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Previous research conducted by researcher revealed that the problem of graduate unemployment is quite alarming. There are too many graduates on the market for the few number of vacant posts that exist (Ekpoh,2011). The main reason to account for this is that there is a miss-match between the skills and competencies of freshly graduates and the job requirements (Bridgstock,2010). It was noticed that firms were reluctant to employ these people because they lack working experience and creativity. A graduate is also face with the problem of over-qualification. It means that they are too qualified for a specific job (Wald,2004, adapted from Bewley, 1999). Also, nowadays jobs are being offered on the basis of "who you know" rather than "what qualifications do you have and what is your future potential" (Bridgstock, 2010,adapted from Ball, 2003, Blackwell and Harvey, 1999).
In Syria, gender differences are still a problem. Males are likely to obtain job more easily than females (Buckner & Saba, 2010 adapted from Kabbani & Kamel, 2007). Moreover, financial crisis has also contributed to increase the number of graduate unemployment. In times of crisis, firms will obviously lay-off workers rather than recruiting additional employees (Rae, 2008)
Research has also pointed out that Universities are trying to find solutions to this problem by offering entrepreneurship courses and providing training to students. As a result graduates will acquire skills that match job requirements (Ekpoh, 2011). Job seekers will now become creators (Ekpoh, adapted from Bassey and Archibong (2005) ). Training has also contributed to career development (Helen Connor, Sue Shaw, 2008 adapted from Hayman and Lorman, 2004).
There is a miss-match between graduate outcomes and job requirements. As such graduate cannot find job. When vacancy arises, there are many people who apply for the job. Some may be freshly graduate, other may have many years of working experience and some may be highly qualified with the appropriate experience. A simple question is who will the recruiter employ. Considering the fact that firms are risk-averse, they would want to employ someone efficient and from their point of view the see people who are qualified together with experience as being the best potential candidate. In other words, they refuse to employ these freshly graduate.
Also, if ever freshly graduate are being offered low paid jobs. For example, people only with School Certificate are eligible to receive salary within a certain specified range, those who have Higher School Certificate will receive their pay according to another prescribed salary band and so on. That is people are grouped according to the qualification they hold and then they are being offered salary according to that range. However, freshly graduate people may receive below their pre-defined salary band.
After 3 years study or more, a student is graduated. This is normally seen as a positive and pleasurable moment in his/her life. However, students may not know exactly where to go with their degree. The period between graduation and finding a job has lengthen. That is they cannot find an appropriate job and his may cause to unrest. Graduates are depressed and frustrated since there is no market for them.
AIM AND OBJECTIVES
To analyse what are the likely effects do choice of courses have on graduate unemployment.
To see whether what are being taught at the University will match the job requirements
Are the students exposed to practical training?
Are there seminars, job fairs and workshop organized in order to provide guidance to students?
To identify if the reason behind graduate unemployment is 'economics condition prevailing in the country'
Do the fresh graduates obtain jobs according to their qualifications or whether in some cases they are overqualified or a particular job.
To demonstrate the percentage of graduate unemployed from each faculty.
To assess the reasons why some firms, especially small ones are not willing to recruit graduated people.
After having analysed the above critically, we will be able to know the main reasons why the problem of graduate unemployment exist and also we will be more in a position to recommend solutions in order to remedy the situation.
This part will consist mainly of:
Data collection methods
Determination of population and sample size
Interpretation of the results
Data collection techniques
Both qualitative and quantitative methods of gathering data will be used. Qualitative methods will include focused group and interviews. Focused group are in depth discussions with a group or panel of people. Here a lot of information can be gathered. This will mainly involve the undergraduates whereby they will be asked several types of questions. For example:
From which course are you?
Why did you opt for this particular course? On which criteria?
What kind of job are you expecting to get after graduation?
Are you planning to go abroad or work in Mauritius?
The advantage is that answers will not be merely a "yes" or "no" but rather the reason behind it. I am planning to visit classes at UoM and then carry the in depth discussions with the students.
Concerning the interviews, I will try to have a meeting with some Human Resources. It will be a face to face interview or by phone. Here, I will be able to know why firms are reluctant to employ graduates.
Quantitative Research: Questionnaire will be designed whereby undergraduates and freshly graduates will have to fill it.
The questionnaire will be designed in such a way so as to address the research problem.
Is there a market for the graduates?
Do gender differences impact on recruitment?
On what criteria did the students choose their field of study?
Is lacking of work experience a disadvantage vis-à-vis those who possess it?
Is over-qualification a problem?
The questionnaire will contain different sections but it will not be too lengthy so that the respondents do not feel annoyed. Additionally, it will contain both closed-ended and open ended questions.
Determination of population and sample size
The target population of carrying out this research is the students at University of Mauritius. As at 2007, a research was carried out and it was found that there were a total number of 8,220 students at UoM. Moreover, this figure is deemed to increase by 10% each year. There as at 2011, the figure has reached 12,035 approximately. Obviously, it is almost impossible to interview all of them. Therefore, by using a software, I will determine the most appropriate sample size. In the first place, random sampling and then snow-balling will be used.
Tools like charts, line graph and even formulae will be used in order to analyse and present the data. As such the research objectives will be clearer.
Interpretation of the result
Here I will interpret the results obtained and recommend what can be done.
BENEFITS OF THE RESEARCH
The research will help me to have more precision on the problem, its main source, causes and so on. I will be able to know whether or not the University is effective or whether the problems lie with the recruiters. As such strategies can be formulated to remedy the situation. The government may use this research in order to help students to find a jobs or formulating strategies to encourage organizations to recruit fresh graduates.
School leavers may also use this in order to situate themselves and help them decide between full time studies and part time.
The university can also choose to adapt their curriculum and include more practicums.
The main cost associated with this research:
Printing of questionnaires.
Letters will also be posted to organization in order to request for meeting
Stationeries like pens, paper clips and so on
Purchase of SPSS software
Transport cost and others
Below is a list of proposed expenditure:
Electricity and telephone