ORIENTATION TO DEVELOPMENT SOCIETY AND STATE

Published:

Analytical point of departure:

"The evolution of Development Management, as an applied discipline like its parent field, Public Administration, has shifted along with changes in development strategies. The trend has been away from a techno-rational, universalistic, public-sector administrative model towards a context-specific, politically infused, multi-sectoral, multi-organizational model. From its initial focus on institution-building from central-level public bureaucracies and capacity-building for economic and project planning, Development Management has gradually expanded to encompass bureaucratic reorientation and restructuring, the integration of politics and culture into management improvement, participatory and performance-based service delivery and program management, community and NGO capacity-building, and policy reform and implementation". Brinkerhoff, D.W. & Coston, J.M. 1999. International Development Management in a Globalized World. Public Administration Review, July/August, vol. 59, no.4, p.348.

Note: it is illegal to make photo copies from a prescribed book. It is expected that students buy a personal copy. NB: the prescribed book is an updated 2nd edition (2009) of Davids, Theron & Maphunye. The 2005 edition is dated and should not be used.

PROGRAMME CONTENTS

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1. Programme description and objectives

2. Programme evaluation

Part A

Prescribed book, Sections 1 & 2: [lecturer: Deyana Isaacs]

Section 1: Contextualising development (Chapters 1-3)

1: Development theories: past to present

2: Development Management as an interdisciplinary field

3: Poverty in South Africa: a Development Management perspective

Section 2: The institutional role-players in development (chapters 4-8)

4: The public sector: promoting development and good governance

5: The strategic role of development NGO's

6: The private sector and development: toward social responsibility [end Part A]

7: Trade unions and social responsibility [beginning Part B]

8: International development agencies: the impact of globalisation on development in South Africa

Part B

Prescribed book, Section 3 & 4, plus Chapters 7 & 8 [lecturer: Junay Lange]

Section 3: Development Management in practice (Chapters 9-11)

9: Trends in micro-level development

10: Public participation as a micro-level development strategy

11: Integrated Development Planning (IDP) as a micro-level development strategy

Section 4: Development Management and action research (Chapters 12-13)

12: Appropriate development research: a new paradigm to explore

13: Guidelines for writing assignments and using basic research methodology

1. PROGRAMME DESCRIPTION AND OBJECTIVES:

Public and Development Management (PDM) focuses on management activities aimed at the implementation of public and development policy. The development challenges addressed by PDM concerns the effective and efficient utilisation of scarce resources, more specifically the knowledge and skills required by individuals and organisations endeavouring to realise this objective. In this regard, the public, through participation strategies, play a central role in grassroots development intervention and State and public partnership approaches like Integrated Development Planning (IDP), Local Economic Development (LED) and Public Private Partnerships (PPP).

The ADM programme and prescribed book, is based on a holistic and inter-disciplinary approach in assessing PDM principles and strategies. The point of departure, linking to a humanist and people-centred approach, is that people (the expected beneficiaries of development in a community) should be the driving force behind their own development. From the philosophical to policy implications addressed in PDM 114, the so-called "building-blocks" of development are used as an analytical point of departure, i.e. arguing that participation in development planning entails a social learning process, followed by capacity building amongst the stakeholders in the development process, leading to their empowerment and eventually sustainable development.

The purpose of PDM 114 is to introduce students to the South African context of PDM. PDM 114 will focus on a Capita Selecta of areas, including theory, strategy, management and policy issues within PDM and related social science disciplines. The programme is based on a prescribed book, Davids, Theron & Maphunye (2009: 2nd edition) Participatory Development in South Africa - a Development Management Perspective, J.L. van Schaik Publishers.

Based on the prescribed book, PDM 114, will be presented in four (4) sections, namely, 1.Contextualising development;

2. The institutional role-players in development;

3. Development Management in practice and

4. Development Management and action research.

2. PROGRAMME EVALUATION, EXPECTATIONS AND OUTCOMES:

Students are required to buy the prescribed book [NB: the 2nd 2009 edition] and to study the prescribed chapters beforehand. Students must be well prepared for class participation. Unannounced class test can be taken. The final PDM 114 programme mark will consist of the following:

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The pass mark is based on the class mark (40%) and the examination mark (60%).

The class mark is based on a combination of an early assessment test [4 March 2011] and an official semester test [6 April 2011], plus shorter Web CT control "quiz"-tests, which counts a quarter of the formal test mark as well as marks earned for shorter type tasks. A student must obtain a class mark of at least 40% to be admitted to the examination. Part B of the programme can also be tested.

