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In the modern world, peoples opinions are eventually changed. They consider education as an important business in the knowledge-aged. Although this trend has existed soon and clearly in English countries, it has appeared in Asia and other parts of the world for several years. As a result, the role of private area gradually becomes more expanded and essential. The profit gained from education not only bringing benefits for investors but also contributing for nation's economy. The process of privatization in education happens strongly all over the world that helps citizens have more chances to study. On the other hand, privatization makes students find hard to approach school because of high fees. However, I strongly believe that despite having both good and bad side, privatization is necessary for the development of education as well as society. Hence, Vietnam should promote the privatization to solve some negative problems in education.
Generally, privatization is "the transfer of ownership ofÂ property or businessesÂ from a governmentÂ to a privately owned entity."(Investopedia) We can understand privatization in education is the investors (individuals or groups) establish schools/universities by their selves and have legal to own them or the citizens buy market shares of schools/ universities as a private property from the public sector. So, there are two kinds of private education: private and semi-public institutions.
Privatization in education which likes any issues of the society has both good and bad sides. Therefore, we should analyze the features of this trend to find the solutions for improving the quality of education. There are many people support the opinion about promoting the privatization in education because it has numerous advantages in the education as well as economy.
Initially, the privatization in education helps boosting the economy of this country. We cannot deny that the owners establish the school due to their profits, however, it more or less contribute to the development of economy when increasing the nation's GDP. For example, United States is a country considers education as an important business. The government allows expanding education by privatization and treats public and private schools equally. These actions make a fairly competitive environment between two kinds of institutions that is the good thing for the progress of education. As a result, the foundation of US's education becomes one of the best educations in the world. This point attracts many students on earth to choose US as their destination to study abroad, so US can gain amount of money from foreign students.
The table above illustrates the growth in revenues private institutions while the public ones witness the continuous decrease in US education.
Another example from developing countries, Malaysia supports investors (individuals or groups) participate in this sector while the government focuses on improving the quality of some public universities and help them be well- matched with the top ones in advance nation Consequently, Malaysia became an educated center in SEA countries.
Secondly, privatization helps the education's quality be better. A country which has privatization in its education has a highly competitive market. To survive in a harsh- competitive environment is very difficult, so private institutions make efforts to invest as much as possible in educated facilities, increase school services which is necessary for students to enjoy studying. The school services such as extra classes, outdoor activities, oversea camp-fire help learners be easier to take in the lesson, gain more knowledge from real life or simply to entertain after hard schedule of study. Mostly these services above need much money to carry out that a lot of public schools cannot afford. Additionally, private schools treat their teachers and staffs very well that make them try their best to devote for work. The owners of these schools are active in inviting the best teachers to teach for their schools and pay them high salaries. That thing inspires teacher's spirit a lot and makes them become more dedicated to teach children. Virtually, the investors establish schools to gain the profits. Therefore, to compete with other private schools or maybe public ones, they do not stop raising the quality of their own schools. The competition with public schools is the hardest because the public entities have many advantages such as fame, lower study fee, responsibility and guarantee. So, it can be said that the quality is most important factor to the survival of private schools.
Thirdly, privatization makes citizen have more opportunities to study. As we know, in some developing countries, the population increases dramatically especially young age generation while the education expenditure from government can afford to expand or set up more schools. It combines with parent's old fashioned thoughts that they want their children to study in public schools. These things cause the over- loaded situation for education. The classes are and always have too much student. Teachers have to manage and monitor a lot of students. As a result, teachers are able to get attention on each student. This worried situation makes education in developing countries be worse. Therefore, privatization is a good method to solve this problem. Even in developed country like Canada, they also get lots of difficulties if not privatization. Canada demands more teachers, but the provincial governments do not have abilities to raise teachers' salaries to attract more people to take the vacancies or hire foreign teachers. Furthermore combining with population growth, immigration and baby boomers retiring Canada is suffering from an extreme shortage of teachers and also university professors. The costs of operating schools in Canada is also going up, higher electricity costs and unbalanced budgets means that schools are having to make tough choices.
