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ICT stands for Information and Communication Technologies where there are diverse set of technological tools and resources used to communicate and to create, spread, keep and manage information. This is the effective way to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of education at different levels of students, formal or informal settings. The statement, "ICT does not influence academic achievment" maybe true, maybe not because it depends on that person how they want to be succeed. Some of the students can learn better using the internet and some of them cannot. It varies among the students themselves. There some advantages and disadvantages of using ICT in education but ICT will not change the final result because it only change the behaviour of the user .It depends on that person how they want to be successful.
Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) which include radio, television, computer and internet is a potentially enabling tools for educational change. If used properly, these different tools will expand access to education; making teaching and learning an active prosess connected to real life. Radio and television for example, have been used over forty years in open and distance learning. But there is no doubt that the influence of computers and internet are the most influential tools that will help in education. It is said by Senator Bob Kerrey and Representative Johnny Isakson (2000), " The internet is a powerful new means of communication. It is a global, it is fast, and it is growing rapidly. Reaching to the far corners of the Earth, the internet is making the world at once smaller and more connected, transmitting information at nearly real-time speed".
The 'C' in ICT stands for communication. Through the ICT teachers and students will be able to communicate at each other with ease. Through computers connected to internet, people can communicate to everyone from all walks of life in a way never before possible. For example, the students or the teachers who are ill can still link in at home or hospital, consultation between students and teachers can be done anywhere where there is a limit of time to meet at school. Even when the sources are not available in schools, teachers can use sources available through the local communities such as home and libraries in other to gain access to international electronic education networks. Here, we can see that ICT is important to support and extend the teaching and leaning opportunities in the classrooms.
Moreover, effective teaching learning takes account of the different learning styles of pupils. Hence, teachers should differentiate their teaching styles so that all the students can coop with their studying. Good teachers usually present and explain their material of teaching in different ways. This enable them to communicate with students who will have a range of preferred learning styles. Riding and Pearson (1994) and Riding et al. (1993) search shows that learners' preferred styles fall within a continuum. The search shows that there are two different type of person: the holistic-analytic stlye - an individual that tends to prosess information in whole or in part and also the verbal-imagery style - an individual that is inclined to represent information during verbally or in mental image. So, it is possible that some students can learn better and faster when technology is used in learning because it involve colourful, graphic, moving images and so on.
In order to achieve globalization and technological change, school cannot remain the transmission of information from teacher to student over this period where there should be a transformation of teaching. Teachers should promote "learning to learn" or the acquisition of knowledge. The school should use technology as a part of tool to let the students more independant in seeking information on their own. According to Alvin Toffler, " The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn". Teachers can teach students how to search an information through the internet as internet is certainly a great source of information. With that, students will be more independant, can develop technological literacy and be more creative. This education also will best prepare students for life in a knowledgable society in the future.
Furthermore, for a developing country, ICT have the potential to improve the quality of education. There are two ways ICT can improve the quality of education: motivate students to learn and enhance teachers capability in technological literacy. Technological tools such as videos, television and multimedia computer software which include text, sound, colourful and moving images can be used to motivate the students in the learning proses. Networked computers with internet connectivity can also develop students motivation where they have the oppurtinity to connect with real people and to participate in real world events. The teachers will need to learn together how to use the ICT in order to teach the students in class and also to establish high quality and new professional practice. The uses of ICT in school is seen will benefit both parties to be more knowledgeable towards the developing country.
The practice in teaching and learning would change dramatically if the teaching profession grasped the opportunities available through the use of ICT. However, we are aware that there is a political pressure on teachers to move swiftly to technological literacy before he or she change the students capability to use the technology. Hence, teachers are feeling the pressure as government produce statement about how their teaching force is to work with this sort of technology without giving the chance for the teachers to learn it first. Teachers will need a lot of time to work and learn with this sort of things to estabish a good quality in teaching because there are a lot of teachers which is unfamiliar with ICT. The government should provide more courses and seminars and give them more time to learn how to use them without giving them a lot of pressure to work with the technology.
As most believe, internet is the most influential tools that will enhance students education as it is a global networks but it also offers information on the dangers that exist while surfing the internet. There a lot of pictures, videos and websites that are not suitable for the children under age which will give a bad impact to them for example phonography. The children can see it live through the internet without any prohibition if someone does not guide or lead them how to use the internet wisely. A survey had been done by University of New Hampshire showed that a full third of all kids aged 10 to 17 who used the internet were exposed to unwanted material; much of it are extremely graphic. The student may also facing a strangers in the internet which resulting in abuse or computer crime. It is a very dangerous crime because it is difficult to trace the predators by referring to the information from the internet because they may fake the real identity. Once crime occur in the internet, it is difficult to reveal it. So, better be careful!
Space is the limiting factor that should be consider if there is a force to provide computers for each students in a classroom. Most of the classroom are too small to put all the computers together with the furniters and other instructional centers that normally exist. It is more regrettable when there is not enough budget to provide each students with computers although there are a force that the students should be teached in different ways in order to achieve a high qulity in education and one of it is by using ICT. It uses a lot of cost to install new hardware and software in the school. There are also limited and inappropriate software available in school show that no support had been given by the government and also other society to provide their children with a better tools in education. This evinces that the government does not take serious with this issue and do not keep promise with what have been promised before in response to improve the quality of students produced.
In addition, there will be a widely spread of plagiarism as a result of using the internet for teaching and learning in school. Plagiarism is defined as the appropriate publication of other works, thoughts, languages, ideas, expression or presentation of their original works. Because internet is free to use, fast, and being used worlwide anabling peoplo to take others' work easily without their permission. Students are anxiety with their piles of assignments and tasks, and with the access to the internet they can plagiarize by copying other people's work and paste it in their work assumming it as their own work. In writing for academic, it is a serious matter that willl be looking at. Students that found guilty in plagiarize will get a punishment such as downgrading of grade and some cases they may not be able to take the examination.
Here, I can conclude that the most important thing to achieve success is not the materials and tools used for education but self-determination to achieve the success. There a saying that, "when there is a will, there is a way". So, if you are willing to do everything, you are for sure will get success. There is a simple example, Nik Nur Madihah, the best SPM 2008 candidate who come from a poor based family; where there is no computers and internet in her house. Yet she was announced to be the best SPM 2008 candidates among other thounsands of candidate taking the SPM. This is the proof that without the present of those materials and tools, we can still get what we want as long as we do not give up till the end. The ICT is only a tools to change personality and behaviour but not to change the final result.