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Motivation is something that causes a person to act in a certain way which, mostly deals with the behaviour of that person. What is the role of motivation in classroom life of the children? Why do children choose to work on one task and not another? Why do some children dropout even before they really start? Why do some children exhibit less energy on pursuit of the task? The answer is lack of motivation. Who is responsible for this?
Children learn through what they do. They are curious to learn; they enjoy learning by exploring, researching and observing. If they succeed in what they do it will motivate them to do more in future. Their success in future depends on how far they are motivated to be engaged on the task. The children who receive proper guidance and support are more likely to be creative and adventures and those who do not will be exposing a much different attitude towards life like frustration, failure and letdown. In a classroom the children do many things according to what they want to or according to their desire. For an example they choose one out of many toys, books or pencils for which they are intrinsically motivated by the colour, looks or even the features which satisfy them to achieve. Since the activity is generating the motivation, it is mostly self-sustaining for as long as the child wants to continue the activity. When a teacher gives a sticker and asks them to complete a task on time then they become extrinsically motivated. When a child is extrinsically motivated the teacher or an outsider will have to present the reward and continue with it to keep the child motivated which is difficult for the child to sustain extrinsically motivated activity, this is because it depends on an external force.
Motivating Young Learners
If we talk about managing a classroom, then motivating children in order to be success in what they do will be crucial as it relies on managing them too. If they are well managed no doubt learning will automatically take place. Nowadays the educators have their own ways of distinguished styles in cooperated to intrinsic motivation which helps them to manage the classroom, such as motivating timely attendance, quality learning, quality assignment, class participation and adhering classroom policies. Encouraging the students to attend the class on time through stressing the importance of timely attendance and the value of classroom learning will help the teacher to conduct her lessons as she plans. The late comers may disrupt the other students in class which will be a dilemma for the teacher as she will have to complete the portion missed by them and face problems maintaining silence which is interrupted time to time. To motivate attending class on time, the educators can ask the learners to construct their own attendance policy because students are more likely to adhere to policies they develop themselves, conducting assessment revisions early morning and having an interesting subject like ICT, Field Trips or Physical Education early in the day. To encourage timely attendance, the educators can clearly articulate among students how timely attendance will be calculated into final grades. The sanctions and rewards for this type of behaviours should be thoroughly communicated to them before implementing. Another particular teaching style which affects classroom management is timely assignments or homework for which the students can be motivated intrinsically, they can be asked to suggest a due week rather than due date. By doing this they learn how to manage their time constructively outside their classroom in order to complete assignments and keep up with the readings and other class requirements which will help them to have primary responsibilities for planning, carrying out and evaluate their own performance. They may also feel anxious gauging their own use of time. Furthermore, to motivate quality learning the educators must concentrate on 'child centred learning' to achieve quality work. Each child is unique and special, they should be taught as individuals and according to their age, genre, culture and learning style. The children are active learners so they should be engaged physically and mentally on task to achieve their potential. I always believed that 'poor teaching causes poor management'. In fact we will always be impressed to see a classroom with beautiful displays around, children are little bit noisy because they are working and completely engaged on task producing quality work. More than thirty students, who are occupied on verities of tasks for an example, some are busy on completing their language activity on their own, some others are busy finishing their work with the help of an adult, the another group of the class is learning the language using the computer with the help of their teacher while the others are quietly reading or discussing things in groups. There is no fuss and the overall atmosphere is perfect as the learners intrinsically motivated and having fun therefore, one would be able to see a well managed classroom throughout the day. In my opinion teaching them according to their age, genre and culture is not a big task but, to teach them as per their learning style is challenging for all educators.
"More specifically, some children seem to be good at many things; others, very few. In most cases, however, strengths are distributed in a skewed fashion. For instance, a person may be skilled in acquiring foreign languages, yet be unable to find her way around an unfamiliar environment or learn a new song or figure out who occupies a position of power in a crowd of strangers" (Gardner, 1999, p. 31)