Journal database

Published:

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers.

  1. Introduce the Topic:
  2. Your first task is to provide a brief description of the research question. What is the experiment or study attempting to demonstrate? What phenomena are you studying? Provide a brief history of your topic and explain how it relates to your current research.

  3. Summarize Previous Research:
  4. The second task of your introduction is to provide a well-rounded summary of previous research that is relevant to your topic. So, before you begin to write this summary, it is important to thoroughly research your topic. Finding appropriate sources amid thousands of journal articles can be a daunting task, but there are a number of steps you can take to simplify your research.

  5. Researching Your Topic:
  6. Search a journal database, such as PsychInfo or ERIC, to find articles on your subject. Once you have located an article, look at the reference section to locate other studies cited in the article. As you take notes from these articles, be sure to write down where you found the information. A simple note detailing the author's name, journal, and date of publication can help you keep track of sources and avoid plagiarism.

  7. Provide Your Hypothesis:
  8. Once you have summarized the previous research, explain areas where the research is lacking or potentially flawed. What is missing from previous studies on your topic? What research questions have yet to be answered? Your own hypothesis should lead from these questions. At the end of your introduction, offer your hypothesis and describe what you expected to find in your experiment or study.

Tips:

Identifying production planning and control top authors: analysis of a survey

  • Authors:
  • Fernandes, Flavio Cesar Faria;Azeka, Fabio;Barreto, Maria Cecilia Mendes;Filho, Moacir Godinho

  • Source:
  • International Journal of Business Innovation and Research, Volume 3,Number 5, 17 July 2009 , pp. 461-478(18)

  • Publisher:
  • Inderscience Publishers

Investigating the relationship between planning reliability and project performance

  • Authors:
  • Gonzalez, V.;Alarcon, L. F.;Mundaca, F.

  • Source:
  • Production Planning and Control, Volume 19,Number 5, July 2008 , pp. 461-474(14)

  • Publisher:
  • Taylor and Francis Ltd

Remote scheduling of production activities: tools, paradigms and performance

  • Authors:
  • Orsoni, Alessandra;Bandinelli, Romeo

  • Source:
  • International Journal of Internet Manufacturing and Services, Volume 1,Number 1, 10 July 2007 , pp. 19-31(13)

  • Publisher:
  • Inderscience Publishers

Distributed production planning and control agent-based system

  • Authors:
  • Lima, R. M.;Sousa, R. M.;Martins, P. J.

  • Source:
  • International Journal of Production Research, Volume 44, Numbers 18-19, -19/15 September-1 October 2006 , pp. 3693-3709(17)

  • Publisher:
  • Taylor and Francis Ltd

Refining a Workload Control (WLC) concept: a case study

  • Author:
  • Stevenson, Mark

  • Source:
  • International Journal of Production Research, Volume 44,Number 4, Number 4/15Feb2006 , pp. 767-790(24)

  • Publisher:
  • Taylor and Francis Ltd

Stumbling blocks of PPC: Towards the holistic configuration of PPC systems

  • Authors:
  • Wiendahl, H.-H.;Von Cieminski, G.;Wiendahl, H.-P.

  • Source:
  • Production Planning and Control, Volume 16,Number 7, Number 7/01Oct2005 , pp. 634-651(18)

  • Publisher:
  • Taylor and Francis Ltd

A review of production planning and control: the applicability of key concepts to the make-to-order industry

  • Authors:
  • M. Stevenson;L. C. Hendry;B. G. Kingsman

  • Source:
  • International Journal of Production Research, Volume 43,Number 5, March 1, 2005 , pp. 869-898(30)

  • Publisher:
  • Taylor and Francis Ltd

The benefits of using a market share model in a simulation aided planning game

  • Authors:
  • Zülch G.;Fischer J.

  • Source:
  • Production Planning and Control, Volume 14,Number 2, March 2003 , pp. 146-154(9)

  • Publisher:
  • Taylor and Francis Ltd

Control of the state of orders on machines

  • Authors:
  • Starbek M.;Grum J.

