Public library

Published:

A Public Library Project

The public library is a type of libraries which is available by the public and is usually funded from community sources and may be managed by small social groups. Funding entities for public libraries may be at any rank from local to nationwide government controlled bodies. Public libraries be present in nearly every part of the world and are frequently considered a vital element of having a knowledgeable and learned people. Public libraries are different from school libraries, research libraries, or other types of libraries in that their mission is to provide the public information requests generally, as well as providing resources for general entertainment and relaxation motives. Public libraries typically are lending libraries, permitting users to take books and other resources off the site for the time being; they also have different types of reference collections. Public libraries normally spotlight on admired resources such as popular literature and materials, as well as education related and nonfiction material of attention to the common public; computer and online access to general public are also sometime accessible.

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Public library serves as a tool to enhance social awareness, and community-based learning, and a stable information entity for every one. Public library is an intellectual body of highest social equality. Everybody, apart from race, age, sex, ethnic, and religion, has the access to public library; public library should offer more free services to readers.

A plan of public library which is outreaching, accessible and well managed will be established nationally; public libraries are durable at all levels. A progress of source utilization will be broad spread in the public, particularly in forming a potential age group of readers. The aim to build a public library to make sure greatest access to reading resources, primarily resources accessible at public library as well as managing of data and information useful to readers. It will be updated and computerized public library, particularly at the national and provincial level; it will help people from different culture. It is planned to connect this public library with provincially, city-administered libraries; maximum percent of important resources will be digital and internet-based; it is also plan to extensively use information technologies.

Main Objectives

This Public Library will provide most of the services free to all persons in the society. Its objectives consist of:

  • The availability of chosen books and other resources, both print and electronically, to assist the individual in the search of knowledge, information, enjoyment or explore, and in the innovative use of spare time.
  • The guidelines will be developed on the Library Bill of Rights and the Freedom to Read statement applied by the Public Library attempts within its restrictions of boundaries and budget to offer resources representing all techniques to community issues of a contentious nature.
  • The Library will not publicize special values or views nor is the collection of any given material an approval of the opinion spread there.
  • The book variety policy play double role in the selection practice: the selection of titles of unending value and the selection of titles those are more temporary. It describes that the collected works must be develop for the future and, at the same time, answer all the time to the present requirements and happiness of the society.
  • The Library will provide service to everyone within the framework of library objectives, regardless of race, belief, profession, sexual orientation, or economic position.

Library Facilities

Along with print books and other similar materials, this public library will offer to general public a broad collection of other resources that are

  • Auditory tape
  • DVDs
  • Audio Cassettes
  • Video Cassettes
  • CDs
  • Learning Games

Public library will also offer facilities like right of use to the online resources and inter-library loans programs (lending required material from other libraries). Readers' suggestion is an essential public library service that involves recommendation from common public. Public library will also offer other services, like

  • Community conference rooms
  • Storytelling for infants, and children
  • After-school programs
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In personality and on-line programs for character development, verbal communication learning, research help, free lectures and educational performances, and other public service programs are general offerings. One of the most popular programs that will be offer in public library is summer learning programs for children, families, and adults.

Diversified needs of the community

International cooperation in public libraries should be based on commonality and shared respect and the encouragement of humanistic values and intercultural discussion. According to this view, it should be promoted regardless of the diversified needs of the community. Institutions of learning internationally have a social responsibility to facilitate link the development gap by encourage the shift of information across boundaries, particularly towards developing countries, and functioning to find universal solutions to handle the diversified demands of people form different culture.

Linkage of public library with International university networks is a part of this solution and aid to improve shared accepting and a civilization of peace. Partnerships with different nature of libraries, staff and student exchanges promote common culture among different nations. The support of more generally based and balanced values should be incorporated into procedures that promise real joint and multicultural alliance. Partnerships with different culture libraries will cultivate the creation of national knowledge skills in all concerned nations, therefore attachment with more diversified sources of high quality material and knowledge construction, on nation and global basis. For effectiveness of public library to benefit every one, it is important to make sure fairness in access and accomplishment, to promote shared values and to take care of cultural diversity as well as group's independence.

