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In Qatar, the Supreme Education Council is the governing body that sets policy for educational levels prevailing in country. The education sector is basically classified into three layers; first level is known as primary education which comprise of schools, second is known as secondary education level which includes all colleges in country and top level is higher education that is known as tertiary education in which universities are placed. The Council was founded by Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani along with his wife, Sheikha Mozah bint Naseer Al-Missnad. All education related matters are handled by this Council and has even directing and controlling power to make decision from primary level to higher education level. It recently initiated Education for a New Era Reform with the aim of restructuring education system of the country (Supreme Education Council, 2012).
However, education controlling power is shared in between Supreme Education Council and Ministry of Education; since funding to the Ministry is reduced to a greater extent, majority of schools, colleges and universities are under the control of the Council. The main aim of this Council is to offer its assistance to citizens so that they are encouraged and motivated to acquire higher education. Similarly, private institutions and foreign universities are being attracted to increase education level and offer varying degrees of programs to students that are compatible with job demands in the market (Coughlan, 2012).
It has been given complete responsibility for designing of educational polices and also oversee its reforms; the Evaluation Institute has power of undertaking student assessment on periodical basis to provide details about performance of schools and the Education Institute assists in development of Independent Schools that are new and design curriculum standards that enhance education quality. In order to have access to information about the Council, the most effective way is to either call on their telephone lines, post a letter on P.Â O Box 35111, Doha, Qatar, Communication Office, Phone:Â Hot line 155 - 44044564 - 44044567- 44044371 - 4044370, fax on their number 44044571 - 44044572Â or email to concerned official on firstname.lastname@example.org.
Higher Education Institutions (Government and private organizations)
When students graduate from their high schools or colleges, they are willing to get instant accessibility to universities from where they can acquire their further education. With the advent of time, course curriculum needs to be updated and universities have to ensure that they offer programs that are demanded by students so that they are able to help a country in achieving its economic and social goals (Khodr, 2011). The Higher Education Institute of Supreme Education Council realizes its role of developing higher education standards in accordance with today's constantly changing and competitive global environment; it is enabling youth of Qatar and everyone in country to make a prospering career by developing vast range of knowledge and skills.
In order to help Qatar's youth in acquiring relevant education, the Higher Education Institute is through various scholarship programs. The primary aim of these programs is to help youngsters in pursuing higher education and motivate their morale while helping them get ready for challenges that they will have to face when they enter practical work environment (Dome of Infinity, 2012). Some of the programs are developed in such a way that students acquire education along with their jobs so that they can made advancements in their careers in appropriate way.
In order to meet university requirements of students, Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development has developed Education City which has been constructed on Doha's outskirts, Doha is capital of Qatar, that covers area of about 14 km2 and offers various educational facilities to students from primary school to university level. There are even some top ranked Universities in this educational hub and it aims to be the central point of excellent in entire region so that students of Gulf Cooperation Council region can be provided top quality education (UNDP, 2012).
Education City is considered as the forum where universities are inclined to share their research and enhance relationships with both public and private sectors institutions and businesses. In this City, there are six universities of US, one of UK and one French university. Here are some details about these universities:
Virginia Commonwealth University in Qatar School of the Arts (VCUQ) which was founded in 1998. It offers students various programs such as four years Bachelor of Fine Arts degree in interior design, painting, fashion design or graphic design and also two years Masters of Fine Arts in Design Studies (Education, 2012).
Weill Cornell College in Qatar (WCMC-Q) which is a Medical college founded by Cornell University in year 2001. The programs offers are pre-medical program for two years that leads to four years medical program and then finally Doctor of Medicine degree (Education, 2012).
Texas A&M University at Qatar (TAMUQ) which has been in Qatar since 2003 and is offering undergraduate level degrees in electrical, mechanical, petroleum and chemical engineering (Education, 2012).
Carnegie Mellon University in Qatar (CMU-Q) which has been offering undergraduate level degrees in computer science programs, information systems and business since 2004 (Education, 2012).
Georgetown University School of Foreign Service in Qatar (SFS-Qatar) has been in the market since 2005 and is offering leading Bachelor's degree in foreign services which is also a four years program (Education, 2012).
Northwestern University in Qatar (NU-Q) which started its operations in 2008 and is offering degree programs in communication and journalism (Education, 2012).
HEC Paris has a branch in the City which has designed exclusive executive degree programs for executives who are either in their mid career or at senior level positions (Education, 2012).
University College London in Qatar (UCL-Q) has its branch since 2011 that is offering postgraduate degrees in conservation, museum studies and archaeology (Education, 2012).
Besides all these international universities, there is one university "Qatar University" which is the national university in this region. It is recognized for creating an environment which allows free exchange of ideas, debates in respectful manner, open door communication and promise of allowing precision in inquiry. It is offering graduate and undergraduate programs that are of exceptionally high quality which produces students who are competent, well skilled and determined to boost Qatar's image. Currently, University constitutes about seven colleges i.e. College of Law, College of Education, College of Arts and Sciences, College of Pharmacy, College of Business and Economics, College of Sharia and Islamic Studies and College of Engineering (Supreme Education Council, 2012).
Study Abroad or Travel Agents in the Country
Following is the list of travel agents who should be contacted when students are willing to study abroad:
Other Useful Sources
Bhandari, R., & El-Amine, A. (2012). Higher Education Classification in the Middle East and North Africa: A Pilot Study. Available at: http://www.iie.org/en/Research-and-Publications/Publications-and-Reports/IIE-Bookstore/MENA-Institutional-Classification-Study
RAND (2012). RAND-Qatar Policy Institute. Available at: http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/2007/RAND_MG644.pdf
Weber, A.S. (2010). Web-Based Learning in Qatar and the GCC States. Available at: http://cirs.georgetown.edu/publications/papers/120276.html