Educational Theory Trends And Practices Education Essay

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Gurin P., Eric L. D., Sylvia H., and Gerald G. (2002). Diversity and Higher Education: Theory and Impact on Educational Outcomes. Harvard Educational Review. (72)3

This article talks about the educational outcomes of the diverse peer in either collage or universities. It explores the experiences and interaction of the students from different educational backgrounds and the resulting implications on their education. The article provides critical understanding of many of the issues concerning diversity in higher education exploring different functional areas in higher education. This article is important in that it outline the importance of education as not only improving social growth, but also their academic growth. Diversity is vital in current trends in education as it fosters identity construction and promotes cognitive growth.

Jarvis, P. (1995). Adult and continuing education: theory and practice. Routledge.

Peter in this book reviews critical issues concerning education theory and education among adults. It points to the fact that regardless of the pressures exerted to each individual by the environment, human usually react to them, and in the many ways, desire for more education is one of the ways. He also points out that the society's culture creates the desire to read and explore more about certain aspects thus leading to adult educating. In this updated edition of the prior editions of the same title, Peter examines the practice and theory with more information anf thoroughness. Continuing education even as adults is a current trend in education. It also explores other kinds or the diversity of student abilities.

Dale, R. (2000). Globalization and Education: Demonstrating a "Common World Educational Culture" or Locating a "Globally Structured Educational Agenda"? Educational Theory, v50 n4 p427-48

This paper discusses critical issues of globalization and how it affects educational policies and different practices in education. It defines the need to appreciate external or extranational effects and explores how these effects may result proposing either a common educational system in the world or a structured agenda for education. Specifically addressed are political sociology in education, governance, education policy and even pedagogy. Addressed to the stake holders in the field of education, this paper tackles current possibilities in education systems of the world.

Gutek G. L. (1998). Philosophical and ideological perspectives on education. 5th ed. Allyn and Bacon.

This book examines the implications of naturalism on education. This book takes a different perspective on the educational theory as it points to the fact that human nature and nature are part of the existing natural order. It recommends a slow approach to education as it is a natural process which is usually slow, evolutionary and gradual. The author explicitly tries to cover the major schools of philosophy and considers the ideological relationships between these philosophies in education. It presents desperate point of view on how different individuals view education and education theory.

Anderson T. (2008). The theory and practice of online learning. Athabasca University Press, 2008

This book looks into the different practices and technologies of delivering education and their influence on the overall learning. Specifically online learning, this volume probes is technologies ability to provide access to materials of learning effectively, timely and diverse in their origin can affect the process of learning; may be improve or stall. Mainly meant for the students, it explores the difference in the learning abilities of different individuals and the dichotomies that exist in education as a system. It can be said to have its audience as the students themselves.

Hartley, D. & Whitehead, M. (1987). Teacher Education: Professionalism, social justice and teacher education. Harvard Educational Review, 57(1): 23-48.

This review is explains the need to equip student teachers with techniques and pedagogical skills derived from the already existing body of knowledge. It explores on ways of encouraging self directed growth of student teachers which rhymes with the existing knowledge thus leading to the full development in their profession. It contains text healthy for addressing the importance of student teachers and why they should be receive the best and updated knowledge. This review is mostly aligned to stakeholder in education and aims at promoting a conceptual orientation of the program. It promotes the understanding of education and proposes important theories where a teacher should not only be recognized as a teaching professional, but also a learned practitioner and a researcher.

Gert J. J. B. (2005). Education as Practical Intersubjectivity: Towards A Critical-Pragmatic Understanding of Education. Educational Theory. Volume 44 Issue 3, Pages 299 - 317

This paper is on the adequacy of the theories of pedagogy as related to the broader questions arising in the educational theory. It tries to shade more light on the existing scientific theories which are described by the author as the representations of nature and efforts of trying to find out what really exists in the world we are living in. it is a book aimed for all concerned with education which tries to bring about a different or rather a disparate point of view understanding of education as we know it. It is such a sophisticated volume and interesting to read as it addresses a very unique point of view in educational matters. Increases the understanding of education as an important social event and also widens the thinking of the student.

Ladson-Billings G. & William F. T. (1995). Toward a Critical Race Theory of Education. The voice of scholarship in education.

