As you should know childlabour and young children are either forced to leave school for personal purposes; for example, as said by (Ali), "some female students are forced to drop school so that they take care of the family due to the mother passing away or leaving the family."
In relation to woman discrimination, these women are forced to leave their education and waste their lives, women whom are made to leave schools end up as "street women" and in estimation by the UNICEF "10,000 street mothers in Addis Ababa." It is also said that those very girls who work and live in the streets are faced with extremely harsh conditions including sexual abuse by adults, rape, unwanted pregnancy and early motherhood - "sometimes as young as 12."(UNICEF)
Not only women are the ones abused and mislead bythe sorrow of life as a poor person, boys are not allowed to go to school in villages; to help in growing the crops. That is an obvious cross cultural perspective; villagers from rural regions in Ethiopia where there are no resources or any money to even take children to schools and the villagers need all the help they can get therefore, making children work; although it's a felony since that is known to be child labour. Children in villages are not allowed to go to school to become labourers whereas, almost every family in the urban area (Addis Ababa) are taken to schools for education whether it's a well-known school in the city or not.
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This pie chart shows the percentage of children out of school in Ethiopia, usually for different reasons as shown earlier. The chart shows the percentage of children out of school in rural areas in red; which is82% and the grey part is in an urban area; which is 18 %.(google)
In Ethiopia there are many kinds of education there is indigenous education, religious education and modern education. Indigenous education is simply the education in which students are taught using ways to keep traditional civilisation valid for future generations, religious education is the education of religious mainly Islam and Christianity; Islamic studies are done mostly in mosques whereas Christianity studies are in churches. Last but not least, modern education which is the kind of education we all use now-a-days which is made up of various courses teaching us a globally made curriculum. A report posted on ((scribd) stated that "The introduction of modern education to Ethiopian was not an accidental happening. Rather it was the outcome of the objective conditions in the country." To my opinion I concur due to the fact that the country needs to educate the students to develop the countries development and it is also said that "the generations to come are the future of tomorrow; therefore their education will be a great aspect in the development of future Ethiopia."(ibrahim)
NGO's is an abbreviation for Non-Governmental Organisation, throughout the years NGO's have been helping people worldwide with problems like child labour, children's education, refugee children and most importantly child protection. Child protection is a 'branch' in many associations like UNICEF, UNWFP, UNWHO and many NGO organisations. The main role of child protection is to fight for the rights of children due to the fact that they are human beings and like any other person deserve to have rights like any other person and the fact that they are less fortune does not change a single thing in this world. Many NGO camps are usually in most of the poorest regions in Ethiopia like Oromiya, Hawassa, Tigray and many more. According to Nora Ali, working for ACC (NGO), child protection; "an unbelievable amount of Ethiopian children walk into my office everyday with visas to countries worldwide; countries like Britain, Spain, France, America (where most of them are sent to) and come to think about it almost everywhere in the world, but then they are held by embassiesto check if the parents are relatives and whether the visa is valid or not some really don't go through it's a real tragedy." (Ali)
People in Ethiopia have come to take their educational status very seriously in the past years. A group of Ethiopians had united forces and formed a group known as the youth forum. "The group had been lobbying the government to help children, and girls in particular, attend school." ((UNICEF, ETHIOPIA)"They also launched a survey to understand which children were not attending school and to find out why." The result to the survey was "members of the survey group interviewed 550 students in 20 elementary schools to collect information on behalf of the growing countrywide movement for free access to primary education."(UNICEF, ETHIOPIA)
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Although not everything goes perfectly or the way we planned it the obstacles faced by the group were that their survey and goal to help everyone was still not at an end "Â more than 7.8 million Ethiopian children - including 4 million girls - were missing out on education."(UNICEF, ETHIOPIA)
This chart shows the percentages of the main problems (made by me):
The following charts show the difference in education in the past years in the regions Hawassa and Oromiya (google images) :
According to these charts recorded of a singles school's pupils in 13 years in oromiya and 4 years in Hawassa; the education system in Ethiopia hascome to an amazing increase throughout these years especially in oromiya because it can be said to be the worst region when it comes to its populations population, being "25,098,000 people,"(crdaethiopia) imagine how there are so much people in oromiya but only an estimate of 721 students per school and there could not be that much schools in the region due to its low financial resources. "I'm not the only oromiyan who has left the family in search for a better job, to provide financial assistance to the family back home, there are hundreds no, thousands more rather than myself." (mohamed)
To my opinion oromiya as a very poor region with a limited and low amount of money is forced to make their children work, which explains the low percentage of children being educated in that region compared to other regions.
