This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.
Language development is the process in which a child begins to recognize language and communicate language during their early age . Children develop language as they develop their cognitive abilities by seeing, hearing, touching, smelling, emphasize their understanding of things and actions. Thus, the world is represented and organized within children's brain by the process of language development in children's brain.
Children know their native language by the age of five or six and as the children grow through the elementary years, they will learn complex word, grammar, sentences, and pronunciation easily.
By the age of five children begin to develop metalinguistic awareness that is, they become more aware of how the mechanistic of language work. This process continues to develop throughout an individuals growth and allows them to improve their ability to manipulate language to their specific needs .
Understand how to use language properly (e.g. how, where, when and whom to speak). Children can develop the pragmatics of language by turn-taking of conversation at school and their home. Thus, events like family dinners, bedtime, jogging, and more are good opportunities to practice the child's conversation skills. Since children can feel encourage or discourage the why you communicate with them, it is important to understand and listen to the student closely and talk interests in their conversation.
During the later elementary school years, (or by adolescence) an individual becomes aware when to adapt and fit a certain style of conversation for example, one can talk with their friends in slang language, which makes little sense to many adults, yet talk in a proper manner with adults. Thus, students become more judgmental in determining the clarity of their conversation as they grow older.
Swiss psychologist, Jean Piaget was the first child psychologist who devised the theory of cognitive development. According to him, child thinking processes change radically as they grow older and they constantly try to make sense of the world and actively create knowledge through their experience with people, objects, and idea. Many factors, such as social experience, influence the thinking process and the development of knowledge. These factors contribute their effects by inducing changes in the organization of development scheme as an individuals develops.
The sensorimotor stage (0-2 years) - During this stage children begins to make use of imitation, memory, and thought. Also moves from reflex actions to deliberate activity.
· The preoperational stage (2-7 years) - During this stage children slowly develop the use of language and ability to think in symbolic forms.
· The concrete-operational stage (7-11 years) - During this stage children are able to solve hands-on-problems, understand rules of conservations and organize.
· The formal-operational stage (11-adult) - During this stage children are able to solve abstract problems logically and become more technical in thinking.
Piaget's theory has been adopted by number of schools to describe the different stages of cognitive development in children. Knowledge of each stage of cognitive development allows teachers to better understand student thus, it will help to build close relationships, create opportunities for children to take ownership, manage the classroom with respectful manner, encourage the children so they can freely take risks while learning. According to Piaget, teachers should allow students to achieve personal discoveries via problem solving rather then having to be taught with social norm standards.
Kohlberg had evaluated moral reasoning in both children and adults, and his theory of moral development outlined six stages within three different levels.
Level 1: Preconventional Moral Reasoning- The need for other's rules can alter one's perception and judgment.
Stage 1 Punishment- Obedience Orientation - At this stage, children rules as fixed and absolute and avoid punishment by obeying the rules.
Stage 2 Personal Reward Orientation- At this stage, individual needs determine right or wrong. And expect favours from each other. e.g. "if you scratch my
Level 2: Conventional Moral Reasoning- This level is judged by other's agreement, their families beliefs, their traditional principles and by society laws.
Stage 3 Good Boy-Nice girl Orientation - At this stage, the factors that please or are approved by others influence an individual's behaviour
Stage 4 Law and order Orientation -Laws are absolute when deciding the punishment for wrong action. Thus, in order to maintain order in our society, one must respect law and authority.
Level 2: Postconventional Moral Reasoning- Abstract principles which cannot be defined by the laws influence the moral reasoning in this stage.
Stage 5 Social Contract Orientation- Good action are defined in terms of an individual's rights which are consistent to standards outlined by the whole society.
Stage 6 Universal ethical Principle Orientation-
This stage involves the concept of perceiving abstract ideas such as concepts for various forms of justice, human dignity and equality.
Teacher must encourage creativity in their classroom. The question is how teacher can endorse their student s imaginative thinking and modeling Teacher must encourage creativity in their classroom. The question is how teacher can endorse their student s imaginative thinking and modeling different thinking? The best way for teacher to communities with their students and
inspire them. Teacher should also build confidence in their students to create their own ideas, to ask questions and tell them that it's ok to make mistakes.
Learning different strategies means accomplishing learning goals and overall reflecting matacognitive knowledge. Learning tactics are specific techniques to make up the plan such as using mnemonics to remember key phrases or outlining a passage.
Students will acquire skills that will allow them to effectively transfer and apply previously learned assists/knowledge to new situations, for example, punctuation rules learned in the classroom can be applied to write a job application.