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Negative change of enrolling students in higher education is one of the main problems for U.K. There could be many reasons for this problem but according to my search the main reason for this problem is primary educational system. Primary educational system of U.K keeps on promoting students in higher standards on the basis of their ages regardless how much they have understood and retained in their minds. As students are deficient in basic education they could not achieve good grades in tertiary level and this is the reason that they are unable to get admission in higher education because they are not meeting the criteria of that education.
The best solution of this problem is 'Primary Educational Revival'. Here is my policy to overcome the main problem that is faced by U.K
2.1) PRIMARY Education Revival
The policy 'Primary Educational Revival' will answer all the basic questions that are purpose, aims, methodology of the policy and how this policy will positively contribute in the educational system of U.K.
2.2) Purpose of the policy
The purpose of this policy is to form a stable base for children's primary education in order to facilitate for them in consuming better result in further education. In other words allowing them to utilize and capitalize their basic education and preparing them firmly in order to tackle and undertake forthcoming higher education. The key aim for this policy is to encourage students to be able to perform in their personal choice of field more effectively and efficiently without being penalized on grades achieved.
3) POLICY Introduction
Primary education revival is the policy that will change the future of children in order to get their dreams and desires in their professional lives in an effective manner. The main focus of this policy is promoting students on the basis of their mental capabilities rather than their age. In current primary education system students get promotion in higher standards regardless how much they are capable of and in the result they are unable to grab the basic academic knowledge. Lack of basic academic knowledge makes the students in-competitive in their higher standards and when the time comes for students to go for the professional education and getting admission in good colleges or universities at that stage many of them fail to get admission cause of having low grades than the required ones. And they are forced to finish their educational journey as they don't fulfil to carry on education cause of uncompetitive result.
Primary level education is the most important part of any student. If this part is sustainable then whole education system can produce plenty of intellectuals, geniuses, scholars, doctors, engineers, architectures, scientists, politicians, entrepreneurs and most of all best human beings.
4) Policy Aims
The objectives of the policy are to:
Increase U.K's graduation rate
Make students more competitive
Give more firm approach to primary education
Enhance students capabilities
Providing extra facilities for under achieving student
4.1) Increasing Graduation Rate
The main aim of the policy is to increase graduation rates of the U.K. The prosperity and progress of any country depends on its intellectuals. Producing more intellect means taking country more towards prosperity. Although U.K is in among top countries that are producing more graduates in the world but many of them graduates are not U.K nationals. Most of them are international students who complete their graduation from U.K and after completion they move back to their countries and become the priceless asset for that specific country. For the progress and prosperity of U.K it is an extreme need to increase graduation rate and to achieve this stage primary education system has to be revised.
4.2) Competitive Students
Another aim of the policy is to make students more competitive, effective and efficient in primary level. The policy has clear vision about how students can be converted into competitive ones. Teaching students is difficult but keep them retain what has been taught is more difficult and my policy makes this more difficult task an easy one. Maximum retention of daily lectures make student more competitive. Regular scheduled class quizzes and weekly surprise quizzes is the main part of the policy and more quizzes will give more chances to students to evaluate themselves. These quizzes will make students more hardworking and competitive.
4.3) Firm Approach to Primary education
One of the aims of the policy is to make firm primary education. Revising more and more makes the students more affirm. When a student has awareness that he can be asked any question regarding lecture then he will listen to the teacher with full attention and once the student starts paying attention in the class work then it is very easy for that student to retain that lecture. More retention makes the education firm. Paying full attention during lectures is the key to success for any student. My policy has the aim to make every student a productive student in its start of their educational journey so that they could get good grades and put their part in the progress of U.K.
4.4) Enhancing Students' Capabilities
The policy's another aim is to enhance students' capabilities in their academics. Capabilities depend on both physical and mental participation activities. Being weak in studies is not as bad as maintaining that weakness throughout. In other words the whole purpose of this policy is to ensure that such circumstances do not occur and we are able to facilitate and enhance those weaknesses within students' capabilities and this can only be achieved via our primary educational revival. The teachers are the main character to make students more capable by involving them more and more in class discussion.