Diversified needs among people have highlighted the need for the organization of management information systems and excellence assurance systems along with encouragement of networking between them. Highly organized knowledge and information about different cultures and sectors can make a considerable contribution to manage diversified needs of community. It provides quality education, encourages academic values, sustains significance and compliments the basic philosophy of conversation and collaboration, mutual acknowledgment and admiration for human rights, diversity and Individual identity. Greater society's cooperation is attractive in areas such as the appreciation of education and experiences, value assurance, control, and research and modernism. Management Polices should reflect the equity, regional and national dimensions in both development and implementation.

Proposed cost

The financial portion of the project describes the proposed cost to make the project plan functional. The amount figures in each head is estimated figure, it can vary from projected value. The following table describes the details of the total budget to develop public library project.

  • Human Resources: To perform the functions of public library management information systems. The have to be hired form the start of the project.
  • Benefits: These are provided to workforce to motivate them. These are decided after their performance evaluation over a specific period of time. Initially it will be $0.
  • Travel: This cost is associated with the travelling expenses of the personnel. They will have to attend meetings with different groups. In the beginning, it is estimated $7,500.
  • Equipment: It is required to make system functional. All the operations are managed with the help of available equipments.
  • Supplies: To update database supplies are required on continuous basis. Initially the management team has to spend approximately $15,700.
  • Contractual: There is a plan to associate with many international universities to get access to maximum cultural resources. These contractual agreements have to bear $66,120 cost.
  • Library Materials: Sources in the form of print books and on-line sources are required to provide desired materials.
  • Total Direct Charges: The sum of all above mention expenses is $126,280.
  • Indirect Charges: Those charges which are not included in the above mention expenses are considered as indirect expenses.
  • Total Budget: It is a rough estimation which is approximately $126,280.

Expected duration to make the library fully functional

Unique Features and Benefits

Improved Management

  • Set up inter-library teamwork to split and share information, resources, experiences, publications, and specialized personnel.
  • Formulate polices and procedures on Library; and regulate, modify and issue authorized documents, management practices, and systems related to the library
  • Set up financial policies for the library, land use rules for library planning. Preferences and benefits towards staff and readers.
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Resource Mobilization

  • To attain the above mentioned objectives, resources from different libraries, communities and worldwide sources will be mobilized.
  • Partnership library source is the first choice, and then community's International assistance is collaborative in that it promotes the communities' in socializing library linked activities and controlling the economic sector contribution.

c- Training and improving human resource quality.

  • A training plan will be developed for specific types of workforce: administration, experts, lecturers, researchers and expert personnel.
  • Advance infrastructure for learning and research; unlock access to information technologies; quality of libraries books, references, curriculum, and learning-supported technologies; enhance budget for book collection, and systematic research.
  • Increase international collaboration in logical research and retraining of library; organize exchange/learn tours and take part in worldwide, local workshops; systematize training courses with contribution of international experts.

Inter-linked Collaboration

  • Encouraged cooperation among libraries, information centers countrywide, particularly association with regional and university library associations.

Application of Information Technology

  • Computerized data systems based on digitalization and inter-linked association.
  • Popularized association points and developed information right to use.
  • Developed e-libraries; provide conveniences, tools; homogenize and applied general and international criteria in civilizing technologies and value.

Socialization of the Library

  • Developed awareness and understanding of the function of library in the new framework; mobilized people come to and active contribution in the development of the library.
  • Socialized the education of information library human resource.
  • Mobilized contribution of people organization in delivering understanding materials to isolated regions and improving general knowledge.

Expand Cooperation

Support will be enabled in the following areas:

  • Guidance for library staff members and teachers of library.
  • Offer facilities and finance research projects, and maintenance programs.
  • Shift of technologies and professional knowledge.

