Institutions are a defining factor in the description or the research of human social experiences and behavior. Social sciences study the initiation of institutes and the effects they have on human social behavior (Schofield 1999, pp 109). Most institutes dealing with or specializing in inequalities programme aim to; identify the development of the societies socio-economic and cultural institutions, scrutinize and clarify causes and the consequences brought about by inequalities within and across countries and look into the effect that current developments have on the society (Gordon 1998, pp 25).
Human beings are able to do extraordinary things an example is the accumulation of experience through culture. Culture itself is a unique entity that consists of consistent and shared artifacts that their children can access and include. Institutions are encouraged to use methodology that supports relationships between diverse cultures, differently well thought-out ways of education of children and equally differentiated courses and products of character development.
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In growth human minds need to be developed by being socialized or end cultured, it is a key factor in the development history of most species. This informs us that tendency and habits around a young mind may lead to inhibitors that may stunt growth of human development due to some inherent tendencies.
The most suitable and widely applied place of learning is school. Curriculums are designed, in theory, to satisfy the need to inculcate certain elements of desired culture or social status in the human mind. While the curriculum is one of the most factors in human learning, other aspects such as gender inequality have a negative halo effect on the learning of students.
It is empirical that effective socialization elements be introduced to the young mind so as to enhance a childâ€™s susceptibility and tendency to comply with these agents who include parents, siblings, peers and teachers (Schofield 1999, pp 196). In fact, children try to obtain information from a close figure through social referencing when they encounter difficulty in a situation which is urgent.
Education as a social element helps in the ascertaining of basic literacy skills which is basic reading and writing which plays an important role in the growth of an individual and the acquisition of knowledge and higher understanding level. An interesting fact about literacy skills is how different writing systems are educated differently, and how each society supports such education. Sociology of education is the study of how public institutions and character experience affects education and its outcomes (Gordon 1998, pp 69) it is apprehensive with public schooling systems of industrial societies. Education has always been viewed as a positive human venture characterized with aspects of progress and enablement. Education is perceived as a place where individuals advance according to their unique needs and potential. Also perceived as one of the best means of achieving greater social equality. Not most institutions accomplish the goal perfectly since educations sole purpose is to identify or create social inequality.
Structural functionalists believe that society is being that functions on its organs without them, organs which refer to the elements of a society there is no balance in social order (Besant and
Watts 2002, pp 53). Education, as mentioned earlier, is factor affected by other things. For it to be the effective for boys and girls, the attitude and from of teaching must be in tandem with the curriculum. Where in some countries some tutors have confessed to proffering to teach boys as opposed to girls (Oxfam pp 2). This attitude has been blamed for the low rate of success among females because they do not get the necessary attention, and they have few female tutors in â€˜jig-statusâ€™ subjects such as the sciences to look up to.
Most countries do not have the luxury of all elements of socialization in third world countries most children are introduced to the culture of child labor while also venturing in education (Sera-Blatchford and Meaghan 1997 pp 67). The demands of this domestic labor often make it difficult for them to find time to do all their homework and thus affects their academic performance hence denied the chance to develop or evolve in the required conditions. Maturity is hastened and cases presented such as underage prostitution is evidence of that. Hence these institutions absence create a gap in society which would have led to the avoidance of many bad outcomes
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An infants mind is susceptible to many things in our society. In the Middle East children are led to believe they are warriors fighting in a holly war hence they become socially and culturally enslaved due to lack of diversity in culture and socialization leading to children posing as suicide bombers (Harper 1997, pp 98). Also knowing of inequality and unfairness among the weak in the society such as females, children and others leads to them having different voices from the socially dominant.
The mentality that children bring with them to school and society affects their learning (Oxfam, pp3). It has adverse effects on their attitudes about femininity and masculinity. They normally act out prejudices to other kids during school hours and such mentalities can even affect their learning where it involves the teacher. The only way to revolutionize the education system to accommodate everyone and do away with perceptions is to tailor curriculum content to the marginalized gender. It is also important to study the learning material handed to kids and check for underlying tones of gender inequity, and to ensure that the language of teaching and literacy is tailored for the learner.
Socialization and education are ever-present to the extent that people convey skills, knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes towards others in our society. These aspects of growth of the human being should be taken seriously in the nurturing of the human child and development should be taken seriously in all things (Foster 1997, pp 66).
Tutors and teachers must be trained into discarding pre-existing prejudices and considering the student as the most important person in the learning relationship. Institutions cannot bear to ignore the local communities in forming curriculums that are inclusive. The teachersâ€™ private lives must exemplify this fact; they must have a social understanding of the effects of gender inequality. Parents and members of the community should be involve in the learning process of the child to ensure that he or she is getting the relevant and right content. They can do this adequately by playing an active role in the running of educational resources and making certain that they are being utilized for the benefit of everyone. (Oxfam, pp 8)
Globalization is encouraged socially and culturally to. We have encountered many worldly milestones which should encourage us to make the next step forward as a people we should diversify all interactions for the better, for ourselves and for the future of our generation (Jacob 2001, pp 165). Great differences led to great misunderstanding only because we chose not to be diverse.
If we choose to be open in our social cultural and education in life we will see an end to all things that curb growth in our societies such racism, hate crimes among others. We should not let another great disaster like September eleventh unfold for us to open our eyes (Sargent, 1994, pp 320). Let us take the leap for the better and avoid putting a blind eye to factors that may hinder growth and evolution of our young ones. We must edge out gender inequality and other inhibitors of mental growth from our institutions by making sure that the content and environment are ideal.