Ladson and William in this article assert that regardless of the salience of race in many societies, the issue of scholarly enquiry has remained for so long untheorized. It develops different prepositions for theoretical perspectives in education to match up critical race theory. This article shades much light on the view the multicultural society has on education and is quite relevant to policy makers who should not only concentrate on property rights, but also focus on human rights and development of educational rights. It addresses these current issues in the field of education. It prompts those concerned to ask themselves why do inequalities still exist regardless of the transformation of the society to a more logical and predictable state.

Gary K. C. (2010). The Educational Theory of Jean Piaget a multidimensional analysis. The New Foundations Archives.

The writer of this article explored different goals of education and the skills and knowledge which he considered were worthwhile learning. It is quite important article as it revisits different theories associated with educational theory like the theory of human nature, theory of society and theory of learning among others and explores them in deep. The form and content in different theories in education are analyzed by this author who proposes an inverted version of interpretation of these theories. It is an important volume for anyone interested in knowing all what pertains education theory and the relationships between education and important aspects surrounding education like the society.

Kaufman D. M. (2003). Applying educational theory in practice. BMJ 2003; 326:213-216

In this article, important aspects regarding educational theory and what is actually practiced are surveyed. It simply tries to encourage the use of the existing body of knowledge in form of real practice. It tries to bridge the gap between perception of theory and actual practice. It touches on some of the current issues in education which need to be addressed in order to achieve a relevant education system which is also relevant to our day to day lives. It is a useful text to research in education especially to instructional design and the education practice in general.

Ladson-Billings G. (1995). Toward a Theory of Culturally Relevant Pedagogy. American Educational Research Journal, Vol. 32, No. 3. (21 September 1995), pp. 465-4.

This paper seeks to improve equity, education, diversity, and teacher education in an effort to make pedagogy the central idea for investigation. This article simply attempts to build on the studies conducted by others to be in a position to propose a culturally relevant theory of education. This research is vital as it encourages on the provision of ways to recognize and define culturally relevant pedagogy thus tackling this important issue in education. This paper's importance is in its relevance to current research in education and reflects on the practices which could recognize and define the most relevant pedagogy.

Burkhart H. & Schoenfeld A. H., and Conner E. (2003). Improving Educational Research:Toward a More Useful, More Influential, and Better-Funded Enterprise. Educational Researcher. vol. 32 no. 9 3-14

The purpose of this article is to find out why educational research is not well funded, useful or influential and tries to suggest ways of improving the situation. Its intend is to suggest the right structures and tools to implement well developed insights and ideas which will in turn improve educational development and research. This paper's audience is stakeholder in education who should provide insight into the future trends in education and should therefore set the platform for research and development of education.

Behrstock p., Drill K. & Miller S. R. (2010). Meeting Teachers Half Way: Making Educational Research Relevant to Teachers. Phi Delta Kappan. April 1, 2010 91: 31-34

This study was aimed at identifying whether teachers utilize the research findings obtained from different studies aimed at improving education. It however revealed that few teachers seek these findings very rarely and only under specific conditions and there is generally lack of implementation of research findings on matters related with education. This study is important in identifying the causal factors of this trend and establishes a system where these findings are utilized to improve the current educational practices. The most relevant audience for such a study will also be the stake holders in education as they are in a better position to influence and implement these finding for improvement of education.

Kashorda M. (2006). Emerging trends in ICT education. Emerging trends in ICT education. Faculty of Information Technology, Strathmore University.

This is a study done in a third world country to evaluate the adoption of ITC in the schools. This study was aimed at addressing the issues of information systems, computer science, and other forms of communication in a school's setting. It is a rather vital study as it evaluates the important issues of how the educational trends are being affected by the incoming technologies. Its audience can be the researcher in the field of education who can explore different aspects and areas of education and the decision maker who would be in a position to interpret the research findings and put them in to practice.

Gaines C. (2009). Education trends to watch for in 2010. Education Insights. 2010 Microsoft Corporation.

