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Every year NAEYC publishes at least five journal regarding their appropriate practices and latest research to illustrate to the public about their standards so that they will be well aware of their quality, current standards and strategies for future improvement. Their magazine is designed for readers who prefer practical information offered in a brief, direct, and friendly writing style, with colourful photographs and illustrations demonstrating teaching ideas and strategies. These articles are also translated and sold in Spanish. One of the purpose why early childhood teachers research have been published is to provide a vehicle for them, since they are often underrepresented as authors in the educational research arena. Another important way NAEYC full fills its mission as the nations largest and most influential early childhood education organization is to publish high-quality cost-effective books, brochures and booklets for our members and others dedicated to improving the quality of programs for children ages birth to eight years old. In their facility the ratio of child to staff is 10 is to 1 for three and four year olds. While for five year olds its 15 to 1. The maximum group size allowed in child care centers is 18 for three year olds, 20 for four and five year olds. They also touch screen to enhance feelings of success, computers to explore their doubts in the websites, digital media to display children accomplishment and digital story telling books with audio and video.
Australian Children Education and Care Quality Authority (ACECQA)
Research publications are shown to the public to keep in track regarding their current strategy plans and for the future. The National Quality standard has introduced significant changes by improving the ratio of educator to child as to ensure each child receives more care and attention. New qualification requirements introduced to ensure that educators are well skill to help children learn and develop, a new quality rating system ensures Australian families have access to information relating to the children's education and care services. A set of principles and practices to guide those working with young children ensures that the quality experiences are met for preschoolers across Australia. The Early Years Learning Framework and Framework for School Age Care are essential resources for services implementing the National Quality Standard. Their ratio of staff to child is 1 is to 5 for 25-35months old and 1 is to 11 for 36 months old. Technological gadgets also introduced their learning to help them excel in learning.
Similarities between NAEYC and ACECQA
Both early childhood education centres has a framework learning programs or accredition programs which is well recognised and well-designed preschool education programs produce long-term improvements in school success, including higher achievement test scores, lower rates of grade repetition, special education, and higher educational attainment. Some preschool programs are associated with reduced delinquency and crime in childhood and adulthood (W Steven Barnett, 2008). Both uses technological items to guide the children with their development as the current generation is surround by technologies, it is a good idea to expose to them at a young age these learning process which would be helpful in the future. Both publishes research articles to keep public (parents) informed of their standards and future plans. A reasonable amount of child to teacher ratio is implemented in both which is very necessary for the growth of a child. Overall both are dedicated in helping child adventure through his preschool learning, which very important as the first eight years of life cover an important period of change and development in children's thinking and in their abilities to make sense of the world therefore, this gives the children a very best start. High quality preschool education has an important impact on children's development (Abbott, 1994; David, 1999; Podmore, 2004; Sylva et al., 2003).
Important guidelines to parents
As a parent the most important guidelines in a preschool is the amount of staff is in charge per child. Since every child needs necessary amount of attention and care, so a small group of children should be assigned to one teacher/staff. This ensures that the teacher is able to manage and organise themselves in constantly attending to every child. If too many children then will require more teachers, as certain child needs more attention and guidance compared to the rest. By this procedure the child attains habituation to its surrounding and more self concept to its world. However the most relevant factor a parent should look when choosing a preschool is that how effective are their programs for the children is another important factor since parents who are engaged/committed to don't have time to spent with their children to teach them and also due to a long day at work they won't be patient to guide/assist their child in learning, therefore a childcare centre with high reputation will be a good choice for parents since the reputation is gained mainly by their standards of teaching and care services to a child. Another important factor is that a preschool should be near their homes or workplace, so that in a case of emergency the parents are easily reachable and should be a multiracial school. As this grants them a opportunity to mingle with other races, peers and family who lives nearby to reducing inequalities to a child. (Josephine Louise Armistead, 2008). Personal high gene is very important as children don't know the consequences of not washing their hands or themselves when they are dirty and whatever they have touched. So teachers should be well aware of where and what the child is doing in a classroom.
By viewing the two early childcare centers in my opinion, a quality childhood center should be a place where a child is given opportunity for his/her self development concept, cognitive development, grants them a great sense of imagination, correct attitude and success in their work. By using digital/electronic technology in preschool gives them a chance to understand that the world largely depends on technology and machines in our daily lives. This will create a well settled impression in them to create new innovative ideas for the future and preparing them mentally for good education, good job with high salary and knowledge in adolescent and adulthood future life. As we are living in a generation where most answers can be found in website than books. Since we are grown up immersed in technology, this made us think differently from past generations (Prensky, 2005). our homes have computer, remote control for the television, programmable television, microwave, mobile hand phone digital games (such as Xbox, as well as those on the computer). Bills can be paid through operated machines and telephones, Communication is a much more connected and global experience for this generation than has been possible in the past. This generation has been exposed to an economy in ways markedly different from their generation. Using of reinforcement and punishment will also help the child to approach a better attitude. The quality of a teacher of skill and education and patience is necessary for the above factors to be accomplished. There is strong evidence that the quality of the experience is the determining factor in the long term effectiveness of early years provision (Armistead, 2008) Discussion
To a large extent I would not place my child in a childcare center that has only met the minimum standard, as 60 percent of children spend some time in non-parental child care (Neal Halfon, Shirley Russ, Frank Oberklaid, Jane Bertrand, and Naomi Eisenstadt, 2009). Which means that if my child was to be placed in such childcare center, that will make him/her lose great opportunities to learn and experience quality things which would be essential for his/her future and brain development. Schools with minimum standards usually would have teachers who's pay would be low and low benefits. Preschool teacher pay is low compared to salaries in other occupations and compare even more poorly to the salaries of workers with similar qualifications. The pay and fringe benefits gap widens as teacher education levels increase compared to workers with similar levels of education. Studies repeatedly find preschool teacher compensation directly associated with educational quality. Teacher qualifications, behaviours, morale and turnover are often consequences of poor compensation. These attributes, in turn lower educational quality (Barnett, 2003). Overall effective preschool education programs lay a foundation for children's subsequent school success, by building knowledge and abilities with an emphasis on language and emergent literacy, but not neglecting other aspects of cognitive development, and attending equally to the development of dispositions, habits, and attitudes, as well as social and emotional development including self-regulation (Frede, 1998 cited in Barnett et al 2006). Rigorous studies in the United States and abroad have shown the value of high-quality preschool education programs for improving children's short- and long-term success in school and in life (Barnett, 2002; Currie, 2001; Engle et al., 2007).