This study will focus on the factors contributing to education and school growth. Nowadays, the education system is a main topic of discussion in our community. Besides the financial aspects, this article puts the non-financial and yet valuable aspect when considering changes in the education into prospect. There are many factors that can lead to an increase in the secondary schools population, but to what extend will these factors affect this specific educational sector.
Several educational institutes in CuraÒ«ao are experiencing whether an increase or decrease in the amount of students visiting the institutes and the ones who were finishing school with success. Growth is a result of population growth within certain areas, the criteria's stated by some schools but also a result in the quality of education. It is a positive aspect until it is placed into perspective of the kind of growth and the factors influencing this growth. Since, the results of school growth are not always what is being expected by the board of directors on the educational sector. When in the community is being talked about school growth, it must be measured if it is acceptable and if it acquires the necessary procedures to be effective. Does the student get equal attention in class? How is school growth affecting the capacity and goals of the schools? And so many questions can be mentioned related to education and school growth. But in fact it is stated that successful school leadership creates conditions that support effective teaching and learning, building capacity for professional learning and changes. Fullan (2001); Hallinger (2010).
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There are some factors influencing school growth, some institutes can create conditions that will help support effective teaching and learning, contributing in this way in an effective school growth. All this is a process that educational institutes can adjust to obtain a better satisfaction in their students. The institute can reach its goals; increase its quality of education and the amount of students as long as the quality meets the standards independently of the factor that the education is given for free or is being covered by a specific program generating funds by the government. This means that by improving or declining some factors an influence can be done on school growth. School growth is very important for every educational institute; it reflects the capacity and quality of education among other factors.
This paper covers the background of the topic, followed by an overview of the research model used which illustrates the focus of the topic. Each aspect of the chosen research model is explained in order to direct the research to its desired construction. To obtain a broader understanding of the material and subject of discussion, a suitable research question with its respectable sub-questions are formulated as main tools to reach the answer.
1.2 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Over the past 50 years, these scholars in Europe (Bell, Bolam, and Cubillo 2003; Kruger, Witziers, and Sleegers 2007; Southworth 2002; van de Grift 1990; Witziers, Bosker, and Kruger 2003), North America (Bossert et al. 1982; Gross and Herriott 1965; Hallinger and Heck 1996; Heck and Hallinger 2009; Leithwood et al. in press; Marks and Printy 2003; Pounder, Ogawa, and Adams 1995; Wiley 2001), and the Asia Pacific (Caldwell 1998; Cheng 1994; Mulford and Silins 2009; Robinson, Lloyd, and Rowe 2008) have sought to understand if and how leadership contributes to school improvement and students learning(Heck & Hallinger 2005). To help enlarge the leadership capacity of schools attempting to improve their performance and achieve specific goals on the educational basis, some principals used to now involve teachers in sustained dialogue and decision making about educational matters.
According to researchers (Dumay, 2009; Leithwood, Patten, & Jantzi, 2010) that conducted a research for the last years on school affectivity revealed that there can be several factors affecting school growth and from these factors a list of the most important ones that define school success is clearly identified, one important factor is initial achievement; it has been denominated as the role of self-beliefs in educational achievement that can prove if the teachers do belief in their self they can add value to their school and make an big impact in others, this has been a significant aspect. Followed by Initial capacity, "Capacity is an attribute of people, individual organizations, and groups of organizations, Capacity is shaped by, adapting to and reaching to external factors and actors, but is not something external it is internal to people, organizations and groups or system of organizations" according to ( European Commission (EC), Toolkit for CD, March 2009).
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Studies on school change indicate that schools that are successful in sustaining school improvement have build capacity for leadership within the organization giving leaders the opportunity with their input to the school to perform and achieve their goal and being in this way successful (Harris & Lambert, 2003). Effective leaders in Schools Facing Challenging Circumstances (SFCC) are able to combine a moral purpose with a willingness to be collaborative and to promote collaboration amongst colleagues, both through the whole organization working in teamwork and by extending the boundaries of participation in leadership and decision-making (Harris 2002). Affirming in certain way that leadership must create changes that are embraced and owned by the teachers who are responsible for implementation it in classrooms (Fullan, 2006; Hall & Hord, 2001).