  • Source:
  • Computers and Industrial Engineering, Volume 40,Number 1, June 2001 , pp. 35-49(15)

  • Publisher:
  • Elsevier

Selection and implementation of a PPC system

  • Authors:
  • Starbek M.;Grum J.

  • Source:
  • Production Planning and Control, Volume 11,Number 8, 1 December 2000 , pp. 765-774(10)

  • Publisher:
  • Taylor and Francis Ltd

Production planning and control tools

  • Authors:
  • Olhager J.;Wikner J.

  • Source:
  • Production Planning and Control, Volume 11,Number 3, 1 April 2000 , pp. 210-222(13)

  • Publisher:
  • Taylor and Francis Ltd

Operation lead time control

  • Authors:
  • Starbek M.;Grum J.

  • Source:
  • Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Volume 16,Number 6, December 2000 , pp. 443-450(8)

  • Publisher:
  • Elsevier

Automatic production control applying control theory - Fluid Models

  • Authors:
  • Wiendahl H.-P.H.-P.;Breithaupt J.-W.J.-W.

  • Source:
  • International Journal of Production Economics, Volume 63,Number 1, 5 January 2000 , pp. 33-46(14)

  • Publisher:
  • Elsevier

A modelling framework for complementary design of production planning and control systems

  • Authors:
  • Moscoso P. G.;Wafler T.;Windischer A.

  • Source:
  • Ergonomics, Volume 42,Number 11, 1 November 1999 , pp. 1492-1506(15)

  • Publisher:
  • Taylor and Francis Ltd

Towards an Integration of Process Planning and Production Planning and Control for Flexible Manufacturing Systems

  • Authors:
  • Gaalman G.J.C.;Suresh N.C.

  • Source:
  • International Journal of Flexible Manufacturing Systems, Volume 11,Number 1, February 1999 , pp. 5-17(13)

  • Publisher:
  • Springer

An expert system for the selection of production planning and control software packages

  • Authors:
  • Tatsiopoulos I. P.;Mekras N. D.

  • Source:
  • Production Planning and Control, Volume 10,Number 5, 1 July 1999 , pp. 414-425(12)

  • Publisher:
  • Taylor and Francis Ltd

Neural networks in production planning and control

  • Authors:
  • Garetti M.;Taisch M.

  • Source:
  • Production Planning and Control, Volume 10,Number 4, 1 June 1999 , pp. 324-339(16)

  • Publisher:
  • Taylor and Francis Ltd

Modelling and controlling the dynamics of production systems

  • Authors:
  • Wiendahl H-P.;Breithaupt J-W.

  • Source:
  • Production Planning and Control, Volume 10,Number 4, 1 June 1999 , pp. 389-401(13)

  • Publisher:
  • Taylor and Francis Ltd

A general approach to disassembly planning and control

  • Authors:
  • Wiendahl H.-P.;Seliger G.;Perlewitz H.;Burkner S.

  • Source:
  • Production Planning and Control, Volume 10,Number 8, 1 December 1999 , pp. 718-726(9)

  • Publisher:
  • Taylor and Francis Ltd

Concurrent engineering: a competitive strategy for process industries

  • Author:
  • Gunasekaran A.

  • Source:
  • Journal of the Operational Research Society, Volume 49,Number 7, 1 July 1998 , pp. 758-765(8)

  • Publisher:
  • Palgrave Macmillan

PPC-systems: re-engineering or replacement? Venus: a fuzzy-decision-tool helps to evaluate outdated production planning and control systems

  • Authors:
  • Luczak H.;Nicolai H.;Kees A.

  • Source:
  • Production Planning and Control, Volume 9,Number 5, 1 July 1998 , pp. 448-456(9)

  • Publisher:
  • Taylor and Francis Ltd

Production planning and control in a virtual One-of-a-Kind Production company

  • Author:
  • Tu Y.

  • Source:
  • Computers in Industry, Volume 34,Number 3, December 1997 , pp. 271-283(13)

  • Publisher:
  • Elsevier

On the unification of bills of materials and routings

  • Author:
  • Tatsiopoulos I.P.