4.5) Underachieving Students
The students who are not showing good results they will be facilitated with extra time. Special classes will be held for such students who are not moving with the pace of class. This is the right for such students to be get special attention by teacher who are weak and are not able to understand in one go. This policy has a strict rule to give extra facilities to such students. Teachers will be paid extra for these special classes and these classes will be held in off days so that in very next lectures weak students could be able to go with their other class fellows who are more capable than them.
Following are the points through which the policy will be done
Grades achieved under national curriculum level will be declared as fails and students will not be promoted to next academic year until they retake and pass those particular exams.
Teachers will keep proper and regular check up of the previous lecture
Students who are below national curriculum level will be given extra time for preparation before moving next class
Each student will be treated on individual basis rather than collective basis
Teachers will be trained enough to judge weak points of their each students
Refreshment courses of teachers will be done on regular basis
Number of classes and teachers will be increased
The class work and courses and teaching style will be same in all schools
5.1) Fails Declaration
The current educational system has one big flaw that it never discourages the students who do not show satisfactory result and if once the students make their minds that whatever they do they will not get penalized then it is very difficult to make such student productive. Primary educational revival policy has clear vision that if any student achieve grades under national curriculum level he will be penalized and will be declared as fail. Failed students will be given one chance to retake the exams of those particular subjects in which they have achieved under national curriculum level grades and should pass that exam. That student will not be promoted to next academic year until or unless he/she pass in retake exam. This retake exam will be held in between the holidays of year end before new session starts so that if any student get failed he/she has opportunity to overcome that deficiency and may join his/her new academic year.
5.2) Regular Check-Up of Previous Lecture
This policy will make sure that each and every teacher has to keep an eye on his/her every student. Whatever has been taught should be asked in very next class. This thing will make students more responsible and they will prepare themselves on daily basis. Furthermore students who are weak will have opportunity of revision and it is possible that they retain that topic or lecture for long term. The threat of being asked by teacher is the power and way to make students more productive and enhancing their retaining power. Class discussion on daily basis eliminates most of misunderstandings of students regarding class work and also gives them confidence to speak in a group.
5.3) Extra Time before Retake Exam
Students who are considered as fail will be entertained with extra preparation classes under same teachers. Teachers will help them in understanding the concepts and topics in which students are lacking. Students will not be charged extra for this facility. This facility will be free. In these classes just those subjects will be taught and learnt again in which students have get grades below national curriculum level. Students will be taught in the holidays that are given before new academic year starts and in the same holidays after preparation students will retake exam. If he/she get pass the retake exam then he/she will be promoted to next class or in case of again fail he/she will have to continue old academic year.
5.4) Individual basis Treatment
According to this policy each and every student will be treated in class on individual basis rather than group or cumulative basis. Teachers will ask from each and every student after the lecture about class work. If any students show that he/she could not understand the lecture properly then the teacher will tell him/her again in more easy way so that he/she could grab the idea. It is very common that when a teacher delivers his/her lecture then some of the students could not understand and as in current educational system this practice is very usual that teacher don't bother to ask again after lecture. This thing create so much difficulty for such students who could not understand the lecture and the next day's lectures material becomes more harder as old one is not properly understood.
5.5) Trained Teachers
Primary educational revival policy ensures that each teacher will be properly trained not only in their respective subject but also they will be trained in children psychology education. Teachers will be hired who meet the criteria set by the educational system of UK. Teachers will also have to undergo exams that will be held on regular basis after every three months by the educational system of UK. Teachers will also be surprised with surprise quizzes and interviews by the educational department. For producing best students it is must to have great teachers, therefore ensuring that the best professional teachers are appointed the grading levels will be very inflexible.
5.6) Refreshment Courses
According to the policy and to maintain a highly active and motivated team of both students and teachers refreshment coursers will be implemented on regularly basis. This will benefit in the long run and the short run. This will also bring a regular change in educational system that will let students' minds to stay more focused due to regular intervals.
5.7) Increased number of Classes and Teachers
For best result it is very important to keep teacher comfortable and less pressure upon them. Primary educational revival policy has clear vision to entertain teachers properly so that they could produce best result in their perspective class. For this purpose policy states that number of teachers and classes in each school will be increased to help keep a balanced class. By increasing the number of teachers make it much easier for each individual teacher to assess and plan his/her lessons in more effective and efficient way. As he/she do not have to take the burden of controlling everything on their own. Increasing number of teachers will also put a positive impact on the employment of the country. And new job vacancies will be available for deserve candidates.