This article addresses the issues concerning the adoption of new technologies in the education system. Written in a form of a blog, it shows how many educational systems are adopting the use of information technology in their systems in order to fit or catch up with the phase of technology. This is vital in establishi8ng a connection between education and issues of the work place. Important to note, is that this article is a form of a survey and explicitly shows how important and how the new technologies are being adopted in institutions of higher learning. It is an important article addressed to those who practice education.

Brent G. Wilson (2001). Trends and Futures of Education: Implications for Distance Education. Quarterly Review of Distance Education

This journal talks about trends in education especially in higher education. It explores issues about distance learning, its practices, challenges and innovations associated with this alternative form of receiving education. It is meant for both entrepreneurs in education and students to learn about these new avenues and exploit them accordingly. This journal proposes a situation where by the providers and designers of education should look back and evaluate the broader trends in education which will guide them in forecasting potential challenges and expected scenarios. It can also be said to outline some current trends in education and specifically distance education.

Nagel D. (2010). 5 Trends in Education Technology Leadership. Policy & Advocacy.

David Nagel in this paper attempted to study how technology is being embraced in schools to increase growth in educational achievement, establish successful programs and increase teacher effectiveness. It identifies different trends which have been observed in the field of education and the efforts of the federal government in funding these efforts. The state is quoted in this journal as important key player and should thus expand and identify innovative programs to develop the overall education structure. Anyone interested in the field of education would be interested in the findings of such research. They explore some five important factors which should help increase the effectiveness and efficiency in education.

Stephen Hurley (2010). Trends in Education: How They Come and Go. Retrieved on August 2, 2010 from

This website article contains important information on how new technologies are embraced for some time in educational system, but with time, they are done away with. Mr. Hurley in this article explains how different trends adopted in education are faced-off by time and points some ways of making them stay. He also explores some of the reasons why these trends do not last. It is a very important article which would inform stakeholders and give them alternative ways of retaining any good practice in the education system to the advantage of the learners.

Hall S. (2010). National Educational Technology Trends Study. Highlights K-12 Innovation through State Leadership. State Educational Technology Directors Association.

This is a report released by State Educational Technology Directors Association and shares any new data regarding the role technology is playing in schools (k-12 schools) and the improvement this is rendering to these schools. This is a quite important literature coming from the stakeholders in this field and clearly explains the commitment in making education a success in this century. This report which is in the public domain, focuses on the state-level advancement of education in the United States and thus describes all associated educational technology policy and the existing programs for implementation of these policies. Its data is drawn from a survey done on district based directors and educational technology directors.

Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (2008). Trends shaping education. OECD Publishing, 2008

This book provides a good overview in educational trends and also slightly tries to evaluate their impact on education thus promoting a long term strategic thoughtfulness in education. It is written by Center for Educational Research and Innovation and thus explores these key issues in the thirty countries where this organization operates. It is an important book for practitioners and decision makers in education and contains much information on the major changes occurring in education. It gives solid fact on which those concerned can act on.

Sharpes, D. K. (2002). Advanced educational foundations for teachers: the history, philosophy, and culture of schooling. Routledge 2002.

This is a quite important book which discusses some of the major individuals who shaped the course of educational practice and dialogue in nineteenth and twentieth centuries. These individuals who consisted of practitioners, theorists, and idealists established many modern educational practices like the concept of kindergarten which is in use till today. It is an important book for many of those interested in learning and appreciating the course of education. Historians would also be in a position to explore important timelines in vital issues concerning our social life like education.

Satija B.R. (1999). Trends in Education. Anmol Publications PVT. LTD: New Delhi.

Another quite important book which addresses issues concerning distance learning, adult education, microteaching, special education, educational technology among other trends surrounding education like guidance and counseling. It is an informative book whose audience may range from just a general reader to moderators and administrators in education. This book appreciates the frequency societal changes which in turn have led into different educational systems especially embracing of current technologies. It considers distance education as socially imperative mode of learning.

Baker D. & Wiseman A. W. (2005). Global trends in educational policy. Emerald Group Publishing.

Mr. Baker and Wiseman explore the role of policy in education and how it developed in this book. They explore the effects of support and resources in education systems but most importantly the role of education policy in development of education in the society around the world. It is a quite important volume to decision makers in education, who formulate policy and enforce it. Of specific interest in this report is the implementation of education policy and the problems associated with funding of education especially from world bank. It touches of different challenges affecting education in developing countries which makes useful in evaluating literacy and opportunities of establishing a standardized form of education in the world.

