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One of the prominent problems most commonly encountered is the large population of students attending a certain public school. The public school population on average is twice the size that of privately mandated institutions. This is a challenge to the public school systems in terms of them being able to physically accommodate the student population as well as providing quality education. A larger student population is proportional to a higher demand in facilities such as classrooms and more facilitators to be able to accommodate each student. The ratio of students per teacher for private schools is thirteen to one. On the other hand, sixteen students are being handled by every one teacher for public schools. This disparity results in public school students receiving less attention from their teachers as compared to students from private schools. (Education Problems in Public Schools) Most public schools lack standard policies such as subject specializations that are offered in private schools. This can be addressed by the local government through an increase in the allotted budget for education. This would allow for more teachers to be hired so that public schools would be able to accommodate the increasing number of students without giving further burden to the workload of the educator. Also, the presence of disparity when it comes to the ability of a teacher to facilitate each student individually should also be further inquired about. The direct effects of this disparity to the student population can be identified along with this. Is there a relationship between the student-teacher ratio and the ability of the teacher to effectively facilitate each individual student?
The education being offered in public schools also means that the academic curriculum being used in such institutions is mandated by the state. All students are accepted regardless of their specific talents and subject specialties. (Public Schools: Education Problems and Solutions) A problem that can come from this is that talented students are subjected to a slower learning pace rather than the advanced learning that they need to further hone their skills. This will result in the student being average instead of being exemplary. To be able to address this, teachers can be designated to identify students that exhibit certain potential. Achievement tests that are used in private schools can be utilized so that the abilities of the student can be identified. To be able to maximize the education of talented students, specials classes may also be offered to them although the need for a student to be guided by a specifically by an advanced curriculum is still questionable especially in early education. Do particular exemplary students need to be given advanced lessons early on? Would the educational system still be effective if students with advanced abilities are given specific subject specifications when they go on to higher levels of education?
The student population is a factor that differentiates private from public schools. Public schools tend to be more ethnically and racially diverse since students are not subjected to certain qualifications when it comes to school admission. This characteristic can be viewed as both an advantage and a disadvantage. Students who are exposed to various ethnicities in school are given the opportunity to acquire the ability to adapt to different types of cultures. They become socially trained to be accommodating to the customs of others. Differences in socioeconomic background are also evident in public schools. This will teach students how to get along with each other without considering differences in social status. This, however, can also become a difficulty especially to students with limited proficiency when it comes to the English language. Linguistically different students can also be subjected to misunderstandings among the English speaking majority that can result to incidents of bullying or them becoming outcasts from peer groups. The difficulty in linguistics also becomes a barrier in communication between the teacher and the student. The quality of education in relation to the effective delivery of the lesson can be turn out to be lower than those of students who are proficient in English.
Although there are specific advantages of sending students to private schools such as a lower student-teacher ratio that would allow for close monitoring of individual performance and specialized methods of education, the financial capabilities of the family is still a major factor to be considered. With the steady influx of students to the public school system, it creates a strain on the ability of facilitators to provide quality education. Competing with the growing demands of the student population to be able to provide an educationally nurturing and socially healthy environment is a huge challenge to the government as well as the established public school systems. Identifying the specific factors that influence the quality of education received by students in both public and private educational institutions would provide a basis on the improvements that could be made in the system. It could provide specific characteristics that may be present in one institution that is in turn lacking from the other so that these could be targeted and be put into consideration for development.