National income

Published: Last Edited:

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.


I want to thanks my teacher who has assigned me this creative work to bring out my creative capabilities. I express my gratitude to my parent for being a continuous source of Encouragement and for all their financial aid given to me. I would like to thanks the assistance provided by library staff of the LOVELY PROFESSIONAL UNIVERSITY . .

I am also thankful to my subject teacher VANI MAA'M which has helped me a lot each and every time when I had some default. Words are not sufficient to register my sincere to my loving parents for their deep affection and unabated inspiration that really kept me going. They were and unending source of strength and perseverance during the course of the study's place my thanks to all those who spread their time and made it convenient for me to complete the research. Last but not the least, I also wish to red cord my gratitude for any person or persons my memory has failed to recall, who rendered his/her/their support and services.



The national income of the country is an estimate of the yearly production of goods and services. The loss of reachable uses of the non human made physical environment named environment functions on which humankind is depending in all its doings remains outside the estimate. The present and the future production is depending on these environmental functions. The sustainable national income in a given year is an approximation of the production level at which the technology stage in the year of calculation. The environment function remains available continuously.


The standard of living is generally calculated by standards such as real income of a person and a deficiency rate . Other technique such as right to use and quality of health care, income growth and educational standards are also used .The idea of model may be difference with the quality of life which takes into account not only the material criterion of living but also the other things such as insubstantial aspects that make up human life such as vacation, protection, cultural possessions, community life, physical environment quality issues.

Standard of living can also be defines as the monetary health of a population as calculated by the quality of spending by the members of that population. The standard of living is gross national income per capita.

The important drawback to the standard of living capacity is that it does not take into account some factors which are important but hard to amount, such as crime rate or environmental impacts. The standard of living of a country can be considered in terms of per capita income.


World map indicating the Human Development Index (based on 2007 data, published on October 5, 2009)

0.950 and over 0.900- 0.949 0.850-0.899 0.800-0.849 0.750-0.799

0.700-0.749 0.650-0.699 0.600-0.649 0.550-0.599 0.500-0.549

0.450-0.499 0.400-0.449 0.350-0.399 under 0.350 Data unavailable

Developed nations are countries that have achieved a high degree of industrialization and the higher standards of living which wealth and technology make possible .there is a strong correlation between countries having this type of status and their possessing robust democratic institutions.

Synonyms includes industrialized nations more economically developed countries and the first world.

Countries not belonging in this category are sometime called developing nations, under developing nations, or in extreme called least developed countries.

According to the United Nations, the countries of Europe, North America, plus Australia, NewZeland, Japan are to be developed nations.

Generally, according to various sources (the world bank, the OECD, and the United Nations), developed countries include the following:

Ø America

Ø Austria

Ø Germany

Ø Sweden

Ø Switzerland

Ø United kingdom

Ø Denmark

Ø Italy

Ø South Africa

Ø Hong Kong

Ø Bermuda

Ø Canada

Ø Japan

Ø United state

Ø Singapore

Ø Mexico

These are some developed countries.

Let us take an example of America:



The standard of living in the united state is one of the top twenty in the world. The standards economists use as measure of standards of living. Per capita income of America is high but also less evenly distributed than in most other developed countries. As a result the united state fares particularly well in measures of average material well being that do not place weight on equality aspects.

The homeownership rate is relatively high as compare to other nations. In 2005-2006, 69%of Americans resided in their own homes. Roughly the same in united Kingdome, Belgium, Israel and Canada. Residents of united state also enjoy a high access to consumer goods. Americans enjoy more radios per capita than any other nation and more television and personal computers per capita than other large nations.

On comprehensive measures such as the UN human development index the united state is always in the top twenty, currently ranking15th. On the human poverty index the united state ranked 16th, one rank below the united Kingdome and one rank above Ireland.

On the economist's quality of life index the United States ranked 13th in between Finland and Canada, scoring 7.6 out of a possible 10. The highest given score of 8.3 was applied to Ireland. The particular index takes into account a variety of socio-economic variables including GDP per capita, life expectancy, political stability, family life, community life, gender equality, and job security.

The median income is $43,318 per household with 42% of households having two income earners. Meanwhile, the median income of the average American age is 25 and above was roughly $32,000 in 2006.

The us has a per capita GDP of $45,000. The onrush of technology largely explains the gradual development of a two tier labour market . since 1975 partically all the gains in household income have gone to the top 20 % OF households .

The rise in GDP in 2004 and 2005 was undergirded by substantial gains in labour productivity. Long term problems include inadequate investment in economic infrastructure, rapidly rising medical and pension costs of an aging population, sizable trade and budget deficits, and stagnation of family income in the lower economic groups.

The united state has one of the widest rich poor gaps of any high - income nation today and that gap continues to grow. tn recent times, some prominent economists including Alan green span have warned that the widening rich- poor gap in the US population is a problem that could undermine and destabilize the country's economy and standard of living stating that the income gap between the rich and the rest of the us population has become so wide and is growing so fast that is might eventually threaten the stability of democratic capitalism itself.

Income and wealth

Income in the United States and Wealth in the United States

See also: Personal income in the United States, Household income in the United States, Income inequality in the United States, Poverty in the United States, Affluence in the United States, and Homeownership in the United States

According to the United States Census Bureau, the pretax median household income in 2007 was $50,233. The median ranged from $68,080 in Maryland to $36,338 in Mississippi

In 2007, the median real annual household income rose 1.3% to $50,233, according to the Census Bureau. The real median earnings of men who worked full time, year-round climbed between 2006 and 2007, from $43,460 to $45,113. For women, the corresponding increase was from $33,437 to $35,102. The median income per household member (including all working and non-working members above the age of 14) was $26,036 in 2006.