Abbott L. F. (1971). Indicators of trends in the status of American women. Russell Sage Foundations

This book addresses important issues on gender and how the girl child got to enroll in educational institutions with time. It evaluates the status of women using education as the social indicator and explores different age groups and how they have embraced education. Importantly explored in this book is the nature of labor force as far as gender is concerned and its how it is related to the education system. It aids in the understanding of the relationships between education and gender on employment, percentages moving from one country to the other among other important criteria. It is important in understanding the role of women in the social set up; in this case education and also important in for decision makers and rights activists.

Mitel A. V. (2006). Trends in educational psychology. Nova Publishers,

Mitel in this book discussed critical issues concerning educational psychology especially learning and teaching processes. This book also explores other topics like intelligence, cognition, evaluation and development processes, memory and motivation. It is a quite important volume enabling us to understand how psychology is involved in education process. It can be read by all those involved in educational practices and even students. It helps the reader not only to understand education, but also specific processes that enable individuals learn and develop when exposed to education.

V.k.rao (2008). Alternative Education. APH Publishing

This book on the other hands touches on trends in education especially American public schools. It addresses performance and the job of educating pupils which the author, V. K. Rao says it is wanting. Importantly addressed in this book is the need for restructuring of the whole public education system. It is quite important text for decision makers in the field of education. The altitude of the public is swiftly changing regarding the education offered in public schools intellectuals and politicians have seen the need to educate pupils adequately. Alternative education is being achieved through establishment of chatter schools, state take overs, home schooling and even vouchers.

Herbert J. W. & Paik S. J. (2000). Effective educational practices. International academy of education. International bureau of education. International Academy of Education.

This is a booklet talking about effective educational practices which it proposes should be included in the overall research on educational practices which when adopted improves learning. It addresses some of the current concerns in educational research and its findings can be vital for the stakeholders in education. This booklet is written by a non profit making organization and it is aimed at strengthening educational research. It is quite relevant because it solves some of the critical educational problems in the whole world by offering significant information to researchers, practitioners and policy makers who would be in a position to foster excellence in all the fields of education.

Briseid O. (2004). Trends in secondary education in industrialized countries: PDF file.

This book is a part two of a previous publication on lower education. It tackles this vital part/section in the education ladder and explores general trends affecting this level of education. This evaluation was done in 49 countries. The book does not however represent the general views of UNESCO, but individual views about the challenges adolescents get as they transform in secondary schools. It relevance is the way it compares the changes in secondary schools from developed countries and tries to evaluate their relevance in developing countries.

Guntram Geser & Salzburg Research. (2007). Open Educational Practices and Resource. Retrieved on August 4, 2010 from

This article addresses elearning programs and activities aimed at fostering sharing, re use, and creation of open educational recourses. Open learning and elearning are some of the latest trends in educational and the findings of such researches could be useful to all decision makers in education systems. The relevance of this report is the emphasis it gives to open practices in teaching which are based on informed educational framework leading to equipped teachers and students who possess all the necessary skills and knowledge.

Bhaskara Rao (2004). Educational Practices. Discovery Publishing House, 2004

This book appreciates the fact that education enhances the development of an individual and the society at large. It thus addresses importance of educational research and recommendations which can be put into use. It also addresses some issues which can be put into use by those who make education policy.

Fantini M. D. Alternative education: - a source book for parents, teachers, students, and administrators

In this collection of articles Fantini gives important guidelines for alternative education which can be very helpful not only to practitioners in education, but also to parents and students. It is an important book for the understanding of the current trends in education and curriculum. This guide shows the unique experience associated with alternative education in not only formal set ups, but also non formal systems. It instills values and ideals relevant to teachers, students and parents.

Hans Roes (2001). Digital Libraries and Education: Trends and Opportunities. D-Lib Magazine. Volume 7 Number 7/8

This article tries to build on prior researches done on identification of issues critical to adoption of information and communication in higher education. It identifies the changes taking place currently in education system. It explores most of the current trends taking place in the education system and can be quite vital for those who set policy and decisions for education systems.

