Primary Education Adequate For The Population Education Essay

Published: Last Edited:

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

The act or process of imparting or gaining general knowledge, developing our mind as we move on in life, learning skills to improve our judgement and reasoning is called EDUCATION. It helps to develop the skills that we require in our everyday life. "Education is not only about learning from books it is also what we learn from life". (Oak)

Why is it important?

Today Education has changed the whole world, without being educated you are nothing; you have to be educated to do something. Education it gives us a whole new perspective to look at things in a whole new way, it makes us capable of interpreting things in a way that we would have never imagined. It teaches us manners and appropriate behaviour thus making us civilized and independent. Education is also important because it helps in the growth of the economic system of a country. It also gives us opportunities to live a nice and luxurious life, (Oak) "There is no development without education," said Elleni Muluneh. (heavens)


Primary education is mandatory in Ethiopia. In every rural part of Ethiopia primary schools have been built up so that the children there do not have come to Addis Ababa. The government of Ethiopia is doing this helpful step to increase the literacy rate also to meet the millennium goals. But the problem is that they are not setting up proper buildings for the children to study, they are not setting proper equipment, proper facilities and proper grade. Before improving the educational system in Ethiopia, there are many factors that need to be addressed and improved. Ethiopia must change the importance of education in their social structure, and children should be encouraged and required to attend school and become educated. This would not only improve the level of awareness in the country and the opportunity for advancement but also it would improve many other aspects of Ethiopian society. (Cecile Nguyen). Education started in Ethiopia during the fourth century, Christianity was the recognized religion. For about 1,500 years the church controlled all education. Educational opportunities were seen as the preserve of Ethiopia's ruling urban Amharic minority. After the end of the rule of the churches only a few could make it. (Cecile Nguyen) Education Ministry Spokesman Petros Woldegiorgis says being poor should not be a nation's excuse for failing to make education accessible to all of its citizens.  (africa)

Who others are involved in Ethiopian education?

In today's date many other organisations are supporting Ethiopia in education e.g. UN, it gave 1.5 BILLION dollars for education in Ethiopia (ethiopia). Before it was 20.9% but now it is 58.2% in afar and from 23.3% to 70% in oromia. Finland embassy has supported the education sector in Ethiopia since the 1980s. In the last 10 years secondary education has increased from .7 million to 1.7 million. ( one of the other groups that i would mention is EEF Ethiopian education foundation. In 2010 one student called Musbah Dilsebo. He was a poor person who lived in rural Ethiopia but now is studying at NYU because of the chance he got from EEF. (ethiopian education foundation)

Access of Education in Ethiopia

Education in Ethiopia has been dominated by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church for many centuries until secular education was adapted in the early 1900s, past to 1974, Ethiopia had an estimated illiteracy rate well above 90% and compared poorly with the rest of Africa in the provision of schools and universities. After the war in 1974 there had been pressure on increasing the literacy rate of rural part of Ethiopia. Practical subjects were stressed, as was the teaching of socialism. Education received roughly 13% of the national budget in 1992. By 1995 the rate of illiteracy had dropped largely to 64.5%. Projected adult illiteracy rates for the year 2003 even lower at 61.3% (males, 56.1%; females, 66.6%). As of 1999, public expenditure on education was estimated at 4.3% of GDP. Ethiopia Education Endowment Fund's Development Committee has raised nearly $500,000 which is almost central to realizing the goal that Ethiopia has set up for the education, while so far distributing over $115,000 to the schools since April 2005 (ethiopia education endownment fund). One of the plans of Ethiopia is to give an educated life to 15 million students said Allyson Wainer (africa)

What has project Ethiopia done till now?

The villagers are providing the labour and material with project Ethiopia providing the equipment in addition to help the countries literacy rate grows the government of Addis is providing certified teachers to help to educate the children. This is a nice sign because while comparing globally there are many of these project based groups in other countries so due to the increase in poverty project Ethiopia has started helping Ethiopians besides the government is supporting Project Ethiopia by providing them with sufficient funds to help improve the current status of the buildings in rural Ethiopia. Project Ethiopia has built new classrooms with that money. E.g.

