Highway Transportation System

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Objectives:

Name the 3 parts of the highway transportation system. Explain how and by whom the highway transportation system is regulated. Describe 5 ways that you can reduce risk when using the highway transportation system. Describe the 3 effects your emotions can have on your driving. Describe 6 ways to control the effects your emotions may have on your driving. Identify and describe the purpose of regulatory signs. Describe the actions to take at regulatory signs. Identify the purpose of warning signs. Describe how to respond to warning signs. Identify the procedures that are regulated by administrative laws. Describe how to comply with administrative laws.

Procedure:

  1. Read Chapters 1, 3, 5, and 6.
  2. Take notes on the important things you learned in these chapters listed above.
  3. Take special notes on added information you think is pretty important.
  4. cReview the four chapters later.

Notes on New Information

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Assessing & Managing Risk (Pg. 5)

HTS means highway transportation system. Engineers must plan the route of a highway, the construction on bridges along the route, exit and entrance ramps, where traffic signs are going to be located, and anything else pertaining to the highway. Nearly 4 million miles of roadways link the states, counties, cities, and towns of the U.S. Some people however behave in an unsafe or irresponsible manner. They drive recklessly, cross streets without looking, and weave their bikes through heavy traffic.

Knowing Yourself (Pg. 39)

Aggressive driving incidents have increased so much that there is even a term-road rage-to describe the violence sometimes associated with these incidents. Let someone else drive if you have a lack of concentration. Avoid Triggering Aggressive Driving by putting your feelings aside while you drive and only focus on the road, rather than what is going on today. Ways to control your emotions are maintain a responsible attitude, avoid triggering aggressive driving, and identify troublesome situations. You can also plan ahead, expect mistakes from others, don't drive when you're depressed, don't give in to negative peer pressure, and train yourself to always use the correct procedures. You must have clear area of central vision, peripheral vision, and vertical field of vision in order to drive without corrective lenses. Long-term physical factors can affect your driving ability. As a younger person, your reaction time is likely to be faster and your sense of sight keener than that of an older person.

Signs, Signals, Markings (Pg. 77)

Regulatory signs regulate or control the movement of traffic. These signs tell you and other drivers what you must do and what you must not do when you drive. Regulatory signs are red, white, black, green on white, or white on black. Most regulatory signs have square, vertical rectangular, or horizontal rectangular shapes. A red circle with a red slash on any of these signs means NO! You can recognize regulatory signs by their color and shape. A yield sign means you must slow down and give way to traffic on the crossroad or the road onto which you are merging. Speed limit signs show the maximum, or fastest, speed allowed on a roadway. Driving faster than the posed speed is illegal. Route markers are numbered roadways that crisscross the continent. White lines that are parallel to the roadway mark the lanes for traffic moving in the same direction. White arrows on the roadway identify lanes from which you can drive straight ahead or turn right or left.

Rules, of the Road (Pg. 97)

Granting a license to operate a car is a function of state government. Tests may be verbal, written, or computerized tests to get your permit. States can suspend or take away licenses for a specified period of time- usually for 30-90 days. States can also revoke licenses or take it away for a year or more. If your license is revoked you can apply for another license. Make sure you always have vehicle registration and insurance in your vehicle or with you at all times. All sates post speed limits on their roadways. These speed limits signs reflect the maximum speed at which you can drive under the best of conditions. For example, you wouldn't drive at the maximum allowable speed in the middle of a snowstorm, but you might on a clear day. A fixed speed limit is the maximum and minimum speed that a vehicle may be driven on a particular roadway. Drivers may never legally travel a speed lesser or greater than this fixed speed.

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What you should do if you are in a collision?

  • Stop immediately.
  • Warn others if possible.
  • Give aid to the injured.
  • Try to get medical help.
  • Call the police.
  • Exchange information.
  • Get names and addresses of witnesses.
  • Stay at the scene.
  • Make accident reports.
  • See a doctor.

Educational Materials:

Student Materials: notebook, 2- 3.5" Floppy Diskettes,

  1. CD, pencil & pen, calculator, assigned textbook, and any other teacher provided materials.

Review: Chapters - 1,3,5, & 6

Chapter 1: Assessing and Managing Risk- Whenever you walk or ride on our nation's streets and roadways, you become part of the highway transportation system. It is very important to learn how to use the system safely and responsibly.

  1. Lesson one: The Highway Transportation System and Risk Management
  2. Lesson two: Understanding and Applying the SIPDE Process
  3. Lesson three: Understand and Using the Smith System
  4. Lesson four:: The Value of Taking a Driver's Education Course

Chapter 3: Knowing Yourself- Whenever you get behind the wheel of a vehicle, you must be certain that you are both physically and emotionally fit to drive. It's important to recognize and control physical and emotional factors that might impair the driving task.

  • Lesson one: Emotions Affect Your Driving Ability
  • Lesson two: How Vision Affects Your Ability to Drive
  • Lesson three: Temporary Physical Conditions That Affect Your Ability to Drive
  • Lesson four: Long-Term Physical Factors That Affect Driving Ability

Chapter 5: Signs, Signals, and Markings- Good drivers understand the role of communication. The signs, signals, and markings you see on the roadway are a vital means of communication. It is also very important that you understand the messages that they communicate.

       Lesson one: Understanding Regulatory and Warning Signs

       Lesson two: Guide and International Signs

       Lesson three: Understanding the Purpose of Pavement Markings

       Lesson four:: Responding to Traffic Control Signals

Chapter 6: Rules of the Road- Drivers belong to the society of roadway users. In a smoothly running society, members agree to follow the rules. It is important that you learn the rules of the road in order to be a responsible member of the roadway community.

  • Lesson one: Each State Has Administrative Laws
  • Lesson two: Right-of-Way Rules are Essential
  • Lesson three: Speed Limits Help in Reducing Risk
  • Lesson four:: If You Are Involved in a Collision