  • Source:
  • Computers in Industry, Volume 31,Number 3, 30 November 1996 , pp. 293-304(12)

  • Publisher:
  • Elsevier

Production planning and control system developments in Germany

  • Authors:
  • Porter, J.K.;Jarvis, P;Little, D;Laakmann, J;Hannen, C;Schotten, M

  • Source:
  • International Journal of Operations & Production Management, Volume 16,Number 1, 1996 , pp. 27-39(13)

  • Publisher:
  • Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Hierarchically integrated lot size optimization

  • Authors:
  • Sohner V.;Schneeweiss C.

  • Source:
  • European Journal of Operational Research, Volume 86,Number 1, 5 October 1995 , pp. 73-90(18)

  • Publisher:
  • Elsevier

Integration of CAPP and PPC - : Interfusion Manufacturing Management

  • Authors:
  • Hermann Kühnle;Hans-Jürgen Braun;Jörg Bühring

  • Source:
  • Integrated Manufacturing Systems, Volume 5,Number 2, 1994 , pp. 21-27(7)

  • Publisher:
  • Emerald Group Publishing Limited

LITERATURE REVIEW

In July 2009 Fernandes, Flavio Cesar Faria,Azeka, Fabio,Barreto, Maria Cecilia Mendes,Filho, Moacir Godinho identified production planning and control top authors.

The main goal of their article is to identify the top production planning and control (PPC) authors by means of a survey on PPC researchers. The 10 top PPC authors were identified, as well as their influence (direct, indirect, or concerning some specific PPC problem) and impact (in theory or in an industry; PPC teaching or research) on the PPC area.

The main contributions of this article are as follows:

  1. To identify (among a great number of books regarding PPC) the books that has more influence on the PPC area.
  2. To guide the study of PPC by means of presenting the main books and authors of PPC.
  3. To show the most valuable work of the PPC top authors, initiating a process of determining who the PPC gurus are.

In

July 2008

Gonzalez, V.,Alarcon, L. F.,Mundaca, F. investigated the relationship between planning reliability and project performance and found out that "variability is a well-known problem in construction projects, which leads to the general deterioration of project performance. During the last decade, the Last Planner System (LPS™), a production planning and control system based on lean production principles, increasingly applied in the construction industry to improve planning reliability reducing the negative impacts of variability. LPS™ promotes actions to increase planning reliability, monitoring the percentage of plan completed (PPC) in a short-term period. However, there is limited research evidence about the relationship between planning reliability and project performance. In this paper, the authors report on a detailed research analyzing this relationship during the construction phase of a home building project at activity and project levels. By doing so, two indexes proposed: an activity planning reliability index called the process reliability index (PRI), and a project aggregate labor productivity index, called the project productivity index (PPI). Statistical analyses using the proposed indexes conducted showing positive and strong relationships between planning reliability and performance at activity and project levels. Finally, the research findings provide the guidelines of a preliminary methodology to forecast the impacts of planning reliability over project performance, when lean production methodologies are applied in project planning and control".

In

July 2007

Orsoni, Alessandra,Bandinelli, Romeo tried to explain remote scheduling of production activities they said, "Remote scheduling is a fast growing area of research in the wider area of Production Planning and Control (PP&C). Many solutions reported in the literature and many scheduling tools are currently available, however, the criteria for their evaluation and comparison remain loosely defined. This paper proposes an overview of existing solutions, highlighting their advantages and limitations, to support academics and industrial users in their choices of scheduling techniques and Inter Process Communication (IPC) solutions for the remote and online scheduling of production. This paper also proposes design guidelines and performance measures against which production managers can evaluate and improve their solutions".

In

October 2006

Lima, R. M.,Sousa, R. M.,Martins, P. J did some work on distributed production planning and control agent-based system and said, "Remote scheduling is a fast growing area of research in the wider area of Production Planning and Control (PP&C). Many solutions reported in the literature and many scheduling tools are currently available, however, the criteria for their evaluation and comparison remain loosely defined. This paper proposes an overview of existing solutions, highlighting their advantages and limitations, to support academics and industrial users in their choices of scheduling techniques and Inter Process Communication (IPC) solutions for the remote and online scheduling of production."