(project ethiopia)

Classroom after Classroom before

Before students sat on dirty and cracked floors but now they sit on benches and have clean uniforms adequate equipment and hygienic environment. Illness and lack of bathroom facilities affected school attendance which then led into a drop the literacy rate. Also when girls have periods they are not able to attend school because of the unhygienic atmosphere but due to the icreasing facilities they are now able to go to school. (project ethiopia)Successes include building 3 rural schools, libraries, access to clean water, school and family latrines and hygiene education, as well as uniforms, blackboards, desks, books, supplies, teacher materials, etc. (project ethiopia)

What did Project Ethiopia start with and what are their accomplishments

The question is what did project Ethiopia start with. They started with only $300; in this amount they bought 25 uniforms, 86 books and teacher supplies.

Accomplishments so far in Education:

11/11/11 (Quantities since July 2005)


Qty. to Date     Price of Each Item

7           School buildings $6,000

3           Libraries

2,445    Library books - 3 libraries at rural elementary school and 9th - 10th grade school $3

120       Library furniture - 80 chairs, 20 tables $45 each set shelving $120 each stack  

451       Personal reading books $1

1695     School uniform, sewn large enough to last 2 year  (only set of clothing for many) $8

1695     Supplies for a year (5 exercise books, 1 pen, bar of soap) $3

232       Second set of clothes $4

56         School black board materials: wood, framing, nails, paint $21

175       Desks for 3 students - 1050 students have desks (2 shifts) $35

226       Bench for 3 - 4 students - 904 students have benches (2 shifts) $10

19         Girls trained to help girls make washable sanitary pads, all fabric and elastic supplies

30         Solar lanterns for study at home $27

22         High quality soccer balls $15

615       Jump rope $1

25         White canes for blind students $17

2           Reams of heavy Braille paper $4

2           Computers and supplies $1000

             Paint for schools, erasers and chalk

Table of purchases and accomplishment of Project Ethiopia

(project ethiopia)

From this IR I have learnt the different views of a person. I have learnt how happy children get when they get a better future, when they are being able to study with good facilities and good equipment for free, how happy they get when they could dream of becoming something in life due to easy access of education. How happy people get when they are getting safe supply of water, when they are getting to live a hygienic life. I have learned what education actually is because after investigating more about education means a lot to these people. I have learned how lucky I am to have such caring and responsible parents. I thank GOD to give me a family with sufficient funds that could provide a proper living for me and my family. I have learned the true meaning of education and how important it is to our life. According to Ethiopia's literacy rate it is well below the list, its position is 182 out of 184. One of the reasons is because of poverty. Ethiopians have not been able to move ahead is because of poverty, their financial strength is too weak to be able to move ahead. Its problem is it has too many debts. I have also learned a few techniques of researching.(IFAD) Nationally Ethiopia has done so many things with the money they got from many organisations also they are having success towards their aim. Most of the programmes that are helping Ethiopia are not national but are international. Most of the programmes are also set up in other countries helping them.

Official Country Name:







Amharic, Tigrinya, Orominga, Guaraginga, Somali, Arabic, English

Literacy Rate:


Number of Primary Schools:


Compulsory Schooling:

6 years

Public Expenditure on Education:


Educational Enrollment:

Primary: 4,007,694


Secondary: 819,242


Higher: 42,226

Educational Enrollment Rate:

Primary: 43%


Secondary: 12%


Higher: 1%


Primary: 92,775


Secondary: 25,984

Student-Teacher Ratio:

Primary: 43:1


Secondary: 35:1

Female Enrollment Rate:

Primary: 30%


Secondary: 10%


Higher: 0.3%

The table above shows the stats education in Ethiopia.