The examination mark is the result of a formal open-book; outcomes- based examination [19 May 2011 or 9 June 2011]. Note that the examination will cover lecturer J. Lange's part of the programme (Part B) only. (You will not be able to pass an open-book exam if you have not studied the prescribed book and if you do not have your own copy of it in the examination venue. The examination questions are book/chapter specific and in detail. You will not be allowed by the examination invigilator to share a book).

An outcome-based teaching methodology (an approach which links appropriate theory with the practice through a continuous, interdisciplinary and holistic focus on the context of development challenges) will be used based on the prescribed book. In studying the prescribed book, students should consider the points of departure/aims of each chapter as indicated per chapter. In addition to the prescribed book, students are required to conduct a continual analysis of newspapers, relevant Government Acts/White Papers and the Internet. Take note of the Suggested Further Reading - list and the Chapter Review Questions at the end of each chapter of the prescribed book. At times the traditional lecture will be replaced by other formats, including independent research activities.

PDM 114 has been designed to reach the following learning objectives (see aims of each chapter in DTM 2009, 2nd edition) and outcomes (see chapter review questions in DTM 2009, 2nd edition):

to comprehend the basic theoretical foundations of development and development management, both as a concept and an inter-disciplinary field within the context of development studies, specifically the approach referred to as community development

to comprehend the historical development legacy and how it impacts on current development theory, planning, strategies, management and policy issues

to contextualize poverty; the role played by the public sector in development; NGO's, the private sector and trade unions as agents of development, with direct partnerships with beneficiary communities

to explain the effect of globalisation on development; trends in micro-level development; community development programmes and projects; public participation (and an IDP case study) and conclude with an overview of social development research

Lecturer-student protocol:

Notice:

PDM has an Undergraduate Co-ordinator who students can contact (directly or via your class representative). Contact the PDM secretary for an appointment

Under all circumstances the 1st point of contact for academic enquiries is the relevant course lecturer (1stly before or after a class; then at his/her office and lastly via e:mail or telephonically)

Normally Web CT is not a communication channel with lecturers due to the fact that it is not private

In working with students, PDM conforms to the regulations as stipulated in the General Yearbook and as prescribed by the Faculty - these regulations and stipulations both accommodate the interests of students and lecturers

PDM expects students to follow the regulations and stipulations and conduct themselves professionally towards co- students and lecturers

PDM lecturers will conduct themselves professionally towards students in establishing a mutually stimulating academic learning environment

You are welcome to discuss the work with the lecturers. The best place to meet your lecturer is in the class! You will do well if you study the prescribed book and attend your classes. Good luck for 2011.

Additional literature to consider, besides the Suggested Further Reading in the prescribed book:

Brinkerhoff, D.W. & Coston, J.M. 1999. International Development Management in a Globalized World. Public Administration Review. Vol. 59, no. 4, July/August, pp. 346-361.

Burger, J. & Theron, F. 1997. Development Management: a post-modern perspective. Administratio Publica. Vol. 8, no.1, June, pp.1-23.

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Examples of our work

Coetzee, J.K. et al. 2001. Development, Theory, Policy and Practice. Oxford University Press, Cape Town.

Cooke, B. 2003. From Colonial Administration to Development Management. Institute for Public and Development Management Discussion Paper Series. Working Paper no. 63, University of Manchester, Manchester.

De Beer, F. 2003. Whither the study of development in South Africa? Development Southern Africa. Vol. 20, no.4, October, pp. 477-489.

Desai, V. & Potter, R.B. (eds.) 2002. The Companion to Development Studies. Arnold, London.

Kirkpatrick, C. et al. 2002. Handbook on Development Policy and Management. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.

Mhone, G. & Edigheji, O. (eds.) 2003. Governance in the new South Africa. The challenges of globalisation. UCT Press, Cape Town.

Parnell, S. et al. 2002. Democratising Local Government. The South African Experiment. UCT Press, Cape Town.

Thomas, A. 1996. "What is Development Management?" Journal of International Development. Vol.8, no.1, pp. 95-110.

UNDP 2003. South Africa Human Development Report 2003. The challenge of sustainable development: Unlocking people's creativity. United Nations Development Programme, South Africa. OUP, Cape Town.

Van Donk, M. et al. 2008. Consolidating developmental local government. Lessons from the South African experience. UCT Press, Cape Town.

Theron, F. (ed.) 2008. The development change agent. A micro-level approach to development. JL van Schaik, Pretoria.

South African newspapers; Acts/White Papers; Internet searches based on ADM 114 key concepts as discussed in class and independent participatory observation and interviews.