Fourthly, some private institutes recommend their students for the jobs in companies. A lot of private universities were established by an economic group or large business. It is no doubt that they set up universities with the purpose is to get high quality employers and have the knowledge about profession which they need. So, students who study in these universities can have better chances for job than other ones. Moreover, numerous universities have partner-ship with companies so that in the last year of university, they will recommend these companies some good students or give advices for their student about oriental careers. Actually, this thing is one of the advantages of private university to compare with the public one. In Vietnam, there are a lot of private universities which students want to choose to study because of their job opportunities like FPT University which belongs to FPT group or RMIT (an international University which have relationships with numerous large companies).
Although beside these benefits above, privatization has also numerous bad things. One disadvantage of privatization in school that we must mention is the high study fees. In general, the parents who have high or middle income are able to afford the fees for their children in private schools. It means that the poor find hard to study in these schools. In some areas where there are not any public schools, the parent who have low income still have to pay much money for their children go to private ones. In this view point, privatization in education makes citizen cannot approach academic knowledge easily.
Secondly, some private schools are not following the pedagogy curriculum. They put too much attention in specific main subjects such as match, literature, language, chemistryâ€¦.and neglect other ones. They even reject some subjects or just teach in half way like physical education, civil educationâ€¦Although the purpose of private schools when they ask their students focus on main subjects is to have good study results, it makes students not have enough social knowledge or health.
Thirdly, many private schools universities just care about the profits so they are willing to receive the learners who do not have enough qualification, dignity, ability to study. In some professions need high qualification and have large range of knowledge like doctor, engineerâ€¦, it is extremely dangerous when a lot of inefficient students work as these jobs.
Finally, a few investors only concern about how to make quick profits. That is why they ask the parents to pay a lot of extra fees beside study fees. In spite of being acknowledge of unnecessary fees, many parents still pay for it in order to maintain study's progress.
Should Vietnam privatize the education?
In the situation of Vietnam nowadays, I think Vietnam should privatization in education but not the whole education because each form of ownership is suitable for certain group. For example, privatization is good for the profession which likes advanced training. But with other courses relating to basic subjects, state ownership is more appropriate.
In higher education, the university which trains highly applied profession namely, scientific research or advance technology should be shift to private area because these universities have motivation to transfer from public sector to private one. They also cost a huge budge to develop that need the support of investors. Moreover, privatization in training these professions will "untie" for the development of science and education of the nation. On the other hand, academic education which provides for learners basic knowledge should be subsidized by government. However, if the government does not have condition to spend for education expenditure, at least they ought to support the primary- education. In big cities, hundreds of parents stand in rows up all night to apply their children in public primary schools or in the countryside, many primary pupils do not have standard to go. Thus, government should spend a part of education expenditure for building more primary schools to meet the study demand of Vietnamese children. Privatizing the high schools should be carried out in the big cities initially, because majority of residents in rural areas have low income.
Formerly, people used to think that the education is the responsibility of government, but now citizens ought to contribute to this duty. Privatization is excessively essential but how to privatize education efficiently in Vietnam? It needs the responsibility from both government and the owners. The most important act of authorities is managing and controlling strictly study fees of private schools/ universities in the countries. Government monitors the private entities and does not permit them raise the fees that is much more than the standard. Government should buy market shares of private schools/ universities or transfer a part of publicly owned schools for privately owned one. Therefore, it is easily for government can subsidized the course fees and poor students are able to approach to study. The owners have obligation to keep the reasonable tuitions and concern about the quality of their institutions.
To conclude, although having many advantage and also disadvantage, I think Vietnam should promote the privatization in education. The private education is always considered as schools for the rich and ignorant, however, it is not like that. There are a lot of private schools/universities with good quality that attract many students. We should change our prejudices to have better educated choices. The roles of government are supporting the individuals or group who want to invest in education and supervising the study fees and training quality in private entities. The investors should regard the quality of education as the priority. The process of privatizing education in Vietnam is hard and requires a long time but it is a necessary action to solve many bad issues in our education.