommendation
The effectiveness of ICT development is to enhance the learning and teaching method and sharing the information through smart school system website of education in Malaysia, thus achieving the government aim in education system in Malaysia.
However, there have several recommendations about smart school system website that still can be improved. The well-designed multimedia can give positive benefits to learners in terms of alternative perspective, active participation by users, accelerated learning, retention and application of knowledge, problem-solving and decision-making skills and higher-order thinking.
There were several recommendations that resulted from doing this research. The following shows the most considerable recommendations can be considered to provide additional benefit to students and teachers:
Information reclamation expertise teaching to be entrenched in the curriculum which has been commenced at any applicable point in time and will be sustained by school management to certify the optimal usage of ICT tools and services offered in the smart schools.
To certify the computer network have been functioned satisfactory and accessible for both students and teachers because they can enriched the web information sharing between them.
To provide teachers with self-determination to build up and enhance the online resources they were delivery for their students. This circumstances will avoid the displeasure towards the established software is overwhelm and teachers feel more in control.
As a conclusion, in any transformation exercise, benchmarks and indicators of success and failure are required to measure the way we conduct our work, projects and programs. When the exercise is transforming education through the use of ICTs, indicators focused on ICT are given emphasis. Efforts to integrate ICT in education are widespread globally, but to determine the national impact of ICT, the set of indicators or criteria is required for measurement and ranking on a local basis.
Performance indicators to monitor the use and outcomes of technologies also provide useful information for responding to challenges that may arise. The relationships between technology use and educational development, empowerment of teachers, changes in teaching and learning processes and student learning are demonstrated through the use of indicators. It is important to note that using technology is not an end in itself, but a means to promote educational outcomes, creativity, empowerment of learners and teachers, and the development of resourceful learners and problem solvers.
In order to assess these outcomes, appropriate measurement tools and indicators are needed. To transform a school, no matter how academically brilliant, from a non-ICT oriented teaching and learning environment, to one which maximizes and promotes the teaching and learning advantages of ICT to the fullest, clear direction and guidance must be given to the training of both the educators (who use the system) and the technicians (who maintain the system). Strategically, the thrust of the entire programme is one of monitoring and guidance (as a form of subtle and gentle enforcement) activities simultaneously backed by value-adding (or reinforcement) support in identified weak areas.