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Learning different languages is a very useful thing. Nowadays, the world has literally become a global village, due to which interaction, interconnection and integration between different parts of the world is quick, consistent and inevitable. Therefore, learning foreign language is very beneficial as it helps in opening new opportunities. Language helps in learning cultures and traditions of other nations and countries. As English is considered as a global language therefore for communication, interaction and transfer of knowledge, it is very essential to properly learn and acquire complete control of English language skills. But learning a new language is quite difficult for adults as compared to young kids. Therefore, for properly learning a new language a lot of efforts and guidance is required. (Swain, & Johnson, 1997, pp. 1-16)
B - Research Question
The thesis statement of this research is to explain the importance of English for academic purposes by establishing that knowledge of language learning strategies is vital for successful study at a British University.
C - The Purpose and Objective of the Study
The objective of performing this research is to identify the significance of English language for academic purposes. Furthermore, this research intends to explain why knowledge of language learning strategies is vital for successful study at a British University. Moreover, it aims at explaining the importance of control and command over verbal and written English for academic purposes.
D - Research Rationale
In the United Kingdom, a large number of international students, from various parts of the world like china, Middle East, South Asia, Europe, and so on are studying in Universities. Most of such students' first languages are other than English language and so most of them do not have full control over written or spoken English. On the other hand, even local students or those students whose first language is English but do not have full control over it may have problems in seeking academic education in UK universities. Because of all these reasons many universities students face difficulty and problems not just in communicating with other but also in academic studies. Due to this reason this research topic is selected.
II - Literature Review
Every year a large number of students from all over the world come to seek education in UK Universities. As these students come from different social and cultural backgrounds therefore the standards of English language skills they possess are quite different from each other. Often international students do not have required competency in English language skills due to which they face difficulties in academic activities and properly studying at UK Universities. (Genesee, 1985, pp. 541-561)
To ensure that foreign students have the required standards of English language most UK universities have some minimum entry requirements regarding English language. Moreover, most Universities offer primary training in English language learning to foreign students of non-English speaking backgrounds (NESB) so that they can overcome their deficiencies and can perform academic activities normally. (The Council for International Education. 2004, pp. 21-70)
The medium of is education in UK universities is English therefore for successfully completing a degree all students must have proper English language skills. Therefore, by means of English learning programs, primarily those English language concepts are taught to NESB students which are of paramount importance in enabling students to attain their academic degrees. "English for academic purposes" is one of such English learning programs. (Allen & Higgins, 1994, pp. 22-45)
III - Research Methodology
A - Introduction
This section explains the method by which the research will be performed as well as the type of data to be collected. Moreover, the time duration, research site, target population and data sampling will be explained.
B - Primary Data and Data Collection Techniques
The information which is directly collected from the prime source or origin of the information is called primary data. The selected method by which primary data will be collected in this research is "survey". A survey will be conducted by a group of individuals through which the primary data will be gathered by using standardized questionnaires. (Kelly, 2005)
The target population for this research is foreign students studying in United Kingdom's Universities. The University of Portsmouth is the research site for our research. As it was impossible to conduct the research on the entire University level therefore for practicality and continence the scope of the research is narrowed down to 50 foreign students studying in the University of Portsmouth. Therefore 50 questionnaires will be distributed and filled in by 50 participants. Moreover, before getting questionnaires filled by the participant their informed consent will be obtained by telling them all the details about the purpose and use of their information as well as of the research.
After collecting the data through questionnaires the observations will be summarized, reorganized and transformed into statistical data so that it can be analyzed. After statistical analyses the data will be interpreted on the basis of which the research will be concluded.
C - Secondary Data and Data Collection Techniques
The information which is extracted from indirect sources is termed as secondary data. Secondary data is readily available and assessable to anyone. The sources of secondary data can be of published and electronic forms. They are extended to newspapers, magazines, published and electronic journals, websites, and previously done researches and so on. The secondary data is very imperative for this academic research as it provides background and support for the research. Moreover, the literature review part of the dissertation will be written on the basis of secondary data. However, while incorporating secondary data in the research it will be ensured that intentional as well as unintentional plagiarism is avoided effectively. (Kock, 1999, pp. 96-104)
IV - Planning of Work and Timeframe
The proposed time period and the key activities of this research are given in the table blow.
Proposed Timeframe for the Research
Description of Activities
Initiation of the Research
16th July 2010
17th July 2010
Formulating the Research Background and Research Methodology
18th July 2010
19th July 2010
Collection of Secondary Data
20th July 2010
24th July 2010
Development of Literature Review
25th July 2010
9th August 2010
Formulation of Questionnaires
10th August 2010
12th August 2010
Collection of Primary data
13th August 2010
17th August 2010
Organizing, Analyzing and interpreting Primary Data
18th August 2010
31st August 2010
Forming Conclusion and Finding Results
Finalization and Completion of the Dissertation
10th September 2010
15th September 2010