English As Second Language Education Essay


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This study involves a careful investigation on the participants intrinsic motivational styles and to what extend they influence the populations preferences towards learning English as a second language. A set of quantitative questionnaire will be given to obtain the respondents responses. The data will be calculate and analyze hoping to establish relevant information on the area of interest. It is highly hoped that the study will provide reliable answer to the research questions. The researcher is also hoping that the calculation done will be adequate for analyzing the data collected through the administered set of questionnaire.

3.1 Participants

This study is conducted in University Pendidikan Sultan Idris. The participants of this study are 25 UPSI's semester 7 students. All of the respondents are ESL learners. The respondents selected by the researcher were mostly coming from a variety of background. The respondents will consist of both male and female students. Most of the students are average to lower intermediate level of proficiency in English and are Malaysia citizen. The age range is of 20 to 25 years old.

3.2 Instrument

The data were collected through distribution of questionnaires among UPSI students. Three sections questionnaire consist of 30 items were used in this study (Refer to Appendix A). All of the respondents were required to answer the questionnaire provided. Table below shows the distributions of items in the questionnaire.

3.3 Design

In the first section, there are seven selection types of questions to ask for the respondent's background information. The description of the items is shown below:

  1. Race
  2. Area of living
  3. Parents/guardians income per month
  4. Parents/guardians highest level of education
  5. Language that the respondent used at home
  6. The respondent being encourage to used English by their parents/guardians
  7. Language that the respondent used to speak with their friends/colleague

The second part of the questionnaire requires the respondents to answer ten 4 point scales questions that purposely focused on factors that might de-motivate respondents intrinsically to learn English as a second language. The items are formulated to obtain adequate information on respondent's intrinsic motivational factors that closely related to their desire to learn and acquire English language.

The third and final part is also a 4 point scales question which consists of sixteen questions. The third past is designed to measure ways that can sustain the respondent's intrinsic motivation in learning English as a second language. The respondents are required to answer it based on what they think can encourage to start learning English and gauge the factors that can encourage them intrinsically to keep learning English. It also focused on the factors that attracting them to learn English culture, people and target language which is English.

3.4 Data analysis

The questionnaire will be calculated and analyzed by the researcher. The respondents' responses to the questionnaire were pre-coded to facilitate the researcher analysis using calculation. By applying the calculation, the researcher hoped to obtains the results by measuring the difference of the high and low rating and percentage of the responses by the respondents.

A line is drawn between the negative and positive responses of the respondents to determine the high and low ratings of the percentages. The two likest scales 'strongly disagree' and 'disagree' scores were specified as the negative responses representing the low ratings. The other two scales, 'strongly agree' and 'agree' scores were specified as the positive responses representing the high rating. In accordance to that, the low rating percentages were determined to establish the low preference of the respondents. Mean while the high rating percentages were determined to establish the high preference of the respondents.

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