Mark Bray (2006). The Costs and Financing of Education: Trends and Policy Implications. Education in Developing Asia: Volume 3

This is a booklet mostly focuses on education in developing countries especially those who are member states. It addresses on management of education, management, education policy, equity, quality and access of education. It addresses quality of education in formal education institutions and government financing to educational endeavors and mainly can be interpreted by policy makers.

Mason R. Globalizing education: trends and applications. Routledge, 1998

This is a book which reviews matters affecting global education. It tries to evaluate if global education is a threat to educational system or it a promise for a better system. It is quite encouraging book to governments, international bodies and ministries concerned with educational matters as it can aid in assisting them to evaluate how education can be promoted.

Thach E. C.  & Murphy K. L. (2006). Competencies for distance education professionals. Educational Technology Research and Development. Volume 43, Number 1 /

This study was published by Ms. Thach and Ms. Murphy and identifies competencies of distance learning and the identification of roles of the concerned professionals. It identifies important trends in education. Contained in this study are tables showing individual outputs and other competencies? It also touches on importance of technical skills and communication skills in distant education highlighting on skills like interpersonal skills, planning skills, English language adoption and use, collaboration skills and other skills like organizational and feedback skills which are all important in facilitating this form of education.

Bray M. (2002). The costs and financing of education: Trends and policy implications. Education and national development publication

This book talks about the development of education as a system and explores important factors affecting the whole system like planning, policy formulation and setting of priorities. It can be a good book for policy makers and all those who make decisions for the education system.

Westerheijden, D. F., Stensaker, B., & Ro M. J. (2007) Quality assurance in higher education: trends in regulation and translation. Higher Education Dynamics: VOl 20

This book is based on researches evaluating the quality of education given in higher education institutions. A study of this kind would be vital in knowing how to deal with issues arising in the career market and address those needs at the higher education level. It is a quite important paper for different stakeholder in the field of education.

Future Trends Affecting Education, (1999). . Education commission of the states. Retrieved on August 6, 2010 from

This journal appreciates the fat that, education is not static, or an island, but is subject to the effects of the environment it exists in. society, population changes, political shifts, economy, social transformations are some of the factors affecting the education system. It is an important text addressing important aspects in the educations' environment. It is key literature to all players in the field of education.

Michelle Selinger (1999). Telematics in Education: Trends and Issues, 1st edition. Elsevier Science Inc.  New York, NY, USA

Ms. Selinger in this book explores the integration of informatics and telecommunication in education system. It shows the trends in education and can be adopted by stakeholders. This book does not ignore the obvious explanations of the different types of telematics in education and the knowledge contributed by each and the associated consequences when education is concerned. It is important because it also give details of telematics and how they affect learning environments, multiculturalism and methodologies for learning using the improved telecommunication tools.

Future Trends Affecting Education, (1999). . Education commission of the states. Retrieved on August 6, 2010 from

This journal appreciates the fat that, education is not static, or an island, but is subject to the effects of the environment it exists in. society, population changes, political shifts, economy, social transformations are some of the factors affecting the education system. It is an important text addressing important aspects in the educations' environment. It is key literature to all players in the field of education.

Campbell, P. & Burnaby B. (1999) Participatory practices in adult education. Discovery Publishing House, 2004

Trends in education have reached a status where practices in adult education have advanced. This book tries to explore on the participatory practices regarding the same. It gives the reader an insight into the understanding of other forms of education and the diversity in the nature education can be acquired. These authors assess the on going research enterprises which are aimed at improvement of these programs and also survey the project which are offering effective models in different countries. It has objectives based on a continuous assessment of learning performance and research.

Education trends in perspective: analysis of the world Education (2005). UNESCO/OECD World Education Indicators Programme: OECD Publishing, 2005

This publication is a volume belonging to a series of publications which are being published on the analysis of education using indicators developed by UNESCO. These publications can be very useful to decision makers to evaluate the level of usefulness of education and possible areas for improvement. This publication precisely gives thoroughly carried research findings and tables which show the correct figures any individual can work with. For example, tables giving the annual expenditure of the government per student.

