Issues You Anticipate Working In A Group Education Essay

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Introduction

In the first part, essay identifies and discusses about motivation and how people get motivated and it define theories of motivation and mainly focuses on "what has motivated me to study masters at Bangor University". Then it gives idea about "what is learning" and styles of learning. Thirdly it discusses about the theories of learning and "what is according to me the best learning approach or theory" or the way I study, learn" etc. In the next part group work and issues in group has been discussed under different heads like: what is group and group work, roles of members, kinds of group, development stages and the issues. In the end the essay suggests us how to overcome from the problems faced in the group work and personal skills to deal the problems. The problems can be easily solved by some simple tricks.

Motivation

Motivation is one of the important ingredients to success. When people lack motivation, either they get no results, or gets inadequate results, whereas when people are motivated they achieve greater and better results and achievements.

Motivation is known as that drive which helps to activate behaviour and gives it direction. Motivation theory is connected with the process which describes that why and how human behaviour is activated and directed. For example: Need for food resulting into hunger, person is motivated to eat. (Ken Shah & Prof. Param J. Shah, 2007)

However, every person is different in his basic motivational drives. It also depends upon the area of his interest. If you know how people are motivated, you have the most powerful tool in your hand for dealing with them.

According to Maslow theory, human needs have five levels which have to be fulfilled. All of the needs discussed by Maslow are structured into a hierarchy, until and unless the lower level of needs is fully met, person will not be motivated to full fill his next need shown in the hierarchy. For example if a person who is dying of hunger, he will be motivated to get a basic income in order to buy food before having a secure job or the respect of others. (Maslow, 1954)

B.F. Skinner propounded reinforcement theory. This theory says that if the environment plays important role in motivating people. Individuals get motivated by the things happening in the external environment. According to Skinner the environment should be made appropriate to the people. According to him, making positive changes permanently in the external environment of the organization is the only way to motivate. (B. F. Skinner, 1970)

Motivation to pursue Master's Degree from Bangor University.

The education system of UK is totally different throughout the world. Universities in UK provides safe, caring and secure environment to each and every student. The international education system of UK helps us to prepare our self for future successful entrepreneurs and excellent employees. UK has the best universities in the world and provide variety of courses. Universities and colleges in UK provide one of the world's best research active environments, with the number of opportunities to learn from the excellent academic staff. (studyplaces.com)

What motivated me to study at Bangor was, that Bangor has been voted one of the best student's places and is one of the oldest and most reputed universities in UK as well as in the world. Bangor University was established in 1884 by the Charter of 1884 and has a long tradition of academic excellence. Bangor has low crime rate as compared to other cities of UK. Times Higher Education System rated Bangor University on the top for the help and support provided by the university to the students.

Why MBA in LAW and MANAGEMENT?

Bangor University is providing a course MBA in Law and Management which is not offered by any other university in the world. University of Wolverhampton in providing a similar course i.e. MBA Law, which cannot be compared by the program of Bangor University. Business School and Law School of Bangor University have united to offer a pioneering suite of interdisciplinary MBA and MA programmes.

MBA in Law and Management paves the path in understanding the key areas that are the epicentre of all legal and regulatory issues and play a central role in the successful management of all types of modern enterprises whether small, medium or big. It provides a practical source of knowledge to enhance the understanding of high-level managerial skill and concepts. It brings the student at the junction where the laws and regulation affects the business in big parameters of chief areas.

(Bangor University) -

Secondly, Being a Lawyer I expect something better from this course it would help me to stand in good stead of life. Managerial skills are always an asset to any lawyer. Once the person gets to know about the pros and cons of the trade one can tackle the difficult situations in a better way. Higher studies in any stream are of great advantage and therefore whether it is Law or Management, one can feels like taking up the challenges in the field of Law and Justice.

Law and Management would surely and undoubtedly assist any lawyer in the concerned areas. The roles like that of a magistrate or a chief justice need the person to be enterprising and innovative with the utmost skills. The new methods would give an edge to a building lawyer as he would be enabled to make sounds judgements and legitimate solutions to the problems and enterprises assigned to him.

Management techniques also lift the moral of a lawyer and he feels well equipped with the latest techniques. Anyone who has a sound judgement can rule the world. In this age of competition one would always feel comfortable with the acquired knowledge in the concerning field. It is hoped that I would be successful in using it to my best and would be benefited by it.

Approach to Learning

Robert Heinlein

"Learning isn't a means to an end; it is an end in itself. "

Learning is something that happens quite naturally and sometimes without being noticed. Learning is a continuous process. It never stops. It is a process in which we all are engaged throughout our life. According to me learning has no beginning and no end. Learning is a process of acquiring knowledge, skill, behaviours or understanding. People learn in different ways. There is not a single way to learn.

