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Learning Accomplishment Profile- Three
There are several tests in which administrators use for assessing young children. I will be discussing the Learning Accomplishment Profile (LAP). That is now the Learning Accomplishment Profile- Three for the third edition and this is an ongoing assessment tool. This assessment is mostly used in Head Start for meeting their performance standards. I chose this particular assessment because it deals with children between the ages of three and six and this is the interest group I want to work with. Through researching I have found this test to be very detailed, it gives step by step instructions on how to administer and also it provides training sessions to help you with learning how to administer the assessment. This assessment can be done manual and by computer software; the name for the computer software is Red E Set Grow.
“The Learning Accomplishment Profile-Three was originally the Chapel Hill Training Outreach Project (CHTOP) established in 1969 with funding from the Federal government as part of our nation's earliest attempts to provide educational services to young children with disabilities. Under the direction of Anne R. Sanford, who was the founder of CHTOP, the strategies and materials developed by CHTOP during these early years became known as the Chapel Hill Model. The Model included assessment instruments, curricula, and strategies for parent involvement and family-centered programming. In 1983, the Chapel Hill Model was validated unanimously for "exemplary program status" by the U.S. Department of Education's Joint Dissemination Review Panel (JDRP). Recently the Chapel Hill Model was renamed The LAP System.” (Mathers, 2010, p.1)
It is a criterion-referenced assessment which assesses children individual skill development. When assessed correctly the teacher and parent can receive a complete picture of a child's developmental progress amongst seven developmental domain areas. Individual, developmentally appropriate activities can be planned and implemented for the child in hopes of individualization. This test is used for the typical and atypical development.
Learning Accomplishment Profile-Three is not a standardized test, but the information obtained from it determines whether or not a child has a disability. It neither does a diagnostic label nor measures a child's level of functioning. The age range for the Learning Accomplishment Profile-Three is for children age zero to six, but is appropriate for them that are in the three to six year old age range. When administrating this assessment it takes about approximately one and a half hours, the domains can be done in more than one session, and can be used as ongoing observation tools. It takes about an hour and a half but you should not administer no longer than thirty minutes at the time so that you don't lose the children interests.
The Learning Accomplishment Profile- Three contains the developmental skills in chronological age and they are gross, fine, pre-writing, cognitive, language, self-help, and personal/social skills. They are considered to be developmentally sequenced. It has an easy, simple format when following. There are no adaptations to this assessment for visually impaired or physically handicapped.
The assessment comes with a manual for proper instructions for administering. The manual includes a list of materials used for the seven domains, procedural instructions for administering individual items, scoring criteria for each item, summary pages, an IEP form, and then the developmental profile page. When administering the LAP-3 and you are unsure of what a specific item means, there is a link there for detailed information and a list of suggested activities that you can do to help you with scoring the child on that item or to give you the description of the item. So if the child is unable to achieve this task then you have firsthand the information you need in order to work with that child in helping them to achieve the task.
The LAP-3 scoring booklet must be used in conjunction with the LAP-3 manual, because it is not an assessment tool. It is in the sequential order as the LAP-3 manual for proper scoring assessment results with a comment column. There is also a kit that can be purchased which includes all items needed except for large items. These items should be used so that more consistent results are obtained.
Also learning activity cards come in a set of three hundred and eighty sequential cards correlated to the LAP-3, there is one card for each item in the seven domains. Where each card describes the step by step instructions for supporting skill development as well as one or more developmentally appropriate activities. This also corresponds with the link that can be assessed when performing this assessment online.
Learning Accomplishment Profile-Three provides specific skills information for mastered and emerging skills. The results indicate broad patterns of development by domain as well as individual skill development. The forms to summarize the progress of individual children the beginning, middle and end of the program year are located at the back of the scoring booklet. The forms contain space to indicate skills that the child achieved, emerging skills, and strategies for supporting skill development at home. When administering through computer software there is a link for results and a form to be used to help parents understand the assessment and what they child has achieved and the areas in which more attention is needed. The total cost for the Learning Accomplishment Profile-Three is around four hundred eighty to seven hundred forty dollars when purchased from Kaplan Early Learning Company. The computer software for a single user will be around two hundred sixty-five and for five web users around one thousand two hundred dollars.
In conclusion the Learning Accomplishment Profile seems to be a very detailed assessment tool for young children, easy to administer with step-by step instructions and list of activities to help you with administering. You can receive training on the assessment if additional assistance is needed. It helps when planning activities for children to develop the skills they need at specific ages and in the order in which it may occur. Through my research I look forward to assessing children when I begin to assess children. I can receive additional assistance not only from my colleagues but also from the company itself with just a telephone call or by clicking on a link.
Mindes, Gayle. “Assessing Young Children.” Pearson Education, New Jersey, 2007
Allora Consulting LLC (2009). The Lap System: http://chtop.org/Products/The-LAP-3.html
Hardin, B. J., Peisner-Feinberg, E. S., & Weeks, S. W. (2005). The Learning Accomplishment Profile-Diagnostic Edition Examiner's Manual and Technical Report. Lewisville, NC: Kaplan Early Learning Company.