Socrates Plato Maimonides And Aristotle Education Essay

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Socrates was an intelligent man who idealized the search for truth and justice. I love the way he would ask questions in order to embrace others with knowledge of the surrounding world. Socrates used what we call inductive reasoning. Inductive reasoning means that from all the fact we get answers. He believed that man was capable of arriving at truth through the use of reason. He also linked knowledge to happiness. He believed that knowledge or insights was the foundation of virtue and happiness.

The Socratic Method is a method of investigating problems through dialogue discussion in a classroom a teacher can allow a student to think critically and implant the Socratic Method. The students will learn as the teacher keeps on asking questions. The teacher analyzes some of the possible consequence of the student's remarks. The emphasis is upon the thinking process of the student, who must think for himself and accept the consequences of his logic. I have tried the Socratic method with my kindergarten class. The subject was to skip count by two's and my students were able to answer my Socratic based questions well.

Also, in teaching we should direct the student into the right answer rather than telling him the right answer. With the Socratic Method the teacher does not tell the student the proper answer; the teacher should draw the student to the probable answer. I believe that students can use their brains and be challenged on an everyday basis. This way then the student learns when he discovers the true generalization through his reasoning processes.

Farnaz Lavianlivi

Professor Garelick



Plato was the first philosopher in education. He was influenced by Pythagoreans and believed that Mathematical understanding can influence understanding of the world. He believed that math was the basis of the world. He mentions that if people do not understand math then they should not be allowed in his school.

Plato demonstrated that educators have deep care for the well-being and future of their students. I found Plato very influential because he also mentions in differing educational requirements is needed with various life stages. Plato mentions that each and every person is different and needs levels of education, understanding and reasoning. We as teachers know that every child can learn differently. Some children have knowledge in some places where others don't and vice versa.

In every classroom there will always be students that are not going to be on the same level as other students. I think that students who are doing poorly in the class or have a certain disability should be placed with students that are excelling in the classroom. In addition, the teacher may want to have the students who are having difficulty sitting in front of the class and pay closer attention to the lesson. The teacher should also have group projects more often, because it may be easier for students who are having difficulties in the studies to learn and understand better.

I think that group work is very important in children's development. Group work gives children abilities to socialize and identify themselves as a part of a group. I think that math should be the foundation of the students school work. Plato was a strong believer in this and so am I. I think that mathematics is a part of everyday life and should be incorporated in everyday lessons.

Farnaz Lavianlivi

Professor Garelick



Aristotle was a scientist. He explained that knowledge is gained by sensation. He mentioned that when people experience something they are able think about it, remember it and how it alters their life. He states that we abstract things and we take it within ourselves. In addition, Aristotle believed that people should think for themselves and develop ideas on their own. The importance of education in the philosophy of Aristotle was great and believed that we could learn to use our reason to arrive at virtue and happiness, only through the process of education.

Aristotle placed habit high in the learning process. Aristotle thinks that man learns by nature, habit, and reason. In my classroom I as the Pre-k teacher would organize materials according to the laws of reason. I would try to make the classroom as natural as I can. I would incorporate real life situation through play. For example, when teaching math-addition or subtraction, you can bring different things in like candies and actually show the students with the candies how to add and how to subtract. In the drama center, I would make a grocery store and let the children add up different items. For example, A bag of potato chips cost a penny and if they brought two how much money would they need? It will be easier for the child to grasp rather than just giving them a handout. Also, repetitive drill would be used to reinforce what was understood by reason. I would also incorporate in my classroom positive reinforcement. I would encourage my students to challenge themselves on an everyday basis.

Farnaz Lavianlivi

Professor Garelick



Maimonides was born in Spain (1135-1204). He did not want to teach and get paid for it so he chose to become a physician. He respected and treated everyone equally as a physician. As for education he said that we should aim high on our goals. He also states that a lazy teacher is a dishonest teacher. He believed that motivation also plays a big role in getting students to learn.

Maimonides brings a very important matter in a classroom. The classrooms should not be overcrowded. He was the first philosopher to explain that if there are more than 25 students there should be a teacher assistant in the classroom. Students need individualized attention in a classroom. This to Maimonides was vital because students need to have the teacher's attention in order to succeed the classroom. This way a student will feel important and will be able to learn and gain more out of the lesson if the teacher is paying attention to each individual. If the classroom is overcrowded not every single student will get the attention they deserve. Maimonides thought that children will learn when teachers use positive reinforcement. In addition, in the classroom you may want to have stickers or lollipops for kids who participate in class as a good motivator to get students to participate.

Maimonides thought that the education of the body and the soul is very important. He also thought that the educator needs to be knowledgeable and moral. I believe that a teacher does need the knowledge and morals to teach. She/ he needs to be ready and know the answer to their student's questions. Maimonides thought that children need to socialize and learn. Incorporating Maimonides ideas on education, I would create more group work so my students will be able to learn and grow from each other.