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Paulo Freire was a Brazilian educator, philosopher and theorist of critical pedagogy. He is best known for his disagreement with the Banking Model of education where it is said that children are empty bank accounts and the teacher deposits knowledge into this 'account.' Paulo Freire writes in (Freire, Pedagogy of Indignation 2005) that if a teacher works on his own depth as a person he will then have the ability to work with children and help them develop their potential as responsible and intellectual human beings. He suggests that children have the ability to think for themselves and develop their own knowledge. According to (Jean Piaget n.d.) Jean Piaget was a Swiss developmental psychologist and philosopher and is well known for his work in developmental psychology and constructivism. (Concept to the classroom 2004) Describes constructivism as a study on how people learn. They suggest that through experience people construct their own idea of the world and gain their own knowledge on it. As described by (Education 2006) Piaget sees the child as "continually interacting with the world around him/her solving problems that are presented by the environment" he suggests that by actively taking part it will be easier to solve problems and the learners will construct their own ideas on how to solve these complications. These two theorists have influenced my thinking and they are the philosophical framework on which I will base my own teaching and learning philosophy.
My ideas on Learning
"Learning is knowledge obtained by study" (South African Oxford Secondary School Dictionary n.d.) it can also be obtained through skills, experience practice, or by being taught." "â€¦it is not acquired by listening to words, but in virtue of experiences in which the child acts on his environment." (Ginn n.d.) In this quote Piaget suggests that people will learn easier when the topic can be linked to them in a personal manner and in a way that it is easier for them to understand and not just by listening to what the teacher is saying. I agree with this statement because the minute you are able to relate to something your interest will be triggered immediately and you will feel the need to pay attention. Freire (Freire, Pedagogy of Indignation 2005) explains that children are able to think for themselves and therefore they will learn in a way that is easiest for them to understand and relate to. Learning does not take place only in the classroom but every second you are alive you are surrounded by objects and sounds and images that can enhance your learning abilities.
My ideas on Teaching
My idea of teaching is supported by Freire (Good Reads inc 2013) when he said: "If the structure does not permit dialogue the structure must be changed." This statement is similar with the theorist Piaget when he mentioned that children learn by actively constructing their world. I agree with both these statements because the teacher as well as the learners should be actively involved all the time. This gives the opportunity for learners to share their opinions and ask questions as well as actively working and not just listening. I believe that a teacher should teach in a way that is easiest for the learners to understand and in a way that you always keep the attention of your learners. Freire highlights that it is important for a teacher to reflect on their work so that they know where the learners are at. Having a passion for your subject and children translates through to the learners and therefore it is important to have a passion for what you do.
My ideas on the children in my future class.
When I think back of when I was in school and I compare them to the children in school now, I get the idea that it becomes more and more difficult to teach and the learners are not that willing to learn anymore. Direct instruction in the class is a teaching strategy that does not work that well anymore, the learners need discussion and co-operative learning, therefore I agree when Freire (F. o. Education 2013) says teachers have to deconstruct what they are doing. My ideas of children in my future class is that they will crave attention and a manner of learning that some may call fun and therefore teachers must challenge them and have discussions and use the necessary technology to keep their attention. Children are becoming less and less disciplined and therefore teachers need to be prepared and know how to deal with it. A teacher cannot be a great teacher if he does not have a passion and love for children and I for one have a great deal of passion for children and will always do my best to fulfil their educational needs.
This essay has given me a better insight to what a teaching philosophy is and how I can develop my teaching and learning philosophy. When I started this assignment I was not clear on my views on learning and teaching, by the end of it I felt as if I have paved my way to success and it opened my eyes to increase my knowledge and to improve my teaching and learning philosophy.