Educational Research and Innovation, (2009). Higher Education to 2030. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development: 2 (43). Series Educational research and innovation OECD Publishing, 2009

This book examines the future of tendency to obtain higher education abroad. It also maps the evolution of this education and projects what might come out of that. All those who are concerned with matters of education especially students should be in a position to read this book. Well analyzed in this book are the current trends in tertiary institutions of learning and how they fit in the global level of education and also predicts future scenarios in education. It is quite relevant to higher education stakeholders and policy maker to well understand globalization related trends in tertiary institutions of learning and thus place them in a position to anticipate the future scenarios.

Briseid O. (2004). Trends in secondary education in industrialized countries: PDF file. UNESCO: international institute for education and planning.

This book is a part two of a previous publication on lower education. It tackles this vital part/section in the education ladder and explores general trends affecting this level of education. This evaluation was done in 49 countries. The book does not however represent the general views of UNESCO, but individual views about the challenges adolescents get as they transform in secondary schools. It relevance is the way it compares the changes in secondary schools from developed countries and tries to evaluate their relevance in developing countries.

Lloyd L. Best technology practices in higher education

This article is also on educational trends and explores important issues regarding adoption of ICT among other practices in schools. Its audience can include stakeholders and those who practice education including students. The importance of this article is that it provides first hand accounts of hoe technology transforms services, classrooms and administration. All teachers and administrator in education form the important audience this technology should cater for. It concerns itself with not the most sophisticated technologies, but the most applicable and relevant in higher education.

Paul H. & Kugemann W. F. (1995). Telematics for education and training:

The authors of this book intend to disseminate information on the application of telematics in training and the expected results in the career. It shows development of education and the use of new technologies in educating students. It is also an important topic for research and assists all those involved in educational research to widen their scope and methodology of research. The deficits in the adoption of telematics in education are also explored in this text and this makes it quite important for the mapping of trends in education and the associated challenges.

Betcherman, G & Leckie, N. (2009). Youth employment and education trends in the 1980s and 1990s. Retrieved on August 6, 2010 from

This book is specifically addressed to policy formulators regarding youth employment. It provides a kind of over view on labor offered by youth and human capital trends during this time (1980s to 1990s). It is a kind of comparison of the situation in the 1990s and 1980s with the current situation which it's proposed to be enhanced by the increased learning activities of many youths. Debated explicitly are the existing conflict and debates on who are responsible for the development of plans which should aid in youth education and employment, the challenges they get and the realities in the society they live in.

Beldarrain, Y (2006). Distance education trends: Integrating new technologies to foster student interaction and collaboration. Distance Education, 2006

This book explores current trends in the field of distant education. Importantly quoted here is the application of the latest technologies to develop even a global classroom where all parties meet regardless of the location barrier. All players in education especially students are catered for by this book. It is very relevant to education as it provides information and communicates the wide range of opportunities which can be synchronized with education systems to promote education as whole. Policy makers can obtain valid information about the challenges associated with embracing new technologies and the possible implications such can have on education.

Jayaram N (1993). The language question in higher education: trends and issues. Higher Education, Vol. 26, No. 1, Perspectives on Higher Education in India: 93-114

This book is written in India and tackles the important issues concerning multicultural and multilingual set ups in learning institutions. It appreciates language as an important medium through which education is passed from one individual to the other. It can well be appreciated by students and teachers who need these techniques or are encountered with communication issues. Significantly addressed are a brief history of the language barriers and the advent of English to be used as the communication medium and also to be taught as a language in Indian schools. It concentrates on the issue of diversity in educational systems and the set backs associated with such.

Howell, P. B. & Williams, N. K. (2003). Thirty-two trends affecting distance education: An informed foundation for strategic planning: Online Journal of Distance education, 2003.

This book addresses factors affecting distance learning and is meant for strategic planners to be able to strengthen these programs. Distance learning is among the current trends in education and an article like this can aid in the understanding and support of not only the policy makers, but also the students involved in this new field of study. It is very relevant to education in that it offers administrator with the obstacles which are facing distance education, information which is critical for the implementation of strategic plans and the preparedness of unforeseen challenges. Its information is well organized into different categories like academics, economy, distance learning, enrollment among others.