In

Feb 2006

Stevenson, Mark conducted research on refining a Workload Control (WLC) concept to improve the applicability of the approach to the shop characteristics found in practice. This is a two-stage process leading to significant conceptual refinements to a key WLC methodology. The first stage focuses on the development of a Decision Support System (DSS) based on a WLC concept designed for Make-To-Order (MTO) companies. Refinements made include changes to the backwards scheduling procedure and the way in which jobs are released onto the shop floor. The second stage focuses on the process of implementation. Using a case study of a MTO company, the paper describes the strategy taken to overcome a number of prerequisites to the successful implementation of a Production Planning and Control (PPC) concept. Issues addressed include grouping machines and determining capacities. This case study adds to the available literature by looking specifically at implementing WLC from the customer enquiry stage, while the case study experience also provides further refinements to the WLC concept.

In

Oct 2005

Wiendahl, H.-H.,Von Cieminski, G,Wiendahl, H.-P. Investigated Stumbling blocks of PPC they found out that "Manufacturing companies often complain about the difficulties they face in meeting their customers' logistic requirements. Many blame the perceived inadequacies of their production planning and control (PPC) software for their performance deficits. PPC software is just one of six configuration aspects of the entire PPC system. The authors argue that the configuration of the PPC aspects objectives, processes, objects, functions, responsibilities and tools has carried out methodically and consistently in order for the PPC system to function properly. The analysis of examples of so-called `stumbling blocks' of PPC, inadequate configurations of one or several of the aspects supports this claim. There investigation closes with the proposal of a checklist that the authors suggest as a first approach to ensure the consistent configuration of PPC systems."

March 1, 2005

M. Stevenson, L. C. Hendry, B. G. KingsmanM., Stevenson,L. C. Hendry,B. G. Kingsman presented a review of production planning and control. The paper reviews "'classic approaches' to Production Planning and Control (PPC) such as Kanban, Manufacturing Resource Planning (MRP II) and Theory of Constrains (TOC), and elaborates upon the emergence of techniques such as Workload Control (WLC), Constant Work In Process (CONWIP), Paired cell Overlapping Loops of Cards with Authorization (POLCA) and web- or e-based Supply Chain Management (SCM) solutions. A critical assessment of the approaches from the point of view of various sectors of the Make-To-Order (MTO) Industry presented. The paper considers factors such as the importance of the customer enquiry stage, company size, degree of customization and shop floor configuration and shows them to play a large role in the applicability of planning and control concepts. The paper heightens the awareness of researchers and practitioners to the PPC options, aids managerial system selection decision-making, and highlights the importance of a clear implementation strategy. WLC emerges as the most effective Job Shop solution; whilst for other configurations there are several alternatives depending on individual company characteristics and objectives. The paper outlines key areas for future research, including the need for empirical research into the use of Workload Control in small and medium sized MTO companies."

Some work in

March 2003

conducted by Zülch G.,Fischer J. enumerated that "during the realization of the CAESAR planning games, which has been supported by the European Leonardo da Vinci Programmed, the use of modular planning games within a global scenario has shown to be very effective in concisely relaying educational content from the area of production management. In particular, the close-to-reality situations have proven, time and again, to be highly motivating for seminar participants. In order to improve the transferability of acquired knowledge into practice, the IFAB-Institute of Human and Industrial Engineering of the University of Karlsruhe has further developed the INSIGHTS-PPC planning game for production planning and control, in such a way that the planning tasks to be tackled are set in direct relation to market similar repercussions. This realized in a new market share model. The market share model explained, paying particular attention to the practical consequences, which come along with the implementation of such a model. Despite the potential of the developed market share model and the positive feedback from seminar participants there is a risk of the participants being diverted from the intended educational content, that of production logistic fundamentals and techniques, and of them perceiving the focus of the seminar as a relaying of market mechanisms."