Recommended ways for the government to help resolve the fact that sooner or later "in the near future no playgrounds for children will exist" (crdaethiopia) noted by the UNECA (United Nations Economic Commission of Africa) are:
"Increase access to education in rural areas. Extend affirmative action programs, including tutorials, to primary education for females(crdaethiopia)
"Exert efforts to increase access to education and increase the enrolment of students in pastoralist areas like the Afar and Somali regions." (crdaethiopia)
"Strengthen the government's efforts to provide free education to all; implementing compulsory education should go hand in hand with providing enough education facilities and awareness raising." (crdaethiopia)
"Strive to ensure the quality of education by mobilizing resources from alternative sources, and improving teacher training." (crdaethiopia)
"Urban development projects need to take children's right to leisure into consideration." (crdaethiopia)
The government and government, NGOs and the United Nations have now started planning for the future and commencing the projects to help begin the "the development of Ethiopia."
The first act being conducted for Ethiopia's educational future is "universal primary education by 2015." (addisababaonline) The main purpose of this plan is getting "20 million school aged" Ethiopian children into the schools provided by 2015, since 15 years ago there were on 2000 schools in Ethiopia and now a days finally there are 28000 schools. The ministry of education's spokesman says "I can say we made [an] education revolution in the history of this country." Personally a agree to this statement because if you think about it that is an amazing increase in the school and does not only show how Ethiopia is progressing rapidly but also that it wants this and is determined.
"The future of education in Ethiopia has received a shot in the arm after languishing for decades."(muzey)Those very words show the development and the fact that there are still people whom still whish in the saviour of this country which grows a feeling of hope in the hearts of the people who need it the most. This very writer also writes in his article "significant challenges remain that require meaningful breakthroughs in the areas of access to basic resources for both students and educators, improvements to the quality of education that is available, access to technology - including computers, the Internet and online learning tools - and last but not least, a reduction of the student-to-teacher/ classroom ratio." I believe the lesson to remember behind this sentence is that although the future seems bright and there is nothing to expect but the best doesn't mean that we should lay back and watch it happen we all have to contribute in making this country a better society, civilised, developed and most importantly being a place that will provide a better future for all the residents in this country.
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Â "These problems have been around for a long time. But they have often been overlooked," (UNICEF, ETHIOPIA) that can be said to be Ethiopia's main problem relating to the issue of lack of education and many other problems; any problem that occurs are being postponed for the sake of other issues like tourism.
"Being poor should not be a nation's excuse for failing to make education accessible to all of its citizens."(addisababaonline) and I conquer to that statement because making up excuses won't lead anyone anywhere in his/her life so it is better that instead of making up excuses we find solutions, for there are only problems and there are problems only when there is a solution.
Overall my personal perspective on the whole topic is that instead of resolving to child abuse, child labour and dropping out of school; all problems should be tried to be solved and education problems should be resolved in order for the whole country to be educated and aim for the country's future generation to be the generation that would lead Ethiopia to the top of its game.
1. addisababaonline. http://addisababaonline.com/ethiopia-set-to-achieve-universal-primary-education-by-2015/)>
2.Ali, Nora. child protection hamid el-rashid. 10 2012.
3.crdaethiopia. <http://www.crdaethiopia.org/Documents/Supplmentary Report CRDA-CYF Final.pdf>.
4.google. google images . <Google.com>.
5.ibrahim. child protection hamid el-rashid. 2012.
6.mohamed. oromiyan refugee hamid el-rashid. 12 10 2012.
7.muzey, yemane. "The Future of Education in Ethiopia." Yemane Muzey (2011): 1.
9.UNICEF. UNICEF. 2012. <http://www.unicef.org/ethiopia/ET_media_child_protection.pdf)>.
10.UNICEF, ETHIOPIA. <http://www.unicef.org/emerg/ethiopia_34570.html) >.