The main objective of this chapter is used to give a brief summary on the research, findings, conclusions and recommendations of the study. School leaders approach, pursuing, work/balance approach are the issues that are included in the conclusion. Many recommendations are made to operationalise approach.
8.2 Summary of the Research Process
The focusing element of the study is to investigate how school leaders achieve work\life balance, to improve the school leader well-being and principal supply it is important to understand professional development design.
In the research process of developing an appropriate approach to research design is included and the framework guides the literature review and analysis of data. For the sample of twelve school leaders interviews are being conducted, the work\life border have given data analysis and self-developed test, which results in identification of "degrees of success" of work\life balance which would improve the typology of work\life balance. Balancers, strivers and Acceptors are the three divisions in student leaders. Strategies of work and non-work and personnel characteristics are the main focusing element of the study of school leaders. Significant strategies for efficient work\life balance are examined very deeply for aggregation of strategies. The evidence was useful in context of principal supply and sustainability, it also useful in development of a professional strategy which is aimed in enhancing work\life balance and recommendations and systematic balance of the school leaders.
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Insights of the school leaders can be examined by data analysis and interviews at appreciable level. These insights provide unique details of individual lives, work practices and microstrategies,
With the academic debates which are in relation with work/life, management, school leadership and Positive Organisational Scholarship fields of study are used to locate these experiences. Based on the espousing an appropriate bias this is done and positive emphasis as well as enablers of change are also tried to be done.
8.3 Revisiting the Research Questions
The ways in which the school leaders achieved positive work\life balance lead to the research which focuses on the focuses on the following points:
The experience and views of work\life for school leaders.
Their strategies towards managing commitments related to their work and non-work domains.
These school leaders also try to find how to manage their work\life balance and they also use these findings in improving school capability and sustainability.
How the principals achieve work\life balance are perceived
Features those are included in achieving principals of school organisation and personal practice to achieve work\life balance.
8.4 The Findings and Outcomes of the Study
The central idea of this study is to find what are the principals that are to be put into implementation to achieve better balance in their lives. Lack of balance between work and the its impact are examined in this study. The also includes outcomes from producing generative. The aims are used to reflect research questions. The findings and outcomes are given below:
In year 2004 Saulwick in his study found that the school principals seems to feel stressed, stressed by over workload, and lacking behind in satisfying both the family and leisure activities. All his findings are different.
His studies finds the strategies that are involved in achieving the state of work\life balance.
It is used to improve the capacity to get off from the work and engaging themselves in non-work domain.
To ensure personnel and family time commitments are assessed.
Through segregation of work and personnel life work and personel work are managed.
Attention should be paid to mental health as well as physical health and well being also.
Concentration should be taken on sources of energy.
Should work with satisfaction and enjoyment.
Through establishing systems work load can be managed.
Work can be operated by some guided frame work.
Leadership should be shared.
Support by colleagues.
Good focus on tasks.
Significance about the strategies and methods that are used in attaining work\life balance
Professional, organisational, managerial, interpersonal mixtures are used.
Always on Time
Marked to Standard
Segregation of work and non-work domains.
Techniques of energy creation, efficiency and self efficiency.
4. The identification of relevant changes to the principal ship, to departmental practice are used to assist the work load management and this is the central work.
5. To define and adopt a guiding management approach are linked to leadership characteristic to work\balance life.
6. Assistance of colleagues also are important in the work life of principals.
7. To apply for leadership good work\life role models would have a positive impact. The defectives for applying to principal ship are due to the existence of negative and lack of positive role models.
8. Levels of autonomy, leadership structure, control of work load, efficiency and deliverables, balance and flexibility are the features in school leadership principals. They say that the work is never boring and they enjoy doing it.
9. The school culture can be developed by enabling school leaders to thrive for and contribute for their well being. The work\life balance have the potential to improve the principal supply.
8.5 Strengths and Limitations of the Study
The central idea of this study is on the principals of work\life balance which are very important in number of studies. Filling up of gap in school leadership and work\life research is the support given by the research which provides an in-depth view on school leadership and in the process of combining leadership and personnel roles. It practises recommendations and gives original frame work for attaining work\life balance. It even provides an opportunity to develop professional development of strategy to improve sustainability and principal ship.