1.3 RESEARCH QUESTION AND SUB QUESTIONS
The purpose of the study will clarifies the intention of this article in its whole concept. The intention of this research is to answer the following problem statement: To what extent is the secondary educational sector in CuraÒ«ao being affected by school growth?
After reading the article: "Collaborative leadership and school improvement: understanding the impact on school capacity and student learning" of the authors Hallinger & Heck, (2000) it became clear how important the non-financial factors influencing school growth are. From the conceptual model found in this article the following research sub questions has been made:
Which factors in school growth are evident? And to what extent did these differ from other schools?
To what extent does initial achievement contribute to school growth, what is the value added to improve school growth?
How does initial capacity impact school growth?
Initial leadership could be discerned in the ways in which schools improved over time? And, by taking the longer view, what evidence was there that 'low performing'
schools could change their positions over the course years?
To what extend does change in collaborative leadership awareness contribute to the expansion of school growth?
How much can change in school capacity affect the organization and students?
1.4 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of the study is to determine if school growth has an influence on the education, to see the relationship between variables and also to look in the literatures and databases to gain knowledge of the consequences and its benefits that a secondary school receives when they increases in population, this study will show the possible effects that leadership in education and school growth can brings with, to evaluate the factors that influence school growth according to each independent variables from the conceptual model, gaining strategically knowledge about this topic and to prove or disapprove that there is school growth in Curacao and give recommendations. Education is one important factor for every human being on this world, it's the key for most of the people to success. The quality of education and effective school growth are points of concern.
Achieving enough information that demonstrates that school growth is important and that the expected level of education is maintained in a situation where the population keeps on growing has been set as a primary key, to prevent future shocks where the speed which school growth increases overpowers or weakens the education, illustrating in this particular way that school growth do have a positive contribution to the students and its quality of educational level is maintained. If the performance of the secondary schools in Curacao can be measured it will show the results of school growth. Education enables people to become better communicators, innovators, evaluators and team workers and the objective of this article is to gather enough information regarding the factors that are of influences school growth, it's important to analyze and evaluate this particular part in the Educational sector for Curacao to be able to take corrective actions if its needed to keep achieving their goal of maintaining a qualified education for the students although there is school growth.
First of all the research will be conducted on the Educational area concentrating in the secondary school sector regarding the Roman Catholic V.S.B.O secondary sector schools. Second from all the types of secondary schools population in CuraÒ«ao a specific amount of teachers with their respected directors representing the whole population will be interviewed. From all the secondary schools in CuraÒ«ao, from every district secondary schools will be interviewed. Third the research question is designed to measure only the effect on the secondary educational sector. The conceptual model from this study is specially chosen illustrate the variables initial leadership, initial capacity, initial achievement, change in collaborative leadership, change in school capacity affecting school growth. Each variable will be analyzed and evaluated in their context regarded to school growth. Time is a factor to take into consideration when conducting this research. This research is restricted in the way that findings about higher education won't be a topic of discussion in this research.
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1.6 SETUP OF THE THESIS
The setup of the thesis will be able to illustrate every chapter and their respective content, informing on that chapter 1 is introducing the topic of the study measuring school growth in CuraÒ«ao, followed by an overview of the background of the study. This chapter introduces the research question that is going to be studied and its respected sub questions. A briefly information about the purpose of the study and its limitations is all explained.
Followed by chapter 2 that is available to look at the literature review of previous researches of the same topic done before, it presents an overview of the topic, the conceptual model, dependent and independent variables are in depth literally explained in its whole concept.
Furthermore chapter 3 will presents the methodology of the study, this chapter will explain all the all the requirements to complete this study and do the research. The procedure which is the type of methodology is explained followed by the participants that took part of the study, the instruments used to complete the study, validity to measure the content of the questionnaire and the representativeness.
Continuing with chapter 4 that will indicate the responds of the research questions and each sub questions analyzed, a broader view of the profile of the participants of the study is given and a discussion of the findings will be presented in this chapter.
To finalize Chapter 5 the last chapter will recall the whole content of the study covered and gives the respected conclusion & recommendation regarding the topic.
The Reference pages will illustrate a list of all the sources used to cover this research study, in a so called reference list.