5.8) Identical Class Work and Teaching Style
Primary educational revival policy rejects the idea and double standard of educational differences in one country. This policy ensures that all the schools regardless of private or government should follow one code of teaching style and syllabus. This policy has the flexibility of adopt best educational system either it is private or government. In recent educational system of UK private schools are producing best result whereas government schools are not producing such results. Also in private schools there is competition and some of the private schools are showing the best result but those schools are so much expensive that a common citizen cannot afford his/her child to get education from there. The policy of primary educational revival will eliminate all classes from the educational system and will introduce one and perfect educational system for all that will be of low cost that a common citizen can easily afford best quality of education.
According to articles published in Guardian News on Tuesday 7th September 2010 and in BBC News on 7th September 2010 and in Daily Mail on 31st March 2012. UK's graduation rates fall to below average.
According to Daily Mail - more than 613,000 applied to start degree courses this autumn, and 135,800 still qualify for clearing - the system which matches applicants with vacant places.
According to Higher Education Statistics Agency (http://www.hesa.ac.uk/)
Graduation rate of UK is falling down below average. Each year students getting admission in graduation in greater number of previous year but the pass out rate are going low. And the reasons behind of not completing the graduation are different. Primary educational system is one of the main reasons of not completing the graduation. As students have weak primary educational background so they get confused in colleges and universities as they could not meet the requirements of that institutions. And when they see that they cannot carry on further higher studies because of their incompetence then they leave the education with broken heart.
The above diagram is showing the data of 2008/09 and 20010/11. In 2008/09 number of students who enrolled was 2,396,050 and this was positive change of 3.9% but in the next year 2010/11 number of enrolled students was 2,501,295 and the change was positive of 0.3% but this change was very low than previous year. Furthermore undergraduate students rate in year 2008/09 was 3.9% whereas in year 2010/11 it was minus 0.1%. The statistics shows clear negative relation of students who getting admission in higher education but not passing through.
In the survey of Organization for economic co-operation and development (OECD) in the year 2008 there are 15 countries that are producing most graduates in the world. In the ranking of these most graduates producing countries UK is ranked in the last of the list that is in 15th number that is producing just 35% of the graduates in a year. This is the ranking of UK in producing graduates. And the main reason behind is only the weak primary education system that is not producing enough and qualitative students who can continue their education in higher education and could bring the ranking of UK in above ranks.
The policy of primary education revival will bring a revolution in the education department of UK and numbers of graduates will increase. With the increasing number of graduates ranking of UK among other countries will increase.
The policy that I have introduced is the basic need of hour for educational system for UK. As competition is increasing with other countries in perspective of economics, businesses, politics, inventions, innovations, Gross domestic product (GDP), Gross national product (GNP), imports, exports, technologies likewise competition in producing more educated people has been started. UK government is spending a lot in education sector but it is not been invested in right direction. Opening new educational institutions or increasing number of institutions is not only area of concern but also how much productive these institutions are is the main area of concern and big issue.
My policy will face much criticism like many students, parents and teachers will disagree with me regarding the point of failure system. I know what will be the objections will raised but my opinion is that we should think long term benefits not short term ones. What will we attain if we continue doing passing students on their age base if they have mental capability of nothing? How students of higher level will feel when they were unable to answer a basic level question? How much embarrassment they'll have to feel among their friends? Then what will be the results? We have to change our attitude and behaviour towards educational system. We have to change the basic educational system for the betterment of our generation and for our country. We need to produce more graduates so that they could play their role in the prosperity of country in most effective way. Implementation of this policy is not a big issue and it also does not need any extra money. All it needed is the will power and determination of government, political persons, think tankers and opinion makers.
8) Conclusion and recommendations
I conclude my policy in these words that basic educational system is the nerve system of whole educational system. It is the main base for any student and if the base is not right then the whole building that will construct on that base will be collapsed and in collateral damage we will have to suffer a lot for a long time. And if we could make our base strong than no matter how much fast wind blow it will do no effect on the building. I just recommend thinking for the future of UK, thinking for the upcoming challenges in near future, think for the upcoming generations, do we ready to face those challenges? My recommendation is that this policy should be implemented as soon as possible.