There is widespread research interest in information and communication technologies. According to Crede and Mansell, ICTs are crucially important for sustainable development in developing countries. Thioune (2003) notes that for the past two decades most developed countries have witnessed significant changes that can be traced to ICTs. These multi-dimensional changes have been observed in almost all aspects of life: economics, education, communication and travel. In a technology-driven society, getting information quickly is important for both sender and receiver. ICTs have made it possible to quickly find and distribute information. Many intiatives have taken at the international level to support efforts to develop a communication infrastructure.
Keywords: Information Technology, Mobile devices, Multimedia Technology.
Shortly after the internet explosion of the 1990s, technology was immediately integrated into the classrooms. Technology, even though symbolizes advancement in human knowledge, was seen as a setback by many educators. Many efforts have been established to help educators realize the benefits of technology and ways of implementing them in the classroom. Many different types of technology can be used to support and enhance learning. Some examples of technologies used in the education system are video content and digital movie making, laptops, computers and handheld technologies. New uses of technology for example, podcasting and tablets are constantly being created. Many students are growing up in a digital age where they have constant exposure to a variety of media that is impacting on the way they interact and use information.
3.Technology in Education
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There are many types of technologies used in the education system.
The radio has been around for a long time and has been used in educational classrooms. Recent technologies have allowed classroom teachers to stream audio over the internet. There are also webcasts and podcasts available over the internet for students and teachers to download. For example, itunes has various podcast available on a variety of subjects, which can be downloaded for free.
Videos may allow teachers to reach students who are visual learners and tend to learn best by seeing the material rather than hearing or reading about it. Teachers can access video clips through the internet instead of relying on DVD's or VHS. Websites like YouTube are used by many teachers. Teachers can use Skype or webcams to interact with quest speakers and other experts. Interactive video games are being integrated in the curriculum at both K-12 and the higher education institutions.
3.3 Computers , Laptops and Tablets
Having a computer or Laptop in the classroom allows students and teachers access to websites and other programs, for example, Microsoft Word, PowerPoint PDF files and images.
Blogs allow students and teachers to post their thoughts, ideas and comments on a website. Blogging allows students and instructors to share their thoughts and comments on the thoughts of others which could create an interective learning environment.
3.5 Mobile Devices
Mobile devices for example, Smartphones operate similar to personal computers.
3.6 Learning Management Systems
Learning management system for example, BlackBoard or Moodle, are internet based applications that institutions used to reach their students. It allows educators to create and deliver course material using the internet. Educations can post announcements, grade assignments, check on course activity and participant in class discusions. Students can submit their work, read and respond to discussion questions and take quizzes.
Interactive whiteboards allow teachers and students to write on the touch screen, so learning becomes interactive and engaging. Studies done in " computer intensive" settings found increases in student centre, cooperative and higher order learning, students writing skills, problem solving and using technology. In addition postie attitudes toward technology as a learning tool by parents, students and teachers.
The student teacher dynamic has drastically changed since the introduction of technology based class structure. The instructor is no longer the king of the classroom but rather a middleman between information and student. Instead of passive sponge soaking up knowledge, the student has now become an active information architect, procuring, rearranging and displaying information. Two-thirds of teachers surveyed at the century stated that they were not comfortable using technology, leaving tech-savvy students in a position to assist the technology based lesson plans. through this the personal development is happened harmoniously. Of course technologies damage the rank of teachers at the classes, but the aim of teachers is to develop children's knowledge.
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Children are understanding concepts better. Their skills are improving. More than the teacher writing on the black board this system leaves behind a better impact on children of all age groups. The children enjoy learning like this as , it is not boring like the lessons learned on black board. As all children like computers and latest technology this way of teaching is really helpful.
The use of internet in education has a positive impact on the students, educators, as well as the educational system as a whole.
The Internet itself has unlocked a world of opportunity for students. Information and ideas that were previously out of reach are a click away. Students of all ages can connect, share and learn on a global scale.
Success at difficult technological tasks, as well as social networking such as Facebook can also lead to improved self-esteem.
Many students have different types of learning styles and using different types of technology is a great way to help all kinds of learners. Providing remedial instruction for low-achieving students, providing enrichment activities for students who successfully complete lesson before students who require more time to learn.
