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As an educator we all struggle with philosophy and where to go from there once we decide what our set of beliefs are. Once we put our philosophy in place, we then struggle with changing our philosophy. I believe that philosophies can be always changing any given situation and in order for growth as an educator we have to be aware to the situations that can change our philosophy, as well as being true to our core beliefs. However, in order for this to happen we must understand what philosophy is, and what it is not and how it fall in line with ideology and theories. For this assignment, I will compare and contrast philosophy, ideology, and theory.

Philosophy is the most beliefs about what is true or real according to individual values (Gutek, 2009). Philosophy is our beliefs that will determine what we do professionally and personally. Not having a philosophy set in place, it will be difficult to make decisions within the classroom, creating curriculums and evaluate progress. Although a person can set goals without having a philosophy implemented, not having the foundation of a set philosophy (core set of beliefs) achieving the goals can be a very difficult challenge.

Educators need a starting point to understand why we think and act the way we do in our classrooms. Having a philosophy allows an educator to reflect on how to make classroom actions consistent with our beliefs related to learning. However, before we list our "beliefs" we need to delve deeper into what makes up our philosophy. There are four major components to philosophy - Metaphysics, Epistemology, Axiology, and Logic (Gutek, 2009). In order to be able to understand philosophy we need to be able to understand its components.

Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of reality (Gutek, 2009). In metaphysics, one asks themselves what is really real; what is the nature between being and reality; what is the origin of the universe; these questions lead to more questions that lie beyond physics, more of the what if's, does it really exist. Invariably, each answer to the questions we ask ourselves in the realm of metaphysics is going to vary from person to person because there is NO right answer.

How does metaphysics play a part in education? Well, again, it is about foundation. Every educational program needs to be based upon reality and facts, not imagination or illusion. Having differing metaphysical beliefs can lead to varying different educational approaches - methods can be dramatically different as whether the universe was created by the big boom, or created by God, or if mankind evolved from apes. Metaphysics can be a huge underlying factor of everything we do within the classroom.

Another component of philosophy is epistemology. Epistemology seeks vary simplistic answers, but can be considered to be closely related to metaphysics (Gutek, 2009). Epistemology allows us to ask questions such as how do we know what we know; what is the truth; how do we learn; for this component, we deal with issues of dependability of the knowledge and the validity of the sources of the knowledge (Gutek, 2009).

In regards education, epistemology deals with the knowledge process and in understanding this, educators are engaged in this undertaking. It has a direct impact upon the assumptions of the sources of knowledge and how it is reflected in teaching methodologies. In referring back to metaphysics, and determining on what truth we believe in factors in how we choose curriculums for our classroom. For example, if we believe that God created the universe, our curriculum may have more of a faith base versus a more "worldly" view as most public school districts may have. However, the factor of epistemology is that our beliefs and truths about the knowledge and its sources will have a persuasion on how we implement our classroom curriculum.

The third component of philosophy is axiology. Axiology deals with the questions of value (Gutek, 2009). We ask ourselves what is of value; are people of value; what values are essential; what is morality-is morality defines by our thoughts or actions. Axiology deals with values that are defined what society or people view as good (Gutek, 2009). Metaphysics and epistemology views help build the value system of axiology. As educators, we use axiology in our thinking about what the student/teacher relationship should be and how we should behave towards our students. There also will be disagreements about various issues within the classroom based on individuals varying values and diversity. Axiology can contain vary explosive human issues, varying on the depth of belief.

The fourth component of philosophy is logic. Logic is the study of principles that are used in determining what is correct or incorrect in our reasoning (Gutek, 2009). Logic allows a solution to be based on reasoning and problems may be carefully based on known facts. Questioning for the truth will ensue arguments, observation, hypothesis formulation, and further experimentation. With logic, there is an argument for a solution as well as a counter argument until a resolution or solution is obtained. Logic by nature of philosophy is a subdivision of epistemology (Gutek, 2009).

How does Ideology fall into terms of philosophy? Ideology holds that our ideology is the only true reality (Gutek, 2009). Ideology seeks to discover the true knowledge instead of creating it and it aims to search not only for the truth, but also for the character development of learners. In education, ideology serves as a guide for teachers to teach students, and model appropriate behavior. With ideology, rather than philosophy, it is not specific skill centered but rather more broad based on universal truths and values (Gutek, 2009).

