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In today's global market we have cut throat competition, India and UK are top countries who have good economy and they are concentrating more on education systems to bring best among each individual. UK has been renowned for their ability to maintain excellent standards in the field of education. On an average 17,000 Indian students are coming to UK for higher studies. Once the levels of education increased at a rapid rate in India but still they were following traditional techniques and students having more of theory and less of practical's. This aspect was not sufficient to compete in the global market as it requires competitive edge to withstand all the necessary requirements. UK has the second largest market share at 11.6% of all overseas students. The levels of education over here in Britain are entirely different when compared to India. There are varieties of courses offered and same in India but in UK there are more practical oriented and self study. Self study seems to be difficult in earlier stages but once we gain little experience as how to handle ourselves then we will be polished in a right way to compete in global market.
Under British rule from 1700 until 1947, India's education policies was revised and reinforced in trying to bring academic education. In these years education system was running under Colonial rule where only privileged and upper classes of people hand upper hand and lower classes of people were not entertained. Once Brahmins realized worth of education, then other castes include lower and upper classes of people went ahead in getting education. The origin of English came from the British colony and they are one who showed Indians the path as how to stand in the global market. Learning English language is one of biggest talk to the Indians as it was very new to them but once they adapted to learn, they were internationally recognised. In India regional language was the medium of instructions for most primary and secondary school of students, English is considered as distinction of social class and now in each and every state follows the golden of rule as English as a first language and it is mandatory irrespective of upper, middle and lower classes of people.
I have decided to research on this topic because many Indian students come to UK for HE by investing huge amount of money to get their money's worth to get quality education, where I will be addressing the practical exposure of Indian students with their experiences and assessing the quality and standards of education delivered. I'm concentrating my research purely in students and university point of view and wanted to give the best results for future students and institutions where there are more demands and expectations are expected.
Education means the process of imparting or gaining knowledge in the form of individuals (students), in other words it helps the human beings to live happily, and people without education life would be difficult. It is also called as transformation of society in modern world. It helps us to focus on right direction. In these statements we can say that education can leads in successful life with purpose and indeed it is one of the best weapons for each individual to walk firmly in the global market and higher education adds flavours to the recipe. Let me take education in the global aspect, it represents the formative stages of social development.
Globalisation is nothing but increasing the connectivity across the national borders and also selling the product in the world market. In other words, all the economies are interlinked with one another in the form of infrastructure, telecommunications and education. It has brought the peace and harmony.
Harrison (2002) refers to globalisation as triangle of three main influences which are technology, finance and decline of state's power. He sees it as an establishment of global free markets which leads to an improvement in standard of living and efficiency in industries or in other words in cosmopolitan environment. Globalisation is marked by a change and it's after effects. Toffler (1970) termed this particular change as, "Future Shock".
Culture shock will be there to all the students when they arrive for the first time as there will be differences as Indian students will be from different habitats realise that what that what is inherited is as significant as what is newly met as said by Bourdieu, (1986).
Brown and Scase (1994) states that universities takes the new generation in educating overseas students who are competing internationally by creating a change in the techniques of education with new innovations and research and to create attachments between global and local areas to integrate policies and structures with the social aspects and cultural initiatives. HE institutions continue to undergo fundamental change because of the influence of globalisation. Believing that man is an animal suspended in webs of significance he himself has spun I take culture to be those webs, (Geertz, 1973:5). It is this culture which has made man to think and thirst for more knowledge which forms the globalisation.
Humfrey (1999) "said that at its highest level, the benefits of HE could be global understanding and harmony and he concentrates on bringing the world together by creating a bond and facilitation of friendships across international boundaries. This strategy helps UK to create a global knowledge base and introducing more interesting programmes for students at every level.
Communication means conveying of message where listener understands clearly and it plays an important role as it stands utmost necessity for Indian students to communicate effectively and efficiently with British nationalities where English language has an upper hand. Harris and Moran (1993) says that when Indian students first arrive in England they may have a confusing time as their psychological environment is based on their own distinctive perceptual field which is derived from experience, knowledge and social background.
Chomsky's (1965) theory of an ideal native speaker was followed by Dell Hymes' (1972) notion of communication competence, 'paying special attention to the sociolinguistic component, which connected language and culture' (Sysoyev, 2002). The concept of 'communicative competence' was further developed by Byram (1998) to include 'intercultural competence' and this idea strongly emphasised the significance of developing cultural knowledge as a means of both developing language competence and enabling the speaker to develop cross cultural understanding.
Many business schools expect students to have some preliminary management experience before students come on the course. The reason being as MBA is taught on the management aspects so it is mandatory for some courses as students have some managerial experience. Thus MBA programme occupies a space between two relatively fixed employment positions.
