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In 1990's , the United Arab Emirates has launched a movement by the government called ‘Emiritisation'. Emiritisation is an initiative by the government of the United Arab Emirates to employ the citizens in a meaningful and efficient manner and utilize from their abilities . The organizations of Emiritisation applies its job in both private and public sectors .
Before the 1990's, the number of foreign people in the United Arab Emirates were mush less than in the 1990's as the life during that time was simple and did not need foreign people because there were no jobs available for foreign workforce during that time. As a result of that, United Arab Emirates were not needed to establish such organization at that time. However, during the 1990's, the United Arab Emirate has faced a rapid economic growth which led to attract foreigners to the United Arab Emirates. This attraction causes an increase in the number of foreigners, and this increase didn't stop till now. Surely, those foreigners will work in the United Arab Emirates and take places of Emiratis people. As a result of that, it is difficult to find suitable jobs for Emiratis people. Hence, the UAE government has started the movement of Emiritisation to boost the number of Emiratis people in the workplace. Therefore, it established some organizations such as ‘Tanmia' which tasked with finding, training and placing Emiratis in the workplace, this organization was sets in the 1999 and places about 1600 Emirati each year. Also, there is another organization sponsored by Tanmia called ‘Awtad‘. It is responsible for the human resource field and how to train and develop the UAE's national in such fields . There is another organization called ‘Adec' also responsible for Emiritisation program .
Unfortunately, these organizations have faced some obstacles from the Emiratis themselves. For example, some locals thought that they don't have to complete their studies if their fathers are rich or if they want to join the police or the army. Therefore, Emirati people become poorly educated, with only secondary school qualifications (there are 48% of seekers for jobs holds secondary school certificate .) and some of them doesn't reach this qualifications, and this is the biggest challenge of such authorities . Furthermore, many Emiratis studied subjects such as history and geography, and the range of these subjects is confined in some sectors. So, they should choose the discipline that matches the demand of the market, but they don't do that and this is the problem .
In order to solve these problems, organization of Emiritisation trains the Emiratis to be able to do some mathematical calculations. Also, it trains them how to deal with work environment and merge with the work culture. Moreover, these organizations articulate to Emiratis what the needs of the employment and seek for them the appropriate job. Furthermore, the organization develops the Emiratis skills and gets them more experience in the appropriate field . In addition, the government creates a system called ‘Aaquota‘ in some field to boost the opportunities of employment . This system books some places in some fields in a certain percentage. For example, in 1998 the percentage was 4% each year for banking, 5% for insurance in 2001.
Another problem that faces the Emiratis while employing is the cheapness of foreign workers. The employer of the company prefers to employ the foreigners who have the same qualifications and experience of Emiratis as he will pay less for them . For this reason, Emiratis prefer to work in public sectors more than in private sectors ( Emiratis are 1.5% of private sector workforce .). Another reason that makes Emiratis prefer to work in public sector is the more salary they take, and the less hours the work. For example, expatriate government school teachers earn less than Emiratis (between DH 7000 and DH 8000 for expatriates compared with DH17000-DH19000 for locals) . Also, in public sectors, Emiratis people take some attractions from the companies such as health insurance and money for housing. In comparison, privates sector doesn't give them the same attraction and need more time to work and with lower salary as the employer needs more productivity with less pay.
As a result, to make Emiritisation a successful program, we should make people aware of education and the field they took before graduating from schools. Also, the government must take the knowledge and the experience to determine the salaries regardless to the nationality because the economy of the country will remain highly dependent on foreign workforce in the future . In my opinion, those ways are the best to solve the problem with locals which is unemployment and to make Emiritisation program successful.
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