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The particular area of research which has been chosen is "Parental Involvement in Childrens Education". This piece of research will aim to discover what types of different strategies are being used to involve parents in their childrens education at school. It will also discover upon results received back from parents and the teachers whether the strategies that are being used are successful.
Aim of Research
On completion of this research it will provide the researcher an insight of the strategies that are being used within the school setting and their efficiency. From the results that the researcher has discovered the researcher will then modify necessary changes in future practice. This will enable the researcher to improve or develop upon the strategies school uses so that parents are receiving their full entitlement to be participating within their children's education.
The following research will be based and collected from the questions listed below.
What strategies are used to involve parents in their children's education?
How do the teachers incorporate strategies and interact with parent to involve them in their children's education?
Basis of Literature Review
The literature that the researcher will be aiming to review within the chosen research topic will involve the following documents and books listed below. This will enable the researcher to inform and enhance their knowledge and understanding of the research topic as well as conducting their literature review.
Some of the books which will be used as listed below:
Whalley.M, (2001), Involving Parents in their Children's Learning, Paul Chapman Publishing: London
Pugh.G and Duffy.B, (2010), Contemporary Issues in the Early Years, 5th Edition, SAGE Publications Ltd: London
Daly.M, Byers.E and Taylor.W, (2006), Professional Development: Understanding Early Years Theory in Practice, Heinemann: England
Some documents that will be used as listed below:
DfES, (n.d), The Impact of Parental Involvement on Children's Education, DfES
DfES, (2003), Does Parental Involvement make a difference to Pupil's Attainment?
Brown.P.C, (1989), Involving Parents in the Education of Their Children, file://E:\InvolvingParentsintheEducationofTheirChildren_ERICDigest.htm
Peters.M, Seeds.K, Goldstein.A and Coleman.N, (2008), Parental Involvement in Children's Education 2007, DfES
Reynolds.J, (2005), Parent's Involvement in their Children's Learning and Schools
Russell.K and Granville.S, (2005), Parents' views on improving parental involvement in children's education, Scottish Executive
The research setting is a local community school within Rochdale which has overall 300 children that are aged between 3 - 11 years old. Most of the children that attend the setting are from Asian ethnic backgrounds and some are from a White ethnic background. The participants that will be involved within the research will be the parents of the children in a reception class and the class teachers of the class.
Materials which the researcher will make use of during the collection of the data will consist of the following, a tape recorder. This will be in use when conducting interviews with the class teachers to ensure data is collected appropriately.
Qualitative and quantitative data will be in use to collect the relevant data needed from the research. Before making use of the chosen methods that the researcher will use, the researcher will use the following books listed below to enhance her knowledge of the methods that will be in use for example the advantages and disadvantages and so on.
Books that will be used for research methods are as follows:
Bell.J, (1999), Third Edition, Doing Your Research Project - A guide for first time researchers in education and social science, Open University Press
Clark. M.M, (2005), Understanding Research in Early Education: The relevance for the future of lessons from the past, 2nd Edition, Routledge: Great Britain
Coleman.M and Briggs.R.J.A, (2002), Research Methods in Educational Leadership and Management, SAGE Publications: London
Denscombe,M, (2003), The Good Research Guide - for small-scale social research projects. Second Edition, Open University Press: England
Robert-Holmes.G, (2005), Doing your early years research project, Paul Chapman Publishing: Great Britain
The methods that the researcher intends to use as part of the research will be the following, questionnaires, semi structured interviews and tape recordings. The researcher will hand out questionnaires to the parents of the children in the reception class that have agreed to participate within the research and interviews will be conducted with the teachers of the reception class which will be semi structured. The tape recordings will be taken place when interviewing the class teachers to ensure that the data is accurately recorded. The methods that the researcher has selected will hopefully enable the researcher to conduct and collect the relevant data needed from the proposed research questions that have been selected.
The researcher will be gathering research through a range of various methods which will ensure that the triangulation of data can be completed to achieve the validity of the research completed. Therefore one piece of data from the research may support the data findings of another piece of data. Roberts-Holmes.G, (2005:40) believed that "Triangulation is the research practice of comparing and combining different sources of evidence in order to reach a better understanding of the research topic".
General Ethical Issues:
Obtaining Informed Consent
The ethical issues which may arise will be fully adhered to. This will involve permission letters which will be sent out to the parents of the children within the Reception class, which will explain to the parents of what is intended to be carried out and how the research will be achieved. They will be given the option to participate within the research; the choice of participating will be entirely upon the parent which will be respected. It will be made clear also that if they choose to withdraw from the research at any point no questions will be asked and their view will be valued. The children within the reception class will be informed of the study and the class teachers will also be kept up to date about the research that the researcher will be carrying out. Permission from the head teacher will also be taken into account as a permission letter will be given to her which will explain the basis of the research that is intended to be carried out by the researcher.
Full confidentiality will be taken into account for this research and all data and information that is collected will be stored safely. Any names which may be mentioned will be changed to protect the identity of those individuals involved. Once completed a copy of the research study will be available at the school for staff and parents to view.
1. Write up research proposal.
2. Get permission from head teacher.
3. Send out consent forms to parents.
1. Write up literature review.
2. Make a start on the introduction.
3. Devise questionnaires for parents.
4. Devise interview questions for the teachers.
1. Hand out the questionnaires to the parents who have responded back and are willing to participate in the research study.
2. Set up small sessions to interview the class teachers within Reception.
4. Write up methodology.
February - March 2011
1. Collect the data back from the parents (questionnaires).
2. Write up results and analyse them.
1. Write up discussion.
2. Write up conclusion.
1. Start making finishing touches to the dissertation.
2. Submission of dissertation.