Theories try to explain the existence of the world or rather our own observations of the world. Educational theories aim to describe the nature of the process of learning and may offer insight on how teaching can be improved. Educational theories offer answers on how, who, what, when and why we learn. Traditionally theories provide rules that describe how the subjects are related to each other. As an educator, we must figure out how the theory fits into which category - constructivist, behavioral or cognitivist. All of theories can coexist because the attempt to explain the differing methods of learning. All answer differing questions and provide a broader understanding of learning.

In determining our "teaching" philosophy, all of the above components do play a significant part in determining what our full statements of beliefs are about teaching and learning. Each step that educators take in formulating a philosophy is self-reflective and formative. As educators generate ideas about what their teaching philosophy may be, all of the above are taken into consideration in determining attitudes, values, and beliefs about learning and teaching. A set of guidelines need to be implemented, and these guidelines will be worked and reworked as time and experiences happen. Educational philosophies are foundations of everything that we do as teachers. They are based upon our assumptions, definitions of learning, purpose of education and the nature of instructional process. It is an ever-changing process throughout our teaching career. What may be our philosophy today may not be our philosophy tomorrow.

Personal Code of Ethics

 As an educator with the New York State Department of Education, I recognize the importance of my personal values, and behaviors, which will guide the ethical principles of my work. I understand that I have a responsibility to myself, my students, my colleagues, the school district, the state department of education, and the community to follow certain protocols and conduct myself in an acceptable manner. I am committed to a set of principles that represent my values, philosophical beliefs, and my ethical responsibilities.     

I am committed to continuous learning and I will seek to advance my knowledge and skills in the education by continuing my education;  

I am committed to sharing my experiences, and knowledge with my students,

colleagues, and other educators;

I will treat my students, colleagues, and administration with respect, and dignity;   

4.      I will be open to all individual differences;   

5.      I will gladly accept any feedback or constructive criticism provided to me by

others, and continually attempt to make positive changes in my professional work;  

6.     My primary goal will always be to develop each student's potential for academic


7. I will continuously seek professional growth;   

8.    I will maintain respect for my students, parents, colleagues, and members of the


9. I will maintain the highest degree of ethical conduct; 

10.   I will encourage my students to reflect on their personal beliefs, values, and personality

so they may better understand themselves individually;

11.   I will support my students as they continue to grow and mature as they learn life-long

skills so they may be responsible and independent members of the community; 

12.  I will hold each student accountable for their own actions and behaviors;   

13.  I will encourage each student to become self-directed learners and be fully

responsible for their learning;  

14. I will continually try to be nonjudgmental, and remind myself that my students,

colleagues and community may have different values and beliefs than I may have;

15.  I will create an environment of respect and the open exchange of ideas within the



Since ethics are one's set of principles of the proper conduct and the standards that a person uses as a member of a particular profession, teachers are more often put in situations that require more than just knowing the appropriate school and school district rules. There is not always a specific right or wrong way to deal with many daily issues that an educator faces; however, there are better ways than others to handle particular situations. Each educator should follow and refer not only to their own personal code of ethics, but as well as to the institution in which they are employed, district in which they are employed and state in which they are employed. This code of ethics will be a guide for educators to utilize in dealing with certain dilemmas they may face as educators.

Personal Code of Ethics

Education is an occupation that I have decided to dedicate my professional life. It requires organization and respect. For me to be an educator that will make positive changes in a student's life, I need to be prepared to teach new ideas and skills, incorporate discipline, promote academics and instill various learning techniques in each of the students that I teach. As an educator of early childhood and now a substitute teacher, it has been my experience that all students need support and motivation. I prefer to teach students the skills they will need to know to understand an assignment without prejudice. As an education professional, my responsibility is to portray my attitude, behavior, and personal appearance in a professional manner. It is important for me to have a set of beliefs/philosophy that will model in accord with my personal code of ethics. My philosophy is to teach and educate with respect, care, and classroom management. I need to be able to provide confidence in individual student's abilities and skills and be able to prepare them with skills that they will need in every aspect in their life. More importantly, I want to student to realize how unique and special they are, no matter their individual differences whether it be their individual way of learning, or cultural or socioeconomic background. I believe it is my duty to help each student discover their complete potential and apply it towards their education.