December 2000

Starbek M. &Grum J. found out "There is much computer-aided production planning and control (PPC) systems available on the market which can provide a solution to the complex task of production planning and control. However, the question remains, how can a company find an optimal system from the vast amount of available systems?"

April 2000

Olhager J. &Wikner J. Worked on Production planning and control tools,

"There are numerous tools available to be used for production planning and control purposes. The number of tools is ever increasing, and so are the levels of sophistication as well as complexity. For the specific manufacturing firm, the task of selecting the most appropriate set of tools is not trivial. However, in recent years, the understanding of the relationship between tools and manufacturing environments for which they are suitable has increased. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of production planning and control tools available today, as well as new trends, issues and ideas."

December 1999

Wiendahl H.-P.;Seliger G.;Perlewitz H.;Burkner S. touched a general approach to disassembly planning and control and there findings are "Closing product and material cycles have emerged as a paradigm for industry in the 21st century, and are directed towards an economical and responsible use of our limited resources. Disassembly plays a key role in recycling. It enables the recovery of functioning components for re-use of pure materials for re-utilization and the separation of harmful substances. Major challenges are presented by the enormous variety of products to be disassembled, by uncertainty as to quantity and by their unknown properties. An appropriate planning and control of disassembly processes is essential for an economic disassembly. Based on an investigation of the suitability of common production planning and control (PPC) methods for disassembly, a specific disassembly planning and control concept (DPC) outlined."

November 1999

Moscoso P. G.,Wafler T. &Windischer A. investigated on modeling framework for complementary design of production planning and control systems and said.

"In a business era characterized by a dazzling rate of change, the improvement of production planning and control begins to be a main objective for manufacturing industries. This paper postulates four main statements to be considered for the design of production planning and control systems (PPC-systems) comprising human and technical sub-systems. The first is that production models required for the design of PPC-systems (i.e. design models) cannot be identical to production models required for planning and control of production systems (i.e. regulatory models). The design of PPC-systems must primarily focus on the quality of interaction between the regulatory models. This insight supports the second statement, which postulates that the design of PPC-systems requires a complementary design approach. Complementary design means to take explicitly into account that human and technical sub-systems- based on the differences in strengths and weaknesses of both- can achieve through their interaction a new quality, possible neither to human nor technical sub-systems alone. The third statement is that a complementary design of PPC-systems will only be possible if a fundamental change of mind from a static to a dynamic as well as from a technical to a socio-technical perception (i.e. a complete perception) of production systems takes place. Without a complete perception of production systems, designed PPC-systems will not be sufficiently reliable, maintainable and flexible, will be difficult to comprehend, and their elements will not be re-usable for further applications. The fourth statement is that the integral support of the design process requires a dual modeling framework comprising a meta- and an object-model. Considering these fundamental insights that were confirmed by a practical case study, a dual modeling framework for the design of PPC-systems which incorporates criteria for complementary design is outlined."

July 1999

Tatsiopoulos I. P.;Mekras N.D.tried to find out an expert system for the selection of production planning and control software packages and "presents a rule-based expert system that can be used for the selection of a suitable production planning and control (PPC) software package to be applied in a manufacturing firm. A production system's typology and a compact PPC software reference model are included in the knowledge base which has been created. The inferences made are based on rules that relate a semantic network of PPC software features with a semantic network of production systems' attributes. The results given by the expert system include the module architecture and the set of features of the PPC software package, which are applicable in a certain manufacturing setting."

June 1999

Wiendahl H-P. &Breithaupt J-W. Worked on modeling and controlling the dynamics of production systems and infrared "Nowadays, in a fast-changing production environment, companies have to adapt their production structures rapidly. Therefore, new methods for production planning and control (PPC) are required that consider these dynamic changes. Today's PPC systems mainly based on static models, now, a dynamic production model has been developed applying methods of control theory. Using the funnel model and the theory of the logistic operating curve, a continuous model of a single production system developed. For the control task, backlogs as well as a work-in-process (wip) controller developed. The controllers interact to adjust the capacity and input rate of the work system to eliminate the backlog as soon as possible and to set the wip to a defined level. Simulation experiments confirm that this concept ensures the synchronization of capacity and work. In an ongoing research project, an extended model for several work systems connected via the material flow designed, which based on the elementary one. A suggestion to integrate the strategy into PPC on the planning level already been generated. The objective of this approach is to develop the present open-loop control realized in PPC into a closed-loop control with defined control and reference variables."