The recently released US Income Mobility Study showed economic growth resulted in rising incomes for most taxpayers over the period from 1996 to 2005. Median incomes of all taxpayers increased by 24 percent after adjusting for inflation. The real incomes of two-thirds of all taxpayers increased over this period. Income mobility of individuals was considerable in the U.S. economy during the 1996 through 2005 period with roughly half of taxpayers who began in the bottom quintile moving up to a higher income group within 10 years. In addition, the median incomes of those initially in the lower income groups increased more than the median incomes of those initially in the higher income groups.



















U k








In the above table we see the ownership rate of various developed countries in a pi chart..


House hold income is a measure commonly used by the united state government and private institutions. That measure counts all the income of all residents over the age 18 in each household including not only all wages and salaries but such items as unemployment insurence disability payments , child support payment , regular rental receipts as well as any personal business , investment or other kinds of income received routinely.

The residents of the household do not have to be related to the head of the household for their earnings to be considered part of the house hold income .

If the per capita income is high the standard of living is also high.

As in above table it is shown clear that the GDP of various developed countries and household income.


Germany pronounced officially the federal republic of germany. It has sixteen states.germany is the member of united state.


The national income and standard of living of germany remains higher in the former west german states


Germany is an important transportation hub.this help in germany people in its dense networks. Germany has established a polycentric network of high speed trains.the train maximum speed varies between 160km/h and 300 km/h.

This train helps German peoples to develop the

infrastructure of Germany.

Germany is the fifth energy consumption in electricity .

Standard of Living Italy

Everyone assume that the standard of living in Italy, in particular Tuscany, must be very high. The most required after question for those deficient to move to Italy is if the quality of life will be better or inferior than their present situation.

No one can speak for sure if the quality of life is better or inferior. This depends directly on what "standard of living" means for that person. What is important? What be able to one do without? For instance a retire couple from the USA moving to Tuscany may not care that the being without a job rate is very high or that the school system is very much lacking where a couple looking for work with school age children may find that those two parameter (employment and schools) are very important certainly.

Some standard of living parameters are lifestyle, work, environment, health care, crime rate, population, free occasion. Again, what is very important to one may be less severe for another. The best advice z to investigate and research what is important to you and your family and find out before affecting what the town or city in Italy offers. If possible, expend some time in the town or city earlier than moving there and do not quit your job earlier than having a paying job with a authorized binding contract in Italy


  1. As in the developed nations the stranded of living of the people are high.t
  2. The national income ofa also high.due to high national income the employment level ofa also high
  3. Due to high standard of living people enjoys the so many good health,good envoirment,and as well as good economy condition also
  4. The developed country like Melbourne and sudney has an ecletric and vibrant life styles.
  5. The gdp of developed countries ofa $1;s effect of standard of living
  6. Due to high standard of living the people more contribute to the economics development of the country
  7. With high standard of living the people of developed nations has the high elastic demand of the that demand also effect the export-import of that country.which yield to increase the BOP of that country
  8. The consumpation and production of the developed country ofa also high


  • The standard of living of the developed countries ofa comparative higher than the developing nations and under developed nations.
  • Developed nations ofa also home to number of aboriginals who have been fro over the year marinalofaed by the developed nations
  • The developed nations has one of the prosperous economies in the world,where as the developing nations are less famous in all over the world
  • World bank has acknowledge developed nations as one of the richest countries of the world
  • The growth of the developed nations ofa 3.3%.
  • The purchasing power parity of the developed nations ofa high
  • In the developed nations the inflations rate ofa low as compare to developing nations and under developing nations
  • The high standard of living in developed nations it's attract the too much forginers in that country.and they make the investment in that countries
  • Developed nations high standards and facility are also the reason why the country attract such a huge number of foreigners
  • The huge rate of migrations from various countries of the world has turned developed countries into a melting pot of the various countries.
  • The people enjoys the so many economy activities in the developed nations.where as in the under developed nations there ofa so many less economies reforms are available
  • The growing ecomony ,the easy lifestyle and trouble -free immigration procedure are the main reasons behind thofa.
  • The net national income ofa also high in developed nation as campare to under developed nations
  • The infrastructure ofa also much developed in the developed nations
  • High standard of living depends on the economics determiants and non-economics determinats of the nations.&developed nations has achieved it both.
  • Real per capita ofa also high
  • Due to high standard of living there ofa no increase in the poverty and inequality in the developed nations.where as in the developing nations there ofa prob;em of poverty and inequality
  • The human index development ofa also high
  • The structural changes are also different in the developed nations as compare to developing nations
  • There ofa abuandance supply of natural resources in the developed nations
  • The capital-output ratio ofa also high
  • The financial stability ofa also more in developed nations
  • The scientific and teachinal progress ofa much as compare to developing nations
  • Due to high standard the developed nations ofa able to enterprenerus and organofaations
  • There ofa developed planning in developed nations
  • As the developed nations due to high standard of living the people has more aspiration of development as campare to developing nations
  • Due to high standard of living there ofa freedom of corruption
  • Due to high standard there ofa more teachinal and industrial area establofah the developed countries
  • Due to high standard there ofa no vicious circle of poverty in the developed nations.
  • The supply of money ofa also high in developed nations .so the people can retain the standard of living.
  • The population growth rate ofa low as compare to developing nations.
  • The higher education rate ofa i.e ofa 77% in the developed nations


We conclude in this is that the standard of living of developed nations is very good.

All resources provided is in large amount. The way of living is also good.