What should student posses- He should have strong leadership and communication skills and apart from that global knowledge. These can be enhanced even in India also but quality of education differs. Let me explain as what students can get if they study in UK. For successful entrepreneur he/she should be known as being innovative, dynamic, efficient and flexible in nature and UK is wise decision to imbibe the right tools, necessary to turn ideas into reality. Here they teach both technical and management aspects of managing a company. International degree is recognised everywhere so work opportunities is more and there will be no constraints in the near future. Good system of education makes everyone to think in their own perspective and make decisions. As Grey (2002 states, management education has an important role to play in the creation of the managerial identity and in acquiring the 'skills of appropriate selfhood'.
International students friendship patters was clearly stated by Bochner et al.'s (1997), research into the friendship patterns of international student stands out as it concentrated on a particular detailed aspect of the international student experience. Students will have to gain some experiences to mingle with British culture as it is entirely different from India.
Teaching methods includes more of practical exposure in the form of management aspects so institution presents the methods of teaching differently as there will be more of case and self study, Plagiarism or 'cheating' (like 'criticality') should be recognised as a 'culturally' determined concept' as said by (McLean and Ransom, 2005), in HE the rules of writing and assessment are not automatically understood by students, international or otherwise and (Leask, 2004) mentions that there is a wide range of literature that considers international student's difficulties with plagiarism. It gives an excellent opportunity to students to research data's all by themselves in preparing management reports and excel in the relevant field.
There are several reasons why students decide to study and below are one of the fine examples where, "Stephen E Newstead and Sherria Hoskins" describes with the percentages of some factors.
Percentage of students
Allowing time out to decide on career
Fun and enjoyment
Means to an end
Improving standard of living
Improving chance of getting a job
Getting a good qualification
Getting worthwhile job
Improving life skills
Reaching personal potential
Gaining knowledge for its own stake
Furthering academic interest
Gaining control of own life
(Source- Stephen E Newstead and Sherria Hoskins)
Research Questions and Objectives
As discussed in the preliminary literature review of Indian students coming to UK for HE, to explain about HE in UK it is very narrow subject where i will be narrowing down, where all the areas of educations system will be displayed and to bring best, if at all any improvements has to be made for future education. One of the very important aspects that preliminary literature review did not mention is employment opportunities. To justify the above said theories now I will be concentrating more on the research question and objectives clearly putting my 100 % commitment to it.
How educational system in India is different from UK?
What are the traditional and modern techniques of education in India?
On what criteria does Indian students decides to pursue HE in UK?
Is UK is one of the hot destination to study HE, if yes why?
Does UK still have employment opportunities?
To critically evaluate education system in comparison with India to that of UK
Detailed study of traditional and modern techniques of education
On what criteria Indian students decides to pursue higher studies in UK
To recommend improvements in teaching methods
To critically evaluate the benefits of global degree
Education plays an important role in each and every one's life and indeed in this global competition it has proven its worth. So each and every student will take education as challenge and perform accordingly provided opportunities are given.
My research will be focused on Indian Students and the HE institutions where one on one talks will be there with students in UK by collecting individual opinions. Qualitative and data will be considered from primary and secondary data's. There will be no hidden reviews and all the data's will be worked upon to the betterment of education. I will be collecting primary data's from interviews and questionnaires.
In order to fulfil my objectives with students and university perspective, I will be gathering all the necessary data's as mentioned in my research to fulfil the requirements of the topic on, "What factors do Indian students consider when evaluating UK for HE".
There will be collection of primary and secondary data's.
Primary Data is collected from students' frameworks and a questionnaire from past and present students. Where collection of data's include under 3 different scenarios as mentioned below
Students who are going to study in UK
Students who are studying currently in UK
Local Students studying in UK
-Students who are going to study data's will be collected from student's counsellor or from British Council as I have requested both of them for data's. I am very sure that I will be getting either of one sources, once it is done I will contact the students by social network and then pass on the questionnaire to them.
-Students who are studying currently in UK, data's will be in the form of questionnaires and one on one meeting will be conducted if it is required.
-Local students will be taken into consideration if at all is required and questionnaires method will be followed.
The best possible ways to get results is by preparing questionnaire to all the students mentioned above in three different categories, it will sent by email, published on social networks like orkut, face book and if it is required even handouts will be given in case of any emergencies. I have good contacts in India and building my social network on a daily basis in order to make friends. I am expecting my questionnaire rate of returns around 40 %. I will be taking help from friends if at all is required but it will be under the supervision of my tutor.
Secondary Data- Regarding my topic I will be using library resources in the form of text books, journals, articles and internet. Publications such as Sage and Emerald will be used. Indian educational database and UK's grants and scholarship websites will also be utilised. I will refer student's papers if it is relating to my topic. All these data's will help in achieving my objective and get the desired results.
For questionnaires I will be using qualitative analysis data's where situations can be explained.
All my questions with respect to questionnaires will be discussed with my supervisor before starting my data collections and will concentrate on subject matter. Opinions and reviews of the students will be considered as part of the research. No cash or money will be entertained in order to get the information and all be treated with duly respect. All the collected data's will be kept with utmost secrecy and abide by rules and regulations of BES Ethical guidelines.
I hereby declare that all my research gatherings has been acknowledged by references and purely understand the meaning of plagiarism.