February 1999

Gaalman G.J.C. &Suresh N.C.conducted research work towards an Integration of Process Planning and Production Planning and Control for Flexible Manufacturing Systems and "This introduction article attempts to present some major issues relating to the integration of process planning and production planning and control (PPC) for flexible manufacturing systems (FMSs). It shows that the performance of an FMS can be significantly improved and FMS capabilities more effectively utilized by integrating process planning and PPC functions. The various types of flexibility to be planned and provided for in process planning and manufacturing are summarized in the article, as well as emerging conceptual frameworks for integration, along with their implementation requirements and problems. Distinctive elements that differentiate these frameworks, such as the extent of integration of process planning and PPC activities, number of alternative process plans, and the time at which numerical control programs are generated, are discussed, followed by a brief summary of the articles compiled for this special."

July 1998

Luczak H.;Nicolai H.;Kees A. analised PPC-systems: re-engineering or replacement? and concluded that "The growing number of production enterprises that use software systems to support the production planning and control (PPC-systems) and the limited life-time of these systems imply that many enterprises have to decide whether or not an existing PPC-system is worthwhile reengineering. The factors that have an impact on this decision are non-quantifiable."

In

1996 Porter

, J.K.;Jarvis, P;Little, D;Laakmann, J;Hannen, C;Schotten, M discussed Production planning and control system developments in Germany and briefly explained "the impact of MRP on UK manufacturing industry in the context of the next generation of developments. Draws a contrast with production planning and control systems in Germany which derive shopfloor control through different architecture of business control systems. Presents the state of these developments in Germany as analysed by a leading academic institution (the FIR at Aachen University of Technology). Compares this with UK developments, as seen by the Liverpool short-term scheduling group, which recently has analysed production planning/ scheduling practice in a range of different companies across various industry types."

In 1994

Hermann Kühnle;Hans-Jürgen Braun;Jörg Bühring engaged their minds in Integration of CAPP and PPC - : Interfusion Manufacturing Management they "Introduces concepts for the integration of Computer-Aided Process Planning (CAPP) and Production Planning and Control (PPC). Characterizes the current situation regarding integration by a one-way communication from CAPP to PPC, since a revised link is not envisaged. Introduces a new approach to full integration by the extension of functions within both systems' components as well as integration of both data and information technology."

Zia Rehman: www.scribed.com

Writing Services

Essay Writing
Service

Find out how the very best essay writing service can help you accomplish more and achieve higher marks today.

Assignment Writing Service

From complicated assignments to tricky tasks, our experts can tackle virtually any question thrown at them.

Dissertation Writing Service

A dissertation (also known as a thesis or research project) is probably the most important piece of work for any student! From full dissertations to individual chapters, we’re on hand to support you.

Coursework Writing Service

Our expert qualified writers can help you get your coursework right first time, every time.

Dissertation Proposal Service

The first step to completing a dissertation is to create a proposal that talks about what you wish to do. Our experts can design suitable methodologies - perfect to help you get started with a dissertation.

Report Writing
Service

Reports for any audience. Perfectly structured, professionally written, and tailored to suit your exact requirements.

Essay Skeleton Answer Service

If you’re just looking for some help to get started on an essay, our outline service provides you with a perfect essay plan.

Marking & Proofreading Service

Not sure if your work is hitting the mark? Struggling to get feedback from your lecturer? Our premium marking service was created just for you - get the feedback you deserve now.

Exam Revision
Service

Exams can be one of the most stressful experiences you’ll ever have! Revision is key, and we’re here to help. With custom created revision notes and exam answers, you’ll never feel underprepared again.