Charges Proposed For the Services

To avail public library services, membership will be offer on yearly basis. Different fee packages will be offered to students, teachers, professionals, and general people. General public can use library print book resources free of cost within the library premises. For the issuance of library material membership will be required. There are some guidelines for determining a fee to purchase the library card by an individual.

Determining a fee to purchase a library card by an individual

Because of several reasons, individuals frequently desire to acquire a public library card to avail full line of services. The Library management recognizes the right of library Board to develop policies for the purchase of library services from its partner libraries as well. There is no obligation in state law, still, that would require that a community sell its library services to individuals. This choice rests with the library officials' panel. Library officials are reminded that local tax support is the base for library services in public library. Decisions about fees for service to individual will be set so as not to demoralize local tax support.

Library officials will decide to offer library services to individuals, and suitable fee will be recognized. Library officials also have the power to set up different fees for different services. For example, they may establish a full service library fee which would include access to all services accessible by the readers or it could decide an individual fee for specific services such as children's services. This is a totally management decision.

This public library will take part in networks, consortia or shared borrowing programs. Library officials will remember that any use of those services by individual is governed by the rules of that society and may not permit access to its services by individual. Membership in such organizations is dependent on joint and reasonable local tax support between participating libraries.

This public library association develops the following guidelines when considering offering membership cards:

  • The fee for using full library services must be set as an amount equal to the present per capita cost to support the library.
  • Separate fees must be established for individual versus family access right, provided that a local panel chooses to present both those options.
  • The purchase of an individual library card offers that individual with access only to the services of this particular public library. Purchase of an individual library card from one library does not provide access to any networks, consortia or shared borrowing agreements in which the library is a member.

Benefit the Community

Public libraries are viewed as offering an affectionate and welcoming environment for people from all areas of life. Both users and non-users admit libraries as a secure, relaxed, lenient environment.

  • Social interaction
  • Society influential noted that while clear appreciation of public libraries as the hub of neighborhood and group of people is still in its early years, the truth is that they are fast becoming the village greens, locality or 'community hubs' in many parts of the world where people can get together, exchange thoughts and knowledge. Most of the libraries nowadays have coffee facilities to make stronger this role. People arrive, use time, interact and very regularly tap into the online atmosphere for the first time. There is abundance of scope to increase this role within the center of communities, whether it is a country city or a metropolitan town.

  • Promoting social addition
  • There is a common belief that the library serves a wide range of the community. Many libraries were believed to attempt completeness by providing exhibitions of home groups' products. Some exacting libraries are reported as being booming in establishing book collections that represents big ethnic communities in their region.

    Society Leaders experienced that people in the society usually hold the view that public libraries are there for all, they don't require to be rich or influential to use libraries, so the large cross segment of the society are likely readers. Libraries contain a lengthy track evidence of appealing to the communities and offering access to knowledgeable sources for all general public.

  • Bridging the generation gap
  • Society leaders commented that public libraries are viewed as very much a family service, where people from different areas or working people can get their kids for a useful and sociable knowledge.

  • Providing a central point for the community
  • People living in different societies noted that in many local areas the library serve the function of a public centre, as well as offer a resource of information, whether through the online resources or books. They have a good objective location close to their offices and shopping centers libraries are capable to service their communities' fine. Accessibility of public libraries is seen very important. If libraries are located in remote areas, transfer to a place with suitable parking and available community transport, as a significant option to be considered.

  • Differences between libraries
  • Participation of libraries in different group societies is considered as changeable considerably from library to library. Some libraries have limited contribution in their local community external providing mothers and young children tricks or networks, whereas others had more important and wider association.

References

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_library
  • http://www.publiclibraries.com/
  • http://www.splq.info/
  • http://www.geolib.org/PLGDB.cfm
  • www.lrc-tnu.edu.vn
  • http://www.oup.com/oxforddnb/info/freeodnb/libraries/
  • http://worldpubliclibrary.org/
  • http://www.montclairlibrary.org/