Moving the picture from languishing principalship to one of a thriving principalship, and to redesigning the principalship in order to attain work balance in such a way to reengage, retain, attract and to sustaining these principals is referred as sustainability. The study of micro strategies is important to know the effect of work\life balance. The mediator for work\life balance is found by the study as self efficiency. In the school leadership approach thriving concept is found to be the important concept to achieve work life balance. So far we have discussed about the importance of study and it found that it being limited in few ways. Primarily, it is based on small ample. Only the four principals are used in redesign the factors influencing the often work quoted study factors. As the principals are busy people the interviews are taken in limited time and scope.
In traditional way the inquiry method comprises the element of co-operative inquiry and the approach in this study is involved with the school leader's data, other techniques are not used. Sending case technique would improve the process. This process have removed spontaneity and usefulness.
Many have researched on this study and different people have different notes regarding the work\life balance. On the whole the context and culture of an organisation will have the main effect on the capacity of staf members which are used in balancing work as well as personnel life these are factors which are being assumed in the study. The central issue of this is on the development of student research strategies by exploration of personnel and organisational strategies.
8.6.5 Build on strengths
It is understood the principalship needs an affirmative guiding image and it also told that DoE identifies school leaders who are well expertise. Based on the building on strength as foundation element the professional development can be done. people who approaching for retirement and to share good practises the employing strength of school leaders have been extended. For supporting this flexible or part time works are being arranged.
8.6.6 Focus on care and self-care
The primary aspect in the role of principal is care which is told by Peterson and Day in the year 2000. And they also say that it should be nurtured and moulded accordingly. This is not to say that care is only factor of leadership but is to say that it is a soft part in the school leadership this was the assumption made by Saulwick during 2004. The negative situation is having the principal class fit and a challenge characterised have resulted in gaining extraordinary comments. In fact care has been framed to be the strength. The intrinsic and difficult element to develop is attitude. The importance of care in school leadership is being explained very well by Day in 2000and he also stated that the success is more with the principals who show more care. Suggestion given by Mackey in 2000 is care should be a capability it is a part of the performance management system.
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Blending of technical\managerial along with symbolises\artistic skills are the enabling range of skill are suggested by Deal in the year 1994. In all the aspects of leadership taking from decision making to self-care care plays an important role. It contributes to the positive staff relationships which are enjoyed by school leaders and balancers.
For the school effectiveness the DoE should ensure that the leadership programs are introduction to the school leadership for guiding management philosophies and framework. For the work\life balance the key factor is leadership practices. This leadership practices are included with topics as priority setting, decision making, work organisation, and shared leadership. Not only the leadership practices the care, work\life balance, self-regulation of positive emotions should also be articulated.
8.6.7 Examine deep redesign of the principalship
The accommodation of rethinking and redesigning in the concept of sharing leadership and the in the matching type of leadership to meet the needs of the school. The applying of the principals and practice of DoE flexible work policy is the extension of this. Through flexible work arrangements the needs of the school are met effectively. The rethinking capability statements are used in increasing the inclusions of more positive approach in self management. Presently there is no creation of positive emotions which is effecting the work\life balance.
The need for reconceptualise the principalship in a emphasized way in educational leadership was being pointed by commentators. For decision making the student learning is the driver according to balancers.
8.7 Summary of Recommendations for DoE action
These recommendations include:
â€¢ Making work/life balance a priority
â€¢ Adopting a thriving lens for work/life balance
â€¢ Providing professional and personal support
â€¢ Actively promoting strategies to ensure workload is manageable
â€¢ Building on strengths
â€¢ Focusing on care and self-care
â€¢ Examining deep redesign of the principalship
â€¢ Adopting a comprehensive framework for professional development
8.8 Work/Life Balance for Principals Model
The study of work\life model for principal study model finds that the recommendations and information from analysis offers good approach for supporting work\life balance. the principalship model would be supporting for the school leadership work\life balance. For school leaders who are involved in professional development programs and for supporting for the creation of individual support communities the model acts as a guide. And for DoE the it gives policy responses.