Using computers or other forms of technology can give students practice on core content and skills while the teacher can work with others, conduct assessments or perform other tasks.
Using technology in the classroom can allow teacher's to effectively organize and present lessons. Multimedia presentation can make the materialful and meaningful and engaging.
There are many benefits of using technology in the education system, but there are also negative aspects.
When resources are limited it can be a disadvantage to students. Access to computers, video cameras, whiteboards may be limited, therefore the needs of the entire class may not be met. Also having computer labs instead of classroom computers may be an inconvenience as teachers have assigned computer times.
Teachnology base education videos and games are being integrated into the lives and classrooms of new generations. These videos and games are meant to be used as tools to help growing minds develop and to increase knowledge and awareness. Video such as Baby Einsteins line of infant DVDs are a topic of conflicting interest, according to the University of Washington study of infant vocabulary is slipping due to educational baby DVDs.
Many students who are at high risk for school failure have potential to learn; but their academic achievement in the core areas of reading, mathematics and writing falls short of their potential. There is growing evidence that the academic difficulties experienced by these students are cumulative in nature and the gap between achievement and potential grows from childhood into adolescence. These young adults tend to drop out of school more frequently than do students without these difficulties and they experience higher levels of unemployment and underemployment.
Usage of Multimedia technology in Literature
As the great development of database derived from technology, more and more scholar articles could be uploaded into electronic library through the internet. And as a result, tens of thousands academic articles and masterpiece can be shared by public, especially satisfying of the academic writers and college student. However, before the application of multimedia, even like in last 90's , people can only go to the library of a University or a public civilian library to borrow and referenced resources from the vast of pages. Whereas, the multimedia turn the whole human being's society into a new era. Today, people could find the useful resources from internet through typing the key words into the search engine, like Google.
And at the same time, the impact of multimedia does not only stay in opening a new door for searching materials, but also it would encourage people to create much more writings. Because of the low efficiency with hand-writing before, universities' students tend to avoid creating additional sorts of writings, such as letter, movels, diary and etc
Efforts to Educate Educators about technology
In order to use technology effectively, training needs to be done to ensure that educators have a good understanding of it. Technology is used to enhance learning, therefore it is important for educations to be comfortable using it to ensure that students get the full advantages of educational technology.
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Technology training appears to focus mainly on technology knowledge and skills while overlooking the relationships between technology, pedagogy and content. As a result, teachers learn about Cool stuff but they still have difficult applying it for their students learning. Teacher candidated need opportunities to practice effective technology integration strategies in supportive contexts during technology courses, technology-integrated methods courses and field experiences.
Teacher education programs can facilitate improvements not only in student's technology skills but also in their beliefs and intentions regarding integrating technology into instruction. Technology training directly affects preservice teacher's self-efficacy and value beliefs, which in turn influence their student centered technology use.
The rapid advancement of technology has left the educational system in its dust and the educators scrambling to find a way to catch up. Many technological companies have implemented technology into many of the traditional learning tools to enable to stay afloat in a world of rapid technological advances.
As an effort to merge technology into the classroom, NJEA has adopted a unique technique of educating teachers about technology. Every year hundreds of teachers gather in Atlantic City, NJ to attend lectures and learn about many advances in education, specifically the technological field. Companies such as Smart System TEQ and the brain show, integrate technology into the classroom by innovating products that combine both technology and conventional education tools.
Communications technology has been changing drastically during several years. Amongst several Communications technologies, Mobile Communications technology has become vital part of everyone's life consequently, now ââ‚¬"a-days mobile communication technology has been used for learning called Mobile Learning (M-learning). M-learning is a natural extension of e-learning and has the potential of make learning even more widely available than accessible than we are used to in existing e-learning environment. It is within this context than m-learning can contribute to the quality of education. The present paper attempts to provide concept of m-learning in brief. Through this review it has been found that the libraries of developed countries use mobile technology more advanced as compared to libraries of developing countries such as India. Moreover, the paper discusses in detail the application of mobile technology for providing library services with some examples. These applications are very much comprehensive; hence, this article would be useful to the libraries wishing to adapt this technology.