According to Melanie Spiller there are five ways how people learn which are:

Verbal: People put everything into language. People who are verbal learners note down in their notes book to learn.

Visual: People make pictures in their head. Verbal's are happy that something have been described to them, whereas Visuals are happy when something is shown to them.

Tactile: Tactile learn when they touch the things.

Kinesthetic: These people learn when they manipulate things.

Aural: Aural remember everything what they heard, read or see.

If a person is Verbal learner, it doesn't means that he learns in only one way. It is the predominant style of learning of that person. (Melanie Spiller, 2010)

Learning Theories

Sensory Stimulation Theory: According to this theory, effective leaners occur, when senses are stimulated. According to researches 75% adults learn by seeing. By stimulating the Visual sense learning can be enhanced. According to researches hearing is the second most effective of other senses. Around 13% people learn while hearing. (Laird, 1985)

Reinforcement Theory: This theory has been originated by behaviourist school of psychology, by B.F Skinner at the beginning of this century. According to this theory learner starts to behave according to the environment in which he is kept. (Laird 1985, Burn 1995)

Cognitive-Gestalt Theory: A concept has been developed by this theory that individuals have different necessities and concerns at different stints, and they have subjective elucidations in different contexts. Two things have been developed by this, first is, brain is the active organised processor of knowledge and second is, earlier knowledge plays very important role in learning. (Burn1995, p. 112)

Holistic Learning Approach: This theory says that "human character consist of many things, like the emotions, intellect, desire, intuition, imagination etc. To make learning more effective they all have to be activated. (Laird, 1985, p.121)

Facilitation Theory (the Humanistic Approach): To make learning more effective the learner has to make the atmosphere according to him. He has to make the atmosphere in which he feels more comfortable for learning. This theory was developed by Carl Rogers and others. If the learner is not able to adjust in the atmosphere he will not be able to learn anything. So, it is very much necessary to create the atmosphere for learning in which the learner feels the best. (Laird 1985.)

Action Learning: It is that process in which the learner studies his actions and experience to improve the performance. This process is linked to learning-by- doing and giving lectures through examples. According to this process the world of learning is linked with the world of action through small learning groups which are known as sets of action learning. (McGill and Beaty, 1995)

Adult Learning: Malcolm Knowles (1978, 1990) is known as the father of adult learning. According to him adulthood arrived when people shows the conduct of adults and believe themselves as adult. Adults cannot be treated like children's. Children are forced to learn but adult are not. It is the adult who decides to learn. It is assumed that the seminars or workshops organised by them creates better learning environment. (Mark K. Smith 2002)

My Approach to learning

According to me the best way to learn is that the person should enjoys learning, has to be an active listener, should ask questions, shows more enthusiasm while learning, and ready to learn from the mistakes. He should have good time management skills, should create new ideas from the knowledge he has and should try continuously to improve his performance.

In my view the best approach to learn is the "Facilitation Theory" which is also known as "Humanistic Approach". According to this theory the, learning depends upon the atmosphere.

From my point of view if a person wants to get success he has to be in the best comfortable way to learn. If he is not in the conditions he wants he will be facing problems while learning which can result into the failure. When a person gets the atmosphere according to him, he will find people of the same nature, and they will be helping him to make him learning more enjoyable and creating new ideas while sharing the knowledge with them.

When a person is in the conditions which are not according to him, he can get demotivated and will not get the best results. So, from my point of view the Facilitation Theory or the Humanistic Approach is the best approach or theory of learning.

Group Work

Vince Lombardi

"Individual commitment to a group effort - that is what makes a team work, a company work, a society work, a civilization work."

Before analysing the problems of group work we must know that what is a group, role of group members, types of groups and how they are formed. Until there is no group there will be no group problem.

Group is a collection of 2 or more people, who are meeting and interacting regularly and working for a common set of goal.

Working in group is more effective as there are many minds working together for one goal and when many minds work for same the result is always on a better side.

(Smith, Mark K, 2008)

Though, an individual can think as well and can give a great output like the group does, but working individually will take more time with less ideas. Though the individual will not be attached to any time or place and will be able to think openly without any restriction. But working with group is like fun. For one task there will be more ideas, less time will be consumed, meeting different people at different levels, making learning more flexible and gets chance to communicate with different people. (Brown, A, 1994)

Role within the Group: Every group member has a role to play so that the best result can be produced. Following roles can be very useful: a leader or a chairperson to give direction and make policy, a timekeeper, who can hold the group to the deadline and can keep the group meetings within time limits, a monitor, to check the progress and nudge things along if necessary, a note-taker, to keep the records of the meeting, a finisher, to make the final draft and setup for rehearsals for presentations. (Rice and others, 1995: p18)

Types of Groups: There are mainly two types of groups:

Primary Group

Secondary Group

Primary Group: Primary group is mainly a small social group whose members share close, personal, enduring relationship. These groups are marked by members anxious for one another, share culture and activities and long span of time spent together. For e.g. Family, friends, and highly influential social groups. (Charles Horton Cooley 1909, p. 25-31.)

Secondary Group: These groups are task oriented groups which are organised for a time limit. Since the secondary groups are organised to perform functions, the role of people can be changed from one to another. Examples of secondary group are: Impersonal relationship between salesclerk and customer in a department store. (McGinty, Patrick J.W. 2006)

Development of groups: According to Bruce Tuckman there are 4 stages of group development which are:

Forming: At this time it has to be make sure that all the group members are involved. It is the initial stage when group starts working together. It is the time when the task of the group has to be decided.

Storming: At this moment the conflicts arises. If group doesn't states its purpose and goals, the group may collapse at this stage. At this stage it is necessary to discuss what everyone feels and establish the clear objectives.

Norming: It is the process by which group works. At this stage the patterns are established that how the work is to be done. Group members come to know that how the group operates.

Performing: At this stage group is focused on its task, to accomplish goal. The group can celebrate its achievements and that the members are learning and sharing their roles. At this stage it is not possible for the group to remain here permanently. The group has to go through all the stages again when new people will join. ( Komives, S., Lucas, N., McMahon, T. (1998)

According to my experience, the problems faced by the group members while working in group are:

Slow start because of the poor planning: All groups take time to form and know each other. Being a new group it takes time to perform.

Lack of control of the process: Sometimes a group may lack focus and direction towards the goal because the members of the group hesitate to suggest a way of proceeding.

Ideas not being discussed properly: Due to the hesitation of the group members the ideas are not discussed in the meetings properly.

Participation of members is less: Sometime members do not participate in discussions or they are quite and don't even attend group meetings. This can lead to demotivation and group work may be affected.

Poor Communication: It is one of the biggest issues in groups. Personal ego, hesitation can leads to poor communication and group work is affected.

Domination by 1 or 2 members in discussion: When 1 or 2 members dominate the group meeting other members will not be able to put themselves into the discussion and the value is not given to their ideas. This can lead to frustration also, due to which group can be broken.

Task not completed on time: If any of the issue discussed above occur in the group, there will be delay in accomplishing the goal.

Addressing the issues.

Issues occur! It can be seen between family members, between nations, and friends. They occur while working in groups also, and are not always bad. In many ways they can help in understanding the problems deeply as well as other people and can be creative may time while solving problems, or taking the advantage of the opportunities. Learning about the common styles of people use at the problematic situation and how to change problems into creative solutions are important skills while working in a group. Helping all the group members to learn the basic skills, moves the group effectively, and the works get done and the relations remains unbroken even at that situation of disagreements and disputes.

Personal and Group Skills for dealing with the problems in Group:

The simple way for dealing with the problem is describing the problem in the group meeting in such a way that the members do not feel that they are personally attacked. It can be done by asking questions to the group members in group meeting to determine the source of problem and asking for the description, testing it to see if other members of the group also see the things as you do.

In order to sort out the problem, the best skill is listening- listening for the feelings and fact. It can be conveyed that you are listening to them fully by asking questions that allow members to open up and allowing them to focus on what they think, feel, and wanted to happen. If you have listened well to the members, and found the agreement with your framing of the problem, you may be able to suggest the group to find out the solution so that group members can come closer to each other.

Process for finding out the Solutions of the Issues in group work:

Try to arrange a time when all the group members can meet at one place and just focus on the issue and its solution. Suggest and take ideas of each member and try that one member speaks at one time and give chance to all the members.

Allow everyone to describe the issue and discuss what they feel about it. Try to involve those members also who are not involve in the issue and ask them how they feel about and take their suggestions also.

Summarize the key facts, and impacts that the members have shared about the issue. Ask every member to summarize as needed.

Write down each and every thing discussed in the meeting said by the members of the group so that it can be reviewed when needed.

Try to decide on a time frame for looking that how the solution to the issue is working and modify when needed. (Dee Kelsey and Pam Plum, 2001, p.120.)

CONCLUSION

To conclude, the essay has laid down the basic points that how people get motivated and also discussed about the theories of motivation. The essay also gives us the information about the learning process and different approaches of the people that how they learn. To be a good learner person has to be very punctual and has to stick on the basic principles. Learning and motivation are connected to group work. There are always some problem while working in groups but can be sorted out with politeness and simple smile on the face to get great success in life.

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