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This study examines tutorial programs. With the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act, states and local school districts are to provide assistance to students that
fail to meet state academic performance standards on state mandatory exams. Because the
commitment provided by state education agency to local school districts, importance is
placed on tutorial services administered to assist under prepared students at the
elementary and secondary level. With the establishment of the 21st Century Community
Learning Center at the Helena-West Helena School District, it becomes important to
understand how this program assists under prepared students.
Tutorial Programs 3
With the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act section 4205(b) (1) holds states
and local school districts accountable for student performance on state mandated test. It
requires school districts provide remedial educational assistance to students that fail to
meet state academic performance standards. The state of Arkansas provides remedial
development al programs to its local school districts. Tutorial services were among the
efforts funded by the Arkansas Department of Education aimed to provide academic
assistance to under prepared students in elementary and secondary education.
The 2006-07 academic year funds were allocated by the Arkansas Department of
Education to the Helena -West Helena School District for assisting under prepared
students. Specifically, the initial funding was $150,000. Since the beginning, tutorial
services in local school districts have been shared in allocation of developmental
education funds from the state.
Because of the commitment provided by the state to local school districts and the
importance placed on the tutorial services by administrators to assist under prepared
students at the elementary and secondary level, it is important to see how these programs
are providing services at local school districts.
Since induction, the Arkansas Department of Education established the 21st Century
Community Learning Center within the Helena -West Helena School District. This local
school district was established and accredited by the Arkansas Department of Education
and the North Central Accreditation Agency.
The establishment of the 21st Century Community Learning Center at the Helena -
Tutorial Program 4
West Helena School District, it has received funds from state appropriations. The mission
of the 21st Community Century Learning Center names the provision of tutorial services
as one of its goals. The 21st Century Community Learning Center states its mission is:
Provide services and programming in academic areas where scientifically
base research has been conducted and is available, such as reading,
mathematics and early childhood.
Aleshia Blakely, program director, reported that faculty and staff felt that
developmental education should be a major purpose of the Helena -West Helena School
District 21st Century Community Learning Center program. In addition Blakely stated
that the local 21st Century Community Learning Center goal is:
Enable elementary and secondary schools to plan, implement, or expand
learning opportunities for the benefit of the educational, health,
social services and recreational needs for the community.
Within the framework of this goal, the staff initiates effective programs to carry out
The state of Arkansas has tutorial programs at local school districts to assist students.
The 21st Century Community Learning Center within the Helena-West Helena School
District provides academic help at no cost for students who are having academic
difficulty or wish to improve their learning. Furthermore it offers programming services
in other areas based upon the need of the student population. This is a student service
located administratively under developmental services.
Tutorial Programs 5
Statement of Purpose
The purpose of this study is to provide information on tutorial services within the
Helena -West Helena School district. The only program organized is the 21st Century
Community Learning Center after school program. This study will be designed to study
the effectiveness of the after school program in the Helena-West Helena School District.
In this study, these issues will be researched: 1) goals, 2) program development, 3)
tutorial subjects, 4) location of services, 5) evaluation of tutorial services. This research
will provide administrators, program directors and legislatures with the development and
status information on the 21st Century Community Learning Center program at the
Helena -West Helena School District.
Tutorial services is one of the major services funded by the Arkansas Department of
Education. Little or no information has been systematically collected on the status or
development of tutorial services. Evidence on the success of tutorial programs are
A further purpose is to provide recommendations that will contribute to the
continued development and existence of the program at the Helena-West Helena School
Tutorial Programs 6
Statement of problem
The Helena -West Helena School District has been taken over by the Arkansas
Department of Education. It is imperative that assistance be provided to students so they
can pass state mandated tests. These tests are the 1) End of Course Exam and 2) ITBS
(Iowa Test of Basic Skills). Overall there is a need to prepare students for post secondary
education. This study attempted to answer the following questions:
What is the population of the program (culture)?
How will this program impact other programs?
What is the effectiveness of this program?
Limitation of Study
This study was limited to the Helena -West Helena School District and other small
school districts in the U.S. Data gathered from the study was limited to these categories:
1) Goals, 2) Program Development, 3) Tutorial Subjects, 4) Location of Services, 5)
Evaluations of Tutorial Program. According to the ERIC database, there have been no
studies conducted at the rural level.
This study was designed to produce a descriptive document. The data was obtained
through interview and documentary type of descriptive research. It describe the
development and status of tutorial program in the state of Arkansas focusing on the 21st
Century Community Learning Centers at the Helena West Helena School District.
Finally, the study provides recommendations and implication affecting the functioning of
Tutorial Programs 7
The method of obtaining data for the research questions included: the selection of
sample, the development of the interview format, the interview process, and the
collection of data.
Selection of Sample
The study included the administrators of Westside Elementary School and Eliza
Miller Jr High School and the 21st Century Community Learning Centers program
director. They had specific responsibilities for directing the tutorial program during the
2006-2007 academic year. The two schools are part of the Helena-West Helena School
District that has a total of five administrators. These administrators agreed to participate
in the study.
Development of Interview Format
The interview questionnaire format was designed by the researcher to gather
important information data concerning the 21st Century Community Learning Center at
the Helena West -Helena School District. The interview format was submitted to each
administrator for approval. Following approval, it was field tested by submitting it to
administrators and staff and selected students. They had knowledge and experience in
tutorial programs and knowledge of the 21st Century Community Learning Center tutorial
program located at the Helena West Helena School District.
The interview process was significant in gathering data according to literature. Many
people are more willing to communicate orally than writing. Therefore this type of
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process will provide more data more readily and fully than would a questionnaire.
Furthermore, the literature indicated that through the interview process an investigator is
able to encourage subjects to help them probe deeply into a problem. A combination of
the structured and unstructured interview format was the best method of utilizing the
interview process, according to literature: therefore that process was used in this
study (Van Dalen, Understanding Educational Research, pp 329-331).
The data collection for this research study included a visitation schedule, the interview
format questionnaire. A tape recorder was used in order to free up the researcher and the
researcher was able to be more attentive and guard against errors that sometimes are
made in written accounts.
Organization of the Research Paper
This research